Eskdalemuir (moor of the valley of the River Esk) is a rural district and small village in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. The River Esk is a river in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, that flows into the Solway Firth. Dumfries and Galloway ( Gaelic: Dùn Phris agus an Gall-Ghaidhealaibh, d̪̊unˈfɾʲiʃ aɡ̊əs̪ əŋ ɡ̊auɫ̪ɣəɫ̪əv is one of 32 council areas Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. The area consists of high wet moorlands chiefly used for sheep grazing and forestry plantation. A tree farm is privately owned forest managed for timber crop production Settlement is generally located near to, or by one of the many tributaries of the Black Esk and White Esk rivers.
Eskdalemuir is best-known for the nearby Eskdalemuir weather station and for the Samye Ling Tibetan Buddhist monastery. The Eskdalemuir Observatory is located near Eskdalemuir, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. Kagyu Samyé Ling Monastery and Tibetan Centre is a Tibetan Buddhist complex associated with the Kagyu school located at Eskdalemuir, near Langholm
Eskdalemuir is rich in archaeological remains, including two neolithic stone circles and bank barrow, Castle O'er, a possible ritual centre for the Selgovae, Raeburnfoot, a Roman fort and later dark age fortifications and settlements. The Novantae and Selgovae were peoples of the early second century who lived in what is now Galloway, in southwestern-most Scotland.
Eskdalemuir holds the UK Weather Record for the highest rainfall in a 30 minute period. The UK Weather Records note the most extreme Weather ever recorded in the United Kingdom, such as the most and least hours of sunshine and highest wind speed 80mm fell during such a period on 26 June 1953 Met Office article. Events 363 - Roman Emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sassanid Empire. Incumbents Monarch - Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister - Winston Churchill Conservative Party