The oldest state flag
still in use is Denmark
's 13th century Dannebrog
. There are two separate meanings for the term state flag in Vexillology – the flag of state of a Government, and the flag of an individual subnational state The Kingdom of Denmark ( ˈd̥ænmɑɡ̊ (archaic ˈd̥anmɑːɡ̊ commonly known as Denmark, is a country in the Scandinavian region of northern Europe The national flag of Denmark, Dannebrog, is red with a white Scandinavian cross that extends to the edges of the flag the vertical part of the
A flag is a piece of cloth, often flown from a pole or mast, generally used symbolically for signaling or identification. A textile is a flexible material comprised of a network of natural or artificial Fibres often referred to as thread or Yarn. The mast of a sailing ship is a tall vertical or near vertical Spar, or arrangement of Spars which supports the Sails Large ships have several masts The musical instrument is spelled Cymbal. A symbol is something --- such as an object, Picture, written word a sound a piece The term flag is also used to refer to the graphic design employed by a flag, or to its depiction in another medium. The term graphic design can refer to a number of artistic and professional disciplines which focus on visual communication and presentation
The first flags were used to assist military coordination on battlefields and flags have evolved into a general tool for rudimentary signaling and identification, This was especially used in environments where communication is similarly challenging (such as the maritime environment where semaphore is used). Flag semaphore is a system for conveying information at a distance by means of visual signals with hand-held flags rods disks paddles or occasionally bare or gloved hands National flags are potent patriotic symbols with varied wide-ranging interpretations, often including strong military associations due to their original and ongoing military uses. Flags are used in messaging, advertising, or for other decorative purposes. Advertising is a form of Communication that typically attempts to persuade potential Customers to Purchase or to consume more of a particular Brand The study of flags is known as vexillology, from the Latin vexillum meaning flag or banner. Vexillology is the scholarly study of Flags The word is a synthesis of the Latin word Vexillum and the suffix –''ology'', meaning "study Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. A banner is a Flag or other piece of cloth bearing a symbol logo slogan or other message
Derafsh-e-kaviani, Flag of Achaemenian Persian
) Empire, 500 B. The Achaemenid Empire or Achaemenid Persian Empire ( haχɒmaneʃijɒn (558–330 BC was the first of the Persian Empires to rule over significant portions of
According to the Encyclopedia Britannica: "Flags recognizable as such were the invention, almost certainly, of the ancient Indians or the Chinese. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country " The usage of flags spread from India and China to neighboring Burma, Siam, and southeastern Asia. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National Burma, officially the Union of Myanmar ( pjìdàunzṵ mjàmmà nàinŋàndɔ̀ is the largest country by geographical area in mainland Southeast Asia. The Kingdom of Thailand (ˈtaɪlænd ราชอาณาจักรไทย, râːtɕʰa-ʔaːnaːtɕɑ̀k-tʰɑj 
Persians used Derafsh-e-kaviani as the flag, at the time of Achaemenian dynasty at 550–330 B. layout and formatting it should ensure no clashes with the top of the infobox The Achaemenid Empire or Achaemenid Persian Empire ( haχɒmaneʃijɒn (558–330 BC was the first of the Persian Empires to rule over significant portions of C. Afterwards it was used in different look by the late Sassanid era (224-651). The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Dynasty or Sassanian Dynasty (ساسانیان) is the name used for the third Iranian dynasty and the second Persian empire It was also representative of the Sassanid state - Ērānshāhr, the "Kingdom of Iran" - and may so be considered to have been the first "national flag" of Iran. The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Dynasty or Sassanian Dynasty (ساسانیان) is the name used for the third Iranian dynasty and the second Persian empire For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iran topics.
Originally, the standards of the Roman legions were not flags, but symbols like the eagle of Augustus Caesar's Xth legion; this eagle would be placed on a staff for the standard-bearer to hold up during battle. For other uses see Legion The Roman Legion (from Latin legio "military levy Conscription," Eagles are large birds of prey which are members of the Bird order Falconiformes and family Accipitridae, and belong to several genera Augustus ( Latin: IMPERATOR·CAESAR·DIVI·FILIVS·AVGVSTVS September 23 63 BC – August 19 AD 14) born Gaius Octavius Thurinus, was Legio X Fretensis (Latin "Tenth legion of the sea strait " was a Roman legion levied by Augustus in 41 / 40 BC But a military unit from Dacia had for a standard a dragon with a flexible tail which would move in the wind; the legions copied this; eventually all the legions had flexible standards — our modern-day flag. Dacia, in ancient geography was the land of the Dacians. It was named by the ancient Hellenes ( Greeks) " Getae " The dragon is a Legendary creature of which some interpretation or depiction appears in almost every culture worldwide Wind is the flow of Air or other Gases that compose an Atmosphere (including but not limited to the Earth's)
During the Middle Ages, flags were used mainly during battles to identify individual leaders: in Europe the knights, in Japan the samurai, and in China the generals under the imperial army. Knight is the English term for a social position originating in the Middle Ages. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. is the term for the military nobility of Pre-industrial Japan. China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National
From the time of Christopher Columbus onwards, it has been customary (and later a legal requirement) for ships to carry flags designating their nationality; these flags eventually evolved into the national flags and maritime flags of today. Christopher Columbus (1451 &ndash May 20 1506 was an Italian Navigator, colonizer A maritime flag is a Flag designated for use on Boats and other watercraft Flags also became the preferred means of communications at sea, resulting in various systems of flag signals; see International maritime signal flags. Communication is the process of conveying information from a sender to a receiver with the use of a medium in which the communicated information is understood the same way
As European knights were replaced by centralized armies, flags became the means to identify not just nationalities but also individual military units. An army (from Latin Armata "act of arming" via Old French armée) in the broadest sense is the land-based Armed forces Flags became objects to be captured or defended. Eventually these flags posed too much danger to those carrying them, and by World War I these were withdrawn from the battlefields, and have since been used only at ceremonial occasions. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All
The Dutch flag is the oldest tricolor
One of the most popular uses of a flag is to symbolize a nation or country. A national flag is a Flag that symbolises a country The flag is flown by the government but usually can be flown by Citizens of that country as well The Parliamentary Triangle is the ceremonial precinct of Canberra, containing some of Australia's most significant buildings Canberra ( is the capital city of Australia With a population of over 340000 it is Australia's largest inland City. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. A nation is a Human Cultural and Social Community. In as much as most members never meet each other yet feel a common bond it may be considered In Political geography and International politics, a country is a Political division of a geographical entity Some national flags have been particularly inspirational to other nations, countries, or subnational entities in the design of their own flags. A national flag is a Flag that symbolises a country The flag is flown by the government but usually can be flown by Citizens of that country as well Some prominent examples include:
