Dr. Francis Lieber (March 18, 1798 – October 2, 1872), originally known as Franz Lieber, was a German-American jurist and political philosopher. Events 37 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius ' will and proclaims Caligula emperor Year 1798 ( MDCCXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Events 1187 - Siege of Jerusalem: Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule Year 1872 ( MDCCCLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year German Americans ( German: Deutschamerikaner) are citizens of the United States of Ethnic German ancestry JURIST is an online legal news service hosted by the University of Pittsburgh School of Law, written by founder Professor Bernard Hibbitts and a staff of more than Political philosophy is the study of questions about the City, Government, Politics, Liberty, Justice, Property, Rights Aside from being the first American to take the title of political scientist, he is most widely known as the author of the Lieber Code during the American Civil War, also known as Code for the Government of Armies in the Field (1863), which laid the foundation for conventions governing the conduct of troops during wartime. Political science is a branch of Social sciences that deals with the theory and practice of Politics and the description and analysis of Political systems The Lieber Code of April 24, 1863, also known as Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field, General Order Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South Year 1863 ( MDCCCLXIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common A Treaty is an agreement under International law entered into by actors in international law namely States and International organizations.
Lieber was born in Berlin, the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia. Berlin is the capital city and one of sixteen states of Germany. The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen was a German kingdom from 1701 to 1918 and from 1871 was the leading state of the German Empire, comprising While still in Germany, Lieber fought in the Prussian Army during the Napoleonic Wars, and was wounded during the Battle of Waterloo. The Prussian Army (Preußische Armee was the Army of the Kingdom of Prussia. The Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815 involved Napoleon's French Empire and a shifting set of European allies and opposing coalitions In the Battle of Waterloo (Sunday 18 June 1815 near Waterloo Belgium Upon return to Germany after the war, he was persecuted by the authorities and not permitted to attend any university in Prussia. Disillusioned, he obtained a degree at Jena and later fled to England. Jena (pronunciation ˈjeːna is a university City in central Germany on the river Saale. After fighting briefly in the Greek War of Independence, he moved to Boston in 1827, where he became a founder and editor of the Encyclopaedia Americana. The Greek War of Independence (1821–1829 also commonly known as the Greek Revolution (Ελληνική Επανάσταση Elliniki Epanastasi; Ottoman The Encyclopædia Americana is one of the largest general Encyclopedias in the English language. A decade later he became a professor of history and political economics at South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina), where he remained until 1856. This article is about the University of South Carolina in Columbia From 1856 until 1865 he taught at Columbia University. Columbia University is a private University in the United States and a member of the Ivy League.
Lieber sided with the North during the American Civil War, even though he had been a resident of South Carolina, and one of his sons joined the Confederate army and died at the Battle of Williamsburg. Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South Background When Confederate General Joseph E Johnston unexpectedly withdrew his forces from the Warwick Line at the Battle of Yorktown the night During the conflict he served as the head of the Loyal Publication Society of New York, compiling news articles for dissemination among Union troops and Northern newspapers. The Loyal Publication Society was founded in 1863, during a time when the Union Army had suffered many reverses in the Civil War. He also assisted the Union War Department and President Abraham Lincoln in drafting legal guidelines for the Union army, the most famous being General Orders Number 100, or the "Lieber Code" as it is commonly known. The United States Department of War, sometimes also called the War Office, was the department of the United States government 's executive branch Abraham Lincoln (February 12 1809 &ndash April 15 1865 the sixteenth President of the United States, successfully led his country through its greatest internal The Lieber Code would be adopted by other militaries and go on to form the basis of the first laws of war. The law of war (also law of armed conflict, LOAC) is Law concerning acceptable practices relating to war
After the Civil War Lieber was given the task of accumulating and preserving the records of the former government of the Confederate States of America. The Confederate States of America (also called the Confederacy, the Confederate States, and CSA) formed as the government set up from 1861 While working in this capacity, Lieber was one of the last known people to possess the infamous Dahlgren Affair papers. The Dahlgren Affair was an incident in the American Civil War involving a failed Union raid on the Confederate capital of Richmond Virginia on March Shortly after obtaining them, Lieber was ordered to Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, who likely disposed of them as they have not been seen since. Edwin McMasters Stanton ( December 19, 1814 &ndash December 24, 1869) was an American lawyer politician United States
From 1870 until his death in New York City Lieber served as a diplomatic negotiator between the United States and Mexico. The City of New York The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America.