|Dame Ellen Terry|
Ellen Terry at 16.
|Born||Alice Ellen Terry|
February 27, 1847
|Died||July 21, 1928 (aged 81)|
Smallhythe, Kent, England
Dame Ellen Terry, GBE (February 27, 1847 – July 21, 1928) was an English stage actress. Events 1560 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation Year 1847 ( MDCCCXLVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Coventry ( is a city and Metropolitan borough in the County of West Midlands in England. Events 356 BC - Herostratus sets fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World Year 1928 ( MCMXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. KENT (1400 AM) is a Radio station broadcasting a Adult Standards/MOR format England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British Order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. Events 1560 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation Year 1847 ( MDCCCXLVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Events 356 BC - Herostratus sets fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World Year 1928 ( MCMXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The English people (from the adjective in Englisc) are a Nation and Ethnic group native to England who predominantly speak English An actor, actress, player or thespian (see terminology) is a person who Acts in a Dramatic production and who works Terry became the leading Shakespearean actress in Britain. William Shakespeare ( baptised
Alice Ellen Terry (she reversed her names by the time of her first marriage) was born in Coventry, England, the third born child in a theatrical family. Charles John Kean ( January 18, 1811 - January 22, 1868) was born at Waterford Ireland, the son of the Actor Edmund The Winter's Tale is a play by William Shakespeare, first published in the First Folio in 1623 Coventry ( is a city and Metropolitan borough in the County of West Midlands in England.  Her parents, Benjamin and Sarah (née Ballard), were comic actors in a touring company based in Portsmouth and had eleven children, at least five of whom became actors: Florence, Fred, Kate and Marion. Fred Terry ( November 9 1863 &ndash April 12 1933) was an English Actor and theatrical Manager. Two other children, George and Charles, were connected with theatre management.  Kate was a very successful actress until her marriage and retirement from the stage in 1867. Terry's great nephew (Kate's grandson) Sir John Gielgud, became one of the twentieth century's most respected actors. Sir Arthur John Gielgud, OM, CH ( 14 April, 1904 – 21 May 2000) known as Sir John Gielgud, was an 
Terry's first appearance on stage came at the age of eight, when she appeared opposite Charles Kean as Mamillius in Shakespeare's The Winter's Tale at London's Princess's Theatre in 1856. Charles John Kean ( January 18, 1811 - January 22, 1868) was born at Waterford Ireland, the son of the Actor Edmund The Winter's Tale is a play by William Shakespeare, first published in the First Folio in 1623 London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. The Princess's Theatre or Princess Theatre was a theatre in Oxford Street, London.  She also played the juvenile roles of Prince Arthur in King John and Puck in A Midsummer Night's Dream and continued acting at the Princess Theatre until the Keans' retirement in 1859. The Life and Death of King John, a history play by William Shakespeare, dramatizes the reign of King John of England (ruled 1199&ndash1216 A Midsummer Night's Dream is a romantic comedy by William Shakespeare, suggested by " The Knight's Tale " from  For the next two years, Terry and Kate toured in sketches and plays, accompanied by their parents and a musician. 