- The flag of Denmark is the oldest state flag still in use. The national flag of Denmark, Dannebrog, is red with a white Scandinavian cross that extends to the edges of the flag the vertical part of the The Kingdom of Denmark ( ˈd̥ænmɑɡ̊ (archaic ˈd̥anmɑːɡ̊ commonly known as Denmark, is a country in the Scandinavian region of northern Europe A state is a political association with effective Sovereignty over a geographic Area and representing a Population. This flag, called the Dannebrog, inspired the cross design of the other Nordic countries: Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, and regional flags for the Faroe Islands, Åland, Scania and Bornholm. The national flag of Denmark, Dannebrog, is red with a white Scandinavian cross that extends to the edges of the flag the vertical part of the Nordic Cross Flag Nordic Cross Scandinavian Cross is a pattern of flags usually associated with the Flags of the Scandinavian countries of which it originated The Nordic countries make up a region in Northern Europe called the Nordic region, consisting of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, The flag of Norway is red with an indigo blue Scandinavian cross outlined in white that extends to the edges of the flag the vertical part of the cross is shifted List of flags of Sweden The Flag of Sweden (Sveriges flagga is blue with a yellow Scandinavian cross that extends to the edges of the flag List of flags of Finland The flag of Finland, also called Siniristilippu ("Blue Cross Flag" dates from the beginning of the 20th century List of flags of Iceland The flag of Iceland was officially described in Law No The flag of the Faroe Islands is an offset cross following as with other Nordic flags the tradition set by Dannebrog. The flag of Åland refers to the geographical and political position of the Finnish islands of Åland just off the coast of Sweden: it is the The "flag of Skåneland", or the Scanian Cross Flag is a provincial flag representing Scania, the southernmost province of Sweden. This is the flag of Bornholm. It emerged sometime in the 1970's and is used to some extent
- The Union Flag (Union Jack) of the United Kingdom is the most commonly used. The Union Flag, also known as the Union Jack, is the national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located British colonies typically flew a flag based on one of the ensigns based on this flag, and many former colonies have retained the design to acknowledge their cultural history. Examples: Australia, Fiji, New Zealand, Tuvalu, and also the Canadian provinces of Manitoba, Ontario and British Columbia, and the American state of Hawaii; see commons:Flags based on British ensigns. The flag of Australia was chosen in 1901 from entries in a worldwide design competition held following Federation. Prior to ceding the country to British rule in 1874 the government of Fiji adopted a national flag featuring blue and white vertical The flag of New Zealand is a defaced Blue Ensign with the Union Flag in the canton and four red stars with white borders to the right The current Flag of Tuvalu was instated when the country became independent in 1978, after the separation from the Gilberts in 1976 The Flag of Manitoba is a variation of the Red Ensign which bears the shield of the provincial coat of arms. The current Flag of Ontario was proclaimed the official flag of the Canadian province of Ontario by the Flag Act on May 21, 1965 The Flag of British Columbia, Canada is based upon the shield of the provincial arms of British Columbia. The flag of Hawaii ( Hawaiian: Ka Hae Hawaii) is the official standard symbolizing Hawaii as a U
- The Tricolour of The Netherlands is the oldest tricolor, first appearing in 1572 as the Prince's Flag in orange–white–blue. The Flag of the Netherlands is a horizontal Tricolour of Red, White, and Blue. The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands A tricolour or tricolor (three colours is a Flag or Banner more-or-less equally divided (horizontally vertically or less frequently diagonally The colour orange occurs White is a Color, the perception which is evoked by Light that stimulates all three types of color sensitive Cone cells in the Human eye Blue is a Colour, the Perception of which is evoked by Soon the more famous red–white–blue began appearing — it is however unknown why, though many stories are known. Red is any of a number of similar Colors evoked by light consisting predominantly of the longest wavelengths of Light discernible by the human eye in the wavelength After 1630 the red–white–blue was the most commonly seen flag. The Dutch Tricolor has inspired many flags but most notably those of Russia, India and France, which spread the tricolor concept even further. Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The Flag of the Netherlands is also the only flag in the world that is adapted for some uses, when the occasion has a connection to the royal house of the Netherlands an orange ribbon is added. The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands
- The national flag of France, also called the Tricouleur, which inspired other nations to adopt differenced tricolors in sympathy with the revolutionary spirit with which the flag was designed in 1794. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. A tricolour or tricolor (three colours is a Flag or Banner more-or-less equally divided (horizontally vertically or less frequently diagonally A tricolour or tricolor (three colours is a Flag or Banner more-or-less equally divided (horizontally vertically or less frequently diagonally Examples among many: Costa Rica, Ireland, Italy, Romania, Mexico. The Flag of Costa Rica was officially adopted on November 27, 1906. See also List of Italian flags The flag of Italy ( La bandiera d'Italia, often referred to in Italian as Il Tricolore) is a Tricolour The national flag of Romania is a tricolour with vertical stripes beginning from the flagpole blue yellow and red The Flag of the United Mexican States or Mexico is a vertical tricolor of Green, White, and Red with
- The flag of the United States, also nicknamed The Stars and Stripes or Old Glory. Flags of the United States The Flag of the United States of America consists of 13 equal horizontal stripes of Red (top and bottom alternating The United States of America —commonly referred to as the In the same way that nations looked to France for inspiration, many countries were also inspired by the American Revolution, which they felt was symbolized in this flag. In this article the inhabitants of the thirteen colonies that supported the American Revolution are primarily referred to as "Americans" with occasional references to "Patriots" Examples: Cuba, Liberia, Chile, Uruguay, and the French region of Brittany. The flag of Cuba was adopted on May 20, 1902, containing a field with five blue and white stripes and a red triangle at the hoist with a white 5-pointed The Liberian flag bears close resemblance to the Flag of the United States, showing the ex-American slave origins of the country The National flag of Chile, also known as La estrella solitaria ( Spanish for "the lone star" consists of two equal horizontal The national flag of Uruguay ( Pabellón Nacional) has a field of nine equal horizontal stripes alternating white and blue The flag of Brittany is called the Gwenn-ha-du which means white and black in Breton.
