|Edge of Darkness|
|Written by||Troy Kennedy Martin|
|Directed by||Martin Campbell|
Joe Don Baker
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. Drama is the specific mode of Fiction represented in Performance. The thriller is a broad Genre of Literature, Film, Gaming and Television. Troy Kennedy Martin (born in Scotland in 1932 and educated at Finchley Grammar School (now known as Finchley Catholic High School and Trinity College Dublin Martin Campbell (born October 24[[ 944]] Hastings) is a New Zealand film and Television director. Bob Peck ( 23 August 1945 – 4 April 1999) was an English stage, Television, and Film Actor Joanne Whalley (born 25 August, 1961 in Salford, Lancashire) is an English Actress. Joe Don Baker (born February 12, 1936) is an American film actor perhaps best known for his roles as real-life Tennessee sheriff Buford Pusser Charles Kay (born Charles Piff; 31 August, 1930) is an English actor Ian McNeice (born 2 October 1950) is an internationally known English Actor. Michael Kamen ( April 15, 1948 – November 18, 2003) was an American Composer (especially of Film scores Eric Patrick Clapton, CBE (born 30 March 1945 is an English Blues-rock Guitarist, singer Songwriter and Composer The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States of episodes||6|
|Running time||c. Michael Wearing is a British Television producer, who has spent much of his career working on various drama productions for the BBC. The single-camera setup (aka single-camera mode of production is a method of shooting films and television programs 50 minute episodes|
|Picture format||Film PAL (576i)|
|Audio format||Stereophonic sound|
|Original run||4 November 1985 – 9 December 1985|
Edge of Darkness is a British television drama serial, produced by BBC Television in association with Lionheart Television International and originally broadcast in six fifty-five minute episodes in late 1985. PAL, short for Phase Alternating Line, is a colour -encoding system used in Broadcast television systems in large parts of the world 576i is a standard-definition video mode used in (former PAL and SECAM countries Stereophonic sound, commonly called stereo, is the reproduction of Sound, using two or more independent audio channels through a Symmetrical Events 1333 - Flood of the Arno River, causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani Year 1985 ( MCMLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar) Events 536 - Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city Year 1985 ( MCMLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar) British television broadcasting started in 1936 and now has a collection of free and subscription services over a variety of distribution media through which there are up to 600 channels Drama is the specific mode of Fiction represented in Performance. Serials in Television and Radio are series often in a weekly Prime time slot that rely on a continuing plot that unfolds in a serial fashion Year 1985 ( MCMLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar) A mixture of crime drama, political thriller, and science fiction, it revolves around the efforts of policeman Ronald Craven (played by Bob Peck) to unravel the truth behind the brutal killing of his daughter Emma (played by Joanne Whalley). Crime fiction is the Genre of Fiction that deals with Crimes their detection criminals and their motives It is usually distinguished from A political drama can describe a play, Film or TV program that has a political component whether reflecting the author's political opinion The thriller is a broad Genre of Literature, Film, Gaming and Television. Bob Peck ( 23 August 1945 – 4 April 1999) was an English stage, Television, and Film Actor Joanne Whalley (born 25 August, 1961 in Salford, Lancashire) is an English Actress. Craven's investigations soon lead him into a murky world of Government and corporate cover-ups and nuclear espionage, pitting him against dark forces that threaten the future of life on Earth.
Writer Troy Kennedy Martin was greatly influenced by the political climate of the time – particularly the Thatcher administration, perceived by many as reactionary, and the aura of secrecy surrounding the nuclear industry – and by the implications of the Gaia hypothesis of environmentalist James Lovelock, crafting a thriller that mingled real world concerns with mythic and the mystical elements. Troy Kennedy Martin (born in Scotland in 1932 and educated at Finchley Grammar School (now known as Finchley Catholic High School and Trinity College Dublin Margaret Hilda Thatcher Baroness Thatcher LG, OM, PC, FRS (born 13 October 1925 Nuclear power is any Nuclear technology designed to extract usable Energy from atomic nuclei via controlled Nuclear reactions The Gaia hypothesis is an ecological Hypothesis proposing that the Biosphere and the physical components of the Earth ( Atmosphere Dr James Ephraim Lovelock, CH, CBE, FRS (born 26 July 1919) is an independent scientist author researcher environmentalist and Kennedy Martin's original ending was more fantastic than that eventually used in the finished serial, proposing that Craven would turn into a tree but this was vetoed by other members of the cast and crew.