Between 1861 and 1862, Terry was engaged by the Royalty Theatre in London, managed by Madame Albina de Rhona, where she acted with the Kendals, among other famous actors. The Royalty Theatre was a small London theatre situated at 73 Dean Street, Soho and opened on May 25 1840 as Miss Kelly's Theatre Dame Madge Kendal DBE ( 15 March 1848 &ndash 14 September 1935) born Margaret Shafto Robertson, was an English In 1862, she joined her sister Kate in Bristol and began working with J. Bristol ( ˈbrɪstəl is a city, Unitary authority and ceremonial county in South West England, west of London H. Chute's stock company, where she played a wide variety of parts, including burlesque roles requiring singing and dancing, as well as roles in Much Ado about Nothing, Othello, and A Merchant of Venice. Burlesque is a genre of entertainment also known as Travesty. Much Ado About Nothing is a comedy by William Shakespeare. First published in 1600 it is likely to have been first performed in the autumn or winter The Merchant of Venice is a play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1596 and 1598  In 1863, Chute opened the Theatre Royal in Bath, where Terry, now aged 15, appeared at the opening as Titania in A Midsummer Night's Dream and then returned to London to join the company at the Haymarket Theatre in Shakespearean roles. A Midsummer Night's Dream is a romantic comedy by William Shakespeare, suggested by " The Knight's Tale " from Haymarket Theatre (Leicester|Her Majesty's Theatre The Theatre Royal Haymarket or Haymarket Theatre or the Little Theatre is a West End theatre in 
Terry married three times and was involved in numerous relationships during her lifetime. In London, during an engagement at the Haymarket Theatre, Terry and her sister Kate had their portraits painted by the eminent artist George Frederick Watts, and he soon proposed marriage. George Frederic Watts, OM ( 23 February, 1817 – 1 July, 1904; sometimes spelled "George Frederick Watts" was a popular Watts's famous portraits of Terry include "Choosing," in which Terry must select between earthly vanities, symbolised by showy, but scent-less camellias and nobler values symbolised by humble-looking, but fragrant violets. Other famous portraits include "Ophelia" and, together with her sister Kate, "The Sisters. " Terry was impressed with the art and elegance of his lifestyle and wished to please her parents by making an advantageous marriage. They married on 20 February 1864, shortly before her 17th birthday, when Watts was 46. Events 1472 - Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a Dowry payment Year 1864 ( MDCCCLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year During her marriage to Watts, she was uncomfortable in the role of child bride. Terry and Watts were separated after only ten months of marriage, during which she took a break from the stage, returning by 1866. 
In 1867, Terry performed in several pieces by John Taylor, including A Sheep in Wolf's Clothing at the Adelphi Theatre, The Antipodes at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane and Still Waters Run Deep at the Queen's Theatre. The Adelphi Theatre is a 1500-seat West End theatre, located on the Strand in the City of Westminster. The Theatre Royal Drury Lane is a West End theatre in Covent Garden, in the City of Westminster, a borough of London. Later that year, she played first played opposite Henry Irving in Katherine and Petruchio, David Garrick's one-act version of The Taming of the Shrew, at the Queen's Theatre. Sir Henry Irving ( February 6 1838 &ndash October 13 1905) born John Henry Brodribb was an English stage actor in the Victorian era David Garrick (born 19 February 1717 in Hereford &ndash 20 January 1779) was an English Actor, Playwright, The Taming of the Shrew is an early comedy by William Shakespeare believed to have been written between 1590 and 1594  In 1868, Terry began a relationship with the progressive architect-designer Edward William Godwin, whom she had met some years before, and with whom she retreated to a house called Pigeonwick in Harpenden in Hertfordshire, retiring from acting for six years. Edward William Godwin ( Bristol, May 26, 1833 – October 6, 1886) was a progressive English architect-designer who began Harpenden is a town in the City and District of St Albans of Hertfordshire in the South East of England. Hertfordshire (ˈhɑːtfədʃə(r, abbreviated Herts) is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in the East region of They could not marry, as Terry was still married to Watts and did not finalize a divorce until 1877, which was then a scandalous situation. With Godwin, she had a daughter, Edith Craig in December 1869 and a son, Edward Gordon Craig, in January 1872. Edward Gordon Craig ( 16 January 1872 – 29 July 1966) sometimes known as Gordon Craig was a English modernist Theatre The last name Craig was chosen to avoid the stigma of bastardy. In Common law, legitimacy is the status of a Child that is born to parents who are legally married to one another or that is born shortly after the 
The relationship with Godwin cooled in 1874 amidst financial difficulties, and Terry returned to her acting career, separating from Goodwin in 1875. In 1874, Terry played in a number of Charles Reade's works, including as Philippa Chester in The Wandering Heir, Susan Merton in It's Never Too Late to Mend, and Helen Rolleston in Our Seamen. For the New Zealand town planner of the same name see Charles Reade (town planner Charles Reade ( June 8, 1814 - April The same year, she performed at The Crystal Palace with Charles Wyndham as Volante in The Honeymoon by John Tobin and as Kate Hardcastle in She Stoops to Conquer by Oliver Goldsmith. The Crystal Palace was a cast-iron and Glass building originally erected in Hyde Park, London, England, to house the Sir Charles Wyndham ( 23 March 1837 &ndash 1919 was an English Actor, was born Charles Culverwell in Liverpool, the son John Tobin may refer to John Tobin (dramatist (1770&ndash1804 author of The Honey Moon Jack Tobin (1892&ndash1969 She Stoops to Conquer is a Comedy by the Irish author Oliver Goldsmith, son of an Anglo-Irish vicar first performed in London in 1773 Oliver Goldsmith (10 November 1730 or 1728 &ndash 4 April 1774 was an Anglo-Irish writer poet and Physician known for his Novel The Vicar 
