Flushing, founded in 1645, is an expansive neighborhood in the north central part of the New York City borough of Queens, ten miles east of Manhattan. The City of New York In New York City, a borough is a unique form of government which administers the five fundamental constituent parts that make up the consolidated city Manhattan Island, in New York Harbor, is much the largest part of the Borough of Manhattan, one of the Five Boroughs which form the City of New York
Flushing was one of the original Dutch villages on Long Island. Today, Flushing has evolved into one of the largest neighborhoods in New York City. The neighborhood has quiet, residential areas as well as busy commercial sections. It is part of the Fifth Congressional District which encompasses the entire northeastern shore of Queens County and extends into neighboring Nassau County. The 5th Congressional District of New York is a Congressional district for the United States House of Representatives that lies along the North Shore There is also a Town of Nassau in Rensselaer County. Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan The area is home to numerous ethnic groups including people of European, Asian, Hispanic and African-American descent.
Flushing is serviced by five railroad stations on the Long Island Rail Road Port Washington Branch and the New York City Subway Number 7 subway line has its terminus at Main Street. The Port Washington Branch is an electrified two-track Rail line and service owned and operated by the Long Island Rail Road in the U The New York City Subway is a Rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority, a subsidiary agency The 7 Flushing Local and 7 Flushing Express are Rapid transit services of the New York City Subway, providing local and express services along the full
Flushing is part of Queens Community Board 7. The Queens Community Board 7 is a local governmental advisory board in New York City, encompassing the neighborhoods of Flushing, Bay Terrace  Flushing is bounded by Flushing Meadows-Corona Park and Shea Stadium on the West, Francis Lewis Boulevard on the East, Jewel Avenue on the South and Willets Point Boulevard on the North. William A Shea Municipal Stadium, usually shortened to Shea Stadium or just Shea (ʃeɪ̪ is a Stadium located in the New York City borough Francis Lewis Boulevard is a boulevard in the New York City borough of Queens.
Before European settlement, northeastern Queens was inhabited by the Matinecoc Native Americans, a tribe of Algonquian-speaking people. Metoac (sometimes inaccurately referred to as the 13 tribes of Long Island) is the collective name for the locations of the Algonquian -speaking Native Americans on Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States The Algonquian (also Algonkian, and pronounced both and) languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic 
In 1645, the Village of Flushing was first settled by Europeans on the eastern bank of Flushing Creek under charter of the Dutch West India Company and was part of the New Netherland colony. The Flushing River, more properly and historically known as Flushing Creek is a waterway that flows through the northern part of central Queens in New York City Dutch West India Company ( Dutch: Geoctroyeerde Westindische Compagnie or GWC; English: Chartered West India Company was a company of The village was named after the city of Vlissingen, in the southwestern Netherlands, the main port of the company. Vlissingen ( or Flushing in English is a Municipality and a City in the southwestern Netherlands on the former island of Walcheren The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands
In its early days, Flushing was inhabited by English colonists, among them a farmer named John Bowne. John Bowne (1627-1695 was an English immigrant residing in the Dutch colony of New Netherland, who is honored today as a pioneer in the American struggle John Bowne defied a prohibition of imposed by New Amsterdam Director-General, Peter Stuyvesant to harbor Quakers by allowing Quaker meetings in his home. Peter Stuyvesant (originally Pieter or Petrus, Peter is never mentioned in historical records (c Today, landmarks from the Dutch period in Flushing include the John Bowne House on Bowne Street and the Old Quaker Meeting House on Northern Boulevard. The John Bowne House is located in Flushing Queens New York, in the United States. The Old Quaker Meeting House is a historic Quaker house of worship located at 137-16 Northern Boulevard in Flushing Queens, New York. New York State Route 25A is a New York State highway and the main East-West route for most of the North Shore of Long Island, running from the
The Flushing Remonstrance, signed in Flushing on December 27, 1657, protested religious persecution and eventually led to the decision by the Dutch West India Company to allow Quakers and others to worship freely. The Flushing Remonstrance was a 1657 Colonial American Petition to Peter Stuyvesant, the Governor of the Dutch colony of New Netherland Events 537 - The Hagia Sophia is completed 1512 - The Spanish Crown issues the Laws of Burgos, governing the As such, Flushing is claimed to be a birthplace of religious freedom in the new world. 
