Georges Bizet (October 25, 1838 – June 3, 1875) was a French composer and pianist of the romantic era. Events 1147 - The Portuguese, under Afonso I, and Crusaders from England and Flanders conquer Lisbon after a Year 1838 ( MDCCCXXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Events 350 - Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, proclaims himself Roman Emperor, entering Year 1875 ( MDCCCLXXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. A composer (literally meaning 'one who puts together' is a person who creates Music, usually in the medium of notation, for Interpretation and Performance A pianist (/'piənɪst/ is a Musician who plays the Piano. A professional pianist can perform solo pieces play with an ensemble or Orchestra Romantic Music is a Musicological term referring to a particular period theory compositional practice and canon in European music history from about 1815 to 1910 He is best known for the opera Carmen. Carmen is a French Opéra comique by Georges Bizet. The Libretto is by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy, based
Bizet was born in Paris at 28 Rue de la Tour d'Auvergne. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city He was registered with the legal name Alexandre-César-Léopold Bizet, but was baptized Georges Bizet and was always known by the latter name. He entered the Paris Conservatory of Music in 1848, a fortnight before his tenth birthday. The Conservatoire de Paris is an institution of higher education that has played an important role in the development of Music in France and Western Europe Note Please link only to revelant articles per "WPOVERLINK"
His first symphony, the Symphony in C Major, was written in 1855, when he was still only sixteen, evidently as a student assignment. It seems that Bizet completely forgot about it himself, and it was not discovered again until 1935, in the archives of the Conservatory library. Upon its first performance (February 26, 1935), it was immediately hailed as a junior masterwork and a welcome addition to the early Romantic period repertoire. A delightful work (and a prodigious one, from a seventeen-year-old boy), the symphony is noteworthy for bearing an amazing stylistic resemblance to the music of Franz Schubert, whose work was virtually unknown in Paris at that time (with the possible exception of a few of his songs).
At the Conservatoire Bizet studied under Fromental Halévy, whose daughter Genéviève he later married. Jacques-François-Fromental-Élie Halévy ( May 27, 1799 - March 17, 1862) (usually known as Fromental Halévy was a French composer Halévy died in 1864, leaving his last opera Noé unfinished. Noé ( Noah) was the last Opera of the composer Fromental Halévy. Bizet completed it, but it was not performed until 1885, ten years after Bizet's own death.
In 1857 a setting of the one-act operetta Le docteur Miracle won him a share in a prize offered by Jacques Offenbach. Click here for Indian Rebellion of 1857 Year 1857 ( MDCCCLVII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the Jacques Offenbach (born Jacob Offenbach 20 June 1819 in Cologne &ndash 5 October 1880 in Paris) was a German He also won the Music Composition scholarship of the Prix de Rome, the conditions of which required him to study in Rome for three years. This article concerns the French government prize For similarly named prizes aimed at other countries' nationals see Prix de Rome (disambiguation. Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 There, his talent developed as he wrote such works as the opera Don Procopio (1858-59). Opera is an art form in which Singers and Musicians perform a Dramatic work (called an opera which combines a text (called a Libretto There he also composed his only major sacred work, Te Deum (1858), which he submitted to the Prix Rodrigues competition, a contest for Prix de Rome winners only. Bizet failed to win the Prix, and the Te Deum score remained unpublished until 1971. He made two attempts to write another symphony in 1859, but destroyed the manuscripts in December of that year. Apart from this period in Rome, Bizet lived in the Paris area all his life. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city
His mother died shortly after his return to Paris. He composed the opera Les pêcheurs de perles (The Pearl Fishers) for the Theatre Lyrique in 1863, which was an initial failure. Les pêcheurs de perles ( The Pearl Fishers) is an Opera in three acts by Georges Bizet, to a Libretto by Eugène Cormon and Michel Théâtre Lyrique (or Théâtre-Lyrique Impérial was one of three separate 19th century Opera houses in Paris (the other two being Opèra and He followed it with La jolie fille de Perth (premiered also in the Theatre Lyrique, in 1867), a symphony titled Roma (1868), and Jeux d'enfants (Children's games) for piano duet (1871). La jolie fille de Perth (The Fair Maid of Perth is an opera in four acts by Georges Bizet (1838&ndash1875 from a Libretto by Jules-Henri Jeux d'enfants ("Children's Games" Op 22 is a set of twelve miniatures composed by Georges Bizet for Piano duet in 1871
The popular L'Arlésienne was originally produced as incidental music for a play by Alphonse Daudet, first performed on 1 October 1872. The Incidental music to L'Arlésienne was composed by Georges Bizet to the play of the same name. Incidental music is Music in a play, Television program Radio program Video game, film or some other form not primarily musical A play, or stageplay, is a form of Literature written by a Playwright, almost always consisting of Dialogue between Fictional characters Alphonse Daudet ( 13 May 1840 &ndash 16 December 1897) was a French Novelist. Events 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela. Bizet himself derived a suite from the music (first performed 10 November 1872), and Ernest Guiraud later arranged a second suite; both these suites contain considerable rewriting of the original score. Ernest Guiraud ( June 26, 1837 &ndash May 6, 1892) was a French Composer and music teacher born in New Orleans Louisiana
That year (22 May 1872) also saw the production of the romantic opera Djamileh, which is often seen as a precursor to Carmen. Djamileh is an Opéra comique in one act by Georges Bizet to a Libretto by Louis Gallet, based on an oriental tale His overture Patrie was written in 1873 (it had no connection with Victorien Sardou's play Patrie!). Victorien Sardou ( September 5, 1831 - November 8, 1908) was a French Dramatist.
