A headbutt is a strike with the head, typically involving the use of robust parts of the cranium as area of impact. A strike is an attack with an inanimate object such as a Weapon, or with a part of the human body intended to cause an effect upon an opponent or to simply cause harm to Effective headbutting revolves around striking a sensitive area with a less sensitive area, such as striking the nose of an opponent with the forehead. Anatomically a nose is a protuberance in Vertebrates that houses the Nostrils or nares which admit and expel air for respiration in conjunction with the In Human anatomy, the forehead or brow is the bony part of the head above the Eyes Cultural Aspects A popular Stereotype It is known as a risky maneuver: a misplaced headbutt can cause more damage to the person delivering the headbutt than to the person receiving it.
From French boter = "to push or strike". Rams are well known for butting with their heads and horns. From this the terms battering ram and hydraulic ram are derived. A battering ram is a Siege engine originating in ancient times to break open Fortification walls or doors A hydraulic ram is a cyclic water pump powered by Hydropower. Many males in various animal species employ butting during courtship.
Headbutts can be used from close range such as from the clinch, or on the ground. They are typically applied to the head of the opponent, since the head is often a readily available target and has several sensitive areas. An effective headbutt can be performed with a forward, rising, sideways or backwards motion; each being effective from different positions.
Parts of the cranium with thick bone and high local curvature make for good weapon areas, and these include the forehead near the hairline, the outboard curved part of the parietal bone, and the occiput. Bones are rigid organs that form part of the Endoskeleton of Vertebrates They function to move support and protect the various organs of the body produce The parietal bones are bones in the Human Skull and form by their union the sides and roof of the Cranium. The occiput is the anatomical term for the posterior portion of the Head. Ideal targets are usually the fragile areas of the head, including the bridge of the nose, the cheekbones, the hinge area of the jaw, the temple, and the top edge of the eye socket. The zygomatic bone came from the Latin term zyosislymore meaning malar bone (commonly called "cheek bone" ( malar bone) is a paired bone of the human Skull The jaw is either of the two opposable structures forming or near the entrance to the Mouth. Temple indicates the side of the head behind the Eyes The bone beneath is the Temporal bone. In Anatomy, the orbital bone is the cavity or socket of the Skull in which the Eye and its appendages are situated
Hitting the opponent's teeth or mouth is likely to cause mutual damage. The mouth, buccal cavity, or oral cavity is the first portion of the Alimentary canal that receives food and begins digestion by mechanically breaking up The chin of the enemy is also a generally bad position to headbutt unless striking from below up into the bottom of the chin, similar to an uppercut. The uppercut (sometimes also referred to as the upper) is a punch used in Boxing that usually aims at the opponent's chin With sufficient force, one could cause the opponent to bite through his or her tongue, or slam the opponent's teeth together so hard as to break them against each other. The tongue is the large bundle of Skeletal muscles on the floor of the Mouth that manipulates Food for chewing and swallowing (deglutition However, headbutting the chin hard enough to accomplish such a task is very difficult.
Headbutts are generally forbidden in most sports.
Headbutting has recently received some attention due to its use by some players during FIFA World Cup matches. The FIFA World Cup, occasionally called the Football World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international Association football Headbutting is considered illegal in association football and is punishable by a red card. Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered Misconduct in association football is any conduct by a player which is deemed by the referee to warrant a disciplinary sanction (caution or dismissal in accordance In the 1998 FIFA World Cup, Ariel Ortega headbutted Dutch keeper Edwin van der Sar in the Argentina vs. The 1998 FIFA World Cup, the 16th staging of the World Cup was held in France from June 10 to July 12 after 60 years to celebrate the third edition scheduled Ariel Arnaldo Ortega (born March 4, 1974 in Ledesma Jujuy) is an Argentine footballer, who plays in Independiente Edwin van der Sar (born 29 October 1970 in Voorhout) is a Dutch professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper Netherlands quarterfinal match and was sent off. In the 2002 FIFA World Cup, Rafael Marquez headbutted Cobi Jones in the Round of 16 match between USA and lost 2-0. The 2002 FIFA World Cup, the 17th staging of the World Cup, was held in South Korea and Japan from May 31 to June 30. Rafael Márquez Álvarez (born February 13 1979 in Zamora Michoacán) is a Mexican football centre back and Defensive midfielder Cobi N'Gai Jones (born June 16, 1970 in Detroit, Michigan) is a former American midfielder who briefly served as interim coach for In the 2006 FIFA World Cup another Dutch player, Mark van Bommel was headbutted, this time by Luís Figo in the Portugal vs. The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th instance of the FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament Mark Peter Gertuda Andreas van Bommel (born April 22, 1977 in Maasbracht) is a Dutch footballer who plays for and captains Luís Filipe Madeira Caeiro Figo, (born 4 November 1972 in Almada, Portugal) is a professional Portuguese footballer Netherlands Round of 16 match, but Figo received only a yellow card for his offense. In Sport, the Round of 16 is a stage of a knockout competition in which sixteen teams remain in the competition A penalty card is used in many sports as a means of warning reprimanding or penalising a player coach or team official In the final match against Italy, Frenchman Zinedine Zidane headbutted the Italian Marco Materazzi in the chest, for which he received a red card and a subsequent three match ban (although the red card meant Zidane could play no further part in the match, the three-match ban had no effect since he had previously announced his intention to retire after the World Cup). Marco Materazzi, Cavaliere Ufficiale OMRI (born August 19, 1973 in Lecce) is an Italian World Cup -winning footballer
Headbutts are also used as displays of affection among humans. Typically, such headbutts will be aimed at the chest, stomach or arms and are done without force so as not to inflict pain. It is probable that the practice is influenced by the nuzzling of pets, such as dogs and cats, of their owners.