For the military term, see friendly fire
. Friendly fire or non-hostile fire, a term originally adopted by the United States military, refers to fire from one's own side or allied forces as
Fratricide (from the Latin word frater, meaning: "brother" and cide meaning to kill) is the act of a person killing his or her brother. List of countries by homicide rate Homicide ( Latin homicidium, homo human being + caedere to cut kill refers to the act of killing another Murder is the unlawful killing of another human person with Malice aforethought, as defined in Common Law countries AssassiNation is the sixth album by Krisiun, released in 2006 on Century Media. Note for practices of systematically killing very young children see Infanticide. Consensual homicide, also called assisted suicide, refers to a killing in which the victim wants to die Contract killing occurs when a private contractor or a government hires someone to kill a specific person or people for a sum of money An honor killing or honour killing is generally the Murder of a family or clan member most often females when they (and maybe the wider community believe A lust murder is a Homicide in which the offender searches for erotic satisfaction by killing someone Lynching is an Extrajudicial punishment meted out by a mob Lynching an enumerated Felony in some states in the United States, is defined by some This article deals with mass killings that are not considered Genocide. A murder-suicide is an act in which an individual kills one or more other persons immediately before or at the same time as killing him or herself A proxy murder is a Murder in which the murderer does so at the behest of another acting as his or her proxy Human sacrifice is the act of Homicide (the Killing of one or several Human beings in the context of a Religious ritual ( ritual killing A serial killer is a person who Murders usually three or more people with a "cooling off" period between each murder and whose motivation for killing is largely based A spree killer, also known as a rampage killer, is someone who embarks on a Murderous assault on his victims in a short time in multiple locations Torture murder is a loosely defined term to describe the process used by Murderers who kill their victims by slowly torturing them Manslaughter is a legal term for the killing of a human being in a manner considered by law as less culpable than Murder. For a discussion of the law in other countries see Manslaughter In the English law of Homicide, manslaughter is a less serious Negligent homicide is a charge brought against people who by inaction allow others under their care or presence intentionally to die Vehicular Homicide ( or sometimes known as Vehicular Manslaughter) in most states in the United States is a crime The United States' concept of justifiable homicide in Criminal law stands on the dividing line between an Excuse, justification and an Exculpation Capital punishment, the death penalty or execution, is the Killing of a person by judicial process as Punishment. Avunculicide is the act of killing an Uncle. The term is derived from the Latin words avunculus meaning "maternal uncle" and caedere Definition According to Rummel Genocide has three different meanings A familicide is a type of Murder or Murder-suicide in which at least one spouse and one or more children are killed Gendercide is a Neologism that refers to the systematic killing of members of a specific Sex, either Males or Females The term is intended to Filicide is the deliberate act of a parent killing his or her own son or daughter Gendercide is a Neologism that refers to the systematic killing of members of a specific Sex, either Males or Females The term is intended to Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction in whole or in part of an ethnic racial religious or national group Infanticide is the practice of someone intentionally causing the death of an Infant. Mariticide (from Latin maritus "married" + -cide, from caedere "to cut to kill" literally means the murder of one's married Matricide is the act of Killing one's Mother. As for any type of killing motives can vary a great deal Neonaticide is the killing of a newborn within the first 24 hours of life Parricide ( Latin "parricida" killer of a close relative stemming from ( Latin "parri" alike or equal and "-cida" -cide or killer Patricide is (i the act of killing one's father or (ii a person who kills his or her father The broad definition of regicide is the deliberate killing of a Monarch, or the person responsible for it Sororicide (from Latin soror "sister" + -cide, from caedere "to cut to kill" is the act of killing one's own sister Tyrannicide literally means the killing of a Tyrant. Typically the term is taken to mean the killing or Assassination of tyrants for the common good Uxoricide (from Latin uxor meaning "wife" is murder of one's wife An For the American death metal band see Deicide (band Deicide is the killing of a god either the God of a monotheistic religion Feticide or foeticide is an act that causes the death of a fetus Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. To kill, killing or to have killed means to cause the Death of a Living Organism.
