Francesco Albani or Albano (March 17 or August 17, 1578–October 4, 1660) was an Italian Baroque painter. Events 45 BC - In his last victory Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger Events 986 - A Byzantine army was destroyed in the pass of Trajan's Gate by the Bulgarians under the Comitopuli Events 610 - Heraclius arrives by ship from Africa at Constantinople, overthrows Byzantine Emperor Phocas Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Baroque art redirects here Please disambiguate such links to Baroque painting, Baroque sculpture, etc Painting (pān'tīng in Art, is the practice of applying Color to a Surface (support base such as e
Born at Bologna, his father was a silk merchant who intended to instruct his son in the same trade; but by age twelve, Albani became an apprentice under the competent mannerist painter Denis Calvaert, where he met Guido Reni. Bologna (boloɲa from Latin Bononia, Bulåggna in Bolognese dialect is the capital city of Emilia-Romagna in northern Italy Mannerism is a period of European art which emerged from the later years of the Italian High Renaissance around 1520. Denis Calvaert or Denys Calvaert (1540-1619 was a Flemish painter born at Antwerp but living mostly in Italy where he was known as Guido Reni ( 4 November 1575 &ndash 18 August 1642) was a prominent Italian painter of high- Baroque style Soon he followed Reni to the so-called "Academy" run by the Carracci family: Annibale, Agostino, and Ludovico. Annibale Carracci ( November 3, 1560 - July 15, 1609) was an Italian Baroque painter. Agostino Carracci (or Caracci) ( August 16, 1557 - March 22, 1602) was an Italian painter and Printmaker Ludovico (or Lodovico) Carracci ( 21 April 1555 &ndash 13 November 1619) was an Italian, early- Baroque This studio fostered the careers of many painters of the Bolognese school, including Domenichino, Massari, Viola, Lanfranco, Giovanni Francesco Grimaldi, Pietro Faccini, Remigio Cantagallina, and Reni. The Bolognese School or the School of Bologna of Painting flourished in Bologna, the capital of Emilia Romagna between the 16th and 17th centuries in Domenico Zampieri (or Domenichino) ( October 21, 1581 &ndash April 15, 1641) was a prominent Italian Baroque Lucio Massari ( 22 January, 1569 - 3 November, 1633) was an Italian painter of the School of Bologna. Giovanni Battista Viola ( June 16, 1576 - August 10, 1622) was an Italian painter of the early Baroque period in Rome Giovanni Lanfranco ( 26 January 1582 - 30 November 1647) was an Italian painter of the Baroque period Giovanni Francesco Grimaldi ( 1606 - November 28, 1680) was an Italian Architect and painter, named Il Bolognese Pietro Faccini (1562? - 1602 or 1614 was an Italian painter active near his birthplace of Bologna in styles bridging Mannerism and the nascent Remigio Cantagallina (c 1582-1656 was an Italian Etcher, active in the Baroque period Guido Reni ( 4 November 1575 &ndash 18 August 1642) was a prominent Italian painter of high- Baroque style
In the year 1600, Albani moved to Rome to work in the fresco decoration of the gallery of the Palazzo Farnese, being completed by the studio of Annibale Carracci. For other palaces with this name see Palazzo Farnese (disambiguation. Rome, under Clement VIII Aldobrandini (1592-1605) was exhibiting some degree of administrative stability and renewed artistic patronage. Not to be confused with Antipope Clement VIII. Pope Clement VIII ( February 24, 1536 &ndash March 3, 1605 While pope Clement was born from a Florentine family residing in Urbino, his family was allied by marriage to the Emilia-Romagna and the Farnese, since Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma had married Margherita Aldobrandini. Urbino is a walled city in the Marche region in Italy, south-west of Pesaro, a World Heritage Site notable for a remarkable historical Emilia-Romagna is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. The capital is Bologna. Ranuccio I Farnese ( March 28, 1569 &ndash March 5, 1622) was the fourth Duke of Parma and Piacenza Parma, like Bologna, are part of the Region of Emilia-Romagna. Thus it was not surprise that Cardinal Odoarde Farnese, Ranuccio's brother, chose the Carraccis from Bologna for patronage, thereby establishing Bolognese predominance of Roman fresco painting for nearly two decades. Odoardo Farnese ( December 6, 1573 - February 21, 1626) was the second son of Alexander Farnese Duke of Parma and Maria of Portugal Fresco (plural either frescos or frescoes) is any of several related Painting types done on Plaster on walls or
Albani became one of Annibale's most prominent apprentices. Using Annibale's designs and assisted by Lanfranco and Sisto Badalocchio, Albani completed frescoes for the San Diego Chapel in San Giacomo degli Spagnoli between 1602-1607. Sisto Badalocchio Rosa (1581 or 1585 - c 1647 was an Italian painter and Engraver of the Bolognese School. Nostra Signora del Sacro Cuore ("Our Lady of the Sacred Heart" also known as San Giacomo degli Spagnoli) is a Catholic church dedicated to the Blessed Virgin In 1606-7, Albani completed the frescoes in the Palazzo Mattei di Giove in Rome. The Palazzo Mattei di Giove is the most prominent among a group of Mattei houses that forms the insula Mattei in Rome, Italy, a block of buildings He later completed two other frescoes in the same palace, also on the theme of Life of Joseph.
