Shoulder sleeve insignia of units stationed at Fort Hood
|In use||1942 - present|
|Controlled by||U. S. Army|
1st Cavalry Division
4th Infantry Division
3d Armored Cavalry Regiment
13th Sustainment Command
Fort Hood, named after Confederate General John Bell Hood, is a U.S. Army post located halfway between Austin and Waco, about 60 miles from each, within the U. The Confederate States of America (also called the Confederacy, the Confederate States, and CSA) formed as the government set up from 1861 John Bell Hood ( June 1 or June 29, 1831 &ndash August 30, 1879) was a Confederate general during the American Civil War The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. Waco (ˈweɪkoʊ is a city in and the County seat of McLennan County, Texas. S. state of Texas. Texas ( is a state geographically located in the South Central United States and is also known as the Lone Star State. The main cantonment of Fort Hood is a census-designated place (CDP) in Bell County, Texas that as of the 2000 U. Cantonment Florida is town north of Pensacola Florida See also Canton and Cantonist A cantonment is a A census-designated place ( CDP) is a type of place (a concentration of population identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical purposes Bell County is a County located in the US state of Texas. It is part of the Killeen &ndash Temple &ndash Fort 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. S. Census had a total population of 33,711. Some portions of the base lie in Coryell County. Coryell County is located in the US state of Texas. In 2000 its Population was 74978
During WWII, tank destroyers were developed to counter the German blitzkrieg. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including A self-propelled anti-tank gun or tank destroyer, is a type of Armoured fighting vehicle designed specifically to engage enemy armor forces and not produced for an infantry Blitzkrieg (German for "lightning war" is a popular name for an Offensive operational-level Military doctrine which involves an initial These were mobile anti-tank guns on armored halftracks. A half-track is a civilian or military vehicle with regular wheels on the front for steering and Caterpillar tracks on the back to propel the vehicle and carry most of the Wide-open space was needed for the tank destroyer testing and training, which Texas had in abundance. A.D. Bruce was assigned to organize a new Tank Destroyer Tactical and Firing Center. Andrew Davis Bruce (September 14 1894&ndashJuly 28 1969 was the third president of the University of Houston. He chose Killeen, Texas for the new camp. Killeen is a city in Bell County, Texas, United States. The population was 112434 at the 2000 census.  The War Department announced the selection on January 15, 1942. Events 588 BC - Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah 's reign Year 1942 ( MCMXLII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. An initial acquisition of 108,000 acres (437 km²) was made, and it was estimated that the camp would cost $22,800,000 for the land, facilities, and development of utilities. The date of completion was set for August 15, 1942. Events 778 - The Battle of Roncevaux Pass, at which Roland is killed Year 1942 ( MCMXLII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
About 300 families had to move from their homes to make room for the camp area. Whole communities were uprooted. The communities of Clear Creek, Texas, Elijah, Texas and Antelope, Texas ceased to exist. Antelope is a small community near the intersection of Loop 187 U The old Sugar Loaf community, historically called the "Cradle of Killeen," provided the city with many of its first citizens in 1882. All that remains of the community is the mountain from which it took its name, located in the Fort Hood impact area. To lessen the pain of moving, the Army agreed to allow land to be used for grazing for a nominal grazing fee. This grazing arrangement still continues today.
