This article is about freestyle competition. For the swimming style commonly associated with this competition, see Front crawl
. The front crawl, or forward crawl, is a Swimming style usually regarded as the fastest of all the styles developed
Start of the women's 400m freestyle at the 2008 Euros
. The European LC Championships 2008 or the 2008 European Championships in Aquatics were held in Eindhoven, Netherlands, from 13 March to
Freestyle is a swimming style, swimming competitions according to the rules of FINA. Swimming is the movement by humans or animals through Water, usually without artificial assistance It is used during a freestyle, as this style is generally the fastest.
Freestyle swimming competitions can be any of the unregulated strokes such as front crawl, dog paddle, or sidestroke. The front crawl, or forward crawl, is a Swimming style usually regarded as the fastest of all the styles developed The dog paddle or doggy paddle is a simple Swimming stroke It is characterized by the swimmer lying on his chest and moving his hands and legs alternately The sidestroke is a swimming stroke, so named because the swimmer lies on one side Individual freestyle competitions can also be swum in one of the officially regulated strokes (breaststroke, butterfly, and backstroke). Breaststroke is a Swimming style swum on the Breast. It is the most popular recreational style due to its stability and the ability to keep the head out of the The butterfly, ( fly for short is a swimming stroke swum on the breast with both arms moving simultaneously The backstroke, also sometimes called the back crawl, is one of the four For the freestyle part of medley competitions, however, one cannot use breaststroke, butterfly, or backstroke. Medley is a combination of four different Swimming styles into one race Most competitive swimmers choose the front crawl during freestyle competitions, as this style provides the greatest speed. Freestyle competitions have also been swum completely and partially in other styles, especially at lower ranking competitions. During the Olympic Games, front crawl is swum almost exclusively during freestyle. The Olympic Games is an international Multi-sport event established for both summer and winter games
New developments in the sport
Times have consistently dropped over the years due to better training techniques and to new developments in the sport.
In the first four Olympics competitions were not held in pools, but rather in open water (1896- the Mediterranean Sea, 1900- the Seine river, 1904- an artificial lake, 1906- the Mediterranean Sea). The Seine (sɛn in French) is a slow flowing major River and commercial waterway within the regions of Île-de-France and Haute-Normandie The 1904 Olympics freestyle race was the only one ever measured at 100 yards, instead of the usual 100 metres. The 1904 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the III Olympiad, were an International Multi-sport event which was celebrated in St A 100 metre pool was built for the 1908 Olympics and sat in the centre of the main stadium's track and field oval. The 1908 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the IV Olympiad, were an International Multi-sport event which was held in 1908 in London The 1912 Olympics, held in the Stockholm harbour, marked the beginning of electronic timing. The 1912 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the V Olympiad, were an International Multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1912 in ('stɔkhɔlm is Sweden 's Capital and its largest City. It is the site of the national Swedish government, the parliament, and the
Male swimmers wore full body suits up until the 1940s, which caused more drag in the water than their modern swimwear counterparts. Also, over the years, some design considerations have reduced swimming resistance making the pool faster - namely proper pool depth, elimination of currents, increased lane width, energy-absorbing racing lane lines and gutters, and the use of other innovative hydraulic, acoustic and illumination designs. In Fluid dynamics, drag (sometimes called fluid resistance) is the force that resists the movement of a Solid object through a Fluid (a
The 1924 Olympics were the first to use the standard 50 metre pool with marked lanes. The 1924 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the VIII Olympiad, were an International Multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1924 in In the freestyle, swimmers originally dived from the pool walls, but diving blocks were eventually incorporated at the 1936 Olympics. The 1936 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, an International Multi-sport event which was held in 1936 in Berlin The tumble turn ("flip-turn") was developed by the 1950s. A tumble turn, or "flip turn" is a technique used by swimmers to reverse the direction in which they are Swimming. The Trudgeon, introduced in England in the 1880s, has been completely supplanted by the front crawl, also known as the Australian crawl. The trudgen is a Swimming stroke sometimes known as the racing stroke, or the East Indian stroke. The front crawl, or forward crawl, is a Swimming style usually regarded as the fastest of all the styles developed
Rules and regulation
Freestyle means any style for individual distances and any style but breaststroke, butterfly and backstroke for medley competitions. The wall has to be touched at every turn and upon completion. Some part of the swimmer has to be above water at any time except for the first 15 m after the start and every turn. This rule was introduced to avoid the dangers of swimmers passing out during underwater swimming. (see: History of swimming). Swimming has been known since prehistoric times the earliest recording of swimming dates back to Stone Age paintings from around 7000 years ago The exact FINA rules are:
- Freestyle means that in an event so designated the swimmer may swim any style, except that in individual medley or medley relay events, freestyle means any style other than backstroke, breaststroke or butterfly.
- Some part of the swimmer must touch the wall upon completion of each length and at the finish.
- Some part of the swimmer must break the surface of the water throughout the race, except it shall be permissible for the swimmer to be completely submerged during the turn and for a distance of not more than 15 metres after the start and each turn. By that point the head must have broken the surface.
There are eight common competitions swum in freestyle swimming, both over either a long course (50 m pool) or a short course (25 m pool). European LC Championships The European Championships in Aquatics (Long Course is an international Swimming competition run by the Ligue Européenne de Natation An Olympic-size swimming pool is the type of Swimming pool used in the Olympic Games and other "long course" events In swimming Short Course (abbreviated SC stands for a competition organized in a pool of 25 Metres in length instead of a regular Olympic size swimming pool of The United States also employs short course yards (25 yard pool). Of course, other distances are also swum on occasion.