Carmen (1875) is Bizet's best-known work and is based on a novella of the same title written in 1846 by Prosper Mérimée. Père Lachaise Cemetery (Cimetière du Père-Lachaise officially cimetière de l'Est, "East Cemetery" is the largest Cemetery in the city of Paris Carmen is a French Opéra comique by Georges Bizet. The Libretto is by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy, based Prosper Mérimée ( September 28, 1803 &ndash September 23, 1870) was a French dramatist historian, archaeologist Bizet composed the title role for a mezzo-soprano. This article is related to a series of articles under the main article Voice type. Carmen was not initially well-received but praise for it eventually came from well-known contemporaries including Claude Debussy, Camille Saint-Saëns and Peter Illych Tchaikovsky. Achille-Claude Debussy (aʃil klod dəbysi (August 22 1862 &ndash March 25 1918 was a French Composer. Charles-Camille Saint-Saëns (/ʃaʁl kamij sɛ̃sɑ̃s/ (9 October 1835 &ndash 16 December 1921 was a French Composer, Organist, conductor, and Johannes Brahms attended over twenty performances of it, and considered it the greatest opera produced in Europe since the Franco-Prussian war. Johannes Brahms ( pronounced ˈbʁaːms (May 7 1833 &ndash April 3 1897 was a German Composer The views of these composers proved to be prophetic, as Carmen has since become one of the most popular works in the entire operatic repertoire. However Bizet did not live to see its success as he died from a heart attack at the age of 36, on his third wedding anniversary, only a few months after Carmen's first performances. He was buried in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris. Père Lachaise Cemetery (Cimetière du Père-Lachaise officially cimetière de l'Est, "East Cemetery" is the largest Cemetery in the city of Paris
His widow Genéviève later had an alliance with Élie-Miriam Delaborde, generally believed to have been the illegitimate son of Charles-Valentin Alkan, but married a banker with Rothschild connections and became a noted society hostess. Charles-Valentin Alkan ( November 30 1813 &ndash March 29 1888) was a French Composer and one of the greatest Virtuoso Marcel Proust used her as a model for the Duchesse de Guermantes in his roman fleuve A la recherche du temps perdu. Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust (maʁsɛl pʁust (10 July 1871 &ndash 18 November 1922 was a French Novelist Essayist and Critic In Search of Lost Time or Remembrance of Things Past (À la recherche du temps perdu is a semi-autobiographical The Bizets' son Jacques had been a school-friend of Proust.
Bizet's music has been used in the twentieth century as the basis for several important ballets. The Soviet-era "Carmen Suite" (1967), set to music drawn from Carmen arranged by Rodion Shchedrin, gave the Bolshoi ballerina Maya Plisetskaya one of her signature roles; it was choreographed by Alberto Alonso. Carmen is a French Opéra comique by Georges Bizet. The Libretto is by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy, based Rodion Konstantinovich Shchedrin (Родион Константинович Щедрин Scientific transliteration: Rodion Konstantinovič Ščedrin; born December The Bolshoi Theatre (Большой театр Bol'shoy Teatr Great Theatre) is a historic theatre in Moscow, Russia, designed by famed architect Maya Mikhailovna Plisetskaya (Майя Михайловна Плисецкая born November 20, 1925) is a retired Russian Ballet dancer National Ballet of Cuba (Ballet Nacional de Cuba, is managed by Cuban Prima ballerina assoluta Alicia Alonso and is one of the top ballet In the West the "L'Arlesienne" of Roland Petit is well-regarded, and the "Symphony in C" by George Balanchine is considered to be one of the great ballets of the twentieth century. Roland Petit (b 13 January, 1924) is a French Choreographer and dancer born in Villemomble near Paris France. See also List of ballets by George Balanchine, George Balanchine (January 22 1904 &ndash April 30 1983 born Giorgi Melitonis dze Balanchivadze It was first presented as Le Palais de Crystal by the Paris Opera Ballet in 1947, and has been in the repertory there ever since. The ballet has no story; it simply fits the music: each movement of the symphony has its own ballerina, cavalier, and Corps de Ballet, all of whom dance together in the finale.
|The Entr'acte to Act I from Carmen|
|The Entr'acte to Act III from Carmen|
|The Entr'acte to Act IV from Carmen|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Bizet, Alexandre-César-Léopold|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||Composer, Conductor|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 25, 1838|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Paris, France|
|DATE OF DEATH||June 3, 1875|
|PLACE OF DEATH||Bougival, France|