Hatchback is a term designating an automobile design, containing a passenger cabin with an integrated cargo space, accessed from behind the vehicle by a single, top-hinged tailgate or large flip-up window. The Renault 16 is a Large family car with an at first unusual Hatchback body produced by French automaker Renault between 1965 and The Peugeot 306 is a Small family car built by the French Car manufacturer Peugeot from 1993 to 2002 Cargo (or freight) refers to goods or produce transported generally for Commercial gain by ship, aircraft, train, Tailgate is an American English word denoting the door or 'gate' at the back of a wagon, Pickup truck, SUV or other similar type of Vehicle Tailgate is an American English word denoting the door or 'gate' at the back of a wagon, Pickup truck, SUV or other similar type of Vehicle The vehicle commonly has two rows of seats, with the rear seat able to fold down to increase cargo space. Car seat is a Seat used in Cars Most car seats are made from cheap but durable materials made to withstand as much beating as possible
Hatchback vehicles are functionally similar to station wagons (which are intended to carry large volumes), but distinguished by a (much) smaller load area. A station wagon (or simply wagon) in American, Australian, Canadian and New Zealand usage and an estate car (or just estate The typical hatchback roof rakes down steeply behind the C-Pillar, resulting in very little car length behind the rear wheels and thus no room for a side window over the load area. An A-pillar is a name applied by car stylists and enthusiasts to the shaft of material that supports the windshield (windscreen on either of the windshield frame sides Alternatively, cars with a longer rear end need a much more slanted rear window — a style also known as a liftback. A liftback is a Car body style in which the cargo space (boot is accessed through a Tailgate that extends up to the higher end of the C-pillar and includes Liftbacks are sedan-size cars with a fastback profile and a hatchback-type tailgate. A fastback is a Car body style whose roofline slopes continuously down at the back
The tailgate is also referred to as the hatch. Hatchbacks are often described as three-door (two entry doors and the hatch) or five-door (four entry doors and the hatch) cars. In Europe, city cars, superminis, and small family cars are usually hatchbacks. A city car (or urban car) is a small moderately powered Automobile intended for use in Urban areas It is comparable in size and features to a A supermini is a British Car classification term that describes Automobiles larger than a City car but smaller than a Small family car. A compact (North America small family (European or c-segment car is a classification of cars which are larger than a supermini
Small cars often incorporate a hatch tailgate to make the best use of available space. Especially in smaller models, hatchbacks are often truncated, with the tailgate nearly vertical, to reduce the car's footprint. This is an important consideration in countries where small streets and traffic congestion are big factors (see for instance the Japanese Kei cars). Kei car, K-car, or ( pronounced /keːdʑidoːɕa/ is a Japanese category of small Automobiles, including passenger cars
Hatchbacks frequently include fold-down rear seats, which enable a substantial portion of the interior space to be used as a cargo area. Usually, the rear seat can be folded partially (for instance 1/2, 1/3 or 2/3) or completely to expand the cargo space.
Hatchbacks typically have a parcel shelf: a rigid shelf covering the cargo space that is hinged behind the rear seats and lifts with the tailgate. An alternative is a flexible roll-up tonneau cover. Tonneau (pronounced ta’-no in modern use describes a bed cover for a Pickup truck.
High performance variants of hatchbacks are now common, known as "hot hatches". A hot hatch is an informal or slang term for a high-performance derivative of a three (or sometimes five -door Automobile.
Understandably, since the term is an approximation, the credit for the first hatchback is attributed to several manufacturers. The Citroën Traction Avant was an Automobile produced by the French manufacturer Citroën.
The Citroën Traction Avant Commerciale, introduced in 1938  was a capacious design that did not fit the description of a station wagon, because of the short space behind the rear wheels, with the rear seat in line with the D-Pillar. The Citroën Traction Avant was an Automobile produced by the French manufacturer Citroën. A station wagon (or simply wagon) in American, Australian, Canadian and New Zealand usage and an estate car (or just estate An A-pillar is a name applied by car stylists and enthusiasts to the shaft of material that supports the windshield (windscreen on either of the windshield frame sides Initially the car had a two-piece tailgate. Production stopped during World War II, but when the Commerciale reappeared in 1954 it featured a one-piece top-hinged tailgate. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including
Holden of Australia fitted what could be described as "hatch" tailgates onto bodies in the late 1940s, however not on their own Holden 48/215 model. The Holden 48-215, also known unofficially as the Holden FX is a mid-size, six-cylinder sedan which was produced by the Australian Automaker, Two other early contenders are the 1949 Kaiser-Frazer Vagabond and Traveler hatchbacks. The Kaiser-Frazer Corporation was the result of a partnership between autombile executive Joseph W Although these were styled much like the typical 1940s sedan, they incorporated an innovative split rear tailgate instead of a trunk and folding rear seats. 