Related concepts are sororicide (the killing of one's sister), child murder (the killing of an unrelated child), infanticide (the killing of a child under the age of one year), filicide (the killing of one's child), patricide (the killing of one's father), matricide (the killing of one's mother), mariticide (the killing of one's husband) and uxoricide (the killing of one's wife). Sororicide (from Latin soror "sister" + -cide, from caedere "to cut to kill" is the act of killing one's own sister Note for practices of systematically killing very young children see Infanticide. Infanticide is the practice of someone intentionally causing the death of an Infant. Filicide is the deliberate act of a parent killing his or her own son or daughter Patricide is (i the act of killing one's father or (ii a person who kills his or her father Matricide is the act of Killing one's Mother. As for any type of killing motives can vary a great deal Mariticide (from Latin maritus "married" + -cide, from caedere "to cut to kill" literally means the murder of one's married Uxoricide (from Latin uxor meaning "wife" is murder of one's wife See also siblicide
The term may also be used to refer to friendly fire incidents. Siblicide (attributed to behavioural ecologist Doug Mock) the Death of an individual by its close relatives may occur directly between Siblings or Friendly fire or non-hostile fire, a term originally adopted by the United States military, refers to fire from one's own side or allied forces as In a United States military context, it may also refer to an incident where the catastrophic failure and disintegration of one jet engine in a twin-engined fighter aircraft causes the damage or destruction of the second engine, and possibly leads to the loss of the entire aircraft. The United States Armed Forces are the overall unified military forces of the United States specific --->A jet engine is a Reaction engine that discharges a fast moving jet of Fluid to A fighter aircraft is a Military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat with other Aircraft, as opposed to a Bomber, which is designed
- Cambyses II, king of Persia (530–522 BC), had his younger brother Smerdis murdered in order to maintain his control over the Persian Empire, circa 523 BC. A king is a male Monarch, or a Head of state, who may or may not depending on the style of government of a nation exercise monarchal powers over a territory usually The Persian Empire was a series of Iranian empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau, the original Persian homeland and beyond in Western Asia Events and trends 539 BC — Babylon is conquered by Cyrus, defeating Nabonidus; noted in such documents as that of Africanus Events 529 BC — Cambyses II started to rule He is son of Cyrus II. Events 529 BC — Cambyses II started to rule He is son of Cyrus II.
- Caracalla, Roman emperor (188–217), arranged the murder of his younger brother and joint ruler, Publius Septimius Geta, in 212. Caracalla ( April 4 188 &ndash April 8, 217) born Lucius Septimius Bassianus and later The Roman Empire was the post-Republican phase of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial An emperor (from the Latin " Imperator " is a (male Monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an Empire or another type of Events By Place Roman Empire Pertinax becomes Consul of Africa. Events By Place Roman Empire April 8 — Caracalla is Assassinated (and succeeded by his Praetorian Guard Publius Septimius Geta ( March 7, 189 &ndash December 26 211) was a Roman Emperor co-ruling with his father Septimius Severus Events By Place Roman Empire Emperor Caracalla decrees that freemen throughout the Roman Empire are to become Roman citizens
- George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence (1449–1478) was executed on the orders of his brother, King Edward IV of England, for treason at the Tower of London. George Plantagenet Duke of Clarence ( 21 October 1449 &ndash 18 February 1478) was the third son of Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke of York Edward IV ( 28 April 1442 – 9 April 1483) was King of England from 4 March 1461 until 2 October Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London (and historically as The Tower) is a historic monument in central London
- Selim I, sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1512–1520), had all possible competitors for the sultanate assassinated, including two of his brothers, his nephews, and all of his sons but one, Suleiman I. Selim I ( Ottoman: سليم الأول, Turkish: ISelim; also known as "the Grim" or "the Brave" Yavuz in The Ottoman Empire (1299–1923 ( Old Ottoman Turkish: دولتْ علیّه عثمانیّه Devlet-i Âliye-yi Osmâniyye, Late Ottoman and Modern Turkish Sultan (سلطان is an Islamic title with several historical meanings Suleiman I (سليمان Sulaymān, Süleyman almost always Kanuni Sultan Süleyman) ( 6 November 1494 5/ 6 September 1566
- Atahualpa, the last Inca ruler of Peru (1532-1533), disputed his half brother Huáscar’s inheritance of half of the Incan empire. Atahualpa, Atahuallpa, Atabalipa, or Atawallpa ( Quito – Cajamarca, August 29, 1533) was the last sovereign The Inca Empire (or Inka Empire) was the largest empire in Pre-Columbian America. After being defeated in the battle fought near Chimborazo in 1532, Huáscar was drowned on his brother’s orders. The inactive Stratovolcano Chimborazo (tʃimboˈraso is Ecuador's highest summit
- Aurangzeb, Mughal emperor of India (1658–1707), warred with his brothers for succession after their father’s incapacitation. Aurangzeb ( (full title Al-Sultan al-Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Abul Muzaffar Muhiuddin Muhammad Aurangzeb Bahadur Alamgir I Padshah Ghazi) ( November 4, India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country Year 1707 ( MDCCVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a He prevailed, and had his oldest brother executed and the other imprisoned.