In mid-August the camp was occupied and the official opening took place on September 18, 1942. Events 96 - Nerva is proclaimed Roman Emperor after Domitian is assassinated Year 1942 ( MCMXLII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Fort Hood was named for the Confederate General John Bell Hood, who gained recognition during the Civil War as the commander of Hood's Texas Brigade. John Bell Hood ( June 1 or June 29, 1831 &ndash August 30, 1879) was a Confederate general during the American Civil War The Texas Brigade, also often referred to as Hood's Brigade, was an Infantry Brigade in the Confederate States Army that distinguished itself
The original facilities provided housing and training sites for nearly 38,000 troops. In January 1943, an additional 16,000 acres (65 km²) in Bell County and 34,943 acres (141 km²) in Coryell County near Gatesville, Texas were purchased. Bell County is a County located in the US state of Texas. It is part of the Killeen &ndash Temple &ndash Fort Coryell County is located in the US state of Texas. In 2000 its Population was 74978 Gatesville is a city in Coryell County, Texas, United States. The site near Gatesville was known as the sub-camp and later as North Fort Hood. During the war years, North Fort Hood housed nearly 40,000 troops and 4,000 prisoners of war, and was the site for the southern branch of the United States Disciplinary Barracks. USDBjpg|right|thumb|250px|A historical view of the USDB - Note date above double doors - 1877
At the end of 1942 there were about 45,000 troops living and training at Camp Hood. Camp Hood reached its peak population of almost 95,000 troops in late June 1943. These strengths were maintained until early 1944.
In 1944 the number of tank destroyer battalions in training at Camp Hood declined rapidly. Field artillery battalions and the Infantry Replacement Training Center replaced them in March 1944. Field artillery is a category of mobile Artillery used to support armies in the field By September, the Infantry Center was the largest activity on post, reaching a peak of 31,545 troops. The total camp population on the last day of 1944 was 50,228.
The last year of World War II saw a major shift of emphasis in Camp Hood's mission and a drastic reduction in population. As the war came to an end, the training of troops slowed and equipment reclamation and demobilization planning became the priorities. A separation center was established in September 1945, and as the year ended, post strength had fallen to 1,807 prisoners and about 11,000 troops.
In January 1946, the 2nd Armored Division and 20th Armored Division arrived from overseas. The 20th Armored Division was an Armored division of the United States Army in World War II. This resulted in only a temporary increase in troop population since the 20th Armored was inactivated on April 2, leaving the 2d Armored Division and its attached units as the only tactical troops at Camp Hood. Events 68 - Galba, Governor of Hispania, names himself legatus senatus populique Romani, breaking the line of At the same time, all of the prisoners of war were returned to their homelands. In June, Camp Hood became an installation of the 4th Army, and the commanding general of the major tactical unit, the 2nd Armored Division, also became the commanding general of the post. The 2nd Armored Division of the United States Army &mdashnicknamed Hell On Wheels &mdash played an important role during World War II in the invasions In the later part of 1946, North Fort Hood was closed and the post population dropped from about 15,000 to less than 5,000. Camp Hood was also named as the permanent home of the 2d Armored Division.
From the end of 1946 to 1950, Camp Hood changed little. The 2d Armored Division was designated as a training unit, and Army Reserve units, the ROTC, and the Texas National Guard used field facilities at the post. ROTC links here For other uses see ROTC (disambiguation A Reserve Officers' Training Corps ( ROTC) ROTC produces officers in all branches For the National Guard of a State and other countries' National Guard see National Guard. West Fort Hood, once called Killeen Base, was constructed in 1947 and manned by U. S. Air Force Personnel. North Fort Hood was reduced in size and used primarily for summer training of National Guard units.
On April 15, 1950, Camp Hood became a permanent installation and was redesignated Fort Hood. Events 1450 - Battle of Formigny: Toward the end of the Hundred Years' War, the French attack and nearly annihilate English During the Korean War years, the post continued its training mission and provided individual replacements for many of the units involved in that conflict.
In mid-1954, III Corps moved from California to Fort Hood. The III Corps ( Third Corps) &mdashnicknamed the Phantom Corps, America's Hammer, and the Counterattack Corps &mdash is a Corps The Corps supervised the training of combat units at Fort Hood and other Fourth Army stations from 1954 to 1959 when III Corps was inactivated. Probably, the most famous trainee to come through Fort Hood was Elvis Presley, arriving on March 28, 1958. Events 37 - Roman Emperor Caligula accepts the titles of the Principate, entitled to him by the Senate. Year 1958 ( MCMLVIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Other than receiving record amounts of mail (3-4 bags per day), Presley was treated like all other trainees. On September 19, Presley shipped out for Germany. Events 335 - Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle Constantine I.
