|Home city||Crabapple Cove, Maine, USA|
|Film portrayer||Donald Sutherland|
|Television portrayer||Alan Alda|
|First appearance||M*A*S*H: A Novel About Three Army Doctors|
|Last appearance||"Goodbye, Farewell and Amen"|
Captain Benjamin Franklin "Hawkeye" Pierce is the lead fictional character in the M*A*S*H novels, film, and television series. Male (♂ refers to the sex of an organism or part of an organism which produces small mobile Gametes called spermatozoa. The State of Maine ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean The United States of America —commonly referred to as the See also M*A*S*H (TV series, M*A*S*H MASH is a American satirical Dark comedy Film directed by Robert Altman Donald McNicol Sutherland OC (born July 17, 1935) is a Canadian Actor with a film career spanning over 50 years M*A*S*H was a Medical drama / Black comedy produced by 20th Television Fox for CBS. Alan Alda (born January 28 1936 is an American Actor. He is well known for his role as " Hawkeye Pierce " in the Television series The M*A*S*H book series comprises several Novels that inspired the M*A*S*H series including the movie and TV series. " Goodbye Farewell and Amen " is a Television movie that served as the 251st and final episode of the ''M*A*S*H'' television series. The M*A*S*H book series comprises several Novels that inspired the M*A*S*H series including the movie and TV series. See also M*A*S*H (TV series, M*A*S*H MASH is a American satirical Dark comedy Film directed by Robert Altman M*A*S*H was a Medical drama / Black comedy produced by 20th Television Fox for CBS. The character was played by Donald Sutherland in the film and by Alan Alda on television. Donald McNicol Sutherland OC (born July 17, 1935) is a Canadian Actor with a film career spanning over 50 years See also M*A*S*H (TV series, M*A*S*H MASH is a American satirical Dark comedy Film directed by Robert Altman Alan Alda (born January 28 1936 is an American Actor. He is well known for his role as " Hawkeye Pierce " in the Television series M*A*S*H was a Medical drama / Black comedy produced by 20th Television Fox for CBS.
Born and raised in Crabapple Cove, Maine, Hawkeye is (according to the TV series) the son of Dr. The State of Maine ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean Benjamin Pierce. According to the novels, his father is “Big Benjy” Pierce, a lobster fisherman. Lobster fishing is the commercial or recreational harvesting of marine Lobsters Spiny lobsters or Crayfish. In some later episodes of the TV series his father was named Dr. Daniel Pierce. Hawkeye attended Androscoggin College, where he played football and intercepted a Hail Mary pass thrown by Dartmouth quarterback John McIntyre. Androscoggin County is a county located in the US state of Maine. A Hail Mary pass or Hail Mary play in American football is a Forward pass made in desperation with only a small chance of success Dartmouth College ( is a private, Coeducational University located in Hanover, New Hampshire, U For the Scottish radiologist see John Macintyre. For the American actor see John McIntire. After his medical residency in Boston, Hawkeye is drafted into the U.S. Army Medical Corps and called to serve at the 4077th Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (M*A*S*H) during the Korean War. The Draft redirects here For other uses see Draft. Conscription in the United States has been employed several times usually during The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. The Army Medical Department of the US Army, known as the AMEDD, comprises the six medical Special Branches of the Army Due to the popularity of the series M*A*S*H, colloquial use might refer to any mobile military Field hospital. The Korean War refers to a period of military conflict between North Korean and South Korean regimes with major hostilities lasting from June 25 1950 until the Between long, intense sessions of treating critically wounded patients, he makes the best of his life in an isolated Army camp with heavy drinking, carousing, and pulling pranks on the people around him, especially the unpleasantly stiff and callous Major Frank Burns and Major Margaret “Hot Lips” Houlihan. Major Franklin Delano Marion "Frank" Burns is a fictional character in the M*A*S*H film and television series. Major Margaret J "Hot Lips" Houlihan is a Fictional Nurse who always drinks never smokes first created in the book M*A*S*H A Novel About Three
The novel established that Pierce’s nickname of "Hawkeye" was given to him by his father. It comes from the novel The Last of the Mohicans, which Pierce, in Hooker's book, claimed was "the only book my old man ever read. The Last of the Mohicans is a Historical novel by James Fenimore Cooper, first published in January 1826 ", as well as in the TV episode, "A Full Rich Day".