- The flag of Russia, the source for the Pan-Slavic colors adopted by many Slavic states and peoples as their symbols. Examples: Slovakia, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia. The current form of the flag of Slovakia was adopted by Slovakia's Constitution which came into force on September 3, 1992. The flag of Serbia is a Tricolour with Pan-Slavic colours, with three equal horizontal fields Red on the top Blue in the middle The Croatian flag consists of three equal size horizontal stripes in the pan-Slavic colours Red, White and Blue. The national flag of Slovenia features three equal horizontal bands of white (top blue and red with the Slovenian coat of arms located in the upper hoist side
- The original tricolor Flag of Iran, the source for the Pan-Iranian colors Green, White and Red adopted by many Indo-Iranian or Aryan states and peoples as their symbols. The current flag of Iran was adopted on July 29, 1980, and is a reflection of the changes brought to Iran by the Islamic Revolution Aryan is an English word derived from the Sanskrit " Ārya " meaning "noble" or "honorable" Examples: Tajikistan, Kurdistan, Republic of Ararat, Talysh-Mughan. Adopted in November 1992 Tajikistan was the last of the former Soviet republics to reveal a new flag The Kurdish flag (also flag of Kurdistan, Kurdish: Alaya Kurdistanê, also called Alay Rengîn ("the colorful flag" first appeared This article is about the Kurdish independence movement The same name was sometimes also used to refer to the Democratic Republic of Armenia, established in 1918 The Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic was a short-lived self-proclaimed autonomous republic in Azerbaijan, that lasted from June to August 1993 Also Bulgarians who claim to be descendants of ancient Iranian people known as Thracians and Scythians adopted Pan-Iranian colors see Bulgaria. The Bulgarians (българи balgari) are a South Slavic people generally associated with the Republic of Bulgaria and the Bulgarian language "Thracians" also refers to modern inhabitants of Thrace, regardless of ethnicity The Scythians or Scyths (Σκύθες Σκύθοι were an Iranian speaking people of horse-riding Nomadic pastoralists who dominated the Pontic The Flag of Bulgaria (знаме на България zname na Balgariya) is a Tricolour consisting of three equal-sized horizontal bands Some of Iran's non-Iranian neighboring countries also adopted these colors see Kuwait and Oman. The flag of Kuwait ( علم الكويت) was adopted on September 7, 1961 and officially hoisted November 24, Gallery TemplateNationalflags -->
- Ethiopia was seen as a model by emerging African states of the 1950s and 1960s, as it was one of the oldest independent states in Africa. NOTE This intro is the result of careful NPOV work Please do not make potentially controversial edits to it without first discussing on the talk page Accordingly, its flag became the source of the Pan-African colors. The Flag of Ethiopia was adopted on February 6, 1996. The 3 traditional colors- green yellow and red- date back to the Emperor Menelik (1889-1913 Two different sets of three colours are referred to as the Pan-African colours: the green gold and red first used in the Flag of Ethiopia; (Ghana was the first Examples: Togo, Senegal, Ghana, Mali. The flag of Togo was adopted on April 27, 1960. It has five equal horizontal bands of green (top and bottom alternating with yellow The origins of the flag of Senegal lie in the former Mali Federation, whose Flag was identical spare for a stylized black silhouette in the central section flag of Ghana was adopted in 1957 It was replaced with a variant with a white stripe in the middle from 1964 to 1966 The flag of Mali is a Tricolor with three equal vertical stripes
- The flag of Turkey, which was the flag of the Ottoman Empire, has been an inspiration for the flag designs of many other Muslim nations. The flag of Turkey consists of a white crescent moon and a Star on a Red background Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches The Ottoman Empire (1299–1923 ( Old Ottoman Turkish: دولتْ علیّه عثمانیّه Devlet-i Âliye-yi Osmâniyye, Late Ottoman and Modern Turkish During the time of the Ottomans the crescent began to be associated with Islam and this is reflected on the flags of Algeria, Azerbaijan, Comoros, Malaysia, Mauritania, Pakistan and of Tunisia. For things named Crescent see Crescent (disambiguation. In art and symbolism a crescent is generally the shape produced when a For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation. The National flag of Algeria consists of two equal vertical bars green and white charged in the center with a red Star and crescent. The Flag of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan bayrağı is one of the National symbols of Azerbaijan and consists of three equal horizontal bands from top blue The current flag of Comoros was designed in 2001 and adopted on January 7, 2002. The flag of Malaysia, also known as the Jalur Gemilang ("Stripes of Glory" comprises a field of 14 alternating red and white stripes along The national flag of Mauritania was adopted on April 1, 1959. The national flag of Pakistan was designed by Syed Amir uddin Kedwaii and was based on the original flag of the Muslim League. The national flag of Tunisia (علم تونس is predominantly red and comprised of a white circle in the middle containing a red Crescent around a Five-pointed
- The Pan-Arab colors, green, white, red and black, are derived from the flag of the Great Arab Revolt as seen on the flags of Jordan, Kuwait, Sudan, Syria, the United Arab Emirates, Western Sahara, Egypt, Iraq, Yemen and Palestine. The Pan-Arab colors are Red, Black, White, and Green and have their origins in the flag of the Arab Revolt. Green is a Color, the perception of which is evoked by light having a spectrum dominated by energy with a Wavelength of roughly 520–570- nm. White is a Color, the perception which is evoked by Light that stimulates all three types of color sensitive Cone cells in the Human eye Red is any of a number of similar Colors evoked by light consisting predominantly of the longest wavelengths of Light discernible by the human eye in the wavelength Black is the Color of objects that do not emit or Reflect Light in any part of the Visible spectrum; they absorb all such frequencies of The Arab Revolt (1916&ndash1918 ( الثورة العربية Al-Thawra al-`Arabīya) was initiated by the Sherif Hussein ibn Ali with the aim of securing The national flag of Jordan ( علم الأردن) is based on the Flag of the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire during World War I The flag of Kuwait ( علم الكويت) was adopted on September 7, 1961 and officially hoisted November 24, The flag of Sudan ( علم السودان) was adopted on May 20, 1970, and consists of a red-white-black Tricolor with a green The current flag of Syria ( علم سوريا) was re-adopted in 1980. The flag of the United Arab Emirates ( علم الإمارات العربية المتحدة) was adopted on December 2, 1971. Western Sahara ( علم الصحراء الغربية) is a territory of northwestern Africa, bordered by Morocco to the north Algeria in the The flag of Egypt ( علم مصر) in its current form was adopted on October 4, 1984. The flag of Iraq ( علم العراق) has had five different designs since the Kingdom of Iraq was established in 1921 The national flag of Yemen ( علم اليمن) was adopted on May 22, 1990, the same day that North Yemen and South Yemen The Palestinian flag ( علم فلسطين) was originally designed by Sharif Hussein for the Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire in 1916