Also during this period, the 4th Armored Division was reactivated at Fort Hood and deployed to Germany as part of the "Gyroscope" concept of unit movement. The 4th Armored Division of the United States Army was an armored division that compiled a distinguished career in the European theater of World War II
In September 1961, Fort Hood again became the home for the III Corps, and in February 1962, III Corps was assigned as part of the U. S. Army Strategic Army Corps (STRAC). The Strategic Army Corps (STRAC was a command of the United States Army, with a mission of high readiness active in the 1960s but later inactivated
On June 15, 1963 Killeen Base was turned over to the Army. Events 763 BC - Assyrians record a Solar eclipse that will be used to fix the Chronology of Mesopotamian history
In October 1969, Killeen Base was designated as West Fort Hood and the airfield's name was designated as Robert Gray Army Airfield. The base was named after a Killeen native who was killed flying combat missions during World War II. Robert Gray was also a pilot of a B-25 bomber on the famous Doolittle Raid on Tokyo in 1942. The Doolittle Raid, 18 April 1942, was the first air raid by the United States to strike the Japanese home island of Honshū With a redesignation came a change in mission at West Fort Hood. Atomic weapons were removed. They had been secretly kept there since 1947.
During the late 1960s Fort Hood trained and deployed a number of units and individuals for duty in Vietnam. As the United States ended its role in the conflict, thousands of returning soldiers completed their active duty with one of the divisions.
During this time, the post began a modernization effort. In September 13, 1965 Darnall Hospital opened and began providing quality medical care to the Fort Hood community. Events 509 BC - The Temple of Jupiter on Rome 's Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September In 1970, construction began on Palmer Theater and Venable Village was dedicated. Modern barracks were springing up around post. The wood buildings of Fort Hood were quickly being replaced with modern brick structures.
In September 1967, Fort Hood was officially designated a two-division post with the 1st and 2d Armored Divisions.
In 1971 the 1st Cavalry Division came to Fort Hood from Vietnam and replaced the 1st Armored Division when "Old Ironsides" deployed to Germany. The 1st Cavalry Division ( "First Team") is a rapidly deployable heavy Armored division of the United States Army with base of operations The 1st Armored Division &mdashnicknamed “ Old Ironsides ”&mdash is a standing armored division of the United States Army with base of operations
Since the early 1970s, Fort Hood has played a major role in the training, testing, and introduction of new equipment, tactics, and organizations. A primary player in the test and evaluation mission has been the U. S. Army Training and Doctrine Command's Test and Experimentation Command (now the U. S. Army Operational Test Command), located at West Fort Hood. Fort Hood has been instrumental in the fielding of the M1 Abrams tank, M2/3 Bradley Infantry/Cavalry Fighting Vehicle, the Multiple Launch rocket System (MLRS), and the AH-64 Apache helicopter.
In January 1975, the 1st Cav "First Team" was reorganized, as the Army's newest armored division. Since fielding the M-1 Abrams in 1980, force modernization has continued as a major focus. The M1 Abrams is a main battle tank produced in the United States. The First Team became the first division to field the AH-64 Apache attack helicopter, M2 Bradley Fighting Vehicle, the High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), the Multiple Launch Rocket System and Mobile Subscriber Equipment (MSE) tactical communications. This article refers to the Military HMMWV not the civilian Hummer sold by General Motors The M998 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled
In August 1990, Fort Hood was alerted for deployments to Southwest Asia as part of the joint forces participating in Operation Desert Shield. The deployment to Saudi Arabia began in September, extending into mid-October.
