Francesco Berni (ca. 1497 - May 26, 1536) was an Italian poet. Events 451 - The Battle of Avarayr between Armenian rebels and the Sassanid Empire takes place Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest A poet is a person who writes Poetry. Etymology From the Ancient greek: ποιέω, poieō: "I make or compose" He is credited for beginning what is now known as "Bernesque poetry", a serio-comedic type of poetry with elements of satire.
Berni was born about 1497 at Lamporecchio, in Bibbiena, a district of Tuscany lying along the Upper Arno. For Cardinal Bernardo Bibbiena see Bernardo Dovizi Bibbiena is a town and commune in the Province of Arezzo Tuscany (Toscana is a region in Italy. It has an area of 22990 km² and a population of about 3
His father Nicolò was a notary of a long-established Florentine family, but excessively poor. At an early age he was sent to Florence, where he remained until his nineteenth year and wrote a pastoral play, Catrina. Florence ( Italian: Firenze Florentia and Fiorenza) is the Capital City of the Italian region of Tuscany In 1517 he set out for Rome, in the service of Bernardo Dovizi, Cardinal Bibbiena. Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 Bernardo Dovizi or Bibbiena ( August 4, 1470 &ndash November 9 1520) was an Italian cardinal and Comedy After the cardinal's death (1520), he was thrown on his own devices. At the time of the election of Adrian VI he circulated witty lampoons, for which he was obliged for a time to leave Rome. Pope Adrian VI ( Utrecht, March 2, 1459 &ndash September 14, 1523) born Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens, son of Later he returned to accept a situation as clerk or secretary to Giovanni Matteo Gilberti, datary to Clement VII. For the Antipope (1378&ndash1394 see Antipope Clement VII. Pope Clement VII ( May 26, 1478 &ndash September The duties of his office, for which Berni was in every way unfit, were exceedingly irksome to the poet, who, however, made himself celebrated at Rome as the most witty and inventive of a certain club of literary men, who devoted themselves to light and sparkling effusions.
So strong was the admiration for Berni's verses, that mocking or burlesque poems have since been called poesie bernesca. Burlesque is theatrical entertainment of broad and parodic humor which usually consists of comic skits (and sometimes a strip tease) About the year 1530 he was relieved from his servitude by obtaining a canonry in the cathedral of Florence. A canon (from the Latin canonicus, itself derived from the Greek κανωνικος 'relating to a rule' is a priest who is a member of certain bodies of the In that city he died in 1536, according to Romantic tradition poisoned by Duke Alessandro de Medici, for having refused to poison the duke's cousin, Ippolito de' Medici; but considerable obscurity rests over this story. This article is on the first Duke of Florence. For the Alessandro de' Medici who was Pope, see Pope Leo XI. Ippolito de' Medici (1511 &ndash August 10, 1535) was the
Berni stands at the head of Italian comic or burlesque poets. For lightness, sparkling wit, variety of form and fluent diction, his verses are unsurpassed. Perhaps, however, he owes his greatest fame to the recasting (Rifacimento) of Boiardo's Orlando innamorato. Matteo Maria Boiardo (c 1434 &ndash December 20, 1494) was an Italian Renaissance Poet. Orlando Innamorato ("Orlando in Love" is an Epic poem written by the Italian Renaissance author Matteo Maria Boiardo. The enormous success of Ariosto's Orlando furioso had directed fresh attention to the older poem, from which it took its characters, and of which it is the continuation. Orlando Furioso ("The Frenzy of Orlando" more literally "Mad Orlando" in Italian furioso is seldom capitalized is an Italian But Boiardo's work, though good in plan, could never have achieved wide popularity on account of the extreme ruggedness of its style.
Berni undertook the revision of the whole poem, avowedly altering no sentiment, removing or adding no incident, but simply giving to each line and stanza due gracefulness and polish. In Poetry, a stanza is a unit within a larger Poem. In modern poetry the term is often equivalent with Strophe; in popular vocal music a stanza is His task he completed with marvellous success; scarcely a line remains as it was, and the general opinion has pronounced decisively in favour of the revision over the original. To each canto he prefixed a few stanzas of reflective verse in the manner of Ariosto, and in one of these introductions he gives us the only certain information we have concerning his own life. Berni appears to have been favorably disposed towards the Reformation principles at that time introduced into Italy, and this may explain the bitterness of some remarks of his upon the church. The Protestant Reformation was a reform movement in Europe that began in 1517 though its roots lie further back in time The first edition of the Rifacimento was printed posthumously in 1541, and it has been supposed that a few passages either did not receive the authors' final revision, or have been retouched by another hand.
The success of Berni's Rifacimento was so great that the original text by Boiardo fell into oblivion for three centuries. Matteo Maria Boiardo (c 1434 &ndash December 20, 1494) was an Italian Renaissance Poet. Only in the nineteenth century did Anthony Panizzi discover in the British Museum Library the authentic Orlando Innamorato and publish it. Sir Antonio Genesio Maria Panizzi ( 16 September 1797 – 8 April 1879) better known as Anthony Panizzi, was a naturalized British The British Museum is a Museum of human history and culture in London. By the way, Panizzi was from the province of Reggio Emilia, as well as Matteo Maria Boiardo. For the city in the southern Italy See Reggio Calabria. For the basketball club "Bipop Carire Reggio Emilia" see Pallacanestro Reggiana. Matteo Maria Boiardo (c 1434 &ndash December 20, 1494) was an Italian Renaissance Poet.
A partial translation of Berni's Orlando was published by W.S. Rose (1823). William Stewart Rose (1775 - 1843 was a British poet and translator son of George Rose, who held various Government offices including that of Treasurer of the Navy
A street in Florence has been named after him (via Francesco Berni)