Edward Stephen Harkness (January 22, 1874 – January 29, 1940) was an American philanthropist. Events 565 - Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus. Year 1874 ( MDCCCLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 904 - Sergius III comes out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed Antipope Christopher. Year 1940 ( MCMXL) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. He was born in Cleveland, Ohio, one of three sons to Stephen V. Harkness, a harnessmaker who invested with John D. Rockefeller and became the second-largest shareholder in Standard Oil. Cleveland is a City in the US state of Ohio and the County seat of Cuyahoga County, the most populous county in the state Stephen Vanderburgh Harkness (1818–1888 was an American harnessmaker from Cleveland Ohio, who invested as a silent partner with oil titan John D John Davison Rockefeller ( July 8, 1839 &ndash May 23, 1937) was an American Industrialist and philanthropist Standard Oil was a predominant American integrated oil producing transporting refining and marketing company (His father died in 1888. ) Harkness's eldest brother, William, had another mother.
Harkness attended St. Paul's School and Yale University, Class of 1897. This is about St Paul's School in the United States For other schools with the same name see the disambiguation page. Harkness and brothers Charles and William were members of Wolf's Head Society at Yale.  After graduating, Edward Harkness married Mary Stillman, daughter of William James Stillman, and whose family had also been associated with the Rockefellers. Harkness also received an LL.D from Columbia Law School. Doctor of Laws ( Latin: Legum Doctor, LLD) is a Doctorate -level Academic degree in Law. Columbia Law School, located in New York City, is one of the professional schools of Columbia University, a member of the Ivy League.
His elder brother Charles W. Harkness died in 1916, and in 1917 Anna Harkness, their mother, gave $3,000,000 to Yale University to build Harkness Quadrangle in his memory. Charles Harkness ( December 17, 1860 &ndash May 1, 1916) was the second son of Stephen V Anna M Richardson ( 25 October[[ 837]]- 27 March[[ 926]] was an American Philanthropist. In 1918 Anna Harkness established the Commonwealth Fund by an initial gift of $10,000,000, and Edward Harkness was made its president. The Commonwealth Fund is a private charitable foundation that aims to promote a high performing Health care system that achieves better access improved quality and greater
Harkness House, a student cooperative in Oberlin College; St. Oberlin College is a private Liberal arts college in Oberlin Ohio. Salvator's Hall at the University of St Andrews; Harkness Chapel at Connecticut College; Butler Library at Columbia University as well as the original portions of the Columbia University Medical Center and undergraduate dorms at Brown University, Harvard University, Yale University and Connecticut College were built through his philanthropy. The University of St Andrews is the oldest University in Scotland and third oldest in the English-speaking world, having been founded between Connecticut College is a selective coeducational private liberal arts college located in New London Connecticut. The Nicholas Murray Butler Library, commonly known simply as Butler Library, is the largest single library in the Columbia University Library System, which contains Columbia University is a private University in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. Columbia University Medical Center is the name of the medical complex associated with Columbia University, and covers several blocks (primarily between 165th and 168th Streets Brown University is a highly esteemed private University located in Providence, Rhode Island and is a member of the Ivy League. Connecticut College is a selective coeducational private liberal arts college located in New London Connecticut. He also had a substantial impact on several New England boarding schools, introducing the revolutionary Harkness table method of instruction, starting with Phillips Exeter Academy, and spreading to St. Paul’s, and The Lawrenceville School.
He established the Harkness Fellowships and founded the Pilgrim Trust in the UK in 1930 with an endowment of just over two million pounds, "prompted by his admiration for what Great Britain had done in the 1914-18 war, and by his ties of affection for the land from which he drew his descent. The Harkness table refers to a style of teaching wherein students sit at a large ovular table with their teachers in use at many American boarding schools and colleges Phillips Exeter Academy (also called Exeter, Phillips Exeter or PEA) is a Co-educational independent Boarding school for grades 9–12 This is about St Paul's School in the United States For other schools with the same name see the disambiguation page. The Lawrenceville School is a Coeducational independent preparatory Boarding school for grades 9-12 located on in the historic community of Lawrenceville The Harkness Fellowships (previously known as the Commonwealth Fund Fellowships) are a programme run by the Commonwealth Fund of New York City The Pilgrim Trust is a London -based charitable trust It was founded in 1930 by a two million pound grant by Edward Harkness, the American philanthropist " The current priorities of the trust are preservation, places of worship, and social welfare.