- The Soviet flag, with its golden symbols of the hammer and sickle on a red field, was an inspiration to flags of other communist states, such as East Germany, People's Republic of China, Vietnam, Angola, Afghanistan and Mozambique. The flag of the Soviet Union consisted of a plain Red flag, with a hammer crossed with a sickle (the Hammer and sickle) and a Red star in The hammer and sickle is a part of Communist symbolism and its usage indicates an association with Communism, Communist Party, or Communist state Communism is a Socioeconomic structure that promotes the establishment of an egalitarian, classless, stateless Society based The flag of Germany is a Tricolour consisting of three equal horizontal bands displaying the national colours of Germany: Black, The Flag of the People's Republic of China, the "Five-Starred Red Flag ( was designed by Zeng Liansong, an Economist and Artist The flag of Vietnam, also known as the "red flag with yellow star" ( cờ đỏ sao vàng) was adopted as the flag of the Vietminh, a 2003 proposal In 2003 a new more "optimistic" flag was proposed which so far has not been formally adopted The Flag of Afghanistan was adopted by the transitional government of Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan in 2002&ndash2004 The flag of Mozambique was adopted on May 1, 1983. It includes the image of an AK-47 and is the only national flag in the world to feature such
- The flag of Venezuela, created by Francisco de Miranda to represent the independence movement in Venezuela that later gave birth to the "Gran Colombia", inspired the individual flags of Colombia and Ecuador, both sharing three bands of color and three of them (Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela) sharing the yellow, blue and red. The flag of Venezuela dates from 1811, the beginning of that nation's struggle for independence Venezuela (ˌvɛnəˈzweɪlə) officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish República Bolivariana de Venezuela) is a country on the Sebastián Francisco de Miranda y Rodríguez ( Caracas, March 28, 1750 – in prison El Arsenal de la Carraca, Cadiz, Gran Colombia ( Spanish for Great Colombia) is a name used today for the Republic of Colombia of the period 1819-1831 List of Colombian flags The Flag of Colombia was adopted on November 26, 1861. The flag of Ecuador, which consists of horizontal bands of yellow (double width blue and red was adopted on September 26, 1860. Yellow is the Color evoked by light that stimulates both the L and M (long and medium wavelength Cone cells of the Retina about equally Blue is a Colour, the Perception of which is evoked by Red is any of a number of similar Colors evoked by light consisting predominantly of the longest wavelengths of Light discernible by the human eye in the wavelength
- The flag of Argentina, created by Manuel Belgrano during the war of independence, was the inspiration for the United Provinces of Central America's flag, which in turn was the origin for the flags of Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Nicaragua. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Argentina topics. Manuel José Joaquín del Corazón de Jesús Belgrano, usually referred to as Manuel Belgrano ( June 3, 1770 &ndash June 20, 1820 The Federal Republic of Central America, also known as the United Central Provinces of America, was a short-lived American State in Central America Guatemala (República de Guatemala) is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west the Pacific Ocean to the southwest Honduras in Spanish, República de Honduras) is a democratic republic in Central America. El Salvador ( República de El Salvador,) is a country in Central America. Nicaragua (ˌnɪkəˈrɑgwə officially the Republic of Nicaragua () is a representative democratic republic and the largest nation in Central America
National flag designs are often used to signify nationality in other forms, such as flag patches. A flag patch is a piece of fabric displaying the national flag of a country
A civil flag is a version of the national flag that is flown by civilians on non-government installations or craft. A civil flag is a version of the National flag that is flown by civilians on non-government installations or craft The use of civil flags was more common in the past, in order to denote buildings or ships that were not manned by the military. In some countries the civil flag is the same as the war flag or state flag, but without the coat of arms, such as in the case of Spain, and in others it is an alteration of the war flag. A war flag (or military flag) is a variant of a National flag for use by the nation's military forces on land There are two separate meanings for the term state flag in Vexillology – the flag of state of a Government, and the flag of an individual subnational state
|Standing for the UK's Royal Air Force, the Ensign of the RAF displays the RAF roundel. A war flag (or military flag) is a variant of a National flag for use by the nation's military forces on land The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The Royal Air Force Ensign is the official Flag which is used to represent the Royal Air Force. A roundel in Heraldry is any circular shape in military use it is an Emblem of nationality employed on military aircraft and air force flags generally round and |
German troops after surrendering to the U. S. Third Army in WW2
. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including
The first soldier carries a white flag.
Several countries (including the United Kingdom and the former Nazi Germany) have unique flags flown by their armed forces, rather than the national flag. The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. Nazi Germany and the Third Reich are the common English names for Germany under the regime of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers For the military meaning see Armed forces. For the Soviet sports society see Armed Forces (sports society Armed Forces A national flag is a Flag that symbolises a country The flag is flown by the government but usually can be flown by Citizens of that country as well
Other countries' armed forces (such as those of the United States or Switzerland) use their standard national flag. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation The Philippines' armed forces may use their standard national flag, but during times of war the flag is turned upside down - the only known case where an upside down national flag signifies a state of war (and not merely distress. The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP ) These are also considered war flags, though the terminology only applies to the flag's military usage.
Large versions of the war flag flown on the warships of countries' navies are known as battle ensigns. A warship is a Ship that is built and primarily intended for Combat. A battle ensign is the name given to a large War flag which is flown on a Warship 's mast just before going into battle In war waving a white flag indicates surrender. White is a Color, the perception which is evoked by Light that stimulates all three types of color sensitive Cone cells in the Human eye
Flags at sea
|The international maritime signal flag Delta (letter D). A maritime flag is a Flag designated for use on Boats and other watercraft |
Flags are particularly important at sea, where they can mean the difference between life and death, and consequently where the rules and regulations for the flying of flags are strictly enforced. A national flag flown at sea is known as an ensign. An ensign is a distinguishing Flag of a ship or a military unit or a distinguishing token emblem or badge such as a symbol of office A courteous, peaceable merchant ship or yacht customarily flies its ensign (in the usual ensign position), together with the flag of whatever nation it is currently visiting at the mast (known as a courtesy flag). A yacht is a recreational boat It designates two rather different classes of Watercraft, sailing and power yachts A courtesy flag (or courtesy ensign) is flown by a ship in foreign waters as a token of respect by a vessel that is visiting To fly one's ensign alone in foreign waters, a foreign port or in the face of a foreign warship traditionally indicates a willingness to fight, with cannon, for the right to do so. | NOTE Throughout this article "cannon" is used as BOTH the || singular and plural As of 2006, this custom is still taken seriously by many naval and port authorities and is readily enforced in many parts of the world by boarding, confiscation and other civil penalties.
