A Gopuram or gopura (also known as a vimanam), is a monumental tower, usually ornate, at the entrance of a temple, especially in Southern India. Madurai South India is the area encompassing India 's states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu as well as the union This is a prominent feature of Hindu temple architecture. A Hindu ( Devanagari: हिन्दू is an adherent of the philosophies and scriptures of Hinduism, a set of religious, Philosophical A temple (from the Latin word Templum) is a structure reserved for religious or spiritual activities such as prayer and sacrifice or analogous rites The term architecture (from Greek αρχιτεκτονικήarchitektoniki) can be used to mean a process a profession or documentation  It is topped with the sikhara's amalaka (a bulbous stone finial). Śikhara, a Sanskrit word translating literally to "mountain peak" refers to the rising tower in the Hindu temple architecture of North India The finial is an architectural device typically carved in stone and employed to decoratively emphasize the Apex of a Gable, or any of various distinctive ornaments They function as gateways through the walls that surround the temple complex. 
The gopuram's origins can be traced back to early structures of the Pallavas and by the twelfth century under the Pandya rulers these gateways became a dominant feature of a temple's outer appearance, eventually overshadowing the inner sanctuary which became obscured from view by the gopuram's colossal size. Origins See also Origin of Pallava The exact origin of the Pallavas is shrouded in mystery Origin The origin of the word “Pandya” has been a subject of much speculation  It also dominated the inner sanctum in amount of ornamentation. Often a shrine has more than one gopuram. 
A gopuram is usually rectangular in form with ground-level wooden doors, often richly decorated, providing access. In Geometry, a rectangle is defined as a Quadrilateral where all four of its angles are Right angles A rectangle with vertices ABCD would be denoted as Above is the tapering gopuram, divided into many storeys which diminish in size as the gopuram tower narrows. Usually the tower is topped with a barrel vaulted roof with a finial. A barrel vault, also known as a tunnel vault or a wagon vault, is an architectural element formed by the extrusion of a single curve (or pair of curves in the case 
Gopurams are exquisitely decorated with sculpture and carvings and painted with a variety of themes derived from the Hindu mythology, particularly those associated with the presiding deity of the temple where the gopuram is located. Hindu mythology is the large body of Mythology related to Hinduism, notably as contained in Sanskrit literature, such as the Sanskrit epics and See also List of deities A deity is a Postulated Preternatural or Supernatural Being, who is always
The Gopuram of the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple in Srirangam, Tamilnadu state is the tallest Gopuram in South India. The Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple in Srirangam, Tamil Nadu, India is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Ranganatha, a reclining form This article is about a notable Hindu pilgrimage location in Tamil Nadu, India. Tamil Nadu ( Tamil:, Country of the Tamils, t̪ɐmɨɻ n̪aːɽɯ is one of the 28 states of India. India is a union of states comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. This Gopuram, known as the Rajagopuram (the royal temple tower), rises from the base area of around 13 cents (32500 sq feet) and goes up to 196 feet, moving up in eleven progressively smaller tiers.
The Gopuram of Sri Andal Temple in Srivilliputtur is the second highest temple tower in Tamilnadu. WikipediaWikiProject Indian cities for details --> Srivilliputhur (Tamil ஸ்ரீவில்லிபுத்தூர் / திருவில்லிபுத்தூர் Tamil Nadu ( Tamil:, Country of the Tamils, t̪ɐmɨɻ n̪aːɽɯ is one of the 28 states of India. It is 60 m (192 feet) high and has thirteen progressively smaller tiers. This Gopuram is the centerpiece of the state symbol of the Government of Tamilnadu.
Gopuram of Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple in Srirangam
Gopuram of the Virupaksha Temple at Hampi
Side-view of a gopuram at the Ekambareswarar temple, Kanchi
Main gopuram at the Varadharaja Perumal Temple, Kanchi
Gopuram of the Annavaram temple at Annavaram
Temple gopuram at Tirumala
Top of a gopuram at Madurai
Temple gopuram at Tirunelveli