|Comune di Faenza|
Municipal coat of arms
Location of Faenza in Italy
|Mayor||Claudio Casadio (since April 4, 2004)|
|Elevation||34 m (112 ft)|
|Area||215. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Emilia-Romagna is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. The capital is Bologna. In Italy, a Province (in Italian provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between Municipality ( Comune The Province of Ravenna (Provincia di Ravenna is a province in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. Events 1581 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " 72 km² (83 sq mi)|
|Population (as of May 31, 2007)|
|- Density||258/km² (668/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET, UTC+1|
|Frazioni||Albereto, Borgo Tuliero, Cosina, Granarolo, Mezzeno, Pieve Cesato, Pieve Ponte, Prada, Reda, Sant'Andrea|
|Patron||Madonna of the Graces|
|- Day||June 17|
Faenza is an Italian town and comune, in the province of Ravenna, Emilia-Romagna, situated 50 km southeast of Bologna. Events 1279 BC - Rameses II (The Great (19th dynasty becomes pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Central European Time ( CET) is one of the names of the Time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. UTC+1 is used in the following locations Central European Time West Africa Time Western European Summer Time A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a People or the inhabitants of a place Here are a list of area codes in Italy. All numbers here begin with the country code (0039 A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a Comune; for other Administrative Events 1462 - Vlad III the Impaler attempts to assassinate Mehmed II ( The Night Attack) forcing him to retreat Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic Administrative division of both provinces and regions and may be properly approximated in The Province of Ravenna (Provincia di Ravenna is a province in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. Emilia-Romagna is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. The capital is Bologna. Bologna (boloɲa from Latin Bononia, Bulåggna in Bolognese dialect is the capital city of Emilia-Romagna in northern Italy
Faenza, at the foot of the first Subapennine hills, enjoys a fine location and evocative agrarian surroundings: vineyards in the hills, cultivated land with traces of the ancient Roman land-division system, and fertile market gardens in the plains. In the nearby green valleys of the rivers Samoggia and Lamone there are great number of 18th and 19th century stately homes, set in extensive grounds or preceded by long cypress-lined driveways.
Of Roman origins, Faenza is a splendid city of art whose fame already shone in the Renaissance period of the production of exquisitely made pottery that was exported all over Europe. Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status Pottery is the Ceramic ware made by potters It also refers to a group of materials that includes Earthenware, Stoneware According to mythology, the name of the first settlement, Faoentia, had Etruscan and Celtic roots, meaning in Latin "Splendeo inter deos" or "I shine among the Gods", in modern English. The word mythology (from the Greek grc μυθολογία mythología, meaning "a story-telling a legendary lore" The Etruscan Language was spoken and written by the Etruscan civilization in the ancient region of Etruria (modern Tuscany plus western Celts (ˈkɛlts or /ˈsɛlts/, see Names of the Celts The very name, coming from the Romans who developed this center under the name of Faventia, has become synonymous with ceramics (majolica) in various languages, including French (faïence) and English (faience). French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States For the architectural material see Glazed architectural terra-cotta.
Here Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius defeated populares army of Gneus Papirius Carbo in 82 BC. The Caecilii Metelli were one of the most important and wealthiest families in the Roman Republic. Populares ("favoring the people" singular popularis) were Aristocratic leaders in the late Roman Republic who tended to use the Year 82 BC was a year of the pre-Julian calendar. Events By place Rome Sulla defeats Samnite allies of
From the second half of the 1st century AD the city flourished considerably as a result of its agricultural propensities and the development of industrial activities such as the production of everyday pottery and brickwork objects and linen textiles. The 1st century was the Century that lasted from 1 to 100 according the Julian calendar.