In some countries yacht ensigns are different from merchant ensigns in order to signal that the yacht is not carrying cargo that requires a customs declaration. Cargo (or freight) refers to goods or produce transported generally for Commercial gain by ship, aircraft, train, Customs is an Authority or agency in a Country responsible for collecting and safeguarding customs duties and for controlling the flow of goods Carrying commercial cargo on a boat with a yacht ensign is deemed to be smuggling in many jurisdictions. Smuggling, also known as trafficking, is the clandestine transportation of goods or persons past a point where prohibited such as out of a building into a Prison
There is a system of international maritime signal flags for numerals and letters of the alphabet. Each flag or pennant has a specific meaning when flown individually.
As well, semaphore flags can be used to communicate on an ad hoc basis from ship to ship over short distances. Flag semaphore is a system for conveying information at a distance by means of visual signals with hand-held flags rods disks paddles or occasionally bare or gloved hands
Shape and design
|The flag of Nepal, the only national flag that is not rectangular or square. This is a gallery of Flags arranged by design Solid See also Gallery of solid flags Four examples Bicolour See also The national flag of Nepal is the only national flag in the world that is not a quadrilateral |
Flags are usually rectangular in shape (often in the ratio 2:3 or 3:5), but may be of any shape or size that is practical for flying, including square, triangular, or swallow tailed. A more unusual flag shape is that of the flag of Nepal, which is in the shape of two stacked triangles. The national flag of Nepal is the only national flag in the world that is not a quadrilateral
Many flags are dyed through and through to be inexpensive to manufacture, such that the reverse side is the mirror image of the obverse (front) side. Through and through describes a situation where an object real or imaginary passes completely through another object also real or imaginary "Mirror Image" is an episode of the Television series The Twilight Zone. This presents two possibilities:
- If the design is symmetrical in an axis parallel to the flag pole, obverse and reverse will be identical despite the mirror-reversal e. Symmetry generally conveys two primary meanings The first is an imprecise sense of harmonious or aesthetically-pleasing proportionality and balance such that it reflects beauty or g. flag of India
- If not, the obverse and reverse will present two variants of the same design, one with the hoist on the left, the other with the hoist on the right. "Indian flag" redirects here For flags used by Native American peoples see the tribes' respective articles, for example the Navajo Nation. This is very common and usually not disturbing if there is no text in the design.
Some complex flag designs are not intended for through and through implementation, requiring separate obverse and reverse sides if made correctly. In these cases there is a design element (usually text) which is not symmetric and should be read in the same direction, regardless of whether the hoist is to the viewer's left or right. These cases can be divided into two types:
- The same (asymmetric) design may be duplicated on both sides. Such flags can be manufactured by creating two identical through and through flags and then sewing them back to back, though this can affect the resulting combination's responsiveness to the wind. Depictions of such flags may be marked with the symbol , indicating the reverse is congruent to (rather than a mirror image of) the obverse.
- Rarely, the reverse design may differ, in whole or in part, from that of the obverse. Examples are the national flag of Paraguay, the flag of the U.S. state of Oregon, and the historical national flag of the Soviet Union. The flag of Paraguay (bandera de Paraguay was adopted in 1842. The Flag of the US state of Oregon is a two-sided flag in Navy blue and gold with an optional gold fringe The flag of the Soviet Union consisted of a plain Red flag, with a hammer crossed with a sickle (the Hammer and sickle) and a Red star in Depictions of such flags may be marked with the symbol . See: Flags whose reverse differs from the obverse. This article concerns national sub-national and historical Flags whose reverse is or was at some point of their history different from the obverse
|The flag of Kiribati, a banner of arms. The Flag of Kiribati: the upper half is red with a gold Frigatebird ( Fregata minor, in Gilbertese: te eitei) flying over A banner is a Flag or other piece of cloth bearing a symbol logo slogan or other message |
Common designs on flags include crosses, stripes, and divisions of the surface, or field, into bands or quarters — patterns and principles mainly derived from heraldry. Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. A heraldic coat of arms may also be flown as a banner of arms, as is done on both the state flag of Maryland and the flag of Kiribati. A banner is a Flag or other piece of cloth bearing a symbol logo slogan or other message The flag of Maryland consists of the heraldic banners of the family of George Calvert 1st Baron Baltimore. The Flag of Kiribati: the upper half is red with a gold Frigatebird ( Fregata minor, in Gilbertese: te eitei) flying over
The flag of Libya, which consists of a rectangular field of green, is the only national flag using a single color and no design or insignia. The flag of Libya ( علم ليبيا) (adopted on November 11, 1977) consists of a simple Green field with no other characteristics
The world's largest flag is this 18,843 m² (202,823. 55 ft²) flag of Israel
. List of flags of Israel The flag of Israel was adopted on October 28, 1948, five months after the country's establishment 
The largest flag, as adjudicated by Guinness World Records, is an 18,847-square-meter flag of Israel made by Filipina Grace Galindez-Gupana and unfurled at Masada Airfield in November 2007. Guinness World Records, known until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records (and in previous U List of flags of Israel The flag of Israel was adopted on October 28, 1948, five months after the country's establishment Filipinos or the Filipino people are the citizens of the Philippines. Bar Yehuda Airfield ( Hebrew מנחת בר־יהודה, minḥat bar-yehuda; sometimes known as Masada Airfield), named after Israel  This flag plus 3 other gigantic national flags and 180 smaller flags of other countries were later sewn together by Gupana's multinational team to form the world's largest banner, covering an area of 54,451 square meters. A banner is a Flag or other piece of cloth bearing a symbol logo slogan or other message 
Other large flags, in excess of 10,000 square metres (110,000 sq ft) that have been constructed, appear in the following list.