Upon its return to the United States, the 1st Cavalry Division became the largest division in the Army, with the reactivation of its 3rd "Greywolf" Battle Team May 21, 1991. October 1992 saw the activation of the Engineer Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division. Through the Engineer Restructuring Initiative, the nucleus of the brigade was formed around the 8th Engineer Battalion. The 20th Engineer Battalion was brought from Fort Campbell, Ky. , to join the brigade and the 91st Engineer Battalion was activated to complete the brigade.
In November 1992, the unit designations for the battalions remaining from the former "Tiger' Brigade of the 2nd Armored Division were returned prior to 2nd AD's activation at Fort Hood December 2, 1992. This action was done to realign the historical designations of units to their parent divisions. On November 29, 1992, 3-41 Infantry was designated 1-9 Cavalry, 1-67 Armor to 3-8 Cavalry, and 1-3 Field Artillery to 2-82 Field Artillery. On December 16, 1992, 1st Cavalry Division units designated to accomplish realignments for historical purposes and included 1-32 Armor designated 2-12 Cavalry, 3-32 Armor to 1-12 Cavalry, and Battery A, 333 Field Artillery to Battery B, 26 Field Artillery.
During the post war periods called Operation Desert Calm and Operation Provide Comfort, Fort Hood units continued to serve in the Persian Gulf area. From December 1992 to May 1993, Fort Hood soldiers deployed to Somalia for Operation Restore Hope to command and control the Joint Task Force Support Command. In the fall of 1994, Fort Hood units participated in the largest deployment since Operation Desert Shield and Desert Storm executed split base operations in the Caribbean Basin, Central America and Southwest Asia, in support of Operations Vigilant Warrior and Sea Signal V, as well as other contingency operations.
The 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized) was designated the Army's Experimental Force on December 15, 1995 as its colors were unfurled for the first time over Central Texas and Fort Hood. The 4th Infantry Division is a modular division of the United States Army based at Fort Carson, Colorado, with four Brigade combat Events 533 - Byzantine general Belisarius defeats the Vandals, commanded by King Gelimer, at the Battle of Year 1995 ( MCMXCV) was a Common year starting on Sunday. Events of 1995
The 4th Infantry Division was selected in 1958 to be the sole infantry component in the Strategic Army Corps (STRAC) and assigned the mission to suppress aggression wherever American interests were threatened.
Twenty-five years after making its home in Colorado, the Ironhorse Division was again restationed to meet the Army's requirements but this move would be quite different from others. The Ironhorse Division became a split-based organization with six brigades and three separate battalions stationed at Fort Hood and the 3rd Brigade Combat Team remaining at Fort Carson.
Since the 1990’s, Fort Hood units have supported Operation Joint Endeavor in Bosnia. Operation Joint Endeavour was the North Atlantic Treaty Organization deployment of the peacekeeping force IFOR to Bosnia beginning in December 1995 Bosnia and Herzegovina ( Latin script: Bosna i Hercegovina, Cyrillic script: Босна и Херцеговина is a country on the Balkan In October 1998, The 1st Cavalry Division was the first United States division to assume authority of the Multinational Division (North) area of operation in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina ( Latin script: Bosna i Hercegovina, Cyrillic script: Босна и Херцеговина is a country on the Balkan The mission was to conduct operations to enforce the military provisions set forth by the Dayton Peace Accords.
