The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP), announced by United States Department of Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman on February 6, 2006, is a plan to form an international partnership to reprocess spent nuclear fuel in a way that renders the plutonium in it usable for nuclear fuel but not for nuclear weapons. The United States Department of Energy ( DOE) is a Cabinet -level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy Samuel Wright Bodman III (born November 26 1938 is the United States Secretary of Energy and was previously Deputy Secretary of the U Nuclear reprocessing separates components of Spent nuclear fuel such as Reprocessed uranium Plutonium Minor Spent nuclear fuel, occasionally called used nuclear fuel, is Nuclear fuel that has been irradiated in a Nuclear reactor (usually at a Nuclear power Nuclear fuel is any material that can be consumed to derive Nuclear energy, by analogy to chemical Fuel that is burned to derive energy A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from Nuclear reactions either fission or a combination of fission and fusion.
The plan is part of the Advanced Energy Initiative announced by President Bush in his 2006 State of the Union address. George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States.
The Department of Energy said:
The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership has four main goals. First, reduce America’s dependence on foreign sources of fossil fuels and encourage economic growth. Second, recycle nuclear fuel using new proliferation-resistant technologies to recover more energy and reduce waste. Third, encourage prosperity growth and clean development around the world. And fourth, utilize the latest technologies to reduce the risk of nuclear proliferation worldwide.
Through GNEP, the United States will work with other nations possessing advanced nuclear technologies to develop new proliferation-resistant recycling technologies in order to produce more energy, reduce waste and minimize proliferation concerns. Additionally, [the] partner nations will develop a fuel services program to provide nuclear fuel to developing nations allowing them to enjoy the benefits of abundant sources of clean, safe nuclear energy in a cost effective manner in exchange for their commitment to forgo enrichment and reprocessing activities, also alleviating proliferation concerns.
In 2007 a large number of U. S. nuclear arms control organizations sent a joint letter to Congress requesting that GNEP funding be terminated on the grounds that it undermined U. The United States Congress is the bicameral Legislature of the federal government of the United States of America, consisting of two houses S. nuclear proliferation policy, would cost over $100 billion, and did not solve the nuclear waste problem. Nuclear proliferation is a term now used to describe the spread of Nuclear weapons, fissile material and weapons-applicable nuclear technology and information to nations Radioactive wastes are Waste types containing radioactive Chemical elements that do not have a practical purpose 
In 2008 Congress allocated less than half of the requested funds, supporting GNEP research but not technology demonstration projects. The United States Congress is the bicameral Legislature of the federal government of the United States of America, consisting of two houses The Congressional Budget Office assessing that reprocessing spent nuclear fuel would cost considerably more than disposal in a long-term repository. The Congressional Budget Office is a federal agency within the legislative branch of the United States government. 
On February 16, 2006 the U. Events 1249 - Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khan of the Mongols Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. S. , France and Japan signed an "arrangement" to research and develop sodium-cooled fast reactors in support of the GNEP. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. The fast breeder or fast breeder reactor ( FBR) is a Fast neutron reactor designed to breed fuel by producing more Fissile material 
On September 16, 2007, 11 more countries signed into GNEP by signing the GNEP Statement of Principles. Events 1400 - Owain Glyndŵr is declared Prince of Wales by his followers Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century.  These countries were:
Since then, five additional countries have joined:
Argentina, Brazil, Germany, India, and South Africa are noncommittal about joining GNEP.  South African Minerals and Energy Minister Buyelwa Sonjica stated that "Exporting uranium only to get it back refined, instead of enriching it in South Africa, would be 'in conflict with our national policy. '"
Some states do not approve of the GNEP philosophy that partitions the world between a few fuel-cycle states and a larger number of receiver states, reflecting the distinctions in the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, also Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty ( NPT or NNPT) is a Treaty to limit the spread They are concerned that their nuclear fuel assurance could in the future be subject to external political pressure. They also believe it creates an unfortunate incentive on states to quickly develop enrichment or reprocessing technology now, to position themselves to become one of the future fuel-cycle states. 
Another criticism is that GNEP seeks to deploy proliferation-prone reprocessing technology for commercial reasons, and to bypass the continued delays with the Yucca Mountain waste repository project, while erroneously claiming to enhance global nuclear security.