- Shaka, king of the Zulu, arranged to have his half-brother and rival for chieftainship Sigujana assassinated in 1816. Shaka (sometimes spelled Tshaka, Tchaka or Chaka; ca 1787 – ca The Zulu ( IsiZulu: amaZulu) are the largest South African ethnic group of an estimated 10-11 million people who live mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal Year 1816 ( MDCCCXVI) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year
- Seisaku Nakamura, a Japanese teenage serial killer, murdered his brother in 1941. was a Japanese Teenage Serial killer. He is also known as Hamamatsu Deaf Killer. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. Year 1941 ( MCMXLI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (the link will display 1941 calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
- Ronald DeFeo, Jr. killed his four siblings and his parents in what would later become known as "The Amityville Horror", in Long Island, New York, 1974. Ronald Joseph ("Butch" DeFeo Jr (born September 26 1951) is an American Murderer. The Amityville Horror - A True Story is a best-selling book by author Jay Anson, published in September 1977 Long Island is an island located in southeastern New York, USA, its western shores directly across from Manhattan, from which the island stretches New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar.
- Dipendra of Nepal (1971–2001) reportedly massacred much of his family at a royal dinner on June 1, 2001, including his parents, sister, and brother Prince Nirajan. Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah ( June 27 1971 &ndash June 4 2001) was King of Nepal from June 1 to June 4 Year 1971 ( MCMLXXI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. Events 193 - Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is Assassinated 987 - Hugh Capet is elected Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. Prince Nirajan Bir Bikram Shah Dev, ( November 6 1977 &ndash June 1 2001) was a Prince of Nepal, younger brother of Crown Prince/King
- Cleopatra of Egypt may have had her younger brother and co-ruler Ptolemy XIV poisoned in 44 BC in order to replace him with Ptolemy XV Caesarion, her son by Julius Caesar. Cleopatra VII Philopator (in Greek, Κλεοπάτρα Φιλοπάτωρ; January 69 BC &ndash 30 BC was a Hellenistic ruler of Egypt This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics. Ptolemy XIV ( Greek: Πτολεμαῖος, Ptolemaĩos, who lived 60 BC/59 BC–44 BC and reigned 47 BC–44 BC was a son of Ptolemy XII of Year 44 BC was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Julian calendar. Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar, nicknamed Caesarion (little Caesar Greek: Πτολεμαῖος ΙΕʹ Φιλοπάτωρ Φιλομήτωρ Καῖσαρ
- Cesare Borgia (1475–1507) was suspected of being involved in the assassination of his brother Giovanni, duke of Benevento and Gandia. ( September 13, 1475 &ndash March 12, 1507) Duke of Valentinois, and Romagna, Prince of Andria and Venafro A duke is a member of the Nobility, historically of highest rank below the Sovereign, and historically controlled a Duchy or a Dukedom Benevento is a town and Comune of Campania, Italy, capital of the Province of Benevento, 50 km northeast of Naples. Gandia (the official name as in Valencian) with population over 77000 is a city and Municipality in the Valencian Community, Eastern Spain
- Roger Troutman of the band Zapp was probably killed by his brother Larry Troutman during an argument in 1999. Roger Troutman ( November 29 1951 &ndash April 25 1999) was the lead singer of the band Zapp who helped to pave the way for Zapp (also known as the Zapp Band or Zapp and Roger) was a soul and Funk band formed in 1978 by brothers Roger Troutman Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar)
