A galero (pl. galeri; L. galerum, pl. galera) in the Roman Catholic Church is a large, broad-brimmed tasseled hat worn by clergy. Over the centuries the galero was eventually limited in use to individual cardinals as a crown symbolizing the title of Prince of the Church. A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official usually a bishop, of the Catholic Church. A crown is the traditional Symbolic form of Headgear worn by a Monarch or by a Deity, for whom the crown traditionally represents power The red galero was first granted to cardinals by Pope Innocent IV in 1245 at the First Council of Lyon. Pope Innocent IV, born Sinibaldo Fieschi was Pope from June 28, 1243 to December 7, 1254. The First Council of Lyon ( Lyons I) was the Thirteenth Ecumenical Council, as numbered by the Roman Catholic Church, taking place in 1245. Tradition in the Archdiocese of Lyon is that the red color was inspired by the red hats of the canons of Lyon. A canon (from the Latin canonicus, itself derived from the Greek κανωνικος 'relating to a rule' is a priest who is a member of certain bodies of the According to Noonan, Pope Innocent wanted his favorites to be distinct and recognizable in the lengthy processions at the council.
When on 28 April 1285 at Girona, during the Aragonese Crusade, Jean Cholet crowned Charles of Valois with his galero and pronounced him King of Aragon, he earned Charles the nickname roi du chapeau ("king of the hat"). Events 1192 - Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title Girona ( Catalan: Girona ʒiˈɾonə Spanish: Gerona xeˈɾona is a city located in the northeast of Catalonia, Spain The Aragonese Crusade or Crusade of Aragón, a part of the larger War of the Sicilian Vespers, was declared by Pope Martin IV against the King of Aragón Jean Cholet (died 1292 was a French cardinal who was commissioned by Pope Martin IV to preach the Aragonese Crusade in 1283 Charles of Valois ( March 12, 1270 &ndash December 16, 1325) was the fourth son of Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon This is a list of the rulers of Aragon, now a region of north-eastern Spain.
When creating a cardinal, the Pope used to crown the candidate with a scarlet galero in consistory, the practice giving rise to the phrase "receiving the red hat. History See also History of the Papacy Catholics recognize the Pope as a successor to Saint Peter, who Jesus named as the "shepherd" and Antiquity Originally the Latin word consistorium meant simply 'sitting together' just as the Greek syn(hedrion (of which the Biblical Sanhedrin " In 1969, a papal decree following the Second Vatican Council ended the use of the galero as an act of humbling the Church hierarchy. The Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, or Vatican II, was the twentieth century Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church. It was deemed that by removing such elaborate regalia, the people could better identify with their pastoral leaders. Today, only the scarlet zucchetto and biretta are placed over the heads of cardinals in consistory. The zucchetto (plural zucchetti, Italian for "small Gourd " also called pileolus, is a small skullcap worn by clerics The biretta is a square Cap with three or four ridges or peaks sometimes surmounted by a tuft traditionally worn by Roman Catholic clergy and some Anglican A few cardinals from eastern rites wear distinctive oriental headgear. However, some cardinals continue to obtain galeri privately so that the old ceremony of its suspension over their tombs may be observed.
When a cardinal dies, it is traditional that it be suspended over his tomb, where it remains until it is reduced to dust, symbolizing how all earthly glory is passing. In the United States, where only a few cathedrals have crypts, the galeri of past archbishops who were cardinals are suspended from the ceiling. Hence, St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York (where past archbishops are entombed beneath the sanctuary), Holy Name Cathedral in Chicago, Illinois, the Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis in St. Louis, Missouri, the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels in Los Angeles, California, and the Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle in Washington, D.C. are five Cathedral churches in the United States that hang the galeri of past Cardinals from their ceilings. St Patrick's Cathedral is a decorated Neo-Gothic -style Catholic Cathedral in North America Holy Name Cathedral, formally the Cathedral of the Holy Name, is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago, one of the largest Roman Catholic Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis, commonly known as the Saint Louis Cathedral, or colloquially as the New Cathedral, in Saint Louis Missouri, was constructed The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, also called the Los Angeles Cathedral, is a Cathedral church of the United States in Los Angeles Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West The Cathedral of St Matthew the Apostle in Washington DC, most commonly known as St Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
The galero (or "ecclesiastical hat") is still in use today in ecclesiastical heraldry as part of the achievement of the coat of arms of an armigerous Roman Catholic cleric. Ecclesiastical heraldry is the tradition of Heraldry developed by Christian Clergy. A coat of arms or armorial bearings (often just arms for short in European tradition is a design belonging to a particular person (or group of people The galero replaces the helmet and crest, because those were considered too warlike for the clerical state. A helmet is a form of Protective gear worn on the head to protect it from injuries a variation of the hat The word crest is often mistakenly applied to a Coat of arms. The color of the galero and number of tassels indicate the cleric's place in the hierarchy. Depiction in arms can vary greatly depending on the artist's style, but even when it looks like a cappello romano with tassels, in heraldry it is still considered a galero. A cappello romano (literally Roman hat) or saturno (because it is reminiscent of the ringed planet Saturn) is a hat with a wide circular brim and a rounded