The GNU Free Documentation License (GNU FDL or simply GFDL) is a copyleft license for free documentation, designed by the Free Software Foundation (FSF) for the GNU project. Copyleft is a play on the word Copyright and describes the practice of using copyright law to remove restrictions on distributing copies and modified versions The verb license or grant license means to give permission The noun license is the document demonstrating that permission The Free Software Foundation ( FSF) is a Non-profit corporation founded by Richard Stallman on 4 October 1985 to support the Free software movement The GNU Project is a Free software, Mass collaboration project announced in 1983 by Richard Stallman. It is the counterpart to the GNU General Public License that gives readers the same rights to copy, redistribute and modify a work and requires all copies and derivatives to be available under the same license. Copies may also be sold commercially, but, if produced in larger quantities (greater than 100), the original document or source code must be made available to the work's recipient.
The GFDL was designed for manuals, textbooks, other reference and instructional materials, and documentation which often accompanies GNU software. A user guide, also commonly known as a manual, is a Technical communication Document intended to give assistance to people using a particular system However, it can be used for any text-based work, regardless of subject matter. For example, the free online encyclopedia Wikipedia uses the GFDL for all of its text. ***************************************************************************************** * *
The FDL was released in draft form for feedback in late 1999. After revisions, version 1. 1 was issued in March, year 2000, and version 1. 2 in November 2002. The current state of the license is version 1. 2.
The first discussion draft of the GNU Free Documentation License version 2 was released on September 26, 2006, along with a draft of the new GNU Simpler Free Documentation License. Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar dedicates a Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The GNU Simpler Free Documentation License ( GSFDL) is a proposed version of the GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL that has no requirements to maintain
The new draft of the GNU FDL includes a number of improvements, such as new terms crafted during the GPLv3 process to improve internationalization, clarifications to help people applying the license to audio and video, and relaxed requirements for using an excerpt from a work.
The new proposed GNU Simpler Free Documentation License has no requirements to maintain Cover Texts and Invariant Sections. This will provide a simpler licensing option for authors who do not wish to use these features in the GNU FDL.
On December 1, 2007, Jimmy Wales announced that a long period of discussion and negotiation between and amongst the Free Software Foundation, Creative Commons, the Wikimedia Foundation and others has produced a proposal supported by both the FSF and Creative Commons to modify the Free Documentation License in such a fashion as to allow the possibility for the Wikimedia Foundation to migrate the projects to CC-BY-SA
The current 1. Events 800 - Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Jimmy Donal "Jimbo" Wales (born August 7 1966 is an American Internet entrepreneur known Creative Commons licenses are several Copyright licenses released on December 16, 2002 by Creative Commons, a U 2 version of the license allows the material licensed under it to be used for any purpose, but under a set of guidelines; the authors of the work must be attributed, all changes to the work must be logged, all derivative works must be licensed under the same license, and the full text of the license, unmodified invariant sections as defined by the author if any, and any other added warranty disclaimers (such as the Wikipedia general disclaimer for example) and copyright notices from previous versions must be maintained. In Copyright law attribution is the requirement to acknowledge or credit the author of a work which is used or appears in another work In Copyright law, a derivative work is an expressive creation that includes major basic copyrighted aspects of an original previously created first work Technical measures such as DRM may not be used to control or obstruct distribution or editing of the document. Digital rights management ( DRM) is a generic term that refers to Access control technologies used by hardware manufacturers publishers and Copyright holders
The license explicitly separates any kind of "Document" from "Secondary Sections", which may not be integrated with the Document, but exist as front-matter materials or appendices. Secondary sections can contain information regarding the author's or publisher's relationship to the subject matter, but not any subject matter itself. While the Document itself is wholly editable, and is essentially covered by a license equivalent to (but mutually incompatible with) the GNU General Public License, some of the secondary sections have various restrictions designed primarily to deal with proper attribution to previous authors.
Specifically, the authors of prior versions have to be acknowledged and certain "invariant sections" specified by the original author and dealing with his or her relationship to the subject matter may not be changed. If the material is modified, its title has to be changed (unless the prior authors give permission to retain the title). The license also has provisions for the handling of front-cover and back-cover texts of books, as well as for "History", "Acknowledgements", "Dedications" and "Endorsements" sections.