Fratricide in legend and fiction
Legend and mythology
- Medea killed her brother Apsyrtus in order to help Jason escape Colchis after obtaining the Golden Fleece. Medea (Μήδεια Mēdeia) in Greek mythology was the daughter of King Aeëtes of Colchis, niece of Circe, granddaughter of Absyrtus, or Apsyrtus ( Greek:) was in Greek mythology the son of Aeëtes and a brother of Medea and Chalciope. Jason ( Greek: Ἰάσων, Etruscan: Easun, Laz: Yason) was a late ancient Greek mythological In Greek mythology, the Golden Fleece (Χρυσόμαλλον Δέρας is the fleece of the winged ram Chrysomallos (Χρυσόμαλλος (Greek myth)
- In Völuspá, the forecast of the world in Nordic mythology, one of the signs of the end of the world is an increase in fratricides. Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and Heroes the nature of the world and the origins and significance Völuspá ( Prophecy of the Völva) is the first and best known poem of the Poetic Edda. Norse mythology comprises the indigenous pre-Christian religion, beliefs and Legends of the Scandinavian peoples including those who settled on Iceland
- Höðr murders his brother, Baldur in Nordic mythology. Höðr (often anglicized as Hod) is the brother of Baldr in Norse mythology. Norse mythology comprises the indigenous pre-Christian religion, beliefs and Legends of the Scandinavian peoples including those who settled on Iceland
- Romulus killed Remus, his twin brother and co-founder of Rome. Romulus (c 771 BC– c 717 BC and Remus (c 771 BC–c 753 BC are the traditional founders of Rome, appearing in Roman mythology Romulus (c 771 BC– c 717 BC and Remus (c 771 BC–c 753 BC are the traditional founders of Rome, appearing in Roman mythology Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2
- Osiris, one of the principal deities of Egyptian mythology, was murdered by his evil brother Set. Osiris ( Greek language, also Usiris; the Egyptian language name is variously transliterated Asar, Aser, Ausar, Ausir Ancient Egyptian religion encompasses the various religious beliefs and rituals practiced in Ancient Egypt from the predynastic period until the adoption of Christianity In Ancient Egyptian mythology, Set (also spelled Seth, Sutekh or Seteh) is an ancient god who was originally the god of the Desert His wife and sister Isis resurrected him and he became the god of the dead and the underworld. Isis is a goddess in Ancient Egyptian religious beliefs and is celebrated in their mythology as the ideal mother and wife patron of nature and magic friend of slaves sinners
- Eteocles and Polynices kill each other in ensuing battle over the throne of Thebes, Greece in Sophocles' Antigone (Sophocles). In Greek mythology, Eteocles was a king of Thebes, the son of Oedipus and either Jocasta or Euryganeia In Greek mythology, Polynices or Polyneices ( Greek: Πολυνείκης transl Thebes ( Classic Greek Θῆβαι, Mod Θήβα) is a city in Greece, situated to the north of the Cithaeron range which divides Sophocles (ˈsɒfəkliːz Ancient Greek, sopʰoklɛ̂ːs circa
- When both change into different armor, Sir Balin and Sir Balan kill each other in a duel, with Balin shortly outliving his brother and realizing what had happened, according to Arthurian Legend. Sir Balin le Savage, also known as the Knight with Two Swords, is a character in the Arthurian legend. Sir Balan le Savage, brother of Sir Balin from Northumberland, is a minor character mentioned in various Arthurian legends His story is retold along with The Matter of Britain is a name given collectively to the Legends that concern the Celtic and legendary History of Great Britain, especially those
- The Biblical story of Cain and Abel.