First broadcast on BBC2, Edge of Darkness was met with widespread critical acclaim and quickly earned a repeat on BBC1. Winner of several prestigious awards, it remains highly regarded to this day, often cited as one of the best and most influential pieces of British television drama ever made. The series' director, Martin Campbell is planning a remake in 2008, for release in 2009, starring Mel Gibson. Martin Campbell (born October 24[[ 944]] Hastings) is a New Zealand film and Television director. Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson, AO (born January 3 1956
Yorkshire police officer Ronald Craven (Bob Peck) is returning home with his daughter Emma (Joanne Whalley) having picked her up from a meeting of an environmental organisation at her university campus. Yorkshire is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in Great Britain. Joanne Whalley (born 25 August, 1961 in Salford, Lancashire) is an English Actress. On the doorstep of their home Emma is shot dead. The police concentrate their effort on the theory that her murder was a botched attempt on Craven's life by a criminal he had been responsible for convicting. However, as Craven goes through Emma's belongings, he discovers a geiger counter and a gun. A Geiger counter, also called a Geiger-Müller counter, is a type of Particle detector that measures Ionizing radiation. He also learns that Emma's body and her possessions are radioactive. Radioactive decay is the process in which an unstable Atomic nucleus loses energy by emitting ionizing particles and Radiation. Travelling to London to assist with the inquiry, he is contacted by Pendleton (Charles Kay), a polished official “attached to the Prime Minister's office”, who informs him that Emma was known to them as a terrorist and that it was she, not Craven, who was the gunman's target. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. Charles Kay (born Charles Piff; 31 August, 1930) is an English actor The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the political leader of the United Kingdom Terrorism is the systematic use of terror especially as a means of coercion
As he continues his investigations, Craven has visions of Emma, and it is never clear whether she is actually appearing to him as a ghost or whether she is a product of his imagination. A ghost is said to be the apparition of a Deceased person frequently similar in appearance to that person and usually encountered in places she or he frequented The fingerprints on the getaway car used by Emma's killer match that of Lowe, a man Craven arrested ten years previously. Meanwhile, Pendleton takes Craven to meet his colleague, Harcourt (Ian McNeice), who informs him that Emma was a member of a subversive anti-nuclear group called GAIA. Ian McNeice (born 2 October 1950) is an internationally known English Actor. A team of six GAIA members, led by Emma, had broken into a low level radioactive waste facility at Northmoor; all are now either dead or missing. Low-level waste (LLW is a term used to describe Nuclear waste that does not fit into the categorical definitions for high-level waste (HLW spent nuclear fuel (SNF transuranic After Craven makes a televised appeal for information about Emma's killer, he is contacted by CIA agent Darius Jedburgh (Joe Don Baker), an associate of Harcourt and Pendleton. near as long as it used to be several months ago It has been actively summarized and split into sub-articles and there is a dynamic talk page discussion of all Joe Don Baker (born February 12, 1936) is an American film actor perhaps best known for his roles as real-life Tennessee sheriff Buford Pusser Jedburgh shows Craven the CIA's file on Emma's activities: GAIA had become suspicious of Northmoor when a nearby reservoir had become contaminated with radioactive material, an occurrence that had also alerted the CIA, leading them to believe Northmoor was illegally storing plutonium. Jedburgh is played as a hard-bitten professional with a wry sense of humour and a passion for ballroom dancing. Along with Harcourt and Pendleton, he is keen to find the source and purpose of the plutonium.
