|Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve|
|IUCN Category II (National Park)|
|Location||Skagway-Hoonah-Angoon Census Area and Yakutat City and Borough, Alaska, USA|
|Area||3,283,246 acres (13,287 km²)|
|Established||December 2, 1980|
|Visitors||413,382 (in 2006)|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
The area around Glacier Bay in southeastern Alaska was first proclaimed a U.S. National Monument on February 25, 1925. A national park is a reserve of land usually declared and owned by a national Government, protected from most Human development and pollution Yakutat City and Borough (ˈjækətɑːt is a unified city- borough in the U Alaska ( Аляска Alyaska) is a state in the United States of America, in the northwest of the North American continent The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Events 1409 - The University of Leipzig opens 1755 - The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) The National Park Service ( NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation Glacier Bay is a Bay in south-eastern Alaska, United States. It runs north northwest to south south-east for about 105 km (65 miles between two pinchets Alaska ( Аляска Alyaska) is a state in the United States of America, in the northwest of the North American continent A National Monument in the United States is a Protected area that is similar to a National Park except that the President of the United States Events 138 - The Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor Year 1925 ( MCMXXV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. It was changed to Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve in 1980 by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act. Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) The Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (or ANILCA) was a United States federal law passed in 1980 by the U Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve is a United States National Park in the southern part of Alaska west of Juneau. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A national park is a reserve of land usually declared and owned by a national Government, protected from most Human development and pollution The park area was included in an International Biosphere Reserve in 1986 and is part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site. A biosphere reserve is an international Conservation designation given by UNESCO under its Programme on United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established on November 16 A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a site (such as a Forest, Mountain, Lake, Desert, Monument, Building, complex The park covers 5,130 mi² (13,287 km²). To help compare Orders of magnitude of different geographical regions  Areas between 10000 km² and 100000 km² are listed here Most of the park is a designated wilderness area which covers 4,164 mi² (10,784 km²) of the park. A wilderness area is a region where the land is in a natural state where impacts from human activities are minimal—that is as a Wilderness.
No roads lead to the park and it is most easily reached by air travel. During some summers there are ferries to the small community of Gustavus or directly to the marina at Bartlett Cove. Gustavus is a city in Hoonah-Angoon Census Area in the US state of Alaska. Despite the lack of roads, there are over 300,000 visitors per year, most on cruise ships.
Glaciers descending from high snow capped mountains into the bay create spectacular displays of ice and iceberg formation. In the last century the bay’s most famous glacier was probably the Muir Glacier, at one time nearly 3 km (2 miles) wide and about 80 m (265 feet) tall. Muir Glacier is a Glacier in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve in the U The Muir Glacier has receded and since the 1990's is no longer tidewater. Most visitors today see the Margerie and Lamplugh Glaciers. All of Glacier Bay was glacier-bound as recently as 1750.
The explorer Captain George Vancouver found Icy Strait, at the south end of Glacier Bay, choked with ice in 1794. Captain George Vancouver The Icy Strait is a Strait in the Alexander Archipelago in southeastern Alaska, at about. Year 1794 ( MDCCXCIV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Glacier Bay itself was almost entirely iced over. In 1879 naturalist John Muir found that the ice had retreated almost all the way up the bay, a distance of around forty-eight miles. Year 1879 ( MDCCCLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common John Muir ( April 21, 1838 – December 24, 1914) was a Scottish -born American Naturalist, author and early By 1916 the Grand Pacific Glacier was at the head of Tarr Inlet about 100 km (65 miles) from Glacier Bay's mouth. Year 1916 ( MCMXVI) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Grand Pacific Glacier is a 25-mile (40 km long Glacier in Alaska. This is the fastest documented glacier retreat ever. whitechuck glacier 2006jpg|right|thumb|320px|The same view as seen in 2006 where this branch of glacier retreated 1 Scientists are hoping to learn how glacial activity relates to climate changes from the retreat. Climate change is any long-term significant change in the “average weather” that a given region experiences
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve includes 9 tidewater glaciers. 4 actively calve (shed) icebergs into the bay. An iceberg is a large piece of freshwater Ice that has broken off from a snow-formed Glacier or Ice shelf and is floating in open water
Wildlife in the area includes bears, deer, mountain goats, whales, and waterfowl. A deer is a Ruminant Mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. The Mountain Goat ( Oreamnos americanus) also known as the Rocky Mountain Goat, is a large-hoofed mammal found only in North America. Whales are marine mammals which are neither Dolphins (ie members of the families Delphinidae or Platanistoidae) nor Porpoises Orcas
The Kluane-Wrangell-St. Elias-Glacier Bay-Tatshenshini-Alsek transborder park system comprising Kluane, Wrangell-St Elias, Glacier Bay and Tatshenshini-Alsek parks, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979 for the spectacular glacier and icefield landscapes as well as for the importance of grizzly bears, caribou and Dall sheep habitat. Landsat 7, launched on April 15, 1999, is the latest satellite of the Landsat program. The United States Geological Survey ( USGS) is a scientific agency of the United States government. Lamplugh Glacier is an 8-mile-long (13 km Glacier located in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve in the U Kluane-Wrangell-St Elias-Glacier Bay-Tatshenshini-Alsek is a Transfrontalier park system located in Canada and the U Kluane National Park and Reserve are two units of Canada's national park system located in the extreme southwestern corner of Yukon Territory Wrangell-St Elias National Park and Preserve is a United States Tatshenshini-Alsek Park or Tatshenshini-Alsek Provincial Wilderness Park in British Columbia Canada (9580 km² was established in 1993 after an intensive campaign United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established on November 16 A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a site (such as a Forest, Mountain, Lake, Desert, Monument, Building, complex The Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos horribilis, also known as the Silvertip Bear, is a Subspecies of Brown bear (Ursus arctos that lives The Dall Sheep (originally Dall's Sheep, sometimes called Thinhorn Sheep) Ovis dalli, is a wild sheep of the mountainous regions of northwest North