Fantasy Football is a fantasy sports game in which participants (called "owners") are arranged into a league. A fantasy sport (also known as rotisserie roto or owner simulation is a Game where fantasy owners build a team that competes against other fantasy owners based on the Each team drafts or acquires via auction a team of real-life American football players and then scores points based on those players' statistical on-the-field performances. American football, known in the United States and Canada simply as football, is a competitive Team sport known for mixing strategy with Statistics is a mathematical science pertaining to the collection analysis interpretation or explanation and presentation of Data. A typical fantasy league will employ players from a single football league, such as the NFL or an NCAA division. A sports league is an organization that exists to provide a regulated competition for a number of people to compete in a specific Sport. The National Football League ( NFL) is the largest professional American football league. The National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA, often pronounced "N-C-Double-A" is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions conferences organizations Leagues can be arranged in which the winner is the team with the most total points at the end of the season, or in a head-to-head format (which mirrors the actual NFL) in which each team plays against a single opponent each week. The National Football League ( NFL) is the largest professional American football league. At the end of the year, win-loss records determine league rankings or qualification into a playoff bracket. Most leagues set aside the last weeks of the regular season for their own playoffs. A playoff or final in Sports is a game or series of games played after the regular season is over with the goal of determining a league champion or a similar accolade Three major fantasy football sport providers are CBS, ESPN, and Yahoo!. CBS Broadcasting Inc ( CBS) is an American radio and Television network. ESPN, originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American Cable television network dedicated to
The game originated in 1962 from an idea of Bill Winkenbach, then a limited partner in the Oakland Raiders, with assistance from Bill Tunnell, the Raiders' public relations man, Scotty Stirling, the beat writer from the Oakland Tribune, and George Ross, the Tribune's sports editor, as well as Philip Carmona, Winkenbach's friend. Artistic Gymnastics World Artistic Gymnastics Championships Men's all-around champion Yuri Titov, USSR The Oakland Raiders are a professional American football team based in the city of Oakland California. Public relations (PR is the practice of managing the flow of Information between an Organization and its Publics Public relations - often referred The Oakland Tribune is a daily Newspaper published in Oakland California by the Alameda Newspaper Group, a subsidiary of MediaNews The idea emerged during a three-week road trip the Raiders took to the East Coast. The East Coast of the United States, also known as the "Eastern Seaboard" or "Atlantic Seaboard" refers to the easternmost coastal states in the central and northern Winkenbach and the others fleshed out the idea during the trip, and upon their return, formed the first fantasy football league, the GOPPPL (Greater Oakland Professional Pigskin Prognosticators League). . With the rise of personal computers and the Internet in the late 1990's, the participation in and popularity of fantasy football increased exponentially to the level of prominence it holds today.
The two main types of competition formats are 1) Head-to-head, with weekly games played against specific opponents (much like in the NFL), and 2) total points, in which cumulative points during the season determine winners (or playoff teams).
Leagues normally consist of 8-16 teams. There are three major types: redraft, "keeper" leagues, and dynasty leagues. In a redraft, each owner starts with no players at the beginning of each season and drafts an entire fantasy team. Each owner in a keeper league is allowed to retain a small number of players they owned during the previous season, eliminating these players from the draft, while each owner in a dynasty league is allowed to retain as many players as desired from the previous season, with the draft encompassing only rookies and other unowned (or un-retained) players.
Players are drafted on a team in three main formats. One of these is the serpentine draft, in which the draft order from the first round is reversed in the second round, then reversed again in every round thereafter, thus creating a snakelike progression. Another is the "standard" draft system, in which draft order is maintained throughout. The last is an auction system, in which owners bid on players using a predetermined budget.
The salary cap football league is a particular type of dynasty league which adds another factor of realism similar to the NFL: the salary cap. Just like in the NFL, this means each player has an associated salary and the total spent on all the players on a team has a maximum - the "salary cap. " This can have many levels of complexity, e. g. a player may be signed for multiple years, etc.
A new style of fantasy football is modeled after the popular "survivor pool" or "knock out pool" style of weekly NFL wagering that allows each pool member to pick one NFL team to win each week, but he or she can only pick that team once all year.
Similarly, survivor fantasy leagues allow owners to draft a fresh team of seven players each week, with each player only available to each owner one week per year. Survivor fantasy leagues are football fantasy leagues that allow team owners to make changes on a weekly basis to add another layer of strategy This added level of strategy places an emphasis on weekly NFL match ups, while at the same time diminishing the negative consequences of injuries.
Another type of league, that allows for year round fantasy football is called Simulation Football. Simulation Football uses a computer to simulate the games with simulated players, instead of relying on the NFL for its players and stats. The most basic type is a GM league, where all the player has to do is put together a team and the computer does most of the work. A much more involved type of simulation football is called a "Create-a-Player" or CAP league. In a CAP league, top players vie for the chance to be a GM and put together a team using players that are created by other people. There are different types of scoring for determining who is a "top player" but the people are charged with making their player as good as possible using the league's scoring system.