The police close in on their suspect, Lowe (Roy Heather), who is severely injured in a fall while trying to escape. Roy Heather (born 1935 in Stoke Poges, Buckinghamshire) is an English actor Dying, he tells Craven he was working with McCroon, a terrorist Craven had had convicted in Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a Country within the United Kingdom, lying in the northeast of Emma's boyfriend, Terry Shields (Tim McInnerny), tells Craven that she was investigating a hot cell in Northmoor; he is later killed. Tim McInnerny ("McInnerny" is stressed on the penultimate syllable (mækɪˈnɝːnɪ (born 18 September 1956) is an English Actor Shielded containments are commonly referred to as Hot Cells. The word "hot" refers to Radioactive. Craven meets Harcourt and Pendleton at the House of Commons where an inquiry is taking place into the sale of International Irradiated Fuels (IIF) – Northmoor's owners – to the Fusion Corporation of Kansas, owned by Jerry Grogan (Kenneth Nelson). The House of Commons' is the Lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which also comprises the Sovereign and the House of Lords Kenneth Nelson ( March 24, 1930 – October 7, 1993) was an American Actor. Pendleton tells Craven that he believes Grogan was behind Emma's death. Returning to Yorkshire for Emma's funeral, Craven is refused permission to seek a warrant to enter Northmoor. Returning home, he is observed by McCroon (Sean Caffrey). Sean Caffrey (born 15 April 1940 in Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom) is an actor
McCroon breaks into Craven's house intent on killing him. Craven demands McCroon tell him who he is working for but McCroon is shot by a police marksman before he can say anything. A marksman is a person that is skilled in Precision shooting, using projectile weapons such as with a Rifle but most commonly with a Sniper rifle, Through a contact of Mac (Struan Roger), a colleague from his time in Northern Ireland, Craven gains access to a terminal connected to the MI5 computer. He checks the MI5 records for GAIA, Northmoor and Emma and learns that McCroon was acting on the orders of Northmoor Security. He also obtains a three-dimensional map of Northmoor from the computer. Craven contacts Jedburgh and asks him to accompany him inside Northmoor.
Craven and Jedburgh penetrate Northmoor and discover the hot cell which has been sealed off following an explosion - a consequence of GAIA's attempted break-in. Jedburgh, under orders from the CIA, enters the hot cell and steals the plutonium. At the House of Commons inquiry, IIF chief executive Robert Bennett (Hugh Fraser) is forced to admit the presence of plutonium at Northmoor and the deaths of the GAIA team. Hugh Fraser is an English Actor. He studied acting at the Webber Douglas Academy of Dramatic Art and the London Academy of Music and Dramatic
Craven and Jedburgh escape Northmoor but both are dying from radiation poisoning. Radiation poisoning, also called " radiation sickness " or a " creeping dose " is a form of damage to organ tissue due to excessive exposure to Jedburgh makes for the Gleneagles Hotel in Scotland, which is hosting a NATO conference on directed energy weapons. The Gleneagles Hotel is a luxury Hotel near Auchterarder, Perth and Kinross, Scotland. Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. The North Atlantic Treaty Also present at the conference is Grogan who announces that the British government has approved the purchase of IIF and speaks with cold passion of harnessing the power of the atom to conquer the galaxy. The audience of military and civilian officials applauds but Jedburgh in U. S. uniform takes the dais to denounce nuclear proliferation and a vainglorious crusade amongst the stars. He finishes by bringing together two bars of plutonium he has removed from Northmoor, causing a criticality accident and irradiating himself and the nearby Grogan. A criticality accident, sometimes referred to as an excursion or a power excursion, occurs when a Nuclear chain reaction accidentally occurs in Fissile
Emma's ghost appears to Craven and tells him of a time when black flowers grew, warming the Earth and preventing life from becoming extinct. In Biology and Ecology, extinction is the cessation of existence of a Species or group of taxa. She tells him that the black flowers have returned and will melt the polar icecaps, destroying mankind so that life can continue. Craven goes to dissuade Jedburgh from the next step in his plan, which is to cause a nuclear explosion in Scotland with the rest of the plutonium. He succeeds, though the secret service follow him and kill Jedburgh.  Craven, like Jedburgh and Grogan fatally exposed to radiation, wanders into the mountains to die, calling Emma's name. On the mountains, as Emma predicted, the black flowers are growing.