In 1875, Terry gave an acclaimed performance as Portia in The Merchant of Venice at the Prince of Wales's Theatre. Lady Macbeth is a character in William Shakespeare play Macbeth. John Singer Sargent (January 12 1856 &ndash April 14 1925 was the most successful portrait painter of his era During his career he created roughly 900 oil paintings and more than The Merchant of Venice is a play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1596 and 1598 This is not the same theatre as The Prince of Wales Theatre, in Leicester Square which was built in 1884 became the The Prince of Wales in 1886 and is still Oscar Wilde wrote a sonnet, upon seeing her in this role: "No woman Veronese looked upon / Was half so fair as thou whom I behold. Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900 was an Irish Playwright, Novelist, poet and Author of The sonnet is one of the poetic forms that can be found in Lyric poetry from Europe. Paolo Veronese (1528 – April 19 1588 was an Italian painter of the Renaissance in Venice, famous for paintings such as The Wedding at Cana " She recreated this role many times in her career until her last appearance as Portia at London's Old Vic Theatre in 1917. The Old Vic is a Theatre located just south-east of Waterloo Station in London on the corner of The Cut and Waterloo Road. In 1876, she appeared as Lady Teazle in The School for Scandal and in a play called Olivia by William Gorman Wills at the Court Theatre, among other performances. The School for Scandal is a Comedy of manners written by Richard Brinsley Sheridan. William Gorman Wills ( January 28, 1828 &ndash December 13, 1891) was a Dublin -born Dramatist and painter Court Theatre The Royal Court Theatre is a non-commercial theatre on Sloane Square, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. Terry married again, in November 1877, to Charles Clavering Wardell Kelly, an actor/journalist, but they separated before his death in 1885.
In 1878, the 30 year old Terry joined Henry Irving's company at the Lyceum Theatre as its leading lady, beginning with Ophelia opposite Irving's Hamlet. Sir Henry Irving ( February 6 1838 &ndash October 13 1905) born John Henry Brodribb was an English stage actor in the Victorian era The Lyceum Theatre is a 2000-seat West End theatre located in the City of Westminster, on Wellington Street just off the Strand. Soon, Terry was regarded as the leading Shakespearean actress in Britain, and in partnership with Irving, reigned as such for over 20 years until they left the Lyceum in 1902.  Their 1879 production of The Merchant of Venice ran for an unusual 250 nights, and success followed success in the Shakespeare canon as well as in other major plays. 
Among her most celebrated roles with Irving were Portia, Beatrice in Much Ado About Nothing, another of her signature roles (1882 and often thereafter), as well as Pauline in The Lady of Lyons by Edward George Bulwer-Lytton (1878), Juliet, Cordelia in King Lear, Jeanette in The Lyons Mail by Charles Reade (1883), Margaret in Faust by William Gorman Wills (1885), Lady Macbeth in Macbeth (1888), Queen Katharine in Henry VIII (1892), Rosamund de Clifford in Becket by Alfred Tennyson (1893), Guinevere in King Arthur by J. Comyns Carr, with incidental music by Sir Arthur Sullivan (1895), Imogen in Cymbeline (1896) and the title character in Victorien Sardou and Émile Moreau's play Madame Sans-Gêne (1897). The Famous History of the Life of King Henry the Eighth is a history play by William Shakespeare, based on the life of Henry VIII of England. Much Ado About Nothing is a comedy by William Shakespeare. First published in 1600 it is likely to have been first performed in the autumn or winter Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer-Lytton 1st Baron Lytton ( May 25, 1803 – King Lear is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1603 and 1606 and is considered one of his greatest works Lady Macbeth is a character in William Shakespeare play Macbeth. Macbeth is among the best-known of William Shakespeare 's plays, and is his shortest tragedy, believed to have been written some time between The Famous History of the Life of King Henry the Eighth is a history play by William Shakespeare, based on the life of Henry VIII of England. Alfred Tennyson 1st Baron Tennyson (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892 was Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom and remains one of the most popular English poets Joseph William Comyns Carr (1 March 1849 – 12 December 1916 was an English drama and art critic gallery director author poet playwright and theatre manager Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan MVO (13 May 1842 &ndash 22 November 1900 was an English composer of Irish and Italian descent best known for his operatic Imogen was the daughter of King Cymbeline, in Shakespeare's play Cymbeline. This article is about Shakespeare's play For the mythical British king see Cunobelinus. Victorien Sardou ( September 5, 1831 - November 8, 1908) was a French Dramatist. For the Canadian politician see Émile Moreau (politician, and for the French fencer see Émile Moreau (fencer. 