The 1953 Aston Martin DB2/4 featured a top-hinged rear tailgate, of which 700 examples were made. The DB2/4 was a Sports car sold by Aston Martin from 1953 until 1957 Its successor, the 1958 DB Mark III, even offered a folding rear seat. See also Aston Martin DB3 for the racing car often confused with the Mark III The DB Mark III (normally simply called Mark III, even at The 1954 AC Aceca and later Aceca-Bristol from AC Cars had a similar hatch tailgate, though just 320 were built. The Aceca (pronounced "A-See-Ka" is a closed Coupe from AC Cars, produced from 1954 through 1963 The Aceca (pronounced "A-See-Ka" is a closed Coupe from AC Cars, produced from 1954 through 1963 AC Cars Group Ltd formerly known as Auto Carriers Ltd is a British specialist Automobile manufacturer and one of the oldest independent car marques
The Pininfarina-designed 1958 Austin A40 was the first car to introduce the lack of side windows over the load space. See also Battista Farina, founder of the company his son Sergio Pininfarina and grandson Andrea Pininfarina. The Austin Motor Company was a British manufacturer of automobiles that rose to be a major motorcar brand the dominant partner after merger with Morris in 1952 See Austin A40 for other (previous Austin A40 models The Austin A40 Farina was a Compact car introduced by the It had a tailgate that was split horizontally rather than in a single unit hinged at the top. However, the 1962 Italian-built Innocenti version, called the A40S Combinata, had a single-unit tailgate, so that car had all the features of the modern hatchback. Innocenti, an Italian machinery works was originally established by Ferdinando Innocenti in 1920 
The 1961 Renault 4 was a key step in popularizing the hatchback layout in Europe. The Renault 4, also known as the 4L (pronounced "Quatrelle" which could be heard as "4 wings" in French is a Hatchback Economy car Its tailgate was a single door incorporating the rear window and hinged at the top, with only short side windows between C & D-pillars over the load space and a steep angle from roof to rear bumper. An A-pillar is a name applied by car stylists and enthusiasts to the shaft of material that supports the windshield (windscreen on either of the windshield frame sides During its production run the R4 was called a small station wagon, even after the term hatchback appeared around 1970. A station wagon (or simply wagon) in American, Australian, Canadian and New Zealand usage and an estate car (or just estate
The Renault 16, a more upmarket car that was voted European Car of the Year on its launch in the autumn of 1965, also had a hatchback / liftback design, and featured a folding rear seat. The Renault 16 is a Large family car with an at first unusual Hatchback body produced by French automaker Renault between 1965 and The European Car of the Year award was established in 1964 by a collective of automobile magazines from different countries in Europe. Another French hatchback arrived in 1967: the Simca 1100. The Simca 1100 was an Automobile built from 1967 to 1982 by Chrysler Europe 's division Simca. Contrary to the two Renault models, the Simca used a transverse engine and gearbox layout, and discarded the side windows behind the C-pillar.
The first car launched by the then-new British Leyland (albeit a British Motor Corporation design) was the 1968 Austin Maxi, a five-speed, front-wheel drive hatchback. British Leyland was a vehicle manufacturing company formed in the United Kingdom in 1968 as British Leyland Motor Corporation Ltd (BLMC The British Motor Corporation (BMC was a UK vehicle company formed by the merger of the Austin Motor Company and the Nuffield Organisation (parent The Austin Maxi was a medium sized 5-door Hatchback car from British Leyland for the 1970s The first all-Italian hatchback was the Autobianchi Primula, which went into production during 1964. The Autobianchi Primula was a small car ( supermini) from the Italian automaker Autobianchi (a subsidiary of the Fiat Group) built from 1964 The first German hatchback was the Volkswagen Passat (Dasher in North America) of 1973, followed by the more popular Volkswagen Golf (Rabbit in North America), as well as the Audi 50, the first German supermini hatchback, in 1974. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The Volkswagen Passat is a Family car built by Volkswagen through six design generations since 1973 The Volkswagen Golf or VW Golf ( Mk1 and Mk5 badged as Volkswagen Rabbit in the United States and Canada, Mk1 badged as Volkswagen The Audi 50 (known internally as the Typ 86 is a supermini produced by German automaker Audi from 1974 to 1978 and sold only in Europe
Sports cars like the Jaguar E-Type, Toyota 2000GT, and Datsun 240Z were fitted with rear tailgates, but had only one row of seats. A sports car is a term used to describe a class of Automobile. The Jaguar E-Type' (UK or XK-E (US is a British Automobile, manufactured by Jaguar between 1961 and 1974 The Toyota 2000GT was a Sports car produced in very limited numbers by Toyota in Japan. The S30 Nissan/Datsun (known in Japan as the Fairlady Z and in other markets as the 240Z and later as the 260Z and 280Z Thus, while they may be called 3 door cars, they are not generally considered hatchbacks.