In 1664, the English took control of New Amsterdam ending Dutch control of the colony and renamed it New York. Flushing continued to be a small Long Island village.
Flushing was the site of the first commercial tree nurseries in North America, the most prominent being the Prince, Bloodgood, and Parsons nurseries. A nursery is a place where Plants are propagated and grown to usable size Much of the northern section of Kissena Park, former site of the Parsons nursery, still contains a wide variety of exotic trees. Kissena Park is a large park located in the neighborhood of Flushing in the New York City borough of Queens, along Kissena Creek which formerly The naming of streets intersecting Kissena Boulevard on its way toward Kissena Park celebrates this fact (Ash Avenue, Beech, Cherry . . . Poplar, Quince, Rose). Flushing also supplied trees to the Greensward project, now known as Central Park in Manhattan. Central Park is a large public Urban park in New York City, with about twenty-five million visitors annually
During the American Revolution, Flushing along with most settlements in present-day Queens County favored the British and quartered British troops. Following the Battle of Long Island, Nathan Hale, an officer in the Continental Army, was apprehended near Flushing Bay while on what was probably an intelligence gathering mission and was later hanged. Background On March 17 1776 the British fleet retreated to Halifax Nova Scotia to refit after the end of the year-long Siege of Boston. Nathan Hale ( June 6, 1755 &ndash September 22, 1776) was an officer for the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary The American Continental Army was an Army formed after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the colonies that became the United States of America
The 1785 Kingsland Homestead, originally the residence of a wealthy Quaker merchant, now serves as the home of the Queens Historical Society. Kingsland Homestead, located in Flushing, Queens is a New York City Landmark and member of the Historic House Trust. The Queens Historical Society, which was founded in 1968 after a merger with the Kingsland Preservation Commission, is dedicated to preserving the History and 
The 1790 United States census recorded that 5,393 people lived in what is present-day Queens County.
As New York City continued to grow in population and economic strength in the 1800s, Flushing's proximity to Manhattan was critical to its growth and transformation to a fashionable residential area.
In 1813, the Village of Flushing was incorporated into the Town of Flushing. By the mid-1860s, Queens County had 30,429 residents. Flushing's expansion continued in 1867 and 1868 when the neighboring villages of College Point and Whitestone were incorporated into the Town of Flushing.
In 1898, although opposed to the proposal, Flushing along with a re-drawn Queens County was consolidated into the City of New York. Local farmland continued to be subdivided and developed transforming Flushing into a densely populated neighborhood of New York City.
The continued construction of bridges over the Flushing River and the development of other roads increased the volume of vehicular traffic into Flushing. In 1909, the construction of the Queensborough Bridge over the East River connected Queens County to midtown Manhattan. For the bridge in New York City see Queensboro Bridge Queensborough Bridge is a highway bridge in New Westminster, British Columbia The East River is a tidal Strait in New York City. It connects Upper New York Bay on its south end to Long Island Sound on its north end See also Manhattan Midtown Manhattan, or simply Midtown, is an area of Manhattan, New York City home to world-famous commercial
The introduction of rail road service to Manhattan in 1910 by the Long Island Rail Road Port Washington Branch and in 1928 by the New York City Transit Authority's Number 7 subway line hastened the continued transformation of Flushing to a commuter suburb and larger commercial center. Due to increased traffic, a main roadway through Flushing named Broadway was widened and renamed Northern Boulevard.