Here Totila and an Ostrogothic army defeated the Byzantine army in Italy in the Battle of Faventia in 542 CE. Totila (died Jul 1 552) was king of the Ostrogoths from 541 until his death The Ostrogoths (Ostrogothi or Austrogothi were a branch of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe that played a major role in the political events of the late Events By Place Byzantine Empire An outbreak of the plague kills at least 230000 in Constantinople (before they stopped
After a period of decadence from the 2nd century to the early Middle Ages it regained prosperity from 8th century on. The 2nd century is the period from 101 to 200 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian / Common Era. The 8th century is the period from 701 to 800 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian / Common Era. Around the year 1000 with the government of the Bishops and subsequently in the age of the Commune the city began a long period of richness and building expansion which reached its peak with the rule of the Manfredi family. First consuls were elected in 1141 and in 1155 a podestà was in charge of government of the city. Consul (abbrev cos; Latin plural consules) was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic and an appointive office under the Empire For information on the phantom island of the same name see Podesta (island. In the wars between Guelphs and Ghibellines that began in the following years Faenza was at first loyal to the emperor. The Guelphs and Ghibellines were factions supporting respectively the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire in central and northern Italy The Holy Roman Empire ( HRE; German Heiliges Römisches Reich (HRR, Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium (SRI was a union of territories in In 1178, however, it changed side and entered the Lombard League. The Lombard League was an alliance formed around 1167, which at its apex included most of the cities of Northern Italy (although its membership changed in The inner disputes anyway favoured acquisition of power by Maghinardo Pagano, who remained podestà and capitano del popolo for several years. Maghinardo Pagani of Susinana or Pagano (died 1302 was an Italian Condottiero and statesman living in the 13th-14th centuries
At the beginning of the 14th century the Guelph family of Manfredi began a rule over Faenza that was to last for almost two centuries. The Guelphs and Ghibellines were factions supporting respectively the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire in central and northern Italy The Manfredi were a noble family of northern Italy who held the lordship of Faenza in the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance The peak of splendour was reached under Carlo II Manfredi, in the second half of the century, when the city centre was renewed. Carlo II Manfredi (1439 - 1484 was lord of Faenza. Born in Faenza Romagna, he was the son of Astorre II Manfredi. In 1488 Galeotto Manfredi was assassinated by his wife: his son Astorre III succeedeed him, but was in turn killed in Rome as a prisoner of Cesare Borgia, who had captured Faenza in 1501. Galeotto Manfredi ( 1440 - May 31 1488) was an Italian Condottiero and lord of Faenza. Astorre III Manfredi ( June 20 1485 - June 9 1502) was lord Faenza from 1488 to 1501 Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 ( September 13, 1475 &ndash March 12, 1507) Duke of Valentinois, and Romagna, Prince of Andria and Venafro
After a brief period of Venetian domination Faenza became part of the Church States until 1797. Year 1797 ( MDCCXCVII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common So the city we see today was formed over a long arc of historical evolution and enriched over the years by fine architecture with strong Renaissance and Neoclassical features. The Renaissance (from French Renaissance, meaning "rebirth" Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere
Faenza's architectural attractions are concentrated in the two contiguous main squares: Piazza del Popolo, lined by two spectacular double order porticoed wings, and Piazza della Libertà.
Among the other monuments of the historic centre are Palazzo Milzetti, the richest and most significant Neoclassical building in the region, and the Teatro Masini (1780-1787) one of the finest theatres in Italy. Neoclassical architecture was an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century both as a reaction against the Rococo Theatre (or theater, see spelling differences) is the branch of the Performing arts defined by Bernard Beckerman as what "occurs when one In the nearby, the Villa Case Grandi dei Ferniani has a collection of 18th and 19th century Faenza ceramics.
Grotta Tanaccia Karstic Park and the Carnè Natural Park, a vast green area with a visitor’s centre and refreshments, are also of great interest, characterized by a typical landscape of dolinas, ravines and swallow holes. Karst topography is a landscape shaped by the dissolution of a layer or layers of soluble Bedrock, usually Carbonate rock such as Limestone
In Faenza you can visit one of the world’s most beautiful and complete art collections: the International Museum of Ceramics houses pieces from all over the world and from every epoch, from classical amphoras to the works of Chagall and Picasso, and there is a rich section dedicated to Faenza pottery in the golden age of the Renaissance. Marc Chagall (מאַרק שאַגאַל&lrm Belarusian: Мойша Захаравіч Шагалаў Mojša Zaharavič Šagałaŭ; Russian: Марк Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruíz y Picasso (October 25 1881 &ndash April 8 1973 The term Golden age is best known from Greek mythology and legend but can also be found in other ancient cultures (see below Other interesting art collections are located in the Municipal Art Gallery, the Diocese Museum, the Bendandi Museum and the Manfredi Library. The historic production of Faenza majolica is recognized worldwide as one of the highest moments of artistic creativity expressed through pottery. The tradition was born from a happy convergence of favourable conditions: a territory rich in clay, a centuries-old history of political and commercial relations with nearby Tuscany (especially with Florence) and great sensitivity and aptitude with regard to this art form. Tuscany (Toscana is a region in Italy. It has an area of 22990 km² and a population of about 3 So over the years Faenza craftsmen and artists developed and perfected the decoration of hand made pottery, and the 60 workshop currently active - most of them in the city centre - offer the tourist the chance of unique purchases unavailable elsewhere. Pottery is the Ceramic ware made by potters It also refers to a group of materials that includes Earthenware, Stoneware Tourism is Travel for Recreational or Leisure purposes The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel
In September and October international contemporary and classical ceramic art events draw majolica amateurs, collectors and artists to Faenza from all over the world. In June the Palio del Niballo, a tournament between five horsemen from the districts of the town, re-evokes the magnificence and struggles of Faenza in the Manfredi epoch. A calendar era is the year numbering system used by a Calendar.