In the 1970s, the Rover SD1, Renault 30, and Saab 900 attempted to introduce the hatchback style into the executive car market, with limited success. Rover SD1 is the code name given to a series of large Executive cars made by British Leyland and its successor Austin Rover from 1976 until 1986 The Renault 20 and Renault 30 are two Executive cars produced by the French Automaker Renault between 1975 and 1984 The 900 is a car that was made by Saab Automobile from 1978 until 1998 in two generations Executive car is a British term that refers to a car's size and is used to describe an Automobile larger than a Large family car. The market for executive class station wagons is also limited, possibly for similar reasons - combining practicality and exclusivity in one vehicle has proven difficult. A station wagon (or simply wagon) in American, Australian, Canadian and New Zealand usage and an estate car (or just estate
By the early 1980s, most small family cars produced in Europe were hatchbacks. A compact (North America small family (European or c-segment car is a classification of cars which are larger than a supermini The 1980s began with the launch of two more front-wheel drive hatchbacks: the Ford Escort and Lancia Delta. Front-wheel drive (or FF layout) is a form of engine / transmission layout used in Motor vehicles where the engine drives the front Wheels Over the years the name 'Ford Escort' has been used for several models Lancia Delta S4The Lancia Delta is a Small family car produced by Italian automaker Lancia with the first generation being produced between 1979 and 1994 the second More similar cars followed over the decade, including the updated Opel Kadett, Vauxhall Astra, Renault 19, Fiat Tipo, and second generation Rover 200. The Opel Kadett is a Small family car produced by the German automaker Opel between 1937 and 1940 then from 1962 to 1992 See also Opel Astra, Holden Astra Astra is a model-name which has been used by Vauxhall, the British subsidiary of General Motors The Renault 19 is a Small family car produced by French automaker Renault between 1988 and 2000 The Fiat Tipo is a Small family car designed by the IDEA design house and produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1988 and 1995 The Rover 200-series / 25 is a small Car which was produced by the Austin Rover Group, and latterly the Rover Group and MG Rover. Alfa Romeo's venture into this market, the Nissan-based Arna, was one of the few unsuccessful European small family hatchbacks of the 1980s. Alfa Romeo Automobiles SpA is an Italian Automaker founded in 1910
The 1990s saw small family hatchbacks firmly pitch themselves as the most popular auto sector in Europe. The third generation Volkswagen Golf was launched in 1991 and elected European Car of the Year. The Volkswagen Golf or VW Golf ( Mk1 and Mk5 badged as Volkswagen Rabbit in the United States and Canada, Mk1 badged as Volkswagen Fiat replaced the successful Tipo with the distinctive Bravo (three-door) and Brava (five-door) in 1995. Ford replaced the long-running Escort with the dramatically styled Ford Focus in 1998. This is the article about the European and worldwide Ford Focus Hatchbacks quickly became regular winners of the European Car of the Year award. The European Car of the Year award was established in 1964 by a collective of automobile magazines from different countries in Europe.
In many countries from all regions of the world, where a hatchback and a conventional sedan are available for the same model, the sedan model is often preferred by consumers. Consumers refers to individuals or households that use goods and services generated within the economy. Manufacturers have even been forced to offer a notchback version of cars that are sold only as hatchbacks elsewhere to comply with the preferences of local clients, as with the Citroën C-Triomphe. Notchback is a form of Car body style; in different parts of the world the precise definition varies The Citroën C-Triomphe is a compact sedan automobile produced for the Chinese market by Dongfeng Peugeot-Citroën Automobile, a Joint The market acceptance of larger, more exclusive and expensive passenger cars with the hatchback style has been even more difficult than in Europe.