Ronald Craven was played by Bob Peck, an actor who was well known in theatre but, at the time he was cast as Craven, had appeared in only minor roles on television. In creating the role of Craven, Peck drew upon his experience gained from the two years he played Macduff in Macbeth for the Royal Shakespeare Company. Macduff is a Fictional character in Shakespeare 's play Macbeth. Macbeth is among the best-known of William Shakespeare 's plays, and is his shortest tragedy, believed to have been written some time between The Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC is a British Theatre company  Notable roles after Edge of Darkness included On the Black Hill (1987), Slipstream (1989), Natural Lies (1992) and Jurassic Park (1993). Slipstream is a 1989 adventure / Science fiction film starring Bob Peck, Mark Hamill, Bill Paxton, and Kitty Aldridge Jurassic Park is a Science fiction Novel that was written by Michael Crichton and published in 1990. He died in 1999. Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) 
Joanne Whalley, who played Emma Craven, began acting during childhood, appearing in the long-running soap opera Coronation Street (1960 - present) in 1976 at the age of 10. Joanne Whalley (born 25 August, 1961 in Salford, Lancashire) is an English Actress. A soap opera is an ongoing episodic work of Fiction, usually broadcast on Television or Radio. Coronation Street (commonly known as 'Corrie' is an award-winning Soap opera created by Tony Warren She had also appeared in supporting roles in several series including Juliet Bravo (1980 - 1985), Bergerac (1981 - 1991) and Reilly, Ace of Spies (1983). Juliet Bravo was a British Television series which ran between 1980 and 1985 Reilly Ace of Spies is a 1983 television Miniseries, written by Troy Kennedy Martin, and based on the 1967 book Ace of Spies by Following Edge of Darkness, Whalley was cast in the equally well regarded BBC television serial The Singing Detective (1986), written by Dennis Potter. The Singing Detective is a critically acclaimed BBC Television Miniseries, written by Dennis Potter and starring Michael Dennis Christopher George Potter (17 May 1935&ndash7 June 1994 was a controversial English Dramatist, best known for The Singing Detective Moving to Hollywood, she appeared in such films as Willow (1988), Scandal (1989) and Shattered (1991) as well as television mini-series such as Scarlett (1994) and Jackie Bouvier Kennedy Onassis (2000). Willow is a 1988 Fantasy film directed by Ron Howard, based on a story by George Lucas. Shattered was a Reality television programme shown on Channel 4 in the United Kingdom in early 2004. Scarlett is a 1994 six hour miniseries loosely based on the sequel to Margaret Mitchell 's novel Gone with the Wind, written During her eight year marriage to the actor Val Kilmer, between 1988 and 1996, she was often credited as Joanne Whalley-Kilmer. Val Edward Kilmer (born December 31, 1959) is an American Actor. 