- 50 m Freestyle
- 100 m Freestyle
- 200 m Freestyle
- 400 m Freestyle (500 yards for short course yards)
- 800 m Freestyle (1000 yards for short course yards)
- 1500 m Freestyle (1650 yards for short course yards)
- 4×100 m Freestyle Relay
- 4×200 m Freestyle Relay
Young swimmers (typically 8 years old and younger) may swim a 25 yard or 25 metre freestyle event. These shorter events are usually for swimmers who are slower than similarly aged swimmers or may have difficulty swimming longer distances.
Freestyle is also part of the medley over the following distances:
- 100 m Individual Medley (short 25 m pool only)
- 200 m Individual Medley
- 400 m Individual Medley
- 4×100 m Medley Relay
In the long distance races of 800 m and 1500 m, meets hosted by FINA (including the Olympics) only have the 800 m distance for women and the 1500 m distance for men. However, FINA does keep records in the 1500 metre distance for women and the 800 metre distance for men, and many meets in the United States have both distances for both genders. 
Well known freestyle swimmers
- ^ The 2002 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships had an 800 metre distance for men, and 1500 metre distance for women, and appear to have been conducted on this basis since 1989. Eamon Sullivan (born 30 August 1985 in Perth, Western Australia) is an Australian Sprint Swimmer. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Ian James Thorpe OAM (born 13 October 1982 in Sydney, New South Wales) also known as the Thorpedo or Thorpey For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Grant George Hackett OAM (born May 9, 1980) is an Australian swimmer most famous for winning the men's 1500 metres freestyle For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Aleksandr Vladimirovich Popov (also Alexander Popov Александр Владимирович Попов (born November 16, 1971) is a Russian former Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Pieter Cornelis Martijn van den Hoogenband (born 14 March 1978 in Maastricht) is a Dutch former swimmer and a triple Olympic champion The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands Alain Bernard (born May 1, 1983) is a French Swimmer from Aubagne. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Kieren John Perkins OAM (born August 14, 1973) is a former Australian professional swimmer For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Johnny Weissmuller (June 2 1904 &ndash January 20 1984 was an American swimmer and Actor who was one of the world's best swimmers in the 1920s winning The United States of America —commonly referred to as the John ("Jon" Malcolm Henricks (born 6 June 1935 started his swimming career as a distance Swimmer, scoring his first real successes in 1952 when he came in 3rd For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Mark Andrew Spitz (born February 10 1950 is a retired American Swimmer, best known for winning seven gold medals at the 1972 Munich Olympic Games The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Michael Fred Phelps (born June 30 1985 is an American swimmer. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the For his father also an Olympian see Gary Hall Sr Gary Wayne Hall Jr The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Fernando de Queiroz Scherer (born October 6, 1974 in Florianópolis) is an international top Swimmer from Brazil, who won the |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld Iain Murray Rose was born on 6 January 1939 in Nairn, Scotland, but he moved to Australia with his family at an early age after World War II For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Dawn Lorraine Fraser AO, MBE (born on 4 September 1937 is an Australian champion swimmer For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Laure Manaudou (born October 9 1986 in Villeurbanne) is a French Olympic world and European champion swimmer This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Janet Elizabeth Evans (born August 28, 1971) is a American competitive Swimmer. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Inge de Bruijn (born August 24 1973 is a former Dutch swimmer and a four-time Olympic champion The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands Lisbeth "Libby" Constance Trickett ( née Lenton) OAM (born 28 January 1985 in Townsville, Queensland, Australia For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Shane Elizabeth Gould, MBE (born 23 November 1956 is an Australian former swimmer who won three gold medals, a silver and bronze For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Brooke Marie Bennett (born May 6, 1980 in Tampa Florida) is an American Swimmer with three career Olympic Gold medals The United States of America —commonly referred to as the South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː Stefan Nystrand (born October 20, 1981 in Haninge) is a freestyle swimmer from Sweden. "Sverige" redirects here For other uses see Sweden (disambiguation and Sverige (disambiguation. Britta Steffen (b November 16 1983 in Schwedt, Germany) is a German swimmer who specializes in freestyle, who Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Matthew Nicholas Biondi (born October 8, 1965 in Palo Alto, California) is a three-time U The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Gustavo França Borges (born December 2, 1972 in Ribeirão Preto) is a former international top Swimmer from Brazil. |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld The ninth edition of the Pan Pacific Swimming Championships, a long course (50m event was held in 2002 in Yokohama International Swimming Pool in The third edition of the Pan Pacific Swimming Championships, a long course (50 m event was held in 1989 in Tokyo Japan from August 17 to The 2006 USA Swimming Summer Nationals have both events, as do the 2006 USA Swimming Summer Junior Nationals and the 2005 USMS Long Course Nationals.
- Hines, Emmett W. (1998). Fitness Swimming. Human Kinetics Publishers. ISBN 0-88011-656-0.
- Laughlin, Terry (2001). Total Immersion is an approach to the coaching of Swimming which concentrates on the hydrodynamics of the Human body. Swimming Made Easy: The Total Immersion Way for Any Swimmer to Achieve Fluency, Ease, and Speed in Any Stroke. Total Immersion Inc. ISBN 1-931009-01-5.
- Colwin, Cecil (2002). Breakthrough Swimming. Human Kinetics Publishers. ISBN 0-7360-3777-2.
- (2007) The Macquarie Dictionary Online. Macquarie Dictionary Publishers Pty Ltd.
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