After the introduction of several fastbacks in the late 1960s, hatchbacks gradually became commonplace in North America in the early 1970s as some novel hatchback and liftback models from America's Big Three automakers started appearing in showrooms, soon followed by imports from Japan and Europe. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics.
General Motors produced hatchback versions of its Chevrolet Nova, Vega, Monza models, as well as the Pontiac Sunfire, and Buick Skyhawk. General Motors Corporation ( GM) ( is a multinational automobile manufacturer founded in 1908 and headquartered in the United States. Chevrolet (ˌʃɛvroʊˈleɪ - French origin (also known as Chevy) is a Brand of Automobile, produced by General Motors (GM The Chevrolet Nova or Chevy II was an American Compact car introduced by the Chevrolet division of General Motors in 1962 The Chevrolet Vega was a Subcompact car sold from 1971 through 1977 See also Opel Monza, an unrelated vehicle marketed by General Motors' European subsidiary The Chevrolet Monza was a rear-wheel drive subcompact The Pontiac Sunfire was introduced in the 1995 Model year as the Compact car to replace the Sunbird. The Buick Skyhawk was Buick 's Compact car offering in the 1970s and 1980s replacing the Opel Manta that was sold by Buick dealers Ford offered a Pinto "Runabout" hatchback (and a Mercury Bobcat twin) in tandem with a trunked Pinto fastback. The Ford Pinto was a subcompact manufactured by the Ford Motor Company for the North American market first introduced on September 11, 1970 The Ford Pinto was a subcompact manufactured by the Ford Motor Company for the North American market first introduced on September 11, 1970 A fastback is a Car body style whose roofline slopes continuously down at the back The European-built Ford Fiesta was added later in the decade. The Ford Fiesta is a Supermini car designed by Ford Europe, a subsidiary of Ford Motor Company The Chrysler Corporation was late in producing hatchbacks for the U. S. , developing the Volkswagen-like Dodge Omni and Plymouth Horizon twins with its European operations and placing them on sale in North America in the 1978 model year. The Dodge Omni and the similar Plymouth Horizon were Front wheel drive cars introduced by the Dodge and Plymouth divisions of Chrysler Corporation The Dodge Omni and the similar Plymouth Horizon were Front wheel drive cars introduced by the Dodge and Plymouth divisions of Chrysler Corporation Year 1978 ( MCMLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar) Two low-slung hatchback coupés, originally part of the Omni/Horizon lineup but later marketed as separate cars under the Dodge Charger and Plymouth Turismo names, debuted the following year. The Dodge Charger is an American Automobile manufactured by Chrysler, under the Dodge brand name See also Dodge Charger for other models using this name and Shelby Charger, a high-performance version The Dodge Charger (L-body was Eventually the Chrysler brand offered a LeBaron hatchback which resembled a Saab. The Chrysler LeBaron was introduced in 1977 as Chrysler 's lowest priced model and the name was used on various Chryslers until 1995 Saab AB is an Aerospace and defense company based in Sweden. History "Svenska Aeroplan AB (aktiebolaget" ( Swedish for American Motors (AMC) joined the hatchback market at the start of the decade with America's first sub-compact, the AMC Gremlin that was styled in the Kammback fashion. American Motors Corporation (AMC was an American automobile company formed on January 14 1954 by the merger of the Nash-Kelvinator Corporation The AMC Gremlin is a Subcompact car that was made by the American Motors Corporation (AMC for nine model years A Kammback is a Car body style that derives from the research of the German aerodynamicist Wunibald Kamm in the 1930s this research itself deriving AMC introduced a hatchback version to its larger Hornet models in 1973. The AMC Hornet is a compact Automobile made by the American Motors Corporation (AMC beginning with the 1970 model year and continuing through the 1977 model The Hornet was restyled and renamed the Concord (a Concord hatchback was made for 1978 and 1979 only) while smaller Gremlin was restyled and renamed the AMC Spirit in 1979. The AMC Concord was a Compact car made by the American Motors Corporation (AMC starting with model year 1978 and continuing to 1983 The AMC Spirit is a Subcompact automobile produced by the American Motors Corporation (AMC in 1979 to replace the Gremlin on which it was based However, the far more characteristic AMC Pacer debuted in 1975. The AMC Pacer is a two-door compact Automobile produced in the United States by the American Motors Corporation between 1975 and 1980 It was the first modern "cab-forward" vehicle design that focused on interior space with short and rounded overhangs. The term cab forward refers to various rail and Road Vehicle designs which place the driver's compartment substantially farther towards the front than The Pacer's aerodynamic and jelly bean shaped hatchback stood out among the square, formal, box-type designs that were prevalent all the way through the early 1980s.