| Israel (Largest according to the Guiness Institution)||Masada, Israel||66,000|
| Palestine||Damascus, Syria||27,000|
| United States ("Superflag")||Long Beach, California, USA||12,012|
| Central Tibetan Administration||Calais, France||11,250|
|APEC (largest flag ever flown)||Hanoi, Vietnam||10,000|
Flags can play many different roles in religion. List of flags of Israel The flag of Israel was adopted on October 28, 1948, five months after the country's establishment Masada ( Hebrew מצדה pronounced Metzada, from מצודה metzuda, "fortress" is the name for a site of ancient Palaces and For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics. Damascus ( دمشق,, also commonly known as الشام ash-Shām) is the capital and largest city of Syria. Syria ( سوريّة or) officially the Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic ar الجمهورية العربية السورية The national flag of Bahrain ( علم البحرين) consists of a white band on the left separated from a red area on the right by five triangles that serve The Kingdom of Bahrain (in مملكة البحرين,, literally Kingdom of the Two Seas) is an Island country in the Persian Gulf The national flag of Pakistan was designed by Syed Amir uddin Kedwaii and was based on the original flag of the Muslim League. Pakistan () officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia, Southwest Asia, Middle East and Flags of the United States The Flag of the United States of America consists of 13 equal horizontal stripes of Red (top and bottom alternating Long Beach is a city located in southern California, USA, on the Pacific coast The flag of Tibet, also known as the snow lion flag, was introduced in 1912 by the 13th Dalai Lama, who united the army flags of various provinces Calais (kaˈlɛ in English often kæˈleɪ traditional English pronunciation /ˈkælɨs/ Kales is a town in northern France. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Hanoi ( Vietnamese: Hà Nội Hán Tự: 河[[wikt 内|内]], estimated population 3398889 (2007, is the Capital of Vietnam Vietnam (ˌviːɛtˈnɑːm Việt Nam) officially The flag of Jainism has five colours White Red Orange Green and Dark Blue (or Black In Buddhism, prayer flags are used, usually in sets of five differently colored flags. Buddhism is a family of beliefs and practices Prayer flags are colorful panels or rectangular cloths often found strung along mountain ridges and peaks high in the Himalayas to bless the surrounding countryside or for other Many national flags and other flags include religious symbols such as the cross, the crescent, or a reference to a patron saint. Religion in National flags is the phenomenon that religious symbols are associated with national flags Flags are also adopted by religious groups and flags such as the Jain flag and the Christian flag are used to represent a whole religion. The flag of Jainism has five colours White Red Orange Green and Dark Blue (or Black The Christian Flag is a Flag designed to represent all of Christianity (see also Christendom) but flown mainly by Protestant churches in
As languages rarely have a flag designed to represent them, it is a common practice, though unofficial, to use national flags to identify them. La Francophonie is an international organisation of French-speaking countries and governments and in French, the community of French-speaking peoples is by far the most widely spoken constructed International auxiliary language in the world Examples of this use include:
- representing language skills of an individual, like a staff member of a company
- displaying available languages on a multilingual website or software.
Though this can be done in an uncontroversial manner in some cases, this can easily lead to some problems for certain languages:
- languages generating language dispute (like Romanian and Moldavian which some consider as two different languages)
- languages spoken in more than one countries, for examples English, Arabic, French, German, Portuguese, Spanish (see also World language)
In this second case, common solutions include symbolising these languages by:
- the flag of the country where the language originated
- the flag of the country having the largest number of native speakers
- a mixed flag of the both (when this is not the same)
- the flag of the country most identified with that language in a specific region (Portuguese: Portuguese or Brazilian flag; English: UK or US flag)
Thus, on the Internet, it is common to see the English language associated to the flag of the United States, the flag of the United Kingdom, the flag of England or an US-UK mixed flag. This is a list of states where language is a political issue Many states in the world have more than one Official language. Romanian or Daco-Romanian ( dated: Rumanian or Roumanian; self designation limba română, ˈlimba roˈmɨnə is a Romance History and politics A world language is a language spoken internationally which is learned by many people as a Second language. Flags of the United States The Flag of the United States of America consists of 13 equal horizontal stripes of Red (top and bottom alternating The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland uses as its national flag the royal banner locally known as the Union Flag or popularly Union Jack The Flag of England is the St George's Cross. The red cross appeared as an emblem of England during the Middle Ages and the Crusades and
Flags flown on a beach.
Because of their ease of signaling and identification, flags are often used in sports. Sport is an Activity that is governed by a set of rules or Customs and often engaged in competitively
- In Association football (soccer), linesmen carry small flags along the touch lines. Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered Two assistant referees (previously known as linesmen) assist the referee in controlling an association football match They use the flags to indicate to the referee potential infringements of the laws, or who is entitled to possession of the ball that has gone out of the field of play, or, most famously, raising the flag to indicate an offside offence. A referee presides over a game of Association football. The referee has "full authority to enforce the Laws of the Game in connection with the match to which Officials called touch judges use flags for similar purposes in both codes of rugby. Rugby football (usually just " rugby " may refer to a number of sports through history descended from a common form of Football developed at Rugby School
- In American and Canadian football, referees use flags to indicate that a foul has been committed in game play. American football, known in the United States and Canada simply as football, is a competitive Team sport known for mixing strategy with In accordance with the Manual of Style (see) Canadian English is used throughout this article (see Canadian_English#Spelling) A referee is a person who has authority to make decisions about play in many Sports Officials in various sports are known by a variety of titles including referee The phrase used for such an indication is flag on the play. The flag itself is a small, weighted handkerchief, tossed on the field at the approximate point of the infraction; the intent is usually to sort out the details after the current play from scrimmage has concluded. In American football, the flag is usually yellow; in Canadian football, it is usually red.
- In yacht racing, flags are used to communicate information from the race committee boat to the racers. Yacht racing is the sport of competitive Sailing. There is a broad variety of kinds of races and sailboats used for racing Different flags hoisted from the committee boat may communicate a false start, changes in the course, a canceled race, or other important information. Racing boats themselves may also use flags to symbolize a protest or distress. The flags are often part of the nautical alphabetic system of International maritime signal flags, in which 26 different flags designate the 26 letters of the Latin alphabet.
- In auto and motorcycle racing, racing flags are used to communicate with drivers. Auto racing (also known as automobile racing, motor racing or car racing) is a Motorsport involving Racing Cars It Motorcycle sport is a broad field that encompasses all Sporting aspects of Motorcycling. Racing flags are traditionally used in Auto racing and similar motorsports to communicate important messages to drivers Most famously, a checkered flag of black and white squares indicates the end of the race, and victory for the leader. A yellow flag is used to indicate caution requiring slow speed and a red flag requires racers to stop immediately. A black flag is used to indicate penalties.
- In addition, fans of almost all sports wave flags in the stands to indicate their support for the participants. Many sports teams have their own flags, and, in individual sports, fans will indicate their support for a player by waving the flag of his or her home country.