In 1998, the Ironhorse Division was designated to be the Army's first Multi-Component unit. The main objective being to enhance Total Force integration, optimize the unique capabilities of each component, and improve the overall readiness of the Army. The program was developed to leverage the strengths of the Army's three components (active, reserve and National Guard). As such, 515 positions within the division have been designated as reserve component. These positions include individuals, a unit from the Wyoming National Guard and dual-mission units from the Texas National Guard. The Wyoming National Guard consists of the Wyoming Army National Guard Wyoming Air National Guard 153d Airlift Wing The Texas National Guard consists of the Texas Army National Guard Texas Air National Guard The Guard is administered
In addition to peacekeeping efforts, Fort Hood units routinely participate in national and international disaster relief efforts. Hours after the 1985 Mexico City earthquake, III Corps units were ready to move out to provide assistance. The 1985 Mexico City earthquake was one of the most devastating Earthquakes in the history of the Americas Fort Hood units also aided Managua, Nicaragua, after an earthquake ravaged the city. Managua is the Capital city of Nicaragua as well as the department and municipality by the same name Nicaragua (ˌnɪkəˈrɑgwə officially the Republic of Nicaragua () is a representative democratic republic and the largest nation in Central America The 1972 Nicaragua earthquake refers to the Earthquake that occurred at 1229 a
During the 1990s, Fort Hood continued an extensive building program to modernize the post. This modernization continues today with emphasis on quality of life, force projection and training. The Robertson Blood Center, Soldier Development Center, and a new commissary at Warrior Way have been completed. Many other improvements were made to improve the Power Projection Mission of the post such as improvements to the railhead and the runway at Gray Army Airfield. Training ranges have been upgraded.
The beginning of 21st century saw modernization in the Army in full swing. Some of these new advances in technology and war fighting include the fielding of the M1A2 Abrams Main Battle Tank, the M2A2 Operation Desert Storm (ODS) Bradley Infantry Fighting Vehicle, the M109A6 Paladin Howitzer, the OH-58D Kiowa Warrior, the AH-64D Apache Longbow Helicopter, and the M6 Bradley Linebacker.
Fort Hood was the first installation selected to privatize post housing under the residential communities initiative. Under this initiative, new housing units, remodeled housing and community improvements will be added to the post.
The year 2001 ushered in a new era for Fort Hood as security and the war on terrorism became a prime focus. Fort Hood transitioned from an open to a closed post with the help of military police from reserve units. The 1st Cav sent additional troops to Kuwait as a protective measure against possible aggressive actions from Iraq. The 4003rd Garrison Support Reserve unit fills vacancies left by deploying units at Fort Hood. Fort Hood also has a key role as a training base for mobilizing Reserve and National Guard units to support the Homeland Defense effort.
Many Fort Hood units have deployed to Afghanistan for Operation Enduring Freedom, and to Iraq for Operation Iraqi Freedom. The 4th Infantry Division was able to capture Saddam Hussein in December 2003. The 1st Cavalry Division will follow on the heels of the 4th Infantry Division as they deploy to Iraq in the spring of 2004.
Today, Fort Hood has nearly 65,000 soldiers and family members and serves as a home for Headquarters III Corps, the 1st Cavalry Division, 4th Infantry Division, 13th Corps Support Command, 3d Signal Brigade, 89th Military Police Brigade, 504th Military Intelligence Brigade, 21st Cavalry Brigade (Air Combat), and 31st Air Defense Brigade. Fort Hood also includes Darnall Army Community Hospital and the Medical And Dental Activities as tenant units.
Fort Hood is located at 31°7'48" North, 97°46'49" West (31. 130072, -97. 780260). 
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 15. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census 0 square miles (38. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 8 km²), of which, 14. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 9 square miles (38. 7 km²) of it is land and 0. 1 square miles (0. 1 km²) of it is water. The total area is 0. 33% water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 33,711 people, 5,819 households, and 5,679 families residing in the CDP. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. The population density is 2,255. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 7 people per square mile (870. 6/km²). There are 5,941 housing units at an average density of 397. 5/sq mi (153. 4/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP is 50. 73% White, 31. 60% African American, 1. 21% Native American, 2. 13% Asian, 0. 84% Pacific Islander, 8. 72% from other races, and 4. 77% from two or more races. 16. 70% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 5,819 households out of which 87. 6% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 87. 1% are married couples living together, 8. NOTICE TO WOULD-BE ROMEOS ************** 2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 2. 4% are non-families. 2. 0% of all households are made up of individuals and 0. 0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3. 92 and the average family size is 3. 95.