Another recent arrival to fantasy football is the RotoHog-style budget-based high-roster-turnover game. RotoHog is a budget-based high-roster-turnover style Fantasy sports game with sports team management simulations for Baseball, Basketball, American The RotoHog game provides traditional points-based competition while providing a fantasy sports stock simulation-type market for trading players. A fantasy sports stock simulation is a type of Fantasy sport game While managers are required to field a roster of players that will score the most points on any given week, they have the ability to trade any player at any time on a market with continuously moving player prices.
The popularity of fantasy football has filtered down into the collegiate level as well. Fantasy College Football is gaining in popularity as diehard fantasy players and college football fanatics combine two of their favorite passions into one. The most popular leagues involve the BCS only schools while other leagues incorporate all Football Championship Series schools or even just the "non-BCS" schools.
Just like in real football, each year fantasy football leagues have a draft (note: in dynasty leagues, this normally consists of NFL rookies only), in which each team drafts NFL players. These players are kept unless "dropped" (aka become free agents) or are traded. In most leagues, no player may be owned by more than one team, (although some leagues do allow for this).
There are essentially two types of drafts. In a traditional "serpentine" (aka "snake") draft, owners take turns drafting players in a "serpentine" method, i. e. the owner who picks 1st in the odd rounds picks last in the even rounds, in the interests of fairness. In an auction draft, each owner has an (imaginary) budget which he must use to purchase all his players in an auction format, ie players are nominated and bid on, and the owner who bids the highest on each player receives that player (reducing their remaining budget accordingly).
It is widely accepted that the draft is the single most important day in the fantasy football season, despite the fact that no games are played.
Destination drafts have now become routine as many fantasy football managers have moved to different locations over time, but still enjoy competing against the same managers. With the internet sites moving fantasy football to a virtual event, many still crave the excitement of being all together during a draft. Locations usually involve a restaurant, casino, or large meeting space and some leagues conduct large, extravagant drafts that last multiple days.
Free agents and trades are integral components to maintaining a competitive roster throughout the duration of a season. Free agents exist in fantasy leagues that do not allow multiple teams to have any one professional athlete. In these leagues, free agents are professional players that are not currently on any league members' rosters.
Often within fantasy football leagues trades are made that cause controversy and are considered unfair by many other members of the league. These disputes are often settled by fantasy football trade referees. These third party sites feature experienced fantasy players who rule on trades and offer an objective third party opinion.
Each team is allowed a pre-determined number of players on its team, as well as a specified number at each position that can or must be used in each game (the "starters"). Owners for each team then determine each week which players will start (within the rules) and which will be "benched". Just like in real football, bench players can become starters for various reasons: due to other players' injury, poor performance, or if another player's team has a bye. A bye, in sports and other competitive activities most commonly refers to the practice of allowing a player or Team to advance to the next Round of a
Each week, owners choose their starters for a game before a certain deadline. Whether to sit or start a player is usually based on strategic considerations including the player's past and expected performance, defensive match ups, and so on.
Each team owner must designate which players from the team roster will be starters each week - i. e. the only players who will "score" any points. The following example is similar to many common formats required for a starting lineup:
There are of course many variants on this. Quarterback ( QB) is a position in American and Canadian football. A running back ( RB) is the position of a player on an American or Canadian football team who usually lines up in the offensive backfield. A wide receiver is an offensive position in American and Canadian football The tight end ( TE) is a position in American football on the Offensive team. Placekicker, or simply kicker ( PK or K) is the title of the player in American and Canadian football who is responsible for the Some leagues use individual defensive players (IDPs) (and in some cases a punter) instead of or in addition to a combined Team Defense/Special Teams. Another variant is the "flex" position, which can be filled by a player in one of several positions. Some other leagues use separate Defense and Special Teams. Flex positions are often limited to "WR/TE", "RB/WR", or "RB/WR/TE". Traditionally, this flex was required to be an RB, WR, or TE, however, some leagues allow any position to fill this flex slot as an "OP" (any Offensive Player). Although rare, some leagues do also have a 2 quarterback requirement for a starting lineup, yet providing another twist into the complexity of different scoring systems and lineups.
Players earn their team points based on their performance in their weekly games; for example, each touchdown counts as 6 points, a certain number of yards gained counts for points, and so on. In almost all cases, players earn points for passing, rushing, and receiving yards. Passing yards (sometimes touchdowns as well) typically earn about half as many points as rushing/receiving yards, since QBs normally get many more. Negative points are also usually given for turnovers, and kickers earn points for field goals and extra points (sometimes negative points for missed kicks). Bonuses can also be given for exceptionally good performances, like a QB throwing for over 300 yards, or a kicker making a long field goal. Team defenses earn points for things like sacks, turnovers, safeties, etc. Individual defensive players typically do not earn points for team-wide stats such as keeping the opponent under a certain score or yardage total, but rather for tackles or turnovers made.