Cast as Darius Jedburgh was Joe Don Baker, who had been acting since the nineteen-sixties and was known for his roles in Westerns such as Gunsmoke (1955 - 1975) and as the lead in the detective series Eischied (1979 – 1980). Joe Don Baker (born February 12, 1936) is an American film actor perhaps best known for his roles as real-life Tennessee sheriff Buford Pusser The Western is a fiction Genre seen in Film, Television, Radio, Literature, Painting and other Visual arts. Gunsmoke is an American radio and television Western drama series created by director Norman MacDonnell and writer John Meston The script of Edge of Darkness so impressed him that he agreed to take the part at lower than his usual fee.  He was later cast, by Edge of Darkness director Martin Campbell, as CIA agent Jack Wade in the James Bond film Goldeneye (1995), a role he reprised in Tomorrow Never Dies (1997). This is a list of allies in the James Bond 1995 film GoldenEye. James Bond 007 is a Fictional character created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve Novels and two Short story GoldenEye (1995 is the seventeenth Spy film of the British James Bond series directed by Martin Campbell and the Tomorrow Never Dies, released in 1997, is the eighteenth Spy film in the James Bond series, and the second to star Pierce Brosnan 
Charles Kay, who played Pendleton, was a well established character actor who had appeared in Fall of Eagles (1974), I, Claudius (1976) and The Devil's Crown (1978). Fall of Eagles is a 13-part British television drama aired by the BBC in 1974 I Claudius is a 1976 BBC Television adaptation of Robert Graves 's ''I Claudius'' and ''Claudius the God''. He has since acted in many television productions such as Fortunes of War (1989), The Darling Buds of May (1991 - 1993), Jonathan Creek (1997 - 2004) and Midsomer Murders (1997 - present). Fortunes of War was an adaptation of Olivia Manning 's cycle of novels of the same name for television by the BBC, starring Kenneth Branagh as The Darling Buds of May is a British Television series which was first broadcast between 1991 and 1993 produced by Yorkshire Television Jonathan Creek is a British mystery Television series produced by the BBC and written by David Renwick. Midsomer Murders is a British television Drama that has aired on ITV1 since 1997 
Edge of Darkness was an early role for Ian McNeice, who played Harcourt. He went on to act in a wide variety of film and television parts including The Englishman Who Went Up a Hill But Came Down a Mountain (1995), Ace Ventura: When Nature Calls (1995) and Frank Herbert's Dune (2000) as well as regular roles in Doc Martin (2004 - present) and Rome (2005 - 2007). The Englishman Who Went Up a Hill But Came Down a Mountain is a 1995 movie written by Ivor Monger and directed by Christopher Monger. Ace Ventura When Nature Calls ( 1995) is the sequel to Ace Ventura Pet Detective ( 1994) Frank Herbert's Dune is a three-part Miniseries based on the 1965 novel Dune by Frank Herbert. Doc Martin is a British television comedy drama starring Martin Clunes. Rome is a BAFTA, Golden Globe and Emmy -nominated historical drama Television series co-created by John Milius 
Several other familiar faces to British viewers appeared during the course of the episodes, including John Woodvine (as Craven's superior DCS Ross), Tim McInnerny (as Emma's boyfriend Terry Shields), Hugh Fraser (as IIF chief executive Robert Bennett), Zoë Wanamaker (as intelligence agent Clementine) and Brian Croucher (as Northmoor security chief Connors) as well as, playing themselves, television reporters Sue Cook and Kenneth Kendall, weatherman Bill Giles and Labour MP Michael Meacher. John Woodvine (born 21 July 1929) is an English stage and screen actor who has appeared in more than 70 theatre productions as well as a similar number Tim McInnerny ("McInnerny" is stressed on the penultimate syllable (mækɪˈnɝːnɪ (born 18 September 1956) is an English Actor Hugh Fraser is an English Actor. He studied acting at the Webber Douglas Academy of Dramatic Art and the London Academy of Music and Dramatic Brian Croucher (born in Surrey) is an English actor perhaps best known for his role as Ted Hills, which he played from 1995 to 1997 in the popular Sue Cook (born Susan Lorraine Thomas, in Ruislip Middlesex March 30 1949) is a British broadcaster and author Kenneth Kendall (born 7 August 1924, British India) is a retired British broadcaster Bill Giles (born 1939 in Dittisham, near Dartmouth Devon, England) is a former British weather forecaster and television presenter The Labour Party is a Political party in the United Kingdom. Founded at the start of the 20th century it has been since the 1920s the principal party of the A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a Parliament. Michael Hugh Meacher (born November 4 1939) is a British Labour party Politician, and Member of Parliament (MP for
