Egypt is divided into 29 governorates (singular muhafazah) and 1 self-governing city. This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics. A Governorate is an Administrative division of a country It is headed by a Governor. The Arabic word muhafazah (محافظة muḥāfaẓä plural محافظات muhafazat) is usually translated to Governorate in English occasionally to This designation replaces that of "province" (muderiyah). Egyptian governorates are the top tier of the five-tier jurisdiction hierarchy. A governorate is administered by a governor (muhafez) appointed by the president of Egypt. Most governorates have a population density of more than one-thousand per km², while the 3 largest have a population density of less than two per km².
Governorates are either fully "urban" or else they are an admixture of "urban" and "rural". The official distinction between "urban" and "rural" is reflected in the lower tiers: i. e. , fully urban governorates have no regions (markazes), as the markaz is, natively, a conglomeration of villages. Moreover, governorates may comprise just one city, as in the case of Cairo or Alexandria. Cairo () which means "the Vanquisher" or "the Triumphant" is the capital and largest city of Egypt. Alexandria ( Egyptian Arabic: اسكندريه Eskendereyya; Standard Arabic: ar الإسكندرية Al-Iskandariyya; Ἀλεξάνδρεια Hence, these one-city governorates are only divided into districts (i. e. urban neighborhoods). Cairo consists of 23 districts; Alexandria consists of 6.
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|Nr. This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics. The Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt is the supreme law of Egypt. The President of the Arab Republic of Egypt is the elected Head of State of Egypt. The Prime Minister of Egypt ( Arabic: رئيس الوزراء المصرى, رئيس الحكومة is the head of the Egyptian government Dr Ahmed Nazif ( أحمد نظيف) (born July 8 1952 in Alexandria) has served as the Prime Minister of Egypt since 14 July The Cabinet of Egypt (الحكومة المركزية (Al-Hokouma Al-Misreya is the chief executive body of the Arabic Republic of Egypt. The Parliament of Egypt is a bicameral legislature that is located in Cairo, Egypt's capital For the Islamist group see Mujahideen Shura Council. For the Saudi legislature see Consultative Assembly of Saudi Arabia. The People's Assembly ( Arabic: Majilis Al-Sha’ab مجلس الشعب is the Lower house of Egypt 's bicameral Parliament The Egyptian Judicial System (or judicial branch in Egypt, is an independent branch of the government which includes both secular and religious courts The Supreme Constitutional Court (المحكمة الدستورية العليا (or SCC) is an independent judiciary body in the Arab Republic of Egypt, with Egypt elects on national level a Head of state &ndash a President &ndash and a bicameral Legislature. The Egyptian presidential election of 2005, held on September 7, 2005, was the first allegedly contested presidential election in Egypt 's history The Egyptian parliamentary elections of 2005 was the scheduled three-stage elections for determining its Lower house membership Elections for the Shura Council, the upper house of the Egyptian parliament, was held in Egypt on 11 June 2007 and 18 June The 2008 Egyptian municipal elections were local elections held across Egypt on 8 April 2008. By its constitution Egypt has a Multi-party system however in practice the National Democratic Party is the long-time ruling party and is dominant in the Egyptian Political Parties have existed in Egypt since somewhere in the late 19th century |||} The governorates of Egypt are divided into 232 Regions ( Markazes ' Egypt's foreign policy operates along a non-aligned level Factors such as population size historical events military strength diplomatic expertise and a strategic geographical position Information on politics by country is available for every Country, including both De jure and De facto independent||Name||Area (km²)||Population (2006)||Capital|
|5||Beni Suef||1,322||2,290,527||Beni Suef|
|13||Kafr el-Sheikh||3,437||2,618,111||Kafr el-Sheikh|
|19||Port Said||72||570,768||Port Said|
|29||6th of October||n/a||500,000||6th of October City|
