In Portuguese, Baía da Guanabara is an oceanic bay located in southeastern Brazil in the state of Rio de Janeiro. Portuguese ( or língua portuguesa) is a Romance language that originated in what is now Galicia (Spain and northern Portugal. Headlands and bays are two related features of the coastal environment |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld Rio de Janeiro ( pron ˈhiu dʒi ʒʌˈnejɾu) is one of the 26 states of Brazil. On its Western shore lies the city of Rio de Janeiro, and on its Eastern shore the cities of Niterói and São Gonçalo. A shore or shoreline is the fringe of land at the edge of a large body of water such as an Ocean, Sea, or Lake. Rio de Janeiro ("River of January" ˈhiw dʒi ʒʌˈnejɾu in Brazilian Portuguese, /ˈriːoʊ di ʒəˈnɛroʊ/ in English is the second largest city of Brazil Niterói is a city and a município (county in the state of Rio de Janeiro, southeast region of Brazil. Four other municipalities surround the bay's shores. Guanabara Bay is the second largest bay in area in Brazil, at 412 km² (159 square miles), with a perimeter of 143 km (89 miles).
The name Guanabara comes from the Tupi-Guarani language, goanã-pará, from gwa "bay", plus nã "similar to" and ba'ra "sea". Tupi-Guarani ( is the name of the most important subfamily of the Tupi languages of South America. Traditionally, it is also translated as "the bosom of sea. "
Guanabara Bay is 31 km (19 miles) long and 28 km (17 miles) wide at its maximum. Its 1. 5 km (approximately one mile) wide mouth is flanked at the northern tip by the Pico do Papagaio (Parrot's Peak) and the southern tip by Pão de Açúcar (Sugar Loaf). Sugarloaf Mountain (in Portuguese Pão de Açúcar) is a peak situated in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from the mouth of Guanabara Bay
There are more than 130 islands dotting the bay, including:
The bay is crossed by the mighty Rio-Niterói Bridge (13,290 m [8. Governador Island ( Ilha do Governador, in Portuguese is the largest island in Guanabara Bay, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rio de Janeiro/Galeão - Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport better known as Galeão International Airport is Rio de Janeiro 's major international Galeão (Portuguese meaning galleon may refer to Galeão International Airport, an airport in the city of Rio de Janeiro Brazil Galeão Rio Paquetá Island (Ilha de Paquetá is an island in Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro. The Rio-Niterói Bridge is a Box girder bridge that connects the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Niterói in Brazil. 25 miles] long and with a central span 72 m [236. 22 feet] high) and there is heavy boat and ship traffic, including regular ferryboat lines. See also Merchant ship A ferry is a form of transport usually a Boat or Ship, used to carry (or ferry) passengers and The Port of Rio de Janeiro, as well as the city's two airports, Galeão - Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport (on Governador Island) and Santos Dumont Airport (on a landfill next to downtown Rio), are located on its shores. Rio de Janeiro/Galeão - Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport better known as Galeão International Airport is Rio de Janeiro 's major international Santos Dumont Airport serves Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is the city's second major Airport behind the Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport For other uses see Water treatment and Land reclamation. A landfill, also known as a dump (and historically as The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro main campus is located on the artificial Fundão Island. A maze of smaller bridges seamlessly interconnect the two largest islands, Fundão and Governador, to the mainland.
Guanabara's Bay, surrounded by luxuriant tropical forests, beaches, strangely-shaped rocks and peaks, and a backdrop of the high mountains of Serra do Mar, is bordered by one of the most beautiful cities in the world, so it is considered one of the world's premier tourist spots. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests (TSMF also known as tropical moist forests, are a Tropical and Subtropical Forest Serra do Mar ( Portuguese for Mountain Range of the Sea) is a 1500 km long system of Mountain ranges and Escarpments in Southeastern Brazil Tourism is Travel for Recreational or Leisure purposes The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel
Unfortunately, due to urbanization, deforestation and pollution of its waters with sewage, garbage, oil spills, etc. Urbanizationn (also spelled urbanisation) is the physical growth of Urban areas into rural or natural land as a result of population in-migration to an existing Deforestation is the conversion of Forested areas to non-forest land for use such as Arable land, Pasture, urban use logged area or wasteland Water pollution is the contamination of Water bodies such as Lakes Rivers Oceans and Groundwater caused by human activities Sewage is the mainly liquid Waste containing some solids produced by humans which typically consists of washing water Feces, Urine, laundry waste and other WASTE is a Peer-to-peer and Friend-to-friend protocol and software application developed by Justin Frankel at Nullsoft in 2003 that features For the fictional character see Oil Slick (Transformers. An oil spill is the release of a Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbon into , Guanabara Bay's ecosystem, which used to be incredibly rich and diversified in the past, has suffered a lot, particularly along its mangrove areas. An ecosystem is a natural unit consisting of all plants animals and micro-organisms( Biotic factors in an area functioning together with all of the non-living physical ( Mangroves (generally are Trees and Shrubs that grow in saline coastal habitats in the Tropics and Subtropics. Recovery measures are currently being tried, but not on the scale needed, so the pollution remains.
Guanabara Bay was discovered in January 1, 1502 by Portuguese explorer Gaspar de Lemos, who named it Rio de Janeiro (January River), because they thought it was a large river coming to the sea. New Year See also New Year The Ancient Romans began their consular year on January 1st since 153 BC Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. Gaspar de Lemos ( 15th century) Portuguese explorer and captain of the supply ship of Pedro Álvares Cabral 's fleet that discovered Brazil. "Riverine" redirects here For the use of that term in Maritime geography, see there Natives of the Tamoio and Tupiniquim tribes inhabited the shores of the bay. The Indigenous peoples in Brazil ( Portuguese: povos indígenas) comprise a large number of distinct Ethnic groups who inhabited the country prior to Tupiniquim is the name of an Amerindian tribe who now only live in three reservations ( reservas indígenas in Portuguese After its initial discovery, no significant European settlements were established until French colonist and soldiers, under the Huguenot Admiral Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon invaded the region in 1555 to establish the France Antarctique. The Huguenots were members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France (or French Calvinists) from the sixteenth to the eighteenth Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon ( Villegaignon, Seine et Marne, France, 1510 &ndash Beauvais, January 9, 1571) was a French France Antarctique was the name of the failed French Colony south of the Equator, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which existed After a brief stay on Lajes Island, they moved to Serigipe Island, near the shore, and built there Fort Coligny. Fort Coligny was a fortress founded by Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1555, in After they were expelled by Portuguese military expeditions in 1563, the colonial government built fortifications in several points of Guanabara Bay, rendering it almost impregnable against a naval attack from the sea. They were the Santa Cruz, São João, Lajes and Villegaignon forts, forming a fearsome crossfire rectangle of big naval guns. Artillery (from French artillerie) is a military Combat Arm which employs any apparātus machine Other islands were adapted by the Navy to host naval storehouses, hospitals, drydocks, oil reservoirs and the National Naval Academy. A hospital is an institution for Health care providing treatment by specialised staff and equipment and often but not always providing for A drydock is a narrow basin or vessel that can be flooded to allow a load to be floated in then drained to allow that load to come to rest on a dry platform A petroleum reservoir or an oil and gas reservoir (or system) is a subsurface pool of Hydrocarbons contained in porous