- Capture the flag is a popular children's sport. Capture the flag ( CTF) is a traditional outdoor sport often played by children or sometimes adults where two teams each have a flag (or other marker and the objective is
- In Gaelic football and Hurling a green flag is use to indicate a goal while a white flag is used to indicate a point
- In Australian rules football, the goal umpire will wave two flags to indicate a goal and a single flag to indicate a point. Gaelic football ( Irish: Peil, Peil Ghaelach, or Caid) commonly referred to as " football " is a form of Football Hurling (in Irish, iománaíocht or iomáint) is an outdoor team Sport of ancient Gaelic origin administered by the Gaelic Australian (rules football, or simply known as football, footy or Aussie rules, is a Team sport played between two teams of 18 players An umpire is an official in the Sport of Australian rules football.
- For safety, dive flags indicate the locations of underwater scuba divers. Here is a glossary of Scuba diving terms A-F; Arterial Gas Embolism: a medical condition caused by gas bubbles in the bloodstream that can be caused by a too rapid Scuba diving is swimming underwater, or taking part in another activity while using a Scuba set.
- In water sports such as Wakeboarding and Water-Skiing, an orange flag is held in between runs to indicate someone is in the water.
Open swimming area
Closed swimming area
In Australia, New Zealand, Philippines, and the United Kingdom a pair of red/yellow flags is used to mark the limits of the bathing area on a beach, usually guarded by surf lifesavers. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Surf lifesaving is a multifaceted movement that comprises key aspects of voluntary Lifeguard services and competitive surf sport If the beach is closed, the poles of the flags are crossed. The flags are colored with a red triangle and a yellow triangle making a rectangular flag, or a red rectangle over a yellow rectangle. On many Australian beaches there is a slight variation with beach condition signaling. A red flag signifies a closed beach (or, in the UK, some other danger), yellow signifies strong current or difficult swimming conditions, and green represents a beach safe for general swimming. In Ireland, a red and yellow flag indicates that it is safe to swim; a red flag that it is unsafe; and no flag indicates that there are no lifeguards on duty. Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world Blue flags may also be used away from the yellow-red lifesaver area to designate a zone for surfboarding and other small, non-motorised watercraft.
Reasons for closing the beach include:
- no lifeguards in attendance
- waves too strong
- dangerous rip
- hurricane warning
A surf flag exists, divided into four quadrants. The top left and bottom right quadrants are black, and the remaining area is white.
Signal flag "India" (a black circle on a yellow square) is frequently used to denote a "blackball" zone where surfboards cannot be used but other water activities are permitted.
Railways use a number of colored flags. When used as wayside signals they usually use the following meanings (exact meanings are set by the individual railroad company):
- red = stop
- yellow = proceed with care
- green or white or blue = proceed.
- a flag of any color waved vigorously means stop
- A blue flag on the side of a locomotive means that it should not be moved because someone is working on it (or on the train attached to it). A blue flag on a track means that nothing on that track should be moved. The flag can only be removed by the person or group that placed it.
At night, the flags are replaced with lanterns showing the same colors.
Flags displayed on the front of a moving locomotive are an acceptable replacement for classification lights and usually have the following meanings (exact meanings are set by the individual railroad company):
- white = extra (not on the timetable)
- green = another section following
- red = last section
Additionally, a railroad brakeman will typically carry a red flag to make his or her hand signals more visible to the engineer. Railway signals are a development of railway flags. A signal is a mechanical or electrical device erected beside a Railway line to pass information relating to the state of the line ahead to train drivers/engineers. 
|The Rainbow flag of the LGBT social movement. A rainbow flag is a multi-colored flag consisting of stripes in the colors of the Rainbow. LGBT (also GLBT) is an initialism referring collectively to Lesbian, Gay, bisexual, and Transgender / transsexual |
Social and political movements have adopted flags, to increase their visibility and as a unifying symbol.
The socialist movement uses red flags to represent their cause. Socialism refers to a broad set of economic theories of social organization advocating state or collective ownership and administration of the Means of production and distribution Red flags can signify a warning Martial law, defiance or Left-wing politics The anarchism movement has a variety of different flags, but the primary flag associated with them is the black flag. Anarchism is a Political philosophy encompassing theories and attitudes which support the elimination of all compulsory Government, i While anarchists have historically largely denied the importance of Symbols to political movement anarchists have embraced certain symbols for their cause In the 1970s, the rainbow flag was adopted as a symbol of the LGBT social movements. The Rainbow flag or Pride flag of the LGBT community (also known as the gay pride flag) is a symbol of LGBT pride and LGBT social movements Lesbian Gay Bisexual and Transgender social movements share related goals of social acceptance of Homosexuality, Bisexuality and Transgenderism Lesbian Bisexual and transgender pride flags were later designed, in an attempt to emulate the rainbow flag's success. bisexual pride flag was designed by Michael Page in 1998 in order to give the Bisexual community its own symbol comparable to the Gay pride flag of the The Transgender Pride flag was designed by Monica Helms and was first shown at a pride parade in Phoenix Arizona, United States in 2000. Some of these political flags have become national flags; such as the red flag of the Soviet Union and national socialist banners for Nazi Germany. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 Nazi Germany and the Third Reich are the common English names for Germany under the regime of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers
"Flagpole" redirects here. For the magazine, see Flagpole Magazine
. Flagpole Magazine, often abbreviated to simply Flagpole, is an Alternative newsweekly that focuses on the cultural scene of Athens Georgia
The smallest flag in the World (700 nanometers
wide and about 2 nanometers high), produced at the Bilkent University Nanophysics
Department. North Korea is the commonly used short form name for the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (or DPRK) a State located in East Asia, The Aqaba Flagpole in Aqaba, Jordan is the second tallest free standing flagpole in the world at a height of 132 meters (430 feet high A nanometre ( American spelling: nanometer, symbol nm) ( Greek: νάνος nanos dwarf; μετρώ metrό count) is a Bilkent University (In Turkish: Bilkent Üniversitesi) the first private university of Turkey, was founded in Ankara on October 20 Nanotechnology, sometimes shortened to nanotech, refers to a field of Applied science whose theme is the control of matter on an Atomic and Molecular
A flagpole or flagstaff can be a simple support made of wood or metal. If it is taller than can be easily reached to raise the flag, a cord is used, looping around a pulley at the top of the pole with the ends tied at the bottom. The flag is fixed to one lower end of the cord, and is then raised by pulling on the other end. The cord is then tightened and tied to the pole at the bottom. The pole is usually topped by a flat plate called a "truck" (originally meant to keep a wooden pole from splitting) or by a ball or a finial in a more complex shape. The finial is an architectural device typically carved in stone and employed to decoratively emphasize the Apex of a Gable, or any of various distinctive ornaments
Very high flagpoles may require more complex support structures than a simple pole, such as guy wires, or need be built as a mast. The highest flagpole in the world, at 160 metres (525 ft), is that at Gijeong-dong in North Korea, the flag weighing about 270 kilograms (600 pounds) when dry. The Korean Demilitarized Zone ( Korean: 한반도의 군사 분계선 is a strip of land running across the Korean Peninsula that serves as a Buffer North Korea is the commonly used short form name for the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (or DPRK) a State located in East Asia, 
The tallest free-standing flagpole in the world is the Aqaba Flagpole in Aqaba, Jordan, with a total height of 132 meters (430 ft). The Aqaba Flagpole in Aqaba, Jordan is the second tallest free standing flagpole in the world at a height of 132 meters (430 feet high For the town in the West Bank see Aqabah West Bank. Aqaba (العقبة Al-ʻAqabah) is a coastal town in the far south of Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (الأردنّ al-Urdunn) is an Arab country in Southwest Asia spanning the southern The Raghadan Flagpole, also in Jordan, is the second tallest free-standing flagpole in the world. The Raghadan Flagpole is a 1268 Metre tall Flagpole in Amman, Jordan. It reaches a height of 126 meters (410 ft) and hoists a flag that measures 60 by 40 meters (200 by 130 feet); it is illuminated at night and can be seen from 25 km (16 miles) away.
