Eyre Peninsula is a triangular peninsula in South Australia. A peninsula is a piece of land that is nearly surrounded by Water but connected to Mainland via an Isthmus. South Australia is a state of Australia in the southern central part of the country It is bounded on the east by Spencer Gulf, the west by the Great Australian Bight, and the north by the Gawler Ranges. The Spencer Gulf is the westernmost of two large inlets on the southern coast of Australia, in the state of South Australia, facing the Great Australian Bight The Great Australian Bight is a large bight, or open bay located off the central and western portions of the southern coastline of mainland Australia. The Gawler Ranges are a range of mountains in South Australia to the north of Eyre Peninsula. It is named after explorer Edward John Eyre who explored some of it in 1839-1841. Edward John Eyre (5 August 1815 30 November 1901 was an English land explorer of the Australian continent and a controversial Governor of Jamaica. Year 1839 ( MDCCCXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common For the game see 1841 (board game. Year 1841 ( MDCCCXLI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link The coastline was first explored by Matthew Flinders in 1801-1802. Captain Matthew Flinders, RN (16 March 1774 – 19 July 1814 was one of the most successful navigators and cartographers of his age Year 1801 ( MDCCCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting on Tuesday Year 1802 ( MDCCCII) was a Common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar or a Common year starting on Wednesday of the The west coast was also visited by Nicolas Baudin at around the same time. Nicolas-Thomas Baudin ( February 17, 1754 - September 16, 1803) was a French explorer
The peninsula was explored by a party led by John Charles Darke in 1844, who was killed by local aborigines on the return to Port Lincoln. John Charles Darke (1806-1844 was an Australian colonist and explorer the son of John Darke of Hereford and Elizabeth Darke
The main towns are Port Lincoln on the southern point, Whyalla and Port Augusta at the north east, and Ceduna at the northwest. Port Lincoln (postcode 5606 is a city in the Australian state of South Australia. Whyalla is the third most populous City in South Australia after Adelaide and Mount Gambier. Port Augusta (post code 5700 ( is the fifth most populous City in South Australia after Adelaide, Mount Gambier, Whyalla and Ceduna ( is a small town in the West Coast region of South Australia. They are connected by the Eyre Highway across the inland edge, and the Flinders Highway and Lincoln Highway along the west and east coasts. Location Named after Edward John Eyre the Eyre Highway is a highway linking Western Australia and South Australia. Lincoln Highway (Australia Flinders Highway connects the South Australian towns of Ceduna and Port Lincoln, a distance of 410 kilometres There is also a Lincoln Highway in the United States. Flinders Highway South Australia Lincoln Highway links Port Augusta
The major industry is farming - cereal crops, sheep, and cattle in the drier north and more water-intensive activities such as dairy farming and a growing wine industry in the south. Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants and fungi and the raising of domesticated Animals The study of agriculture Cattle, colloquially referred to as cows, are domesticated Ungulates a member of the Subfamily Bovinae of the family Dairy farming is a class of agricultural, or an Animal husbandry enterprise for long-term production of Milk, which may be either processed on-site or Wine is an Alcoholic beverage made from the fermentation of Grape juice Many coastal towns have commercial fishing, in particular Port Lincoln, had a large tuna-fishing fleet, which is gradually being converted to fish farming in bays along the coast. Tuna, are several Species of ocean-dwelling Fish in the family Scombridae, mostly in the genus Thunnus. Fish farming is the principal form of Aquaculture, while other methods may fall under Mariculture.
There is a commercial nephrite jade mine near Cowell. Nephrite is a variety of the calcium and magnesium rich Amphibole mineral Actinolite (aggregates of which also make up one form of Asbestos) Jade is an Ornamental stone. The term jade is applied to two different rocks that are made up of different Silicate minerals. Cowell is a coastal town on Franklin Harbour on the eastern side of the Eyre Peninsula, in South Australia on the Lincoln Highway 111 km south from Iron ore is mined in the hills near Iron Knob inland from Whyalla, to where it is transported by rail for smelting. Iron ores are rocks and Minerals from which Metallic Iron can be economically extracted Iron Knob ( current population 156 (2005 is a town in South Australia on the Eyre Highway across Eyre Peninsula. Chemical reduction, or smelting, is a form of Extractive metallurgy.
National Parks located on the Eyre peninsula include Lincoln National Park, Coffin Bay National Park, Gawler Ranges National Park, and several conservation parks and reserves like Acraman Creek Conservation Park. Lincoln is a national park in South Australia ( Australia) 249 km west of Adelaide. Coffin Bay is a national park in on the Eyre Peninsula of South Australia ( Australia) 301 km west of Adelaide, and 46 km west of Port Gawler Ranges is a national park in South Australia ( Australia) 350km north-west of Adelaide. Acraman Creek Conservation Park is located on the northern side of Streaky Bay on the western side of the Eyre Peninsula in South Australia, about half way between
In January 2005, the Eyre Peninsula was the site of Australia's deadliest bushfire in 20 years, killing 9 people. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. In January 2005 Eyre Peninsula, South Australia, was the scene of a devastating Bushfire in which nine people were killed and at least 113 injured
The area is also known as the Eyre Coastal Plain, of which it is a distinct physiographic section of the larger Eucla Basin province, which in turn is part of the larger West Australian Shield division. The Eucla Basin is an Artesian depression located in Western Australia and South Australia. Australian Shield, also called the Western Australian Shield or Western Plateau, occupies more than half of the continent of Australia.