|Fritz the Cat character|
|First appearance||Fritz Comes on Strong|
Help! #22 (January 1965)
|Last appearance||Fritz the Cat: "Superstar"|
The People's Comics (1972)
|Cause/reason||Killed by creator in response to film adaptation. Help! (1960-1965 was a magazine published by James Warren. It was Harvey Kurtzman 's longest-running Magazine project after leaving|
|Created by||Robert Crumb|
|Portrayed by||Skip Hinnant|
Fritz the Cat is an underground comic book fictional character created by Robert Crumb. Robert Dennis Crumb (born August 30, 1943) often credited simply as R Skip Hinnant (Born September 12, 1940, in Chincoteague Island Virginia USA is an American actor and comedian Male (♂ refers to the sex of an organism or part of an organism which produces small mobile Gametes called spermatozoa. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Underground comics (or comix) are Small press or self-published Comic books that began to appear in the US in the late 1960s A comic book (often shortened to simply comic and sometimes called a comic paper or comic magazine) is a Magazine or Book of narrative Robert Dennis Crumb (born August 30, 1943) often credited simply as R The character first appeared in printed form during the height of the underground comix movement of the 1960s and has since appeared in two films inspired by Crumb's comics. Underground comics (or comix) are Small press or self-published Comic books that began to appear in the US in the late 1960s
Fritz the Cat was one of the first characters Crumb created, and the first to see print in a professional publication. In the liner notes for the Fritz the Cat film soundtrack, Thomas Albright describes Fritz as "a kind of updated Felix with overtones of Charlie Chaplin, Candide and Don Quixote. The Fritz the Cat OST is the 1972 Soundtrack album to the animated film of the same name. Felix the Cat is a cartoon character created in the silent-film era --> Candide ou l'Optimisme (1759 is a French Satire by the Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire, English translations of which es '''''Don Quixote''''' (, see spelling and pronunciation below fully titled es '''''El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha''''' ("The Ingenious Hidalgo Don "
Fritz was originally created as part of a series of comic books that R. Crumb and his brother Charles drew when they were children.  In the earliest stages of the character's form, Fritz was a house cat named Fred.  Crumb eventually developed Fred into an anthropomorphic character, renaming him Fritz. Anthropomorphism is the attribution of uniquely Human characteristics to non-human creatures and beings natural and supernatural phenomena material states and objects
In early strips, collected in The Complete Crumb Comics series, Fritz has adventures as a James Bond–like secret agent, has an incestuous tryst with one of his sisters and generally behaves in ways somewhat out of character with his persona in his later, published stories. James Bond 007 is a Fictional character created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve Novels and two Short story The character's first published story appeared in Help! #22 (January 1965). Help! (1960-1965 was a magazine published by James Warren. It was Harvey Kurtzman 's longest-running Magazine project after leaving The story was called Fritz Comes on Strong. In it, Fritz brings a young (cat) girl home, and strips all of her clothes off before getting on top of her to pick fleas off her. While Harvey Kurtzman agreed to publish the comic, he told Crumb that he did not know how he was going to "publish it without getting arrested. Harvey Kurtzman ( October 3, 1924, Brooklyn New York – February 21, 1993) was a U "
Fritz developed a distinct personality. Fritz was "glib, smooth and self-assured," characteristics Crumb himself felt he lacked.  According to Marty Pahls, "I don't think the difference between Robert, back in 1960–1965, and his characterization of Fritz is all that mysterious. To a great extent, Fritz was his wish-fulfillment. Through Fritz, Robert could do great deeds, have wild adventures, and undergo a variety of sex experiences, which he himself felt he could n't. Fritz was bold, poised, had a way with the ladies—all attributes which Robert coveted, but felt he lacked. " Crumb himself denied any personal relationship with the character, stating "I just got into drawing him. [. . . ] He was fun to draw. "
As Crumb's personal life changed, so did the character. According to Pahls, "For years, [Crumb] had few friends and no sex life; he was forced to spend many hours at school or on the job, and when he came home he 'escaped' by drawing home-made comics. When he suddenly found a group of friends that would accept him for himself, as he did in Cleveland in 1964, the 'compensation' factor went out of his drawing, and this was pretty much the end of Fritz's impetus. " The character increasingly became a parody of would-be poets and other middle-class bohemian types who profess to be seeking cosmic truths when they are actually more interested in chasing girls. Bohemians are the people of Bohemia, in the Czech Republic, inhabitants of the former Kingdom of Bohemia located in the modern day Czech Republic
Fritz the Cat's adventures were published in magazines and comic books such as Cavalier, Fug, and The People's Comics throughout the years. He acquired his own title in 1969. These comics have been reprinted interspersedly in The Complete Crumb Comics Vol. 1 through 8, published by Fantagraphics, as well as several "complete collections", currently out of print. Fantagraphics Books is an American publisher of Alternative comics, classic Comic strip anthologies Magazines Graphic novels
The popularity of the character of Fritz the Cat led up-and-coming animation director Ralph Bakshi to make Fritz the star of his first animated feature film. The bouncing ball animation (below consists of these 6 frames Ralph Bakshi (born October 29 1938 is an American director of animated and occasionally live-action films The animated film is a satire on college life of the 1960s: while Fritz does not attend any classes during the movie, he participates in major social upheavals based around the popular college protest movement of the time. Satire is often strictly defined as a literary genre or form; although in practice it is also found in the graphic and Performing arts In satire human Released to theaters in 1972, Bakshi's film Fritz the Cat was rated X, something that had been unheard of in animated American movies up until this film.