In an episode of the TV series in which Hawkeye believed himself to be in mortal danger due to heavy enemy shelling, he made out a will and left Colonel Sherman T. Potter (whom Hawkeye stated was like a father) the edition of The Last of the Mohicans that his father had given him. Colonel Sherman Tecumseh Potter was a Fictional character from the M*A*S*H Television show “It was his favorite book,” Hawkeye wrote in the will.
Although the Robert Altman film followed Hooker’s book somewhat in structure, much of the dialogue was improvised and thus departed even from Ring Lardner, Jr.’s screenplay. Robert Bernard Altman (February 20 1925 – November 20 2006 was an American Film director known for making films that are highly naturalistic, but with Ringgold Wilmer "Ring" Lardner Jr ( August 19, 1915 – October 31, 2000) was an American Journalist and The screenplay itself departed from the book in a number of details (e. g. , Frank Burns becoming a major instead of a captain, and also combined with the novel's Major Hobson, the zealously religious officer that Pierce and bunkmate Duke Forrest got removed from their tent and, subsequently, the camp), but on the whole, the main characters and mood were left intact. Capt Augustus Bedford "Duke" Forrest is a fictional character from the ''M*A*S*H'' novels and film.
Perhaps the biggest change in Hawkeye’s characterization from the book, to the big screen and finally to the small screen comes in his marital status. The Hawkeye of the book is married to Evelyn Pierce with children (according to the sequels) and faithful while in Korea (as far as the reader is concerned). Korea is a geographic area composed of two sovereign countries a civilization and a former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. He offers several doctors love advice, "Jeeter" Carroll for example, extolling the virtues of extramarital sex but never partaking himself. The film version of Hawkeye is still married, but gives himself more moral leeway, arguing that he is far from home, no one is ever going to know, and it will reduce stress for both involved.
Finally, the film’s Hawkeye was transformed into the womanizing and single Hawkeye of the TV series. In the pilot episode, however, Hawkeye told Lieutenant Dish that he was engaged, and in a later first-season episode he broke up with several women, when he believed the war had ended, by telling them that he was married, although it was revealed at the end of the episode that he was lying. "M*A*S*H was the first episode of the M*A*S*H television series Lt Maria "Dish" Schneider was a Fictional character played by Jo Ann Pflug in the film MASH, and (as Lt "Ceasefire" was episode twenty-three of the first season of the TV series M*A*S*H. In a third season episode a nurse claims that Hawkeye is married. Hawkeye asks her who told her that, to which she replies, that he was the one to have originally made the claim. In 4/23, Hawkeye does admit to having had a de facto common law relationship (before the Korean War) with a nurse. Common law refers to law and the corresponding legal system developed through decisions of courts and similar tribunals rather than through legislative statutes or executive The Korean War refers to a period of military conflict between North Korean and South Korean regimes with major hostilities lasting from June 25 1950 until the
Richard Hooker, who wrote the book on which the show (and the film version) was based, noted that Hawkeye was far more liberal in the TV show (in one of the sequel books, Hawkeye facetiously makes reference to "kicking the bejesus out of lefties just to stay in shape"). H Richard Hornberger ( February 1, 1924 &ndash November 4, 1997) was an American writer and surgeon born in Trenton
In the original novel and film, Hawkeye is given to frequently uttering "finest kind" as a catchphrase, and throughout the latter, he produces a distinctive whistle (which is appropriated by Radar O'Reilly at the film's end). A catch phrase (or catchphrase) is a phrase or expression recognized by its repeated utterance Corporal “Radar” Walter O’Reilly is a Fictional character in the M*A*S*H novels, the film, the television series The whistle does not carry into the television program, however, Hawkeye in the first episodes of season one and two does use the phrase, "Finest Kind," referring to their homemade gin (in the season 4 episode, "Dear Peggy", the term refers to Hawkeye himself). In "The Interview" the phrase is used to refer to the entire staff of the 4077th. The phrase is not used often and is more of a hat tip towards the movie and novel.