The 1980s brought a new round of hatchback models. Ford offered an Americanized version of its third-generation Escort in the United States as a replacement for the Pinto at the start of the 1981 model year. Over the years the name 'Ford Escort' has been used for several models Year 1981 ( MCMLXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 General Motors included a hatchback model as part of its J-car series (which included the Chevrolet Cavalier), but this car emphasized sportiness more than versatility. The Chevrolet Cavalier was Chevrolet 's version of the compact GM J platform. Chrysler continued making its Omni/Horizon and Charger/Turismo models into the 1980s and added the Dodge Shadow and Plymouth Sundance twins, which were styled to look like trunked sedans, for the 1987 model year. For 1987 Chrysler Corporation introduced two new Compact cars the Dodge Shadow and the Plymouth Sundance (which turned in similar The Plymouth Sundance is a compact car produced from 1986 (as a 1987 model to 1994 Year 1987 ( MCMLXXXVII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar) Most of the hatchbacks GM and Chrysler offered at this time were sport coupés; the Chevrolet Camaro and Pontiac Firebird, for example, adopted hatch windows when the third generation editions came out in 1982. The Chevrolet Camaro is a " Pony car " made in North America by the Chevrolet Motor Division of General Motors. The Pontiac Firebird was a Pony car built by the Pontiac division of General Motors between 1967 and 2002 Year 1982 ( MCMLXXXII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar) American Motors, by then partially owned by Renault, added the Encore to its larger Alliance models in 1983. This is about the company for other uses see Renault (disambiguation. The Encore came in two and four-door hatchback models and it was based on the European Renault 11. The Renault 9 and Renault 11 are two Small family cars produced by the French manufacturer Renault between 1981 and 1988 These models were phased out after Chrysler bought out AMC in 1987.
Hatchbacks were popular for smaller vehicles in the U. S. and Canada during the fuel crises of the 1970s due to their practicality and convenience, but many customers, especially Americans, preferred trunks to hatches. Conventional wisdom is that Americans have always found the styling of trunked cars more elegant and dignified than that of hatchbacks, and that they bought hatchbacks during times of high fuel costs because they had to. The poor quality and basic nature of many hatchbacks also gave them a reputation for cheapness - driving a hatchback was a proclamation to the world that you were too poor to buy a regular car. A proclamation (Lat proclamare, to make public by announcement is an official declaration Poverty (also called penury) is deprivation of common necessities that determine the quality of life including food clothing shelter and safe Drinking water, and So, as hatchbacks grew in popularity in Europe in the 1990s, they declined in popularity in North America in that same period. Detroit manufacturers mostly switched to offering small cars with trunks; customers who wanted versatility began turning to sport utility vehicles as well as minivans. A sport utility vehicle ( SUV) is a generic marketing description for a rugged automotive vehicle similar to a Station wagon but built on a light-truck chassis A minivan, multi-purpose vehicle (abbreviated MPV) people-carrier, people-mover or multi-utility vehicle (shortened By the early 2000s, the New York Times commented that hatchbacks were the automotive equivalent of sitcoms starring former "Seinfeld" cast members; "no one wants to be associated with them. Seinfeld is an American Situation comedy, or sitcom that originally aired on NBC from July 5 1989 to May 14 1998 lasting nine seasons "
Volkswagen continued to offer the Golf (marketed with that name in North America from 1985 to 2006), but by the end of the 1990s the major Japanese manufacturers appeared to have given up on hatchbacks in the North American market just as General Motors and Chrysler had done; the Toyota Tercel and Echo were available in the U. The Toyota Tercel was a subcompact manufactured from 1978 to 1999 across five generations in five body configurations &mdash sized between the Corolla and S. in notchback form only, and the base Honda Civic hatchback temporarily disappeared from Honda's North American lineup after the 2000 model year. The Honda Civic is a line of subcompact / Compact cars manufactured by Honda. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. The hatchback version of the Civic Si was imported from the UK from 2002 to 2005. The Honda Civic Si is a Sport compact / Hot hatch version of the Compact car Honda Civic built by the Japanese Automaker The hatchback version of the Mercedes-Benz C230 were sold in North America from 2002 to 2005 also. The Mercedes-Benz C-Class is a Compact executive car produced by the Mercedes Car Group division of Daimler AG. Suzuki continued to sell the subcompact Swift hatchback.