Flushing was a forerunner of Hollywood, when the young American film industry was still based on the East Coast and Chicago. The Essanay Film Manufacturing Company was a motion picture studio founded on August 10, 1907 in the neighborhood of Uptown Chicago, IL Decades later, the RKO Keith's movie palace would host vaudeville acts and appearances by the likes of Mickey Rooney, The Marx Brothers and Bob Hope. Vaudeville was a Genre of variety entertainment prevalent on the stage in the United States and Canada, from the early 1880s Mickey Rooney (born Joseph Yule Jr; September 23, 1920) is an American Film Actor and Entertainer whose The Marx Brothers were a popular team of sibling Comedians who appeared in Vaudeville, stage plays film and television Bob Hope, KBE KCSG ( May 29, 1903 &ndash July 27, 2003) was an American comedian and actor who appeared in The theater now lies vacant and in disrepair due to an unauthorized real estate development project that took place in the early 1990s.
In 1921, Anne Frances Robbins was born in Flushing. She would later be known as Nancy Davis and, finally, Nancy Reagan, wife of Ronald Reagan. Nancy Davis Reagan (born Anne Frances Robbins on July 6 1921 is the widow of former United States President Ronald Reagan and served as an influential
The 1939-1940 World's Fair was held in Flushing Meadows-Corona Park. The 1939-40 New York World's Fair, Flushing Meadows-Corona Park (also the location of the 1964-1965 New York World's Fair) was one of the largest  Massive preparations for the Fair began in 1936 and included the elimination of the Corona dumps. Among the innovations presented to the world in 1939 were the television, which broadcast a speech by Franklin D. Roosevelt. Television ( TV) is a widely used Telecommunication medium for sending ( Broadcasting) and receiving moving Images, either monochromatic
After the World's Fair, the New York City pavilion was turned into the temporary headquarters of the United Nations. In 1947, the UN vote in favor of the establishment of the State of Israel took place here. The United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine or United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181 was a plan approved by the General Assembly on November 29 For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics.
The 1964-1965 World's Fair was also held in Flushing Meadows-Corona Park. The 1964/1965 New York World's Fair was the third major World's Fair to be held in New York City  After the Fair, the Unisphere, the New York State Pavilion and the New York City Pavilion remained in the park. Unisphere, also known as the globitron is a 12-story high spherical stainless steel representation of the Earth. The NYC Pavilion was converted into an ice-skating rink and later, the ice rink became the Queens Museum of Art. Pope Paul VI attended the Fair on October 4, 1965. Pope Michelangelo's masterpiece, the Pietà, was exhibited during his trip. Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni Two biographies were published of him during his lifetime One of them by Giorgio Vasari, proposed that he was the pinnacle of all The Pietà (pl same Italian for pity) is a subject in Christian art depicting The Virgin Mary cradling the dead body of Jesus, most  On this papal trip, Pope Paul VI became the first pope to visit the United States. An exedra now commemorates the site of the Vatican pavilion. In Architecture, an exedra is a semicircular recess often crowned by a half- Dome, which is usually set into a building's facade
Both Fairs were financially unprofitable ventures.
Historic Flushing Town Hall is located on Northern Boulevard and is the headquarters of the Flushing Council on Culture and the Arts. It is an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institute in Washington, D. C.  The building houses a concert hall and cultural center. The Flushing Armory, also on Northern Boulevard, formerly used by the National Guard. Since 1996, the New York City Police Department Queens North Task Force is housed in this building. 
Other registered New York City Landmarks in Flushing include the Bowne House, Kingsland Homestead, Old Quaker Meeting House (1694), Flushing High School, St. The John Bowne House is located in Flushing Queens New York, in the United States. The Old Quaker Meeting House is a historic Quaker house of worship located at 137-16 Northern Boulevard in Flushing Queens, New York. Flushing High School is a four-year Public high school in Flushing, in the New York City borough of Queens. George's Church (1854), the Latimer House, the RKO Keith's Movie Palace, the United States Post Office on Main Street and the Unisphere, a 12-story high globe that served as the centerpiece for the 1964 New York World's Fair. Unisphere, also known as the globitron is a 12-story high spherical stainless steel representation of the Earth. The 1964/1965 New York World's Fair was the third major World's Fair to be held in New York City A Weeping Beech tree, planted in 1847 just north of the Bowne House, was a registered New York City Landmark until it died in 1998 at 151 years old.
