The Emerald City is the fictional capital city of the Land of Oz in L. Frank Baum's Oz books, first described in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. Oz is a fairy Lyman Frank Baum ( May 15 1856 &ndash May 5 1919) was an American Author, Actor, and Independent filmmaker Wikipedia_talkFeatured_lists#Proposed_change_to_all_featured_lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->The Oz books form a
Located in the center of the Land of Oz, the Emerald City is the end of the famous yellow brick road, which starts in Munchkin Land. The road of yellow brick is an element in the novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L
In the first book, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, the walls are green, but the city itself is not. However, when they enter, everyone in the Emerald City is made to wear green-tinted eyeglasses; this is explained as an effort to protect their eyes from the "brightness and glory" of the city, but in effect makes everything appear green. Glasses, also called eyeglasses or spectacles, are frames bearing lenses worn in front of the Eyes normally for vision correction, This is yet another "humbug" created by the Wizard. The Wizard of Oz (or simply The Wizard) is a Fictional character in the Land of Oz created by American author L  In this book, the Wizard also describes the city as having been built for him within a few years after he arrived. 
In the second book, The Marvelous Land of Oz, however, the characters are required to wear the glasses at first, but half way through the book, no more eyeglasses appear, no more mention is made of the brilliance, but the city is still described as green. The Marvelous Land of Oz, commonly shortened to The Land of Oz, published on July 5 1904, is the second of L  This is continued throughout the series. The only allusions to the earlier conception appeared in The Road to Oz, where the Little Guardian of the Gates wears green spectacles, the only character to do so. The Road to Oz is the fifth of L Frank Baum 's Land of Oz books  Furthermore, although at one point, the character Tip describes it as being built by the Wizard, at another, the Scarecrow explains that the Wizard had usurped the crown of Pastoria, the former king of the city, and from the Wizard the crown had passed to him; the book, in fact, quickly concerns itself with finding the rightful heir to the crown of the city.  Ozma remained the heir to the king, though both she and the original king were transformed to the ruler of all Oz.  The story, however, reverted to the Wizard having built the city in Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz, with the usurpation of the king's power being done by the four witches before his arrival. Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz is the fourth book set in the Land of Oz written by L 
The Oz books describe the Emerald City as being built of green glass, emeralds, and other jewels. Emeralds are a variety of the Mineral Beryl (Be3Al2(SiO36 colored Green by trace amounts In the earlier books, it was described as completely green, but in later ones, green was merely the predominating color; the buildings were decorated with gold as well, and people added other colors to their costumes. Green is a Color, the perception of which is evoked by light having a spectrum dominated by energy with a Wavelength of roughly 520–570- nm. 
In the first book, one scene of the Emerald City is of particular note in the development of Oz: Dorothy sees rows of shops, selling green articles of every variety, and a vendor of green lemonade, from whom children bought it with green pennies. This contrasts with the later description of Oz, in which money does not feature. Interpreters have argued that money may been introduced into the city by the Wizard, but this is not in the text itself. The Wizard of Oz (or simply The Wizard) is a Fictional character in the Land of Oz created by American author L 
The Emerald City of Oz is the title of the sixth book in the Oz series. The Emerald City of Oz is the sixth of L Frank Baum 's fourteen Land of Oz books Wikipedia_talkFeatured_lists#Proposed_change_to_all_featured_lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->The Oz books form a In it, the city is described as having exactly 9654 buildings and 57,318 citizens. 
Baum may have been partly inspired in his creation of the Emerald City by the White City of the World Columbian Exposition, which he visited frequently, having moved to Chicago in anticipation of the event. The World's Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago World's Fair) a World's Fair, was held in Chicago in 1893 to celebrate the 400th anniversary Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. W. W. Denslow, the illustrator of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, was also familiar with the White City, as he had been hired to sketch and document the exposition for the Chicago Herald; Denslow's illustrations of the Emerald City incorporate elements that may have been inspired by the White City. William Wallace Denslow ( May 5, 1856 &ndash March 29, 1915) &ndash usually credited as W
The quick building of the White City, in less than a year, may have been an element in the quick construction of the Emerald City in the first book. 