A typical scoring format follows. Again, there are many variations used:
An alternate scoring format is the "pure yardage" league, in which touchdowns are ignored, and each player's passing, rushing and receiving yards are totaled. Some yardage leagues also convert defensive stats into yards (ex. , 50 yards for an interception, 20 yards for a sack), whether for a team's defense, or individual players. Another scoring system counts only touchdowns, touchdown passes, and field goals for points.
Many leagues have now incorporated Individual Defensive Player (IDP) play into their scoring systems. IDP play typically has roster space for three groups of defensive players: defensive linemen (DL), linebackers (LB) and defensive backs (DB).
One possible scoring system:
Many Fantasy Football players are passionate about their hobby and are always looking for ways to gain an advantage over their competition. Magazines, websites, books, and software are available that provide fantasy players with the information they need to make better decisions.
One area of strategy that has only recently been gaining attention is handcuffing. Handcuffing is the drafting of two players from the same team in the same position to protect the investment in the top player. For example, if you draft a star quarterback, it may make sense to also draft his backup if the star quarterback performs well because of the team dynamic. The team may have a stellar offense that would allow any decent quarterback to excel in the starting position. This also allows you to protect your team in case an injury happens to your running back or other key position players.
Some "owners" will assess their competition's needs and acquire players that somebody else might end up playing against them otherwise.
Another strategy consist on starting a QB or WR to match up against the competition. For example; If someone is playing against Randy Moss, it would be smart to play Tom Brady so that anytime Moss scores, for example a passing touchdown, so does Brady. Randall Gene Moss (born February 13, 1977 in Rand, West Virginia) is an American football Wide receiver for the New Thomas Edward Brady Jr (born August 3 1977 is an American football Quarterback for the New England Patriots of the National Football League
A draft strategy frequently used is the drafting of runningbacks early and often. Everytime a runningback gains ten yards, it is one point. Most runningbacks can do that with just two or three carries. Runningbacks usually score more than any position, so owners often draft them in one or both of the first two rounds.
A final strategy consists of drafting QB to WR combo's. This is good for players like Randy Moss and Tom Brady of the New England Patriots, or Terrell Owens and Tony Romo of the Dallas Cowboys. The New England Patriots, commonly called the " Pats " by sports writers and fans are a professional American football team based in the Greater Boston Terrell Eldorado Owens (ˈtɛɹl̩ (born December 7, 1973) is an American football Wide receiver for the Dallas Cowboys of the Antonio "Tony" Ramiro Romo (born April 22 1980 in San Diego, California) is an American football Quarterback who plays for the The Dallas Cowboys are a professional American football team in the Eastern Division of the National Football Conference (NFC in the National Any time one of the player scores, the points scored on the play in question double for your team.
The explosive popularity of fantasy sports, coupled with the availability of venues showcasing numerous live football games via satellite, has had significant effects on football viewing and rooting habits among participants. Fantasy sports players watch more game telecasts, buy more tickets and spend money at stadiums at a much higher rate than general sports fans. For example, 55 percent of fantasy sports players report watching more sports on television since they started playing fantasy sports.  The NFL entered into a reported five-year, $600 million deal in 2006 with Sprint that was driven at least in part because of fantasy sports, allowing subscribers to draft and monitor their teams with their cellphones. 
Critics charge that rather than supporting a favorite team in any one game, some fantasy owners may instead support the players on their fantasy rosters. Players are mixed on the impact on the effects of fantasy football on fans' habits and preferences. In interviews with ESPN, retired NFL QB Jake Plummer stated, "I think it's ruined the game. ESPN, originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American Cable television network dedicated to Jason Steven "Jake" Plummer (born on December 19, 1974 in Boise Idaho) is a former American football Quarterback whose " And, as retired New York Giants RB Tiki Barber noted about fantasy fans, "there's an incongruity in the wants. The New York Giants are a professional American football team based in the New York City suburb of East Rutherford New Jersey. For the Field hockey player see Kate Barber Atiim Kiambu Hakeem-ah "Tiki" Barber (TEE-kee (born April 7, 1975 ". However, Washington Redskins tight end Chris Cooley plays in four fantasy football leagues himself. The Washington Redskins are a professional American football team based in the Washington D The tight end ( TE) is a position in American football on the Offensive team. Chris Cooley (born July 11, 1982 in Powell Wyoming) is an American football Tight end for the Washington Redskins of the 
For instance, a fantasy owner might have the quarterback from one team and the running back from the opposing team on his roster, and end up hoping both teams score frequently. However, he will only cheer passing scores from the first team and running scores from the second. As another example, if a team is up by many touchdowns, the "owner" of a running back on the losing team may be upset since the losing team will prefer passing instead of rushing.
Often, a fantasy owner may end up watching a game he would otherwise have had no interest in, simply because he "owns" one or more of the players involved.
Fantasy football has had a net positive benefit in increased knowledge of players at all positions, not just the traditionally regarded "skill positions. " For example, there is a premium placed on knowing who the starting tight end is for every team in the league, or the backup running backs, or even available place kickers who may be picked up by a playoff contender. This has helped increase the popularity of the league, and given status to fantasy football fans who take the time to learn the sport.