Literature and film
- Claudius killed King Hamlet, his brother, and married his sister-in-law, Gertrude, in order to become King of Denmark in William Shakespeare's Hamlet. King Claudius is a Fictional character from William Shakespeare 's play Hamlet. King Hamlet is a character from William Shakespeare 's play Hamlet, also known as The Tragedy of Hamlet Prince of Denmark. In William Shakespeare 's play Hamlet, Gertrude is Hamlet 's mother and Queen of Denmark. William Shakespeare ( baptised Hamlet is a Tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1599 and 1601
- In the Thomas Harris novel Hannibal, Margot Verger kills her brother Mason as revenge for his abuse of her when they were younger, as she was encouraged to do by her former therapist, Dr. Thomas Harris (born April 11, 1940) is an American Author of crime Novels most notably The Silence Hannibal is a novel by Thomas Harris, a third part of a series involving his iconic psychopathic character Hannibal Lecter. This is a list of the support characters from the Hannibal Lecter series Mason Verger is the main Antagonist in the 1999 novel Hannibal by Thomas Harris. Revenge (also vengeance, retribution, or vendetta amongst others consists primarily of retaliation against a person or group in response Abuse refers to the use or treatment of something (a person item substance concept or vocabulary that is harmful Hannibal Lecter. Origin and development Thomas Harris has given few interviews and has never explained where he got inspiration for Hannibal Lecter but in a documentary for Hannibal Rising
- In William Faulkner's Absalom, Absalom!, Henry Sutpen murders his half-brother Charles Bon. William Faulkner (born William Cuthbert Falkner) ( September 25, 1897 – July 6, 1962) was an American Author Absalom Absalom! is a Southern Gothic Novel by the American author William Faulkner, published in 1936
- In Kathryn Lasky's series Guardians of Ga'hoole, Kludd attempts to kill his brother Soren by pushing him out of the nest. Kathryn Lasky is the American author of many critically acclaimed books including several Dear America books several Royal Diaries books 1984 Newbery Honor Guardians of Ga'Hoole is The New York Times bestselling Children's fiction Book series written by Kathryn Lasky and illustrated Guardians of Ga'Hoole is The New York Times bestselling Children's fiction Book series written by Kathryn Lasky and illustrated
- In the manga version of Naruto, Sasuke Uchiha kills his older brother Itachi in revenge for slaughtering the Uchiha clan. is an ongoing Japanese Manga series written and illustrated by Masashi Kishimoto with an Anime adaptation is a Fictional character in the Naruto Manga and Anime series created by Masashi Kishimoto.
Film and television
- Michael Corleone (in The Godfather, Part II) has his brother Fredo shot. Michael Anthony Corleone is a Fictional character in Mario Puzo 's novels The Godfather and The Sicilian. The Godfather Part II is a 1974 Crime drama film directed by Francis Ford Coppola from a script co-written with Mario Puzo. Frederico "Fredo" Corleone is a Fictional character in Mario Puzo 's novel The Godfather.
- Scar murders his older brother Mufasa in order to usurp his throne in The Lion King
- In the 1979 anime, Mobile Suit Gundam, Kycilia Zabi kills her brother, Gihren Zabi, to avenge her father's death. Scar is a fictional character and the main antagonist in Walt Disney Pictures ' popular 1994 Animated movie The Lion King. Mufasa is a Fictional Lion who first appeared in Disney's popular 1994 animated feature film The Lion King. The Lion King is a 1994 American animated feature film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation, released in theaters on June 15 1994 is a televised Anime series created by Sunrise. Written and directed by Yoshiyuki Tomino, it premiered in Japan on Nagoya Broadcasting Network In the fictional Mobile Suit Gundam series is the only daughter of Degwin Sodo Zabi. is a fictional character and Antagonist from the universe of the Gundam anime series
- In Power Rangers: Operation Overdrive, Flurious destroys his own brother Moltor, by freezing him and shattering him. Power Rangers Operation Overdrive (abbreviated as PROO and Operation Overdrive) is an American Television program the The fictional villains of the Power Rangers universe that appeared in the television series Power Rangers Operation Overdrive come in various factions. The fictional villains of the Power Rangers universe that appeared in the television series Power Rangers Operation Overdrive come in various factions.