The idea for making a film based on Fritz's comics came when film producer Steve Krantz discovered a large paperback book containing three stories starring the character. Stephen Falk Krantz ( May 20 1923 &ndash January 4 2007) was a Film producer and Writer who was most active Later that year, Krantz and Bakshi got in touch with Crumb and paid his way from his home north of San Francisco to New York, in order to talk with him about getting the film rights to the characters. 
After several meetings, Krantz received a contract, signed by Crumb, in the mail, and that in return Crumb received twelve thousand five hundred dollars, which was supplemented by a percentage of the film's gross proceeds. Crumb later claimed that he left New York without giving his approval to the film, and never signed a contract. 
Crumb first saw the film in February 1972, during a visit to Los Angeles in the company of fellow underground cartoonists Spain Rodriguez, S. Clay Wilson, Robert Williams, and Rick Griffin. Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West Manuel "Spain" Rodriguez (b 1940, Buffalo New York) is an underground cartoonist best known for his character Trashman. S Clay Wilson (born July 25, 1941) is an American underground Cartoonist and central figure in the Underground comix movement Robert Williams is a well-known controversial painter and founder of Juxtapoz Art & Culture Magazine. Richard Alden Griffin ( June 18, 1944 - August 18, 1991) was an American Artist and one of the leading designers of Crumb disliked it, stating "it's really twisted in some kind of weird, unfunny way. " Crumb also took issue with the film's condemnation of the radical left.  Reportedly, Crumb filed suit to have his name removed from the film's credits.  San Francisco copyright attorney Albert L. Morse claims that no suit was filed, but an agreement was reached to remove Crumb's name from the credits.  However, as Crumb's name has remained in the final film since its original theatrical release, both of these claims are highly unlikely. Crumb later claimed that he "wrote them a letter telling them not to use any more of my characters in their films. "
Despite Crumb's objections, Fritz the Cat was a box office smash hit, drawing in audiences as much for its shock value as for its appeal to the "love generation" of the 1960s, and was the first independent animated film to gross more than $100 million at the box office.  A sequel was released by American International Pictures in 1974, entitled The Nine Lives of Fritz the Cat, directed by Robert Taylor, and written by Taylor, Fred Halliday, and Eric Monte. American International Pictures was a Film production company formed in April 1956 from American Releasing Eric Monte (born Kenneth Williams circa 1944 is an American Television writer who has written for and created notable shows depicting 1970s African In both films, Fritz was voiced by Skip Hinnant. Skip Hinnant (Born September 12, 1940, in Chincoteague Island Virginia USA is an American actor and comedian
Crumb's displeasure with the film version of his character led him to kill the feline in an attempt to stop the making of any future films. The story, Fritz the Cat "Superstar", published in 1972, depicted Fritz as a pompous and arrogant famous Hollywood movie star, being exploited by a pair of film producers and his agent who cast him in endless sequels. The producers are caricatures of Ralph Bakshi (portrayed as a parrot) and Steve Krantz (portrayed as a hog with sunglasses). Parrots are birds of the roughly 350 Species in 85 genera comprising the order Psittaciformes, found in most warm and tropical regions Pigs, also called hogs or' swine', are Ungulates which have been domesticated as sources of food leather and similar products since ancient times Fritz's agent is portrayed as a wolf.
After recording a television appearance, Fritz is approached by Andrea Ostrich, a neurotic ex-girlfriend of his, who urges him to have sex with her. The Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) is a large Flightless bird native to Africa (and formerly the Middle East) At her apartment, he ignores her as he watches the television show, despite her repeatedly threatening to commit suicide. When the show is over, Fritz finds Andrea hiding her head under the chair, and gives her a kick in the pants before leaving. As he walks out of the apartment, she stabs him in the back of the head with an icepick. An icepick is a tool used to break-up pick or chip at Ice. It resembles a Scratch awl, but is designed for picking at ice rather than wood A caption pointing to Fritz's dead body reads "violence in the media. " After having killed off Fritz, Crumb never drew another story featuring the character. 
The character has appeared in a number of stories drawn by Crumb. Listed here are among the most notable of the stories and their original publication information, as reprinted in the compilation The Life and Death of Fritz the Cat.