Terry made her American debut in 1883, playing Queen Henrietta opposite Irving in Charles I. Among the other roles she essayed on this and several subsequent tours with Irving were Jeanette in The Lyons Mail, Ophelia, Beatrice, Viola, and her most famous role, Portia.  She lived in Earls Court with her children and pets during the 1880s. Earls Court, a district in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in London, England. She first lived in Longridge Road before moving to Barkston Gardens in 1889. 
In 1900, Terry bought her farmhouse in Smallhythe, Kent, England, where she lived for the rest of her life. KENT (1400 AM) is a Radio station broadcasting a Adult Standards/MOR format England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland
In 1903, Terry formed a new venture, taking over management of the Imperial Theatre with her son, after her business partner, Irving, ended his tenure at the Lyceum in 1902. Here she had complete artistic control and could choose the works in which she would appear, as Irving had done at the Lyceum. The new venture focused on the plays of George Bernard Shaw and Henrik Ibsen, including the latter's The Vikings in 1903, with Terry as Hiordis. George Bernard Shaw ( (26 July 1856 &ndash 2 November 1950 was an Irish Playwright. "Ibsen" redirects here For other people named Ibsen see Ibsen (disambiguation. During this time, Terry struck up a friendship and a famous correspondence with Shaw during this time.  Theatre management turned out to be a financial failure for Terry. She then toured England, taking engagements in Nottingham, Liverpool, and Wolverhampton, and appeared in 1905 in J. M. Barrie's Alice-Sit-by-the-Fire. Sir James Matthew Barrie 1st Baronet OM ( 9 May, 1860 &ndash 19 June, 1937) more commonly known as J  Irving died in 1905 and, upset by his death, Terry again retired from the stage. 
She returned to the theatre again in April 1906, playing Lady Cecily Wayneflete to acclaim in Shaw's Captain Brassbound's Conversion at the Court Theatre and then touring successfully in that role in Britain and America. Captain Brassbound's Conversion (1900 is a play by G Bernard Shaw. On June 12, 1906, after 50 years on the stage, a star-studded gala performance was held at the Drury Lane Theatre for Terry's benefit and to celebrate her golden jubilee, at which Enrico Caruso sang, W. S. Gilbert directed a performance of Trial by Jury, Eleanora Duse, Mrs. Patrick Campbell, Lillie Langtry, Herbert Beerbohm Tree, and more than twenty members of Terry's family performed, among other performances. Events 1381 - Peasants' Revolt: in England, rebels arrive at Blackheath. Year 1906 ( MCMVI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Enrico Caruso (born Errico Caruso; February 25 1873 &ndash August 2 1921) was an Italian Opera singer Sir William Schwenck Gilbert (18 November 1836 &ndash 29 May 1911 was an English Dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator best known for his fourteen This article is about the comic opera For the legal institution see Jury trial. Eleonora Duse ( October 3, 1858 &ndash April 21, 1924) was an Italian actress often known simply as Duse. Mrs Patrick Campbell ( February 9, 1865 &ndash April 9, 1940) was one of the most successful British stage actresses of her generation Lillie Langtry ( 13 October 1853 &ndash 12 February 1929) born Emilie Charlotte Le Breton, was a highly successful British Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree ( 17 December 1852 – 2 July 1917) was an English Actor -manager 
Terry next appeared as Hermione in Herbert Beerbohm Tree's production of The Winter's Tale. The Winter's Tale is a play by William Shakespeare, first published in the First Folio in 1623 In 1907, she toured America under the direction of Charles Frohman. Charles Frohman ( July 15 1856 – May 7, 1915) was a Jewish American theatrical producer During that tour, On 22 March 1907, she married co-star, American James Carew, who had appeared with her at the Court Theatre. Events 238 - Gordian I and his son Gordian II are proclaimed Roman emperor. Year 1907 ( MCMVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year She was thirty years older than Carew. Terry's acting career continued strongly, but her marriage broke up after only two years.  She played as Nance Oldfield in a Pageant of Famous Women written in 1909 by C. Hamilton and her daughter, Edith. In 1910 she toured the U. S. again with much success, acting, giving recitations and lecturing on the Shakespeare heroines.
