Gramercy Park (sometimes misspelled as Grammercy) is a small, fenced-in private park in the Gramercy neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, New York State. Gramercy, a real-estate term extending fashionable Gramercy Park, is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan, focused around Manhattan Island, in New York Harbor, is much the largest part of the Borough of Manhattan, one of the Five Boroughs which form the City of New York The City of New York New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous The park is one of only two remaining private parks in New York City with almost no access to the public, the other being Sunnyside Gardens, Queens. Sunnyside Gardens, in the Sunnyside neighborhood of the New York City borough of Queens, was one of the first developments to incorporate the "superblock"
Gramercy Park is located between East 20th Street and East 21st Street and between Park Avenue South and Third Avenue (although it does not take up the entire block between these two avenues). Park Avenue (formerly Fourth Avenue) is a wide boulevard that carries north and southbound traffic in New York City Borough of Manhattan Third Avenue is a north-south thoroughfare on the East Side of the New York City borough of Manhattan, running from Cooper Square north for over Lexington Avenue, a major north-south thoroughfare on the East Side of Manhattan, terminates at the northern end of Gramercy Park. Lexington Avenue, often abbreviated by New Yorkers as "Lex" is an avenue on the East Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City that carries
Gramercy Park was originally a swamp. A swamp is a Wetland featuring temporary or permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water Samuel B. Ruggles bought what was then farmland from James Duane in 1831. Samuel Bulkley Ruggles ( 11 April, 1800 &ndash 28 August, 1881) was an American lawyer and public figure James Duane ( February 6, 1733 &ndash February 1, 1797) was a lawyer jurist and Revolutionary leader from New York.  In 1966, the park was designated as a historic district. The name Gramercy is almost certainly a corruption of the Dutch krom mesje, or "little crooked knife," the name of a small brook that flowed along what is now 21st Street. Dutch ( is a West Germanic language spoken by around 24 million people 22 million of which are from the Netherlands, Belgium and Suriname  The area was part of Gramercy Farm until 1831, when its owner, Samuel B. Ruggles, donated the property to the city on condition that no commercial enterprise be permitted on the facing streets or in the park proper. To this day, the park contains no amusements, swing sets, snack shops, or any other intrusions on its rusticity. It is the oldest private park in the United States.
The center of the park contains a statue of one of the area's most famous residents, Edwin Booth. Edwin Thomas Booth (13 November 1833 &ndash 7 June 1893 was a famous 19th century American Actor. Booth was one of the great Shakespearean actors of 19th century America, as well as the brother of John Wilkes Booth, the assassin of Abraham Lincoln. Abraham Lincoln assassination John Wilkes Booth (May 10 1838 – April 26 1865 was an American stage actor who assassinated Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the Abraham Lincoln (February 12 1809 &ndash April 15 1865 the sixteenth President of the United States, successfully led his country through its greatest internal His mansion still stands at number 16, and is today the home of the Players' Club. 
Gramercy Park is held in common as one of the City's two privately owned parks (Sunnyside Gardens is the other) by the owners of the surrounding structures, as it has remained since December 31, 1831. Events 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia. Year 1831 ( MDCCCXXXI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Residents living in buildings that face the park may buy a key to the park, which is changed annually. One notable resident was the actor/producer Henry Herbert who owned number 16 Gramercy Park. Henry Herbert was an English stage actor and producer who became well-known in the United States
In addition, members of the Players Club and the National Arts Club as well as guests of the Gramercy Park Hotel have key access. The National Arts Club is a private club founded in 1898 to "stimulate foster and promote public interest in the arts and to educate the American people in the fine arts" The Gramercy Park Hotel in New York City is a luxury Hotel located at 2 Lexington Avenue, next to Gramercy Park, one of only a few private parks
The park at one time opened to the public on Gramercy Day (which changed yearly, but was often the first Saturday in May). In 2007, the Trustees of Gramercy Park announced that it would no longer open the park on that day, though caroling in the park on Christmas Eve is expected to continue. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. 
Because of the park's private nature, film companies are not usually allowed to shoot there. In the film Notting Hill, a famous actress (played by Julia Roberts) is shown starring in a film called Gramercy Park, which was also the name of the production company for Notting Hill. Notting Hill is a 1999 Romantic comedy film set in Notting Hill, London, released on 21 May 1999 Julia Fiona Roberts (born October 28 1967 is an American - Academy Award winning Film actress and former Fashion model. Goth Rock band Deadsy released a song entitled "The Key to Gramercy Park" on their 2002 album Commencement. Deadsy is an American rock band from California. They have played many shows in California but have also toured nationally multiple times as Jazz fusion/ rock duo Steely Dan made mention of this park in the tune Janie Runaway, from their 2000 album Two Against Nature: Down in Tampa the future looked desperate and dark / Now you're the wonderwaif of Gramercy Park. Fusion or more specifically jazz fusion or jazz rock, is a Musical genre that merges Jazz with elements of other styles of music particularly Rock music is a genre of Popular music often though not necessarily employing Electric guitar, Bass guitar, and Drums. Steely Dan is a American rock band centered on core members Walter Becker and Donald Fagen. Janie Runaway is a song by the Jazz fusion / rock group Steely Dan, which is featured on their 2000 album Two Against Nature. Two Against Nature is an Album by Steely Dan, released in 2000. WAIF (883 FM is a Community radio station based in Cincinnati Ohio. Dutch jazz pianist Michiel Borstlap owns a record label called "Gramercy Park" and he also composed a tune with the same name.