In 2005, the Fitzgerald-Ginsberg Mansion on Bayside Avenue and in 2007, the Voelker Orth Museum, Bird Sanctuary and Victorian Garden were designated as landmarks.
Several attractions remain from the World's Fairs in Flushing Meadows-Corona Park and are worth visiting. Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, often referred to as Flushing Meadow Park or Flushing Meadows Park, is located in northern Queens, New York City The Queens Museum of Art in the New York City Building features a scale model of New York City which is the largest architectural model ever built, the New York Hall of Science and the Queens Zoo are all in the park. The Queens Museum of Art, better known as QMA is a major Art Museum and educational center in the Queens borough of New York City The New York Hall of Science occupies one of the few remaining structures of the 1964 New York World's Fair in Flushing Meadow-Corona Park in the The Queens Zoo is a 5 acre (20000 m² Zoo located in the New York City borough of Queens, located in Flushing Meadows-Corona In addition to the Unisphere, the park contains a variety of sculpture and markers from the Fairs. Unisphere, also known as the globitron is a 12-story high spherical stainless steel representation of the Earth. There is a stone marker for the two 5,000-year Westinghouse Time Capsules made of special alloys buried in the park, chronicling 20th Century life in the United States dedicated both in 1938 and 1965. The Westinghouse Time Capsules are two Time capsules prepared by the Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company: "Time Capsule I" created An alloy is a Solid solution or Homogeneous mixture of two or more elements, at least one of which is a Metal, which itself has
The Queens Botanical Garden located on Main Street, has been in operation continuously since its opening as an exhibit at the 1939 World's Fair. The Queens Botanical Garden began as part of the 1939 New York World's Fair in Queens. The Botanical Garden carries on Flushing's long horticultural tradition begun by its once famous tree nurseries and seed farms.
The 2000 United States Census Bureau ranked Queens County as the ninth most populous county in the United States with over 2. 2 million residents. According to the Census Bureau, Queens County experienced over a 14% increase in population since the 1990 census.
The 2000 Census also reflected the growth of the Asian population in Queens County with over 391,500 people identifying themselves as Asians. That number was the largest in New York City, more than twice the number of people identifying themselves as Asians in Brooklyn. The 2000 Census revealed that the 5th Congressional District had almost 655,000 residents. Approximately 364,200 residents or 55% of the District identified themselves as white. A total of 160,896 residents or 25% of the District identified themselves as Asians and 153,721 or 24% identified themselves as Hispanic.
While it is claimed that more than half of Flushing's population is Asian American, that claim is questionable since many of the neighborhoods around Flushing also have a large number of Asian residents. Asian Americans are Americans of Asian ancestry. They include sub-ethnic groups such as Chinese Americans Filipino Americans Indian It is also claimed that Flushing has the largest ethnic Chinese community in the New York metropolitan area, ahead of Manhattan's Chinatown and that it is the second-largest Chinatown in United States. The New York metropolitan area, often referred to as the Tri-State Area, is the most populous Metropolitan area in the United States and is also one ||-||-||-||}The Chinatown neighborhood of Manhattan &mdash (紐約華埠 a borough of New York City &mdash is an Ethnic enclave with a large 
Broadway-Flushing also known as North Flushing is a residential area with many large homes. Broadway-Flushing located in New York City is a neighborhood in the northern part of Flushing Queens. Part of this area has been designated a State and Federal historic district due to the elegant, park-like character of the neighborhood. Recently much of the area was rezoned by the City of New York to preserve the low density, residential quality of the area. The neighborhood awaits designation as an Historic District by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Broadway-Flushing is bounded by 29th Avenue to the north, Northern Boulevard and Crocheron Avenue to the south, 155st to the west and 172nd Streets to the east.
All the public parks and playgrounds in Flushing are supervised by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. The City of New York Department of Parks & Recreation (colloquially the Parks Department) is the department of government of the City of New York responsible for For Queens County, the Department of Parks and Recreation is headquartered at The Overlook in Forest Park located in Kew Gardens.
