|Motto: The Best Small Town in America|
Location of Elko, Nevada
|Designated County Seat||1869|
|- Mayor||Michael J Franzoia|
|- Senate||Dean Rhoads (R)|
|- Assembly||John C. A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The political units and divisions of the United States include The 50 states (four of these being officially styled as Commonwealths) which are typically Nevada ( is a state located in the western region of the United States of America. This is a List of counties in Nevada. There are sixteen counties and one Independent city in the U Elko County is located in the western US state of Nevada. As of the 2000 census, the population was 45291 A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government The Nevada Senate is the Upper house of the Nevada Legislature, the state legislature of U Dean Rhoads is a Republican member of the Nevada Senate, representing the Northern Nevada District ( map since 1984. The Nevada Assembly is the Lower house of the Nevada Legislature, the state legislature of the U Carpenter (R)|
|- U.S. Congress||Dean Heller (R)|
|- Total||14. The 2nd Congressional District of Nevada is a Congressional district occupying all of Nevada outside of Clark County, and some parts of Clark County Dean Heller (born May 10, 1960) is an American politician who represents Nevada's 2nd congressional district in the U Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 5 sq mi (37. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 5 km²)|
|- Land||14. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 5 sq mi (37. 5 km²)|
|- Water||0. 0 sq mi (0. 0 km²)|
|Elevation||5,066 ft (1,544 m)|
|- Density||1,153. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 3/sq mi (445. 3/km²)|
|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)|
|- Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||0845452|
Elko is a city in Elko County, Nevada, United States. The Pacific Time Zone observes Standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time ( UTC-8) UTC−8 is a band of Timezones separated from the Universal Coordinated Time by 8 hours Daylight saving time ( DST UTC−7 can be observed in Mountain Standard Time Zone Pacific Daylight Time Zone Canada The ZIP code is the system of Postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks Federal Information Processing Standards ( FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States Federal government for use by all non-military The Geographic Names Information System ( GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout Elko High School (EHS is a public Secondary school in Elko Nevada, in the United States. Elko County is located in the western US state of Nevada. As of the 2000 census, the population was 45291 Nevada ( is a state located in the western region of the United States of America. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The population was 16,980 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Elko County. A county seat is a term for an Administrative center for a County, primarily used in the United States. Elko County is located in the western US state of Nevada. As of the 2000 census, the population was 45291
Elko was first inhabited in 1868, when it was at the East end of the railroad tracks built by Central Pacific Railroad (the portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad built from California to Utah). The Central Pacific Railroad was the California-to-Utah portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America This article refers to a railroad built in the United States between Omaha and Sacramento completed in 1869 When the railroad crews moved on, Elko remained, serving as a ranch and mining freight and supply center. 
Elko is said to have been named by Charles Crocker, a superintendent Central Pacific Railroad. The Central Pacific Railroad was the California-to-Utah portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America He was especially fond of animal names and added o to Elk. There is no definitive evidence of this naming history, but it has become the widely accepted version. 
The first Elko County Courthouse was built in 1869. Elko County Courthouse is a historic building that along with all other buildings in Elko County Nevada was just shaken by an earthquake rated 6
In 1925, the Kelly Act (also known as the Airmail Act of 1925) authorized the U.S. Post Office to contract with private airlines for the feeder routes that fed the main transcontinental route. Year 1925 ( MCMXXV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The first commercial airmail flight in the United States was on the 487 mile Airmail Route #5 from Pasco, Washington to Elko, Nevada on April 6, 1926. Pasco (ˈpæskoʊ is a city in and the County seat of Franklin County, Washington, United States. Year 1926 ( MCMXXVI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The flight was piloted by Leon D. Cuddeback and included a brief stop in Boise, Idaho to pick up more mail. Boise (ˈbɔɪsi is the capital and most populous city of the U 
The 1910 replacement for the courthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP is the United States government's official list of districts sites buildings structures and objects deemed worthy of The US Post Office-Elko Main, built in 1933, is also listed.
Elko is located at .(40. 836396, -115. 765525)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census 5 square miles (37. 5 km²), all land; though the path of the Humboldt River fills from time to time. The Humboldt River runs through northern Nevada in the western United States.