Writer Troy Kennedy Martin was the creator of the long-running BBC police drama Z Cars (1962 - 1978). Troy Kennedy Martin (born in Scotland in 1932 and educated at Finchley Grammar School (now known as Finchley Catholic High School and Trinity College Dublin Z-Cars (sometimes written as Z Cars) was a British Television drama series centred on the work of beat police in the fictional He also wrote the screenplay for the films The Italian Job (1969) and Kelly's Heroes (1970) and scripts for television series such as Colditz (1972 - 1974), The Sweeney (1975 - 1978) (which was created by his brother Ian Kennedy Martin) and Reilly, Ace of Spies (1983). The Italian Job is a British caper film, written by Troy Kennedy Martin, produced by Michael Deeley and directed by Peter Kelly's Heroes is an offbeat 1970 War film about a group of enterprising World War II soldiers who set out to rob a bank behind enemy lines Colditz is a British Television series made as a co-production between the BBC and Universal Studios and screened between 1972 The Sweeney was a British Television Police drama focusing on two members of the Flying Squad, an elite branch of the Metropolitan Ian Kennedy Martin (born May 23 1936) is a British Television scriptwriter Following Edge of Darkness, he wrote the screenplays for the films Red Heat (with Walter Hill) (1988) and Bravo Two Zero (1999). Red Heat is a 1988 Buddy cop film directed by Walter Hill. The film stars Arnold Schwarzenegger, as Moscow narc Walter Hill may refer to Walter Hill (director (born 1942 American film director Walter Barnard Hill (1851&ndash1905 chancellor Bravo Two Zero is a 1999 two 60 minute part Television Miniseries based on a book of the same name by Andy McNab. 
Director Martin Campbell had developed a reputation for handling action thrillers with credits including The Professionals (1977 - 1983), Minder (1979 - 1994) and Shoestring (1979 - 1980). Martin Campbell (born October 24[[ 944]] Hastings) is a New Zealand film and Television director. The Professionals was a British crime-action Television drama series that aired on the ITV network from 1977 to 1983 filmed between 1977 Minder was a British Comedy-drama about the London criminal underworld. Shoestring was a BBC television show set in Bristol. It featured a private detective with his own show on the local radio station Radio West A few years after Edge of Darkness, Campbell moved into feature films, directing the James Bond films Goldeneye (1995) and Casino Royale (2006) as well as The Mask of Zorro (1998), Vertical Limit (2000) and The Legend of Zorro (2005). Casino Royale ( 2006) is the twenty-first film in the James Bond series; it is directed by Martin Campbell and the first to star This article refers to the 1998 film The last Zorro story written by the character's creator Johnston McCulley, originated this title Vertical Limit ( 2000) is an Action movie / thriller directed by New Zealander Martin Campbell ( GoldenEye, The Legend of Zorro is a 2005 sequel to 1998's The Mask of Zorro, both directed by Martin Campbell. 
Producer Michael Wearing had worked on Play for Today for which he had produced Alan Bleasdale's The Black Stuff (1978) and which he and Bleasdale subsequently spun off into the highly acclaimed Boys from the Blackstuff (1982). Michael Wearing is a British Television producer, who has spent much of his career working on various drama productions for the BBC. Play for Today was a British television anthology drama series produced by the BBC and transmitted on BBC1 from 1970 to 1984 Alan Bleasdale (born 23 March 1946 in Liverpool, Merseyside, England, brought up in Huyton Boys from The Blackstuff is a British Television drama series of five episodes originally transmitted from October 10 to November He also produced the conspiracy thriller Bird of Prey (1982). Bird of Prey is a British Television serial produced by the BBC in 1982. Following Edge of Darkness he continued to be one of British television's most high profile and successful producers, appointed Head of Serials at the BBC between 1989 and 1998 where he was responsible for such programmes as Pride and Prejudice (1995), Our Friends in the North (1996) and Dennis Potter's final two plays Karaoke (1996) and