Returning to England, she played roles such as Nell Gwynne in The First Actress by Christopher St. Eleanor "Nell" Gwyn (or Gwynn or Gwynne) (1650 - 14 November 1687 was one of the earliest English Actresses to receive prominent recognition John (Christabel Marshall; 1911). Also in 1911, she recorded scenes from five Shakespeare roles for the Victor Talking Machine Company In 1914, Terry toured Australia and the U. Victrola redirects here For other uses see Victrola (disambiguation The Victor Talking Machine Company ( 1901 – 1929 S. , again reciting and lecturing on the Shakespeare heroines. She did this also in Britain. While in the U. S. , she underwent an operation for the removal of cataracts from both eyes, but the operation was only partly successful. In 1916, she played Darling in Barrie's The Admirable Crichton (1916). The Admirable Crichton is a comic stage play written in 1902 by J During World War I she performed in many war benefits.
In 1916, she appeared in her first film as Julia Lovelace in Her Greatest Performance and continued to act in London and on tour, also making a few more films through 1922, including The Invasion of Britain (1918), Pillars of Society (1918), Victory and Peace, Potter's Clay (1922), and The Bohemian Girl as Buda the nursemaid, with Ivor Novello and Gladys Cooper (1922). The Bohemian Girl is an Opera composed by Michael Balfe with a libretto by Alfred Bunn. David Ivor Davies (15 January 1893 &ndash 6 March 1951 better known as Ivor Novello, was a Welsh Composer, Singer and Actor, who Dame Gladys Constance Cooper DBE ( 18 December 1888 &ndash 17 November 1971) was an Oscar -nominated English  She also continued to lecture on Shakespeare throughout England, the USA and Canada. Her last fully staged role was as the Nurse in in Romeo and Juliet at the Lyric Theatre in 1919. Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written early in the In 1920 she retired from the stage and in 1922 from film.
In 1925 Terry was made a Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire. The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British Order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. In her last years, she gradually lost her eyesight and suffered from senility. Stephen Coleridge anonymously published Terry's second autobiography, The Heart of Ellen Terry in 1928. Stephen Coleridge (1854–1936 was a UK Author, Barrister, opponent of Vivisection and co-founder of the National Society for the Prevention
Terry died at her home at Smallhythe Place, near Tenterden, Kent, England, at age 81. Tenterden is a small Town in the Ashford District of Kent, England. KENT (1400 AM) is a Radio station broadcasting a Adult Standards/MOR format Her ashes rest in the churchyard of the actors' church, St Paul's, Covent Garden, London. St Paul's Church, also commonly known as the Actors' Church, is a church located in Covent Garden, London, England. 
After her death, the Ellen Terry Memorial Museum was founded in her memory at Smallhythe Place near Tenterden in Kent, an early 16th century house that she bought at the turn of the century. KENT (1400 AM) is a Radio station broadcasting a Adult Standards/MOR format  The museum was taken over by the National Trust in 1939. Also following her death, Terry's correspondence with Shaw was published.
Terry's daughter Edith Craig became a theatre director, producer, costume designer and early pioneer of the women's suffrage movement in England; her son, Edward Gordon Craig, became an actor, scenery and effects designer, illustrator and director and founded the Gordon Craig School for the Art of the Theatre in Florence, Italy, in 1913; and her grandnephew, Sir John Gielgud became an actor. Suffrage (from the Latin suffragium, meaning "voting tablet" and figuratively "right to vote" probably from suffrago "hough" and originally Sir Arthur John Gielgud, OM, CH ( 14 April, 1904 – 21 May 2000) known as Sir John Gielgud, was an The singer Helen Terry and illustrator Helen Craig are also descendants of hers. Helen Terry (born May 25 1956) is a British Singer, known for her backing vocal work with Culture Club. Helen Craig (born 30 August 1934 in London, England, UK) is a British illustrator best known for creating the Angelina Ballerina
|NAME||Terry, Dame Ellen Alice|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Terry, Alice Ellen|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||English actress|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 27, 1847|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Coventry, England|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 21, 1928|
|PLACE OF DEATH||Smallhythe, Kent, England|