The age distribution is: 33. 3% under the age of 18, 32. 3% from 18 to 24, 33. 1% from 25 to 44, 1. 2% from 45 to 64, and 0. 1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 21 years. For every 100 females there are 163. 4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 209. 4 males. All these statistics are typical for military bases.
The median income for a household on the base is $32,552, and the median income for a family is $32,296. Males have a median income of $18,884 versus $17,101 for females. The per capita income for the CDP is $11,078. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country 9. 5% of the population and 8. 3% of families are below the poverty line. The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of Income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate Standard of living in a given country Out of the total population, 11. 0% of those under the age of 18 and 25. 8% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Fort Hood, located outside of Killeen, is the only two-division post in the United States, and is the home of III Corps. Killeen is a city in Bell County, Texas, United States. The population was 112434 at the 2000 census. The III Corps ( Third Corps) &mdashnicknamed the Phantom Corps, America's Hammer, and the Counterattack Corps &mdash is a Corps The two divisions on the base are the 1st Cavalry Division and the 4th Infantry Division. The 1st Cavalry Division ( "First Team") is a rapidly deployable heavy Armored division of the United States Army with base of operations The 4th Infantry Division is a modular division of the United States Army based at Fort Carson, Colorado, with four Brigade combat 4ID headquarters is scheduled to be moved to Fort Carson, Colorado. Fort Carson is a United States Army installation located immediately south of Colorado Springs in El Paso County, Colorado, and 30 3d ACR has moved from Ft. Carson Colorado to Ft. Hood TX.
Fort Hood is also home to the 13th Sustainment Command, a non-division major subordinate command that provides logistics support to III Corps while in garrison and theater level logistics support while deployed.
Before the breakup of the Soviet Union, Fort Hood was billed as the largest military base in the free world. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 During peacetime, Fort Hood is a gated post, with two military museums (one for each division), the Belton Lake Outdoor Recreation Area (BLORA), and a number of other facilities that are open to the public. Access to the cantonments became restricted starting on September 12, 2001. However, passes are available to visit the two museums on post, and the lake area remains open to the public without restriction since it is outside the cantonments. Various events, including the annual Independence Day celebration, which has one of the largest fireworks displays in the country, are open to the public.
Shortly after the 2000 census, responsibility for post housing was turned over to a partnership. Under the terms of the contract, most of the housing has been remodeled or rebuilt, and hundreds of new units have been built or are in the process of being built. The 9 schools in Fort Hood are part of the Killeen Independent School District. Killeen Independent School District is a public School district based in Killeen, Texas ( USA)
Fort Hood is in three sections, consisting of the main cantonment, West Fort Hood, and North Fort Hood. The main cantonment is bounded by Killeen on the east and Copperas Cove on the west. Killeen is a city in Bell County, Texas, United States. The population was 112434 at the 2000 census. Copperas Cove is a city in Bell, Coryell, and Lampasas Counties in the U The Fort Hood main cantonment area, otherwise referred to as Main post, holds its own airfield, Hood Army Airfield. North Fort Hood is bounded by Gatesville to the northwest. Gatesville is a city in Coryell County, Texas, United States. West Fort Hood, bounded by Killeen and Copperas Cove, includes Fort Hood's second airfield, Robert Gray Army Airfield, which has been expanded for civilian use (Killeen-Fort Hood Regional Airport (GRK)). Killeen-Fort Hood Regional Airport is a small military/commercial joint-use airport also known by its military designation as Robert Gray Army Airfield. To the east and southeast, the reservation is bounded by Harker Heights, Nolanville, Belton, and Morgan's Point Resort. Harker Heights is a city in Bell County, Texas, United States. Nolanville is a city in Bell County, Texas, United States. The population was 2150 at the 2000 census Belton is a city in Bell County, Texas, United States. The population was 14623 at the 2000 census Morgan's Point Resort is a city in Bell County, Texas, United States.