Georges Henri Rouault (27 May 1871 – 13 February 1958) was a French Fauvist and Expressionist painter, and printmaker in lithography and etching. Events 927 - Simeon the Great, Tsar of Bulgaria, dies 1120 - Richard III of Capua is anointed Year 1871 ( MDCCCLXXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 1258 - Baghdad falls to the Mongols, and the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed Year 1958 ( MCMLVIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Les Fauves ( French for The Wild Beasts) were a short-lived and loose grouping of early Expressionism is the tendency of an artist to distort reality for an Emotional effect it is a subjective art form Printmaking is the Process of making artworks by Printing, normally on Paper. Lithography is a method for Printing using a plate or stone with a completely smooth surface For other uses of etch or etching, see Etching (disambiguation, for the history of the method see Old master prints.
Rouault was born in Paris into a poor family. Christ is the English term for the Greek ( Khristós) meaning "the anointed " Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city His mother encouraged his love for the arts, and in 1885 the fourteen-year-old Rouault embarked on an apprenticeship as a glass painter and restorer, which lasted until 1890. The arts is a broad subdivision of Culture, composed of many expressive disciplines. Year 1885 ( MDCCCLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Year 1890 ( MDCCCXC) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common This early experience as a glass painter has been suggested as a likely source of the heavy black contouring and glowing colours which characterize Rouault's mature painting style. During his apprenticeship he also attended evening classes at the School of Fine Arts, and in 1891 he entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, the official art school of France. Year 1891 ( MDCCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common École des Beaux-Arts ("School of Fine Arts" refers to a number of influential Art schools in France. There he studied under Gustave Moreau and became his favorite student. Gustave Moreau ( April 6, 1826 &ndash April 18, 1898) was a French Symbolist painter. Rouault's earliest works show a symbolism in the use of colour that probably reflects Moreau's influence, and when Moreau died in 1898 Rouault was nominated the curator of the Moreau Museum in Paris.
Georges Rouault also met Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, Henri Manguin, and Charles Camoin. Henri Matisse (31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954 was a French Artist, known for his use of Colour and his fluid brilliant and original draughtsmanship Albert Marquet ( 27 March 1875 – 14 June 1947) was a French painter associated with the Fauvist movement Henri Charles Manguin (Paris March 23[[ 874]]-1949 was a French painter associated with Les Fauves. Charles Camoin (1879 –1965 was a French painter associated with the Fauves. These friendships brought him to the movement of Fauvism, the leader of which was considered to be Matisse. Les Fauves ( French for The Wild Beasts) were a short-lived and loose grouping of early
In 1891 Rouault painted "The Way to Calvary".
From 1895 on, he took part in major public exhibitions, notably the Salon d’Automne (which he helped to found), where paintings with religious subjects, landscapes and still lifes were shown. Year 1895 ( MDCCCXCV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year In 1905 he exhibited his paintings at the Salon d’Automne with the other Fauvists. Year 1905 ( MCMV) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting While Matisse represented the reflective and rationalized aspects in the group, Rouault embodied a more spontaneous and instinctive style.
His use of stark contrasts and emotionality is credited to the influence of Vincent van Gogh. His characterizations of overemphasized grotesque personalities inspired the expressionist painters. Expressionism is the tendency of an artist to distort reality for an Emotional effect it is a subjective art form
In 1907, Rouault commenced a series of paintings dedicated to courts, clowns and prostitutes. Year 1907 ( MCMVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Clowns are comic performers stereotypically characterized by their Grotesque appearance colored wigs stylistic makeup, outlandish Costumes unusually These paintings are interpreted as moral and social criticism. He became attracted to Spiritualism and the dramatic existentialism of the philosopher Jacques Maritain, who remained a close friend for the rest of his life. Spiritualism is a Religion founded in part on the writings of the Swedish mystic Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772 Existentialism is a philosophical doctrine which posits that individuals create the meaning and essence of their lives and that this essence follows from their existence Jacques Maritain ( November 18, 1882 &ndash April 28, 1973) was a French Catholic Philosopher. After that, he dedicated himself to religious subjects. Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings Human nature was always the focus of his interest. Human beings, humans or man (Origin 1590–1600 L homō man OL hemō the earthly one (see Humus Rouault said: "A tree against the sky possesses the same interest, the same character, the same expression as the figure of a human. "
In 1910, Rouault had his first works exhibited in the Druet Gallery. Year 1910 ( MCMX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting His works were studied by German artists from Dresden, who later formed the nucleus of expressionism. German art describes the history of the Visual arts in Germany. Dresden (etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest, Drježdźany is the Capital city of the German Expressionism is the tendency of an artist to distort reality for an Emotional effect it is a subjective art form
From 1917, Rouault dedicated himself to painting. Year 1917 ( MCMXVII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year He searched for inspiration in religious subjects: first of all, in the theme of the passion of Christ. Jesus of Nazareth (7–2 BC / BCE —26–36 AD / CE) The face of Jesus and the cries of the women at the feet of the cross are symbols of the pain of the world, which for Rouault was relieved by belief in resurrection. This article concerns itself with Jesus Christ Christian, Islamic and other religious interpretations of resurrection in general
In 1930 he also began to exhibit in foreign countries, mainly in London, New York and Chicago. Year 1930 ( MCMXXX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. The City of New York Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States.
In 1937 Rouault painted "The Old King"; arguably his very finest expressionist work.
He exhibited his cycle Miserere in 1948. Year 1948 ( MCMXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
At the end of his life he burned 300 of his pictures (estimated to be worth today about more than half a billion francs). Origins The franc was originally a French Gold coin of 387 g minted in 1360 on the occasion of the release of King John II ("the good", held by the Rouault died in Paris in 1958. Year 1958 ( MCMLVIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.