The governorates are further divided into regions (markazes). Alexandria governorate ( الإسكندرية) is one of the governorates of Egypt, located in the north of the country lying directly on the Alexandria ( Egyptian Arabic: اسكندريه Eskendereyya; Standard Arabic: ar الإسكندرية Al-Iskandariyya; Ἀλεξάνδρεια Aswan Governorate (أسوان is one of the Governorates of Egypt. Aswan (formerly spelled Assuan (in standard أسوان Aswān) Egyptian: Swenet ( trade) Coptic: Swān; Greek Asyut Governorate (أسيوط is one of the governorates of Egypt. Lycopolis and Lykopolis redirect here for the ancient city bearing those names located in the delta of the Nile see Lycopolis (Delta Beheira Governorate ( Arabic: البحيرة, el-Beheirah; 'the Lake' is a coastal governorates in Egypt. Damanhur ( Egyptian: Dmỉ-n-Ḥrw ("Village of Horus " Coptic:; Arabic: دمنهور or Hermopolis Mikra Beni Suef ( بني سويف) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Beni Suef, also spelled Bani Suwayf, Beni Sueif, Beni Swaif, Beni Sweif, Beni Suaif, and Beni Suef ( Coptic Cairo Governorate (القاهرة is one of the governorates of Egypt. Cairo () which means "the Vanquisher" or "the Triumphant" is the capital and largest city of Egypt. Dakahlia governorate (الدقهلية is an Egyptian governorate lying northeast of Cairo. El Mansurah (also spelled as Mansoura; Arabic: المنصورة) is a city in Egypt, with a population of 420000 Damietta Governorate or Domyat ( دمياط) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Damietta, Damiata, or Domyat (دمياط is a port and the capital of the governorate of Domyat, Egypt. Faiyum Governorate ( Arabic: محافظة الفيوم from Coptic: Efiom, meaning the Sea) is one of the governorates of Egypt Faiyum ( Arabic: الفيوم Coptic:) is a city in Middle Egypt and the capital of the Faiyum Governorate. Gharbia Governorate (الغربية is one of the governorates of Egypt. Tanta ( Arabic: طنطا) is an Egyptian town with an estimated 429000 inhabitants (2008 Giza Governorate (الجيزة is one of the governorates of Egypt. You may have been looking for the Great Pyramid of Giza. For the three pyramids of Giza visit the Giza pyramid complex. Ismailia Governorate (الإسماعيلية is one of the governorates of Egypt. Ismaïlia (الإسماعيلية is the Capital of Al Isma'iliyah Governorate. Kafr el-Sheikh Governorate ( كفر الشيخ) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Kafr el-Sheikh (كفر الشيخ is the capital of Kafr el-Sheikh Governorate, Egypt, about 134 km north of Cairo in the Nile Delta Matruh ( Arabic: مطروح) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Marsa Matruh ( Arabic مرسى مطروح Maṭrūḥ (known in Ptolemaic and Byzantine times as Paraitonion (Παραιτόνιον and Minya Governorate ( محافظة المنيا) is one of the governorates of Upper Egypt. Minya is the capital of Minya Governorate in Egypt. The name of the city is derived from its Egyptian name Men'at Monufia Governorate ( المنوفية) is one of the principal governorates of Egypt. Shibin el Kom ( Arabic: شبين الكوم is a city in Lower Egypt and the capital of the Monufia Governorate. The New Valley Governorate (الوادى الجديد is one of the governorates of Egypt. El-Kharga' (meaning the outer oasis ( Arabic الخارجة is the southernmost of Egypt 's five western oases. North Sinai Governorate (شمال سيناء Shamal Sina) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Arish or el-Arīsh (العريش is the Capital and largest city (with 114900 inhabitants As of 2002) of the Egyptian governorate of Shamal Port Said Governorate ( محافظة بور سعيد) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Port Said ( Arabic بورسعيد transliterated Būr Saʻīd) is a northeastern Egyptian city near the Suez Qalyubia Governorate ( القليوبية) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Banha (also spelled Benha) ( بنها) is a city in northeastern Egypt, also the capital of the Qalyubia Governorate. Qena Governorate ( قنا) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Qena ( قنا) is a city in Upper Egypt, and the capital of the Qena Governorate. Red Sea Governorate ( Arabic: البحر الأحمر "El Bahr El Ahmar" is one of the governorates of Egypt. Hurghada ( ar: Al Ghardaqah, الغردقة is an Egyptian City and a tourist center on the Red Sea. "Sharqia" redirects here For the region of Oman see Ash Sharqiyah. Zagazig ( Zakazik, Arabic الزقازيق az-Zaqāzīq colloquial zaʔaziːʔ or zaɡaziːɡ is a town of Lower Egypt, in the eastern part Sohag Governorate ( Arabic: محافظة سوهاج is one of the governorates of Egypt. Sohag ( سوهاج) is the capital of Sohag Governorate in Egypt. South Sinai Governorate ( Arabic: جنوب سيناء) is one of the governorates of Egypt. El-Tor (الطور) also known as Tur Sinai, formerly Raithu, is the capital of Janub Sina' governorate of Egypt, located at Suez Governorate ( Arabic: محافظة السويس) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Suez (السويس) is a Seaport town (population ca 497000 in north-eastern Egypt, located on the north coast of the Gulf of Suez, near the southern Luxor Governorate ( الأقصر) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Luxor (in Arabic: الأقصر al-Uqṣur) is a city in Upper (southern Egypt and the capital of Luxor Helwan Governorate (Arabic محافظة حلوان is one of the governorates of Egypt. Helwan, also spelled Hilwan or Hulwan or Holwan, is a place in Egypt on the bank of the Nile river opposite the ruins of Memphis 6th October City is a municipality in Egypt and the capital 6th of October Governorate, some 20 km southwest of downtown Cairo. |||} The governorates of Egypt are divided into 232 Regions ( Markazes '