The Florence - Faenza 100 kilometres marathon, a demanding long distance race held during the last weekend in May, attracts athletes of all nationalities. Florence ( Italian: Firenze Florentia and Fiorenza) is the Capital City of the Italian region of Tuscany
Faenza was home to the Minardi Grand Prix team, which was one of the last small, independent constructors in Formula One. Minardi was an Automobile racing team and constructor founded in 1979 by Giancarlo Minardi. The team was founded in 1980, racing in the European Formula Two championship. Formula Two, abbreviated to F2, was a type of Formula racing. The team moved up to Formula One for the 1985 season. The 1985 Formula One season was the 36th FIA Formula One World Championship season However, the team had little success, due to their size. In 2001, team founder Giancarlo Minardi sold the team to Australian millionaire Paul Stoddart, who changed the name to European Minardi, but kept the team in Faenza. Giancarlo Minardi (born 18 September, 1947) is the founder and former Managing Director of the now-defunct Minardi Formula One team Paul Stoddart, born May 26, 1955, is an Australian millionaire airline magnate and former owner of the Minardi Formula One racing Minardi was an Automobile racing team and constructor founded in 1979 by Giancarlo Minardi. In 2005, the Minardi team was again sold, this time to an Austrian duo of Red Bull energy drink company owner Dietrich Mateschitz and former Formula One driver Gerhard Berger, and, after some discussion, was re-branded as Scuderia Toro Rosso (meaning simply Team Red Bull) to become Red Bull's second F1 team, after the Red Bull Racing senior team. Dietrich Mateschitz (born May 20, 1944 in Sankt Marein im Mürztal, Styria) is an Austrian businessman and Billionaire. Gerhard Berger, (born August 27, 1959 in Wörgl) is an Austrian former Formula One racing driver who owns 50% of the Scuderia Scuderia Toro Rosso ( Italian for Team Red Bull) is a Formula One racing team owned in a 50/50 partnership between the drinks company Red Bull Red Bull Racing is one of two Formula One teams owned by Austrian Beverage company Red Bull. STR, as it is sometimes known does remain based in Faenza, a lasting claim to international sporting fame for this small town.
Typical regional dishes include home-made tagliatelle, cappelletti, lasagna and strozzapreti with the rich Romagnol meat sauce. Lasagna (singular laˈzaɲa in Italian plural lasagne pronounced) is both a form of Pasta in sheets (sometimes rippled though seldom so in Northern
Faenza is a green town. The Botanical Gardens, next to the Civic Natural Science Museum with its important collections, boast more than 170 species of plants indigenous to the Romagna region. The Giardino Botanico del Museo Civico di Scienze Naturali di Faenza is a Botanical garden located on the grounds of the Museo Civico di Scienze Naturali Via Medaglie d'Oro Romagna is an Italian historical region that approximately corresponds to the south-eastern portion of present-day Emilia-Romagna. There is about 1 km² of public urban green area and the local Administration takes good care of it. The Bucci Park, created in 1968 has an area of about 80,000 square metres of undulating land, green meadows and fish-rich waters. The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International Here you can find various species of birds including wild duck and swans. It houses a large colony of storks.
This article incorporates text from the public domain 1907 edition of The Nuttall Encyclopædia. The public domain is a range of abstract materials &ndash commonly referred to as Intellectual property &ndash which are not owned or controlled by anyone The Nuttall Encyclopædia: Being a Concise and Comprehensive Dictionary of General Knowledge is an early-20th-century Encyclopedia, edited by