Friedrich Wilhelm August Froebel (also written Fröbel) (April 21, 1782 – June 21, 1852) laid the foundation for modern education based on the recognition that children have unique needs and capabilities. Events 753 BC - Romulus and Remus found Rome ( traditional date) Year 1782 ( MDCCLXXXII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 524 - Godomar, King of the Burgundians defeats the Franks at the Battle of Vézeronce. Year 1852 ( MDCCCLII) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Education encompasses both the Teaching and Learning of Knowledge, proper conduct, and technical competency
Friedrich Froebel was born at Oberweissbach in the Principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt in Thuringia. Oberweißbach is a town in the district of Saalfeld-Rudolstadt, in Thuringia, Germany. Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was a small state in Germany, in the present-day state of Thuringia formed in a resettlement of Schwarzburg dynasty family lands The Free State of Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen is located in central Germany. His father, who died in 1802, was the pastor of the orthodox Lutheran (alt-lutherisch) parish there. Lutheranism is a major branch of Western Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther The church and Lutheran Christian faith were pillars in Froebel's own early education. Oberweissbach was a wealthy village in the Thuringian Forest and had been known centuries long for its natural herb remedies, tinctures, bitters, soaps and salves. Families had their own inherited areas of the forest where herbs and roots were grown and harvested. Each family prepared, bottled, and produced their individual products which were taken throughout Europe on trade routes passed from father to son, who were affectionately called "Buckelapotheker" or Rucksack Pharmacists. They adorned the church with art acquired from their travels, many pieces of which can still be seen in the renovated structure. The pulpit from which Froebel heard his father preach is the largest in all Europe and can fit a pastor and 12 men, a direct reference to Christ's apostles.
Shortly after Froebel's birth, his mother's health began to fail. She died when he was nine months old, profoundly influencing his life. In 1792, Fröbel went to live in the small town of Stadt-Ilm with his uncle, a gentle and affectionate man. At the age of 15 Froebel, who loved nature, became the apprentice to a forester. Apprenticeship is a system of Training a new generation of practitioners of a skill A forester is a person who practices Forestry, the science and profession of managing forests In 1799, he decided to leave his apprenticeship and study mathematics and botany in Jena. Mathematics is the body of Knowledge and Academic discipline that studies such concepts as Quantity, Structure, Space and Botany, plant science(s, phytology, or plant biology is a branch of Biology and is the scientific study of plant Life Jena (pronunciation ˈjeːna is a university City in central Germany on the river Saale. He later worked with Pestalozzi in Switzerland where his ideas further developed. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi' ( January 12, 1746 &ndash February 17, 1827) was a Swiss Pedagogue and educational reformer Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation
In 1840 he created the word kindergarten for the Play and Activity Institute he had founded in 1837 at Bad Blankenburg for young children. ( German, literally means "children's garden" is a form of education for young children which serves as a transition from home to the commencement of more formal schooling Bad Blankenburg is a Spa town in the district of Saalfeld-Rudolstadt, in Thuringia, Germany. He designed the educational materials known as Froebel Gifts, or Fröbelgaben, which included geometric building blocks and pattern activity blocks. The Froebel Gifts ( German: Fröbelgaben) are a range of educational materials designed by Friedrich Froebel. A book entitled Inventing Kindergarten, by Norman Brosterman, examines the influence of Friedrich Froebel on Frank Lloyd Wright and modern art. Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8 1867 &ndash April 9 1959 was an American (of Welsh descent Architect, Interior designer, Writer, and educator who History of Modern art Roots in the 19th century Although modern Sculpture and Architecture are reckoned to have emerged at the end of the nineteenth
Friedrich Froebel's great insight was to recognise the importance of the activity of the child in learning. In the fields of Neuropsychology, Personal development and Education, Learning is one of the most important Mental function of humans Activities in the first kindergarten included singing, dancing, gardening and playing with the Froebel Gifts. Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice, which is often contrasted with Speech. Dance (from French danser, perhaps from Frankish) is an Art form that generally refers to movement of the body usually rhythmic Gardening is the practice of growing Plants for their attractive flowers or foliage and Vegetables or Fruits for consumption The Froebel Gifts ( German: Fröbelgaben) are a range of educational materials designed by Friedrich Froebel.
Those ideas about childhood development and education were introduced to academic and royal circles through the tireless efforts of his greatest proponent, the Baroness (Freiherrin) Bertha Marie von Marenholtz-Buelow. Through her Froebel made the acquaintance of the Royal House of the Netherlands, various Thuringian dukes and duchesses, including the Romanov wife of the Grand Duke von Sachsen-Weimar. Baroness von Marenholtz-Buelow, Duke von Meiningen and Froebel gathered donations to support art education for children in honor of the 100th anniversary of the birth of Goethe. ˈjoːhan ˈvɔlfgaŋ fɔn ˈgøːtə (in English generally ˈgɝːtə 28 August 1749 22 March 1832 was a German writer The Duke of Meiningen granted the use of his hunting lodge, called Marienthal (the Vale of Mary) in the resort town of Bad Liebenstein for Froebel to train the first women as Kindergarten teachers (called Kindergaerterinnen). It was there in the last room on the left on the second floor that Froebel left this world in peace. Those in attendance reported that they had hardly perceived that he had died as his death had been so peaceful.
There's a Finnish band called Fröbelin palikat (Froebel's (building) blocks) that plays rock-inflected children's music.