Ford and Volkswagen held on to selling basic hatchbacks in North America, as Ford's Focus debuted in 2000 with a hatchback model and Volkswagen's fourth-generation Golf included the base three-door model that the previous car had largely lacked. The Ford Focus is a Compact car sold in the North American market
By the middle of the 2000s, a small hatchback resurgence took place in the United States for automakers that could tone down the emphasis on cheapness and excessive practicality. VW's New Beetle, which went on sale in the U. The Volkswagen New Beetle is a small family car introduced by Volkswagen in 1998 drawing heavy inspiration from the design cues of the original Beetle S. in 1998, featured a rear window hatch that contrasted with the original Beetle's trunk, which was located in the front, while the engine was mounted in the rear. Year 1998 ( MCMXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar) In 2003, a GM/Toyota joint venture 5-door hatchback was created in two models -- the Toyota Matrix and Pontiac Vibe. Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. The Toyota Matrix, occasionally referred to as the Toyota Corolla Matrix, is a compact Hatchback manufactured by Toyota Motor Corporation The Pontiac Vibe is a compact Hatchback car produced in Fremont California, in the United States by NUMMI (New United The New MINI range is a success, and the big three Japanese automakers all offered hatchback models by 2006; Toyota had the Yaris and the Scion xA (replaced in 2008 by the Scion xD), Nissan launched the Versa, and Honda debuted the Fit. Mini (styled as MINI) is a British automotive brand owned by the German BMW Group that has produced a redesign of the traditional Mini (pronounced) is a Multinational corporation headquartered in Japan, and is currently the world's largest Automaker. The Toyota Vitz (sold in different markets as the Toyota Yaris and Toyota Echo) is a line of Subcompact cars first launched by Toyota in Scion xA was a five-door Hatchback subcompact marketed in the US from 2004-2006 &mdash as an export model of the Japanese Domestic Market The Scion xD is a five-door Hatchback subcompact marketed in the US by Japanese automaker Toyota beginning with the 2008 model year &mdash replacing The Nissan Tiida is a Compact car with a US EPA midsize car rating because of its large interior space manufactured by Japanese automaker Nissan, replacing The Honda Fit is a five-door Hatchback Subcompact produced by Honda of Japan, that was first introduced in June 2001 Volkswagen, after an interminable delay, placed the fifth-generation Golf on sale in North America in June 2006 with the Rabbit name once again, accompanied by a high-profile ad campaign designed to make the car seem as cool as the MINI has been. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.
The Korean manufacturers were also offering compact and subcompact hatchbacks, such as the Hyundai Elantra GT, Hyundai Accent, Kia Spectra5, and the Kia Rio Cinco/Rio5. Also on offer in the U. S. were the 1998-2002 Daewoo Lanos hatchback and the 1999 Daewoo Nubira hatchback. The GM Daewoo-sourced Suzuki Reno (2004-present) and Chevrolet Optra5 (2005-2007) were also available in the U. GM Daewoo Auto & Technology ( GM Daewoo or GMDAT) was first established as National Motor in 1937 in Bupyeong-gu Incheon, South Korea. The Daewoo Lacetti is a Compact car made by the South Korean automaker GM Daewoo. The Daewoo Lacetti is a Compact car made by the South Korean automaker GM Daewoo. S. and Canada, respectively.
DaimlerChrysler replaced the Dodge Neon sedan with the Dodge Caliber, a five-door hatchback designed to look like a miniature SUV, in 2006. The Neon was a compact Front wheel drive car introduced in January 1994 for the 1995 Model year by Chrysler Corporation 's Dodge The Dodge Caliber is a Compact car produced by the Dodge division of the Chrysler Group. Chevrolet sells a hatchback version of its Korean-built Aveo. The Daewoo Kalos is a Subcompact automobile manufactured by GM Daewoo (the South Korean subsidiary of General Motors) introduced in 2002 Chevrolet also offered the larger Malibu Maxx from 2004 to 2007. The Chevrolet Malibu (named after Malibu California) is a Mid-size car produced in the United States by General Motors. In 2008, GM introduced the 3-door and 5-door Belgian-assembled Saturn Astra. See also Vauxhall Astra and Holden Astra for the usage of the nameplate by other General Motors subsidiaries By contrast, Ford seems to be giving up on the market segment, with the Focus hatchback having been phased out even as a second-generation Focus is available as a hatchback in Europe. In 2007, Suzuki released the SX4 hatchback in North America.