The television version of Hawkeye proved to be a somewhat different character. While his professional and social lives were much the same, he also gradually evolved into a man of conscience trying to maintain some humanity and decency in the insane world into which he has been thrust, sometimes to the point of trying to force his own sense of moral superiority onto others. This was to a large extent due to actor Alan Alda’s influence, as he infused the character with some of his political ideals and morals. Alan Alda (born January 28 1936 is an American Actor. He is well known for his role as " Hawkeye Pierce " in the Television series Some fans regretted the change in Hawkeye, feeling that he eventually became too self-righteous and sanctimonious for his own good and the good of the show, and profess that Hawkeye worked better as a sardonic goofball.
Developed for television by Larry Gelbart, the series departed in some respects radically from the film and book. Larry Simon Gelbart (born February 25, 1928) is an American Comedy Writer and playwright with over sixty years of credits The character of Duke Forrest was dropped altogether, and Hawkeye became the center of the M*A*S*H unit’s medical activity as well as the dramatic center of the series itself. In the book and the film, Hawkeye had played football in college (Androscoggin College, based on Hornberger’s alma mater Bowdoin College); in the series, Alda’s Hawkeye was hardly the football champ type and even seemed proud of it and reveled in it, while his cohort Trapper (Wayne Rogers) could be seen playing football in several episodes, and later Mike Farrell's B. American football, known in the United States and Canada simply as football, is a competitive Team sport known for mixing strategy with College ( Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an Educational Institution. Bowdoin College, founded in 1794 is a private liberal arts college located in the coastal New England town of Brunswick, Maine. Wayne M Rogers (born April 7 1933, Birmingham Alabama) is an American Film and Television Actor, best } Mike Farrell (born February 6 1939 is an American actor best known for his role as Captain B J. could be seen lifting himself up by his arms from a metal pole post, thus suggesting this Hawkeye's friends were more physically durable than him. Alda's Pierce seemed to resemble Groucho Marx, with his quick wit and “madcap” antics, sometimes even affecting a Groucho-like schtick. A shtick ( Yiddish: שטיק) (or schtick) is a comic theme or Gimmick.
As noted above, Hawkeye had been married in the book and the film. Near the beginning of the series, he claims to be married, though this was a ploy on his part to get out of marrying a nurse he had been involved with. This claim appears in a couple of episodes, in an episode of season 1 and in one episode of season 3. Presumably this alteration rendered his romantic dalliances (chiefly with nurses) more morally acceptable in the eyes of Gelbart and the other series officials. (In general, Gelbart tried to make the series less deliberately offensive than the film while nevertheless retaining some of its anarchic spirit. ) In one epsiode Hawkeye does admit to a de facto common law relationship with a nurse for a year after he graduated from medical school. Also, in early episodes, Hawkeye tells his father, Daniel Pierce, in a letter to say hello to his mother and sister, and in another episode his sister sends him a sweater she had knitted; however, in later episodes, he says he is an only child and his mother died when he was young. There are also references, in the Season 1 episodes “Dear Dad” and “Ceasefire”, to Pierce's father living in Vermont, and in the Season 4 episode “The Late Captain Pierce” Hawkeye tells B. Vermont ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. J. that they merely have "a summer cottage" in Crabapple Cove, but all other references, including in the book and film, are to Hawkeye being from Maine. Most episodes refer to the senior Pierce as a physician, but in at least one episode, B. J. addresses him over the telephone as "Mr. Pierce". In addition, when Hawkeye is writing to his father in one episode, he explains medical terms he would not have to explain to a doctor.
Also in a bit of "turn-about-is-fair-play", Hawkeye was twice placed in command of the 4077th, the first of which he afterwards remarked how truly difficult the burden of command was for Blake, Potter and even Burns, to which Margaret Houlihan replied, "If only Frank Burns could see you now. Lieutenant Colonel Henry Braymore Blake is a Fictional character introduced in the 1968 novel M*A*S*H, written by H Colonel Sherman Tecumseh Potter was a Fictional character from the M*A*S*H Television show " The third time Col. Potter left, however, Hawkeye seemed reluctant about taking the reins and relinquished control to Major Winchester. Major Charles Emerson Winchester III is a fictional character a principal on the Television series, M*A*S*H, played by David Ogden Stiers.