The GFDL requires the ability to "copy and distribute the Document in any medium, either commercially or noncommercially" and therefore is incompatible with material that excludes commercial re-use. Material that restricts commercial re-use is incompatible with the license and cannot be incorporated into the work. However, incorporating such restricted material may be fair use under United States copyright law and does not need to be licensed to fall within the GFDL if such fair use is covered by all potential subsequent uses. Fair use is a doctrine in United States copyright law that allows limited use of copyrighted material without requiring permission from the rights holders such as use for One example of such liberal and commercial fair use is parody. A parody (ˈpɛɹədiː US, [ˈpaɹədiː] UK) in contemporary usage is a work created to mock comment on or poke fun at an original work its subject
Wikipedia, the best-known user of the GFDL, has never taken anyone to court to enforce its license.  A Dutch court has enforced a similar license - CC-BY-NC-SA - against a commercial magazine that reprinted photos that had been uploaded to Flickr. Creative Commons licenses are several Copyright licenses released on December 16, 2002 by Creative Commons, a U Flickr is an image and video hosting Website, Web services suite and Online community platform 
The Debian project and Nathanael Nerode have raised objections. Debian ( pronounced) is a computer Operating system composed entirely of Free and open source software.  Debian developers eventually voted to consider works licensed under the GFDL to comply with their Debian Free Software Guidelines provided the invariant section clauses are not used. The Debian Free Software Guidelines ( DFSG) is a set of guidelines that the Debian Project uses to determine whether a software license is a Free software license  These critics recommend the use of alternative licenses such as the share-alike Creative Commons licenses, the BSD Documentation License, or even the GNU GPL. Share-alike is a descriptive term used in the Creative Commons project for Copyright Licenses which include certain Copyleft provisions Creative Commons licenses are several Copyright licenses released on December 16, 2002 by Creative Commons, a U The FreeBSD Documentation License is the License that covers the Documentation for the FreeBSD Operating system. They consider the GFDL a non-free license. The reasons for this are that the GFDL allows "invariant" text which cannot be modified or removed, and that its prohibition against digital rights management (DRM) systems applies to valid usages, like for "private copies made and not distributed". Digital rights management ( DRM) is a generic term that refers to Access control technologies used by hardware manufacturers publishers and Copyright holders 
The GNU FDL contains the statement:
You may not use technical measures to obstruct or control the reading or further copying of the copies you make or distribute.
A criticism of this language is that it is too broad, because it applies to private copies made but not distributed. This means that a licensee is not allowed to save document copies "made" in a proprietary file format or using encryption.
This means that you cannot publish them under DRM systems to restrict the possessors of the copies. Richard Matthew Stallman (born March 16 1953 often abbreviated " rms " is an American software freedom activist It isn't supposed to refer to use of encryption or file access control on your own copy. I will talk with our lawyer and see if that sentence needs to be clarified.
A GNU FDL work can quickly be encumbered because a new, different, title must be given and a list of previous titles must be kept. This could lead to the situation where there are a whole series of title pages, and dedications, in each and every copy of the book if it has a long lineage. These pages cannot be removed until the work enters the public domain after copyright expires. The public domain is a range of abstract materials &ndash commonly referred to as Intellectual property &ndash which are not owned or controlled by anyone Copyright is a legal concept enacted by Governments, giving the creator of an original work of authorship Exclusive rights to control its distribution usually for
The goal of invariant sections, ever since the 80s when we first made the GNU Manifesto an invariant section in the Emacs Manual, was to make sure they could not be removed. Richard Matthew Stallman (born March 16 1953 often abbreviated " rms " is an American software freedom activist Specifically, to make sure that distributors of Emacs that also distribute non-free software could not remove the statements of our philosophy, which they might think of doing because those statements criticize their actions.
The GNU FDL is incompatible in both directions with the GPL: that is GNU FDL material cannot be put into GPL code and GPL code cannot be put into a GNU FDL manual. License compatibility refers to the problem with licenses of software packages which can contain contradictory requirements rendering it impossible to combine Source code Because of this, code samples are often dual-licensed so that they may appear in documentation and can be incorporated into a free software program. Dual-licensing is the practice of distributing Software under two different sets of terms and conditions
By expressing LGPL as just an additional permission on top of GPL we simplify our licensing landscape drastically. Eben Moglen is a professor of law and legal history at Columbia University, and is the founder Director-Counsel and Chairman of Software Freedom Law Center, It's like for physics getting rid of a force, right? We just unified electro-weak, ok? The grand unified field theory still escapes us until the document licences too are just additional permissions on top of GPL. In Particle physics, the electroweak interaction is the unified description of two of the four Fundamental interactions of nature Electromagnetism and the In Physics, a unified field theory is a type of Field theory that allows all of the Fundamental forces between Elementary particles to be written I don't know how we'll ever get there, that's gravity, it's really hard.
The GNU FDL requires that licensees, when printing a document covered by the license, must also include "this License, the copyright notices, and the license notice saying this License applies to the Document". This means that if a licensee prints out a copy of an article whose text is covered under the GNU FDL, he or she must also include a copyright notice and a physical printout of the GNU FDL, which is a significantly large document in itself. Worse, the same is required for the standalone use of just one (for example, Wikipedia) image. 
The definition of a "transparent" format is complicated, and may be difficult to apply. For example, drawings are required to be in a format that allows them to be revised straightforwardly with "some widely available drawing editor. " The definition of "widely available" may be difficult to interpret, and may change over time, since, e. g. , the open-source Inkscape editor is rapidly maturing, but has not yet reached version 1. Inkscape is a free and Open source Vector graphics editor application 0. This section, which was rewritten somewhat between versions 1. 1 and 1. 2 of the license, uses the terms "widely available" and "proprietary" inconsistently and without defining them. According to a strict interpretation of the license, the references to "generic text editors" could be interpreted as ruling out any non-human-readable format even if used by an open-source word-processor; according to a loose interpretation, however, Microsoft Word . Microsoft Word is Microsoft 's flagship word processing software. doc format could qualify as transparent, since a subset of . doc files can be edited perfectly using OpenOffice.org, and the format therefore is not one "that can be read and edited only by proprietary word processors. OpenOfficeorg ( OOo or OOo) is a free Cross-platform office application suite available for a number of different computer "
Some of these were developed independently of the GNU FDL, while others were developed in response to perceived flaws in the GNU FDL.
Listen to the GFDL (0:23:28) version 1.2, November 2002, (recorded 2005-05-28)