It is also likely Baum's favored haunt, the Hotel Del Coronado likely influenced its description in later books. The Hotel del Coronado is a luxury Hotel in the City of Coronado, just across the San Diego Bay from San Diego, California.
Scholars who interpret The Wizard of Oz as a political allegory see the Emerald City as a metaphor for Washington, D.C. and unsecured "greenback" paper money. Political interpretations of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz study the influences of the modern fairy tale written by L Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D In this reading of the book, the city's illusory splendor and value is compared with the value of paper money, which also has value only because of a shared illusion or convention. It is highly likely that the Hotel del Coronado influenced its description in later books, as well as in the artwork by John R. Neill. The Hotel del Coronado is a luxury Hotel in the City of Coronado, just across the San Diego Bay from San Diego, California. John Rea Neill ( November 12, 1877 - September 13, 1943) was a Magazine and Children's book Illustrator primarily
In Gregory Maguire's revisionist Oz novels, Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West and Son of a Witch, the Emerald City is a much darker place than in Baum's novels. Gregory Maguire (born June 9, 1954 in Albany, New York) is an American author In fiction revisionism is the retelling of a story or type of story with substantial alterations in character or environment to "revise" the view shown in the original work Wicked The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West, is a Parallel novel published in 1995. Son of a Witch (ISBN 0-06-074722-6 is a fantasy Novel written by Gregory Maguire. It does have splendid palaces and gardens, but also sections beset by crime and poverty. Son of a Witch introduces Southstairs, an extensive political prison located in the caves below the Emerald City. The green glasses that are worn by the citizens is used often as a way to stop them seeing what is going on around them.
David Williamson (Whose brother-in-law wrote the Oz-inspired musical Oz) wrote a play in 1987 called Emerald City. David Keith Williamson AO (born 19 February 1942 is one of Australia's most well-known playwrights Oz (aka Oz - A Rock 'n' Roll Road Movie also released as 20th Century Oz in United States is a 1976 Australian film written Year 1987 ( MCMLXXXVII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar) Emerald City is a 1987 play by Australian Playwright David Williamson, a Satire about two entertainment industries The term is used as a metaphor by the character Elaine Ross, describing Sydney as "the Emerald City of Oz", where people go expecting their dreams to be fulfilled, only to end up with superficial substitutes and broken dreams. Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 The 2006 Sydney New Year's Eve Festivities were entitled "A Diamond Night in Emerald City" also in reference to Williamson's play and the "Diamond Night" alluding to the 75th anniversary of the opening of the Sydney Harbour Bridge in 2007. (The bridge was the centerpiece of the celebrations). Subsequently "Emerald City" has occasionally been used as an unofficial nickname for the city of Sydney. The Sydney based investment banking and private equity firm Emerald Partners which sits on top of the Museum of Contemporary Art building located right on the Sydney Harbour foreshore was appositely named after Baum's book and the David Williamson play.
The city of Seattle, Washington, of the United States uses "The Emerald City" as its official nickname, because of how green it is in that region of the world. Washington ( is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the (Note: Washington State is also known as the "Evergreen State").
A "Central City" is one of the chief settings of the 2007 Sci Fi television miniseries Tin Man, a re-imagining of Baum's world that makes allusive references to many of the locales of Oz. Sci Fi Pictures original films are movies that are produced by the Sci Fi Channel. A miniseries (also mini-series) in a serial Storytelling medium is a production which tells a story in a pre-planned limited number of episodes Tin Man is a three-part Television miniseries reimagined continuation of L An allusion is a figure of speech that makes a reference or representation of or to a well-known person place event literary work myth, or work of art The "Outer Zone" (O. Oz is a fairy Z. ) is described as a bleak rendition of the beautiful world of Oz.  Central City is a completely computer-generated set, one of the largest for a television series of its time, according to the production designer, Michael Joy. The term computer-generated most often refers to a sound or visual that has been created in whole or in part with the aid of Computer software.  Its scenic design features heavy elements of steampunk and also pays visual homage to Blade Runner, according to co-creator Craig van Sickle. Scenic design (also known as stage design, set design or production design) is the creation of theatrical, as well as Film or Steampunk is a subgenre of fantasy and Speculative fiction that came into prominence in the 1980s and early 1990s Blade Runner is a 1982 American Science fiction Film, directed by Ridley Scott.