Hatchbacks have proved to be less popular in developing countries in South America, Africa, and some parts of Asia than in Europe, and as a result, manufacturers have had to develop sedan versions of their small cars. South America is a Continent of the Americas, situated entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a In Brazil, for example, the Fiat Premio was developed from the Fiat Uno in the 1980s, with Ford and GM subsequently offering sedan versions of the Opel Corsa and Ford Fiesta in the 1990s. |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld The Fiat Duna ( Fiat Prêmio in Brazil was a small car produced by Fiat in Brazil, where it was sold as Fiat Prêmio. The Fiat Uno is a Supermini car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat. The 1980s was the decade spanning from January 1 1980 to December 31 1989. The Opel Corsa is a supermini that has been produced by General Motors' European Subsidiary Opel since 1982 and has also been sold under a variety The Ford Fiesta is a Supermini car designed by Ford Europe, a subsidiary of Ford Motor Company The 1990s collectively refers to the years between and including 1990 and 1999 (The first generation Opel Corsa was sold in Europe as a sedan as well as a hatchback, but proved unpopular, and was not replaced in 1993). These models were also sold in South Africa and China. The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National
However, hatchbacks are popular in India with about 80% of all passenger vehicles sold in the country. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country
SUVs, station wagons and minivans often have the top-hinged tailgate that is one of the features of the hatchback car. A sport utility vehicle ( SUV) is a generic marketing description for a rugged automotive vehicle similar to a Station wagon but built on a light-truck chassis A station wagon (or simply wagon) in American, Australian, Canadian and New Zealand usage and an estate car (or just estate A minivan, multi-purpose vehicle (abbreviated MPV) people-carrier, people-mover or multi-utility vehicle (shortened However, the term hatchback is typically used in reference to small or compact cars, with a smaller trunk than other vehicles.
Recently some car manufacture even mark their hatchback vehicle as Mini MPV or Compact MPV. Mini MPV (MPV stands for Multi-purpose vehicle, although the full name is rarely used is a Car classification used to describe superminis or A Compact MPV is a Car classification used in Europe to describe Multi-purpose vehicle versions of Small family cars (sometimes also referred
Many sports and mid-sized cars are also designed using a variation of hatchback design, sometimes called a liftback. A sports car is a term used to describe a class of Automobile. A mid-size car (occasionally referred to as an intermediate) is the North American and Australian term for an Automobile with a size between A liftback is a Car body style in which the cargo space (boot is accessed through a Tailgate that extends up to the higher end of the C-pillar and includes Here, the tailgate is angled down over the rear seats, and smoothly integrated into the tail of the car, resembling a fastback or sedan overall. A fastback is a Car body style whose roofline slopes continuously down at the back This often improves aerodynamic performance, resulting in a reduced drag coefficient. The drag coefficient ( Cd, Cx or Cw) is a Dimensionless quantity that describes how streamlined an Examples of these cars are the Opel Vectra, the Ford Mondeo and the Renault Laguna. The Opel Vectra is a Large family car produced primarily by Adam Opel GmbH (commonly known as "Opel" the German subsidiary of General The Ford Mondeo is a Large family car sold by the Ford Motor Company in various markets throughout the world The Renault Laguna is a Large family car produced by the French manufacturer Renault.
Saab often used the term combi coupé (or 'Waggonback' in the U. Saab Automobile AB, better known as Saab, is a Swedish car manufacturer and currently a wholly-owned Subsidiary of General Motors. Combi coupé is a Marketing term used by Swedish manufacturer Saab for a Car body style similar to the Liftback. S. ) for their take on the concept. Even some typical-looking sedans (saloons) have hatch tailgates, such as the Mazda6, Hyundai Elantra, Kia Spectra and the Saab 9000. The Hyundai Elantra (sold in South Korea as the Avante) is a Compact car from Hyundai of South Korea launched in 1991 The Kia Spectra, Kia Cerato, or Kia Forte is a Compact car / Small family car produced by the Korean automaker Kia Motors since The 9000, an Executive car made by Saab, was released in 1985