While Hawkeye is decidedly unmilitary and eschews the trappings of the service, he has been known, rarely, to render a salute, on two occasions to Radar, first when Radar got a Purple Heart, the second when he was departing the unit. The Purple Heart is a United States military decoration awarded in the name of the President to those who have been wounded or killed while serving The final time was with B. J. Hunnicutt, as a farewell gesture to Colonel Sherman Potter as he left during the final episode of the series. Although Hawkeye was never shown receiving any kind of citation on the show, it is assumed that he himself would be a recipient of the Purple Heart award for once being wounded. The Purple Heart is a United States military decoration awarded in the name of the President to those who have been wounded or killed while serving
In the final episode of season 11, the 4077th staff began assembling a time capsule of mementos from their time in Korea, with Hawkeye putting in two items. A time capsule is a historic cache of goods and/or information usually intended as a method of Communication with people in the future The first was a chopper's broken fan belt; its pilot had taken all night to fly a wounded soldier into camp, since the engine kept overheating. Hawkeye said that although no one had noticed the pilot while he was there, it would be nice for someone in the future to know that he had made a difference. The second item was the teddy bear left behind by Radar when he was discharged, to stand for the soldiers who came to Korea as boys and went home as men.
At the end of the television series, Hawkeye was one of the last to leave the dismantled camp with the announced goal of returning to his hometown of Crabapple Cove, Maine, to be a local doctor who has the time to get to know his patients instead of the endless flow of casualties he faced in his term of service. The State of Maine ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean
In Hooker’s two sequels to M*A*S*H: A Novel About Three Army Doctors, (M*A*S*H Goes to Maine and M*A*S*H Mania), Hawkeye returns to live in Crabapple Cove, near the fictional town of Spruce Harbor, Maine. M*A*S*H Goes to Maine, a Novel written by Richard Hooker, is a sequel to 1968's M*A*S*H A Novel About Three Army Doctors. The State of Maine ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean The fictional town is described as having 30,000 residents, a large fish wharf, a café which is frequented by the protagonists, an international airport, and the Spruce Harbor General Hospital.
Having left the Army, Hawkeye is established to be working for the Veterans Administration. Veterans Health Administration (VHA is the component of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA that implements the medical assistance program of the VA through In May, 1954, he is laid off. At this point, Hawkeye does not have much money in the bank, is 31 years old, and has three children: Billy, Stephen and Karen.
The day he is released, Trapper John comes to visit and sets Hawkeye’s future in motion. Trapper John, a Lieutenant in the medical organization of Maxie Neville in New York City arranges for further thoracic training for Hawkeye, first in the East Orange VA Hospital in New Jersey, then at St Lombard’s in Manhattan from July, 1954. The City of New York Thoracic surgery is the field of Medicine involved in the surgical treatment of Diseases affecting organs inside the Thorax (the chest excluding New Jersey ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. After two years Hawkeye breezes through the Thoracic Boards. At the end of his training in June, 1956, two Spruce Harbour locals, Jocko Allcock (the man who was responsible for Hawkeye being fired by the VA) and “Wooden Leg” Willcox (the local fish magnate) come to visit Hawkeye to set him up in practice—by betting favorably on the outcome of his operations.
The first operation, with Trapper John’s assistance (upon Pasquale Merlino), is a success, and thanks to his superior training Hawkeye becomes the local surgeon. As time goes by, Hawkeye is given more patients by the local general practitioner of note, “Doggy” Moore, goes into private practice with ex-Spitfire pilot, Tony Holcombe, and plots the eventual reuniting of the Swamp Gang. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout By 1959 Hawkeye has lured Duke Forrest, Trapper John and Spearchucker Jones into his net, and thanks to the proceeds of the “Allcock-Willcox” syndicate, a new “Finestkind Fishmarket and Clinic” is set up along with the new Spruce Harbor General Hospital.
In the twenty-year period described in Hooker’s two sequel novels, Hawkeye becomes notably more conservative politically (he supported Republican “Crazy Horse” Weinstein for governor of Maine and railed against people with “Recall Ford” bumper stickers), but remains as playful and humorous as ever. Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr (July 14 1913 December 26 2006 was the thirty-eighth President of the United States, serving from 1974 to 1977 and the fortieth Vice President His golf game improves to an eight handicap depending on the time of year. He donates heavily to various causes, such as needy children and the re-education of a local clamdigger, and spends an inordinate amount of time caring for his patients. He is, however, prone to use racial and homophobic epithets.