- Dan Scott killed his older brother Keith Scott on One Tree Hill for what he thought was an attempt on his life. Daniel "Dan" Roberto Scott is a Fictional character on the CW television series One Tree Hill played by Paul Johansson. Keith Douglas Scott (born 20 July 1954) is a Canadian Guitar player One Tree Hill is a teen television drama created by Mark Schwahn that premiered on September 23 2003 on The WB Television Network. Later it was revealed that he killed his brother for no reason when his ex-wife Deb confessed to the deed.
- The Wig
- In Fatal Frame II: Crimson Butterfly, when twin girls were not available, twin brothers were used in a ritual in which one brother strangles the other. Fatal Frame II Crimson Butterfly, also known as in Japan and Project Zero II Crimson Butterfly in Europe is the second installment in the The one documented occurrence of this is when Itsuki Tachibana killed his brother Mutsuki. It is implied that Ryokan Kurosawa, the father of Yae and Sae Kurosawa, also killed his twin brother.
- In Final Fantasy XII, Vayne Solidor, the main antagonist and eventual final boss, kills two of his older brothers at the order of his father, Emperor Gramis Solidor (whom Vayne eventually kills as well). is a Console role-playing game developed and published by Square Enix for Sony 's PlayStation 2, and the twelfth installment in the Final Fantasy
- In Legacy of Kain: Soul Reaver, Raziel kills his vampire brothers as he seeks out his creator Kain. Legacy of Kain Soul Reaver is a third-person adventure Video game developed by Crystal Dynamics and published See Raziel (disambiguation for other meanings of Raziel. Raziel is a Fictional character, an Anti-hero Kain is a Fictional character and an Anti-hero that appears in the Legacy of Kain series of Video games.
- In Portal, there is an achievement called Fratricide. Portal is a Single-player first-person action / puzzle Video game developed by Valve Corporation. You must put your faithful Companion Cube into a fire.
- In the Metal Gear (series), Solid Snake commits fratricide and patricide. is a critically acclaimed series of Stealth games created by Hideo Kojima and developed and published by Konami.
- In Devil May Cry, Dante kills his twin brother Vergil (under the guise of Nelo Angelo), unaware of the fact that Nelo Angelo was actually his twin brother. Devil May Cry (frequently abbreviated as DMC) is an Action game developed by Capcom Production Studio 4 and published by Capcom
In the Ottoman Empire a policy of judicial royal fratricide was introduced by Sultan Mehmet II. The Ottoman Empire (1299–1923 ( Old Ottoman Turkish: دولتْ علیّه عثمانیّه Devlet-i Âliye-yi Osmâniyye, Late Ottoman and Modern Turkish When a new Sultan ascended to the throne he would imprison all of his surviving brothers and kill them by strangulation with a silk cord as soon as he had produced his first male heir. The largest killing took place on the succession of Mehmed III when 16 of his brothers were killed and buried with their father. Mehmed III ( Ottoman Turkish: محمد ثالث Meḥmed-i sālis, Turkish: III The aim was to prevent civil war as Islamic cultures had no fixed rules for royal succession (such as primogeniture) and bloody conflicts would erupt as the old king was approaching the end. Primogeniture is the Common law right of the Firstborn son to inherit the entire estate, to the exclusion of younger siblings The practice was abandoned in the 17th century by Ahmed I, replaced by imprisonment in the Kafes. Ahmed I ( Ottoman Turkish: احمد اول Aḥmed-i evvel, Turkish: I Kafes, literally "the cage" was the part of the Imperial Harem of the Ottoman Palace where possible successors to the Throne were kept under This practice is alleged to have sent several future Sultans mad. © 2009 citizendia.org; parts available under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License, from http://en.wikipedia.org
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