January is normally the coldest month of the year, with an average maximum of 37. 1° and an average minimum of 14. 1°. July is normally the warmest month of the year, with an average maximum of 89. 6° and an average minimum of 48. 6°. There are an average of 42 days annually with a maximum of 90° (32°C. ) or higher, and an average of 193 days annually with a minimum of 32° (0°C) or lower. Annual precipitation averages 9. 9 inches, falling on an average of 79 days. Annual snowfall averages with 38. 5 inches. There are normally 130 sunny days each year.  The highest temperature on record is 108° on July 28, 1889, and the lowest on record is -43° on January 21, 1937. The most rainfall in one month was 5. 71 inches in January 1916. The most rainfall in one year was 18. 34 inches in 1983. The most snowfall in one month was 45. 7 inches in January 1996. The most snowfall in one year was 100. 8 inches in 1996. 
|Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures|
|Rec High °F||65||70||78||86||97||104||108||107||99||88||78||65|
|Norm High °F||37. 0||42. 9||51. 2||59. 3||68. 6||79. 9||89. 6||88. 1||78. 2||65. 0||48. 1||38. 2|
|Norm Low °F||14. 1||19. 7||26. 0||29. 9||36. 9||43. 5||48. 7||47. 0||38. 2||28. 4||20. 9||13. 9|
|Rec Low °F||-43||-37||-9||-2||10||23||30||20||9||1||-12||-38|
|Precip (in)||1. 14||0. 88||0. 98||0. 81||1. 08||0. 67||0. 30||0. 36||0. 68||0. 71||1. 05||0. 93|
As of the census of 2000, there were 20,732 people, 8,505 households, and 5,287 families residing in the city. The United States National Climatic Data Center ( NCDC) in Asheville, North Carolina is the world's largest active Archive of A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population The population density was 1,153. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 3 people per square mile (445. 2/km²). There were 6,948 housing units at an average density of 479. 6/sq mi (185. 1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81. 5% White, 0. 3% African American, 5. 4% Native American, 1. 0% Asian, 0. 1% Pacific Islander, 8. 6% from other races, and 2. 94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19. 4% of the population.
There were 8,505 households out of which 40. 6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54. 8% were married couples living together, 9. NOTICE TO WOULD-BE ROMEOS ************** 8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29. 8% were non-families. 23. 5% of all households were made up of individuals and 5. 7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2. 72 and the average family size was 3. 26.
In the city the population was spread out with 31. 1% under the age of 18, 9. 8% from 18 to 24, 31. 2% from 25 to 44, 21. 0% from 45 to 64, and 7. 6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31. 5 years. For every 100 females there were 104. 6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105. 3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $48,656, and the median income for a family was $52,263. Males had a median income of $42,155 versus $26,823 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,680. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country About 6. 1% of families and 8. 2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8. The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of Income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate Standard of living in a given country 9% of those under age 18 and 8. 4% of those age 65 or over.
Elko is the largest city between Salt Lake City and Reno located along Interstate 80. Salt Lake City is the Capital and the most populous city of the U Interstate 80 (I-80 is the second-longest Interstate Highway in the United States (after I-90) Passenger service to Elko is available on Greyhound Lines, Amtrak's twice-daily California Zephyr, and from SkyWest, which serves Elko Regional Airport from Salt Lake City. Greyhound Lines is an intercity Common carrier of passengers by Bus serving over 3700 destinations in the United States. The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, Doing business as Amtrak, is a Government-owned corporation that was organized on May 1, 1971 The California Zephyr is a 2438-mile (3924-km long Passenger train route operated by Amtrak in the Midwestern and Western United Elko Regional Airport, formerly known as Elko Municipal Airport, is a city-owned public-use Airport located one mile (1
Each January, Elko is the host to the National Cowboy Poetry Gathering. This festival is a week-long celebration of life in the rural West, featuring the contemporary and traditional arts that arise from lives lived close to the land. Poetry, music, stories, gear, film, photography, food – all contribute to the texture of an event that has become an annual ritual for thousands of people who value the people and cultures that live and work in the American West.
Elko is the home to the Western Folklife Center, which is regional nonprofit organization that works to expand our understanding of the everyday traditions of people who live and work in the American West. The Western Folklife Center is located Downtown in the old Pioneer hotel.
Every July, Elko is host to the National Basque Festival. The Basque people are a rich culture that has roots deep in the Elko community. The "Basco Fiasco" as it is humorously referred to, is a celebration on traditional Basque culture and its ties to the Elko community. The festival includes strong man competitions, a running of the bulls, traditional food and wine, and Basque Dancing.
Elko is home to a number of casinos, including Stockmen's, the Commercial, the High Desert Casino, the Red Lion, and the Gold Country Motor Inn. The Commercial Casino is notable for having a stuffed ten foot tall polar bear on display. For many years the Red Lion brought gamblers to Elko from many parts of the country through flights on Casino Express. The flights to Elko ended in February of 2006.
Elko is also home to legal prostitutes and contains five active brothels (Mona Lisa, Inez's, Jessica's Ranch, Sharon's Brothel & Bar and Sue's Fantasy Club). Under Nevada law, any county with a population of less than 400,000 is allowed to license brothels if it so chooses. Nevada ( is a state located in the western region of the United States of America.