In 1609, he completed the ceiling of a large hall with Fall of Phaeton and Council of the Gods for the Palazzo Giustiniani (now Palazzo Odescalchi) at Bassano (di Sutri) Romano. Giustiniani is the name of a prominent Italian family which originally belonged to Venice, but also established itself subsequently in Genoa, and at various Bassano Romano is a town and commune in the Province of Viterbo, in northern Lazio ( Italy) This work was commissioned by the Marchese Vicenzo Giustiniani, famous for also being patron to Caravaggio. Giustiniani is the name of a prominent Italian family which originally belonged to Venice, but also established itself subsequently in Genoa, and at various Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, usually just known as Caravaggio, (28 September 1571 – 18 July 1610 was an Italian Artist active in Rome
During 1612-14, Albani completed the Choir frescoes at the newly remodeled (by Pietro da Cortona) church of Santa Maria della Pace. Pietro da Cortona, byname of Pietro Berrettini ( November 1 1596 - May 16, 1669) was an Italian artist and architect of High Baroque Santa Maria della Pace is one of the churches in Rome, not far from Piazza Navona. In 1616 he painted ceiling frescoes of Apollo and the Seasons at Palazzo Verospi in Via del Corso for the cardinal Fabrizio Verospi. Via del Corso (the ancient Via Lata) commonly known as the Corso, is the main street running through the historical centre of Rome, Italy.
In later years, Albani developed a mutual, though respectful, rivalry with the more successful Guido Reni, who was also heavily patronized by the Aldobrandini, and under whom Albani had worked under at the chapel of the Palazzo del Quirinale. The Quirinal Palace (known in Italian as the Palazzo del Quirinale or simply the Quirinale) is the Official residence of the President
Albani's best fresco masterpieces are those on mythological subjects. Among the best of his sacred subjects are a St Sebastian and an Assumption of the Virgin, both in the church of San Sebastiano fuori le Mura in Rome. San Sebastiano fuori le mura (Saint Sebastian outside the walls or San Sebastiano ad Catacumbas (Saint Sebastian at the Catacombs is a Basilica in He was among the Italian painters to devote himself to painting cabinet pictures. His mythological subjects include The Sleeping Venus, Diana in the Bath, Danaë Reclining, Galatea on the Sea, and Europa on the Bull. A rare etching, the Death of Dido, is attributed to him. Carlo Cignani, Andrea Sacchi, Francesco Mola, and Giovanni Francesco Grimaldi were some of his students. Carlo Cignani ( May 15, 1628 - September 6, 1719) was an Italian painter of the Bolognese school active in the Andrea Sacchi ( November 30 1599 - June 21 1661) was an Italian painter of High Baroque Classicism active in Pier Francesco Mola ( February 9, 1612 – May 13, 1666) was an Italian painter of the High Baroque, mainly active Giovanni Francesco Grimaldi ( 1606 - November 28, 1680) was an Italian Architect and painter, named Il Bolognese On the death of his wife he returned to Bologna, where he married a second time and resided till his death.
Albani never acquired the monumentality or tenebrism that was quaking the contemporary world of painters, and in fact, is derided often for his lyric, cherubim-filled sweetness, which often has not yet shaken the mannerist elegance. While Albani's thematic would have appealed to Poussin, he lacked the Frenchman's muscular drama. Nicolas Poussin (15 June 1594 – 19 November 1665 was a French painter in the classical style His style sometimes appears to befit the decorative Rococo more than of his time. Rococo is a style of 18th century French art and Interior design.
Among the pupils of Albani were his brother Giovanni Battista Albani, and others including Giacinto Bellini, Girolamo Bonini, Giacinto Campagna, Antonio Catalani, Carlo Cignani, Giovanni Maria Galli, Filippo Menzani, Andrea Sacchi, Andrea Sghizzi, Giovanni Battista Speranza, Antonio Maria del Sole, Emilio Taruffi, and Francesco Vaccaro. Giacinto Bellini (17th century was an Italian painter active in the Baroque period Girolamo Bonini (active 1660 died 1680) was an Italian painter of the Baroque period active mainly in Bologna. Antonio Catalani (also called il Romano) (born c 1596 was an Italian painter of the late-Renaissance and early- Baroque periods Carlo Cignani ( May 15, 1628 - September 6, 1719) was an Italian painter of the Bolognese school active in the The Galli-Bibiena family, or Galli da Bibiena (also spelled "Bibbiena" was a family of Italian artists of the 17th and 18th centuries including Andrea Sacchi ( November 30 1599 - June 21 1661) was an Italian painter of High Baroque Classicism active in Andrea Seghizzi (17th century was an Italian painter of the Baroque period active mainly in Bologna. Emilio Taruffi (1633-1696 was an Italian painter of the Baroque period Francesco Vaccaro or Vicaro (c 1636-1675 was an Italian painter and engraver of the Baroque period who trained in his native Bologna under
Adonis Led by Cupids to Venus (detail of cupids), 1600, Musee du Louvre, Paris
The Holy Family (Sacra Famiglia),1630-35 oil on canvas, Galleria Pitti, Florence
Venus and Amor, oil on canvas