The world's biggest regularly hoisted flag, however, is the Brazilian national flag flown in the Square of the Three Powers in Brasilia, the capital of Brazil. Praça dos Três Poderes ( Portuguese for Square of the Three Powers) is a plaza in Brasília, the Capital of Brazil. Brasília (bɾaˈziliɐ is the Capital of Brazil. The city and its District are located in the Central-West region of the country along a Plateau |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld This flag weighs about 600 kilograms (1300 pounds) when dry and measures 70×100 metres (230x330 feet). It can be seen from all parts of Brasilia and its flagpole is the tallest structure in the city.
Flagpoles can be designed in one piece with a taper (typically a cone taper or a Venetian/Greek entasis taper), or be made from multiple pieces to make them able to expand. Greece (Ελλάδα transliterated: Elláda, historically, Ellás,) officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία In Architecture, entasis is the application of a convex curve to a surface for aesthetic purposes In the United States, ANSI/NAAMM guide specification FP-1001-97 covers the engineering design of metal flagpoles to ensure safety.
- ^ a b flag. (2008). Encyclopædia Britannica. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica.
- ^ Articles 90-94 of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea
- ^ Since November 25, 2007, according to Guinness World Records. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea ( UNCLOS) also called the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea treaty is the international agreement that resulted Events 1034 - Máel Coluim mac Cináeda, King of Scots dies Donnchad, the Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Guinness World Records, known until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records (and in previous U
- ^ Guinness World Records
- ^ Sunnex news article
- ^ Guinness World Records
- ^ World's largest flag
- ^ Giant Israeli flag breaks world record for largest in world
- ^ Palestinian largest flag
- ^ A LARGER FLAG FOR A MORE PERCIOUS HOME LAND
- ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/4094423.stm - Retrieved July 17, 2007
- ^ a b c d e http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/xf-supe.html - Retrieved July 17, 2007
- ^ http://www.roadsideamerica.com/attract/CALONflag.html - Retrieved July 17, 2007
- ^ Why you should not use a flag as a symbol of language
- ^ Calvert, J. Events 180 - Twelve inhabitants of Scillium in North Africa are executed for being Christians Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Events 180 - Twelve inhabitants of Scillium in North Africa are executed for being Christians Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Events 180 - Twelve inhabitants of Scillium in North Africa are executed for being Christians Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. B. (2004-07-25). "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " Events 285 - Diocletian appoints Maximian as Caesar, co-ruler Early Railway Signals. University of Denver. Retrieved on 2007-10-07. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Events 3761 BC - The epoch (origin of the modern Hebrew calendar ( Proleptic Julian calendar)
- ^ Korea's DMZ: Scariest place on Earth. CNN (February 20, 2002). Events 1472 - Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a Dowry payment See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar.
- ^ Cone Tapered vs. Venetian Entasis Tapered. Lingo Flagpoles Inc. Archived from the original on 2005-02-28. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 202 BC - coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty 's rule
- William G. Crampton; The World of Flags; Rand McNally; ISBN 0-528-83720-6 (hardcover, 1994).
- Ultimate Pocket Flags of the World; Dorling Kindersley; ISBN 0-7894-2085-6; (1st American edition, hardcover, 1996). Dorling Kindersley is a leading publisher of illustrated reference books
- Lists and galleries of flags
- Notable flag-related topics
- fotw.net, Flags of the World, an outstanding source of vexillological information, contributed to by a group of international volunteers. This is a gallery of Flags arranged by design Solid See also Gallery of solid flags Four examples Bicolour See also This is a gallery of pairs (or larger groupings of Flags that exhibit such similarity in design that they can be difficult to distinguish This is list of flag galleries hosted on Wikimedia Commons. While browsing the galleries please use the Back button of your Web browser to get back to Wikipedia This gallery of sovereign-state flags shows the Flags of Sovereign states in the List of sovereign states. flag of south africa This is an incomplete blue white red black green, saltire flag Nicknames. Unofficial flags are either (a Flags in regular use that have no official status or (b flag concepts that have appeared in various publications A flag patch is a piece of fabric displaying the national flag of a country A flag day is a Flag -related holiday—either a day designated for flying a certain flag (such as a National flag) or a day set aside to celebrate a historical event Flag desecration is a term applied to various acts that intentionally deface a Flag, most often a National flag (though other flags can be defaced as well Flag protocol defines the proper placement handling and use of Flags Some countries have added certain protocols into their law system while others prefer to have "guidelines" The design and description of Flags typically uses specialised flag terminology' with precise and technical meanings and is hence a form of Jargon. The art of flag throwing dates back to Medieval Guilds A guild's banner or Flag was considered a symbol of purity and as such it was not allowed to touch History The Pledge of Allegiance was written in 1892 by Francis Bellamy (1855-1931 a Baptist minister a Christian Socialist, and the cousin of Socialist Utopian A standard-bearer is a person (soldier or civilian who bears an emblem called an Ensign or standard i Vexillology is the scholarly study of Flags The word is a synthesis of the Latin word Vexillum and the suffix –''ology'', meaning "study The Jolly Roger is the name given to any of various Flags flown to identify a ship's crew as pirates The flag most usually identified as the Jolly Roger today A petrosomatoglyph is an image of parts of a human or animal body incised in rock For a list of flags see List of flags or Gallery of flags by design.
- Flags of all countries
- World Flag Database
- Flag news and views
- Flags Forum, discussion forum
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