The public schools in Flushing are all supervised by the New York City Department of Education through Administrative District 25.
There are numerous public Elementary and Junior High Schools in Flushing and students generally attend a school based on the location of their residence.
The five public high schools in Flushing include Flushing High School which is the oldest public high school in the City of New York. The school is housed in a distinctive Gothic Revival style building built between 1912 and 1915. The building was declared a NYC Landmark in 1991.
Townsend Harris High School located adjacent to the Queens College campus was recently ranked by the U. S. News and World Report as one of the best public high schools in the United States.
John Bowne High School, the Robert F. Kennedy Community High School and the Flushing International High School are also located in Flushing.
Private high schools include Holy Cross High School.
Queens College, one of the most respected senior colleges of the City University of New York (CUNY), is located on Kissena Boulevard in Flushing. Queens College, located in Flushing, Queens, New York City, is one of the senior Colleges of the City University of New York. The City University of New York (CUNY Acronym ˈkjuːni is the public University system of New York City. It opened in 1937. Adjoining it is the City University of New York School of Law, which operates a pro bono law firm that serves Flushing's immigrant and working-class communities. The City University of New York School of Law is a law school operated by the City University of New York (CUNY Pro bono publico (usually shortened to pro bono) is a Phrase derived from Latin meaning "for the public good
The Flushing Branch of the Queens Borough Public Library, located at the intersection of Kissena Boulevard and Main Street, is the largest branch library in New York City. The Queens Borough Public Library, also known as the Queens Library is the Public library for the Borough of Queens and one of three library  The library has developed into a valuable community resource and houses an auditorium for public events. The current building, designed by Polshek Partnership Architects, is the third to be built on the site--the first was a gift of Andrew Carnegie. Andrew Carnegie (properly kɑrˈneɪgi but commonly /ˈkɑrnɨgi/ or /kɑrˈnɛgi/ (25 November 1835 – 11 August 1919 was a Scottish -born American Industrialist  Flushing is also served by eight other Queens Borough Public Library branches. 
Main Street, on the western edge of Flushing, is conveniently located near air, rail and bus links. The 7 Flushing Local and 7 Flushing Express are Rapid transit services of the New York City Subway, providing local and express services along the full
The New York City Transit Authority operates the Flushing Number 7 subway line that has its terminus at the Flushing-Main Street Station which is located at the intersection of Main Street and Roosevelt Avenue. The Number 7 subway line provides a direct rail link to Grand Central Station and Times Square in Manhattan. Until the Flushing Number 7 made its way to the intersection of Main Street and Roosevelt Avenue in 1928, the center of Flushing was considered to be at the intersection of Northern Boulevard and Main Street.
The Metropolitan Transportation Authority operates the Long Island Rail Road Port Washington Branch that has five stops in Flushing. The Flushing-Main Street Station of the Long Island Rail Road is located one block away from the subway. Flushing Main Street is a station on the Port Washington Branch of the Long Island Rail Road, serving the neighborhood of Flushing Queens. The Long Island Rail Road also stops at at Shea Stadium when necessary and the Murray Hill, Broadway and Auburndale stations. The Long Island Rail Road provides a direct rail link to Pennsylvania Station also in Manhattan.
There are numerous bus routes available on Main Street with destinations to other Queens neighborhoods by MTA New York City Transit buses, the Bronx and Nassau County by MTA Long Island Bus. New York City Transit buses, operating under the MTA New York City Bus brand is a service of MTA Regional Bus Operations that operates in all five boroughs employing There is also a Town of Nassau in Rensselaer County. Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Long Island Bus is the brand used by MTA Regional Bus Operations for its bus service servicing primarily Nassau County.
The Van Wyck Expressway, Whitestone Expressway, Grand Central Parkway and Long Island Expressway are major roadways that serve the area. Interstate 678 (abbreviated I-678) is a north-south Spur route in the Interstate Highway System that runs 14 miles (23 km entirely within two boroughs Interstate 678 (abbreviated I-678) is a north-south Spur route in the Interstate Highway System that runs 14 miles (23 km entirely within two boroughs The Grand Central Parkway is a Parkway that stretches from the Triborough Bridge in New York City to Nassau County on Long Island. Interstate 495 (abbreviated I-495, better known as the Long Island Expressway or L
La Guardia Airport is located 10 minutes away by car or bus. LaGuardia Airport (ləˈɡwɑɹdiə is an airport located in Queens County on Long Island in the The City of New York. Flushing Airport was in operation from 1927 to 1984 and was located at the northern end of Linden Place. Flushing Airport is a decommissioned airfield in northern Queens in New York City. The site is considered to be in the College Point neighborhood. College Point is a diverse neighborhood in the New York City borough of Queens. The airport opened in 1927 as Speed's Airport and was the busiest airport in New York City before the development of LaGuardia Airport. LaGuardia Airport (ləˈɡwɑɹdiə is an airport located in Queens County on Long Island in the The City of New York.  In 1977, a Piper Twin Comanche crashed shortly after taking off, which eventually lead to the close of this airport in 1984. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout 
Flushing has hosted many world-class sporting events.
The New York Mets Baseball Club uses Shea Stadium as their home field and the United States Tennis Association's National Tennis Center hosts the U.S. Open Tournament in Flushing Meadows-Corona Park every year. "Mets" redirects here For the medical term see Metastasis. The US Open Tennis tournament is one of the oldest tennis championships in the world first contested in 1881 This tournament relocated to Flushing from its original home in Forest Hills, Queens.
Shea Stadium was also used by the New York Yankees during the 1974–1975 seasons while Yankee Stadium was being renovated and by the New York Jets before the football team moved to Giants Stadium in New Jersey. The New York Yankees are a professional baseball team based in the borough of The Bronx, in New York City, New York. The original Yankee Stadium is a Stadium located in The Bronx in New York City. The New York Jets are a professional American football team based in the New York metropolitan area. Giants Stadium, is the home Stadium for the New York Giants and New York Jets football teams of the NFL, and the Red Bull New New Jersey ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. Shea Stadium was designed with rotating seating sections on the lower level that would allow the stadium to be alternated between baseball and football configurations. Baseball is a Bat-and-ball Sport played between two teams of nine players each American football, known in the United States and Canada simply as football, is a competitive Team sport known for mixing strategy with In 2009, Shea Stadium will be replaced by Citi Field, which is currently under construction in Shea Stadium's parking lot. Citi Field is the new Baseball park for the New York Mets that is being built in Willets Point in the New York City borough of Shea Stadium has hosted four World Series, in 1969, 1973, 1986 and 2000. For other events named "World Series" see World Series (disambiguation. Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. Year 1986 ( MCMLXXXVI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar) 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar.
Religious tolerance has a long history in Flushing.
In 1657, while Flushing was still a Dutch settlement, a document known as the Flushing Remonstrance was created by Edward Hart, the town clerk, where some thirty ordinary citizens protested a ban imposed by Peter Stuyvesant, the director general of New Amsterdam, forbidding the harboring of Quakers. The Flushing Remonstrance cited the Flushing Town charter of 1645 which promised liberty of conscience. 
Today, Flushing abounds in houses of worship, ranging from the colonial Dutch Quaker Meeting House, St. George's Episcopal Church, the Flushing Free Synagogue, St. Andrew Avellino Roman Catholic Church, St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church - the largest Greek Orthodox Church in the United States - to a plethora of modern Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh temples.
As a result, Flushing can claim to be one of the most religiously diverse neighborhoods in the United States. It also includes many mosques and masjids for the growing number of Muslims and converts. 
The intersection of Main Street and Roosevelt Avenue, the downtown business center for Flushing, has become a center for Korean and Chinese culture and small businesses. Today, this section of Flushing is known for its selection of authentic Asian restaurants. The area south of Franklin Avenue is home to a large Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi market. In 2007, many Korean businesses moved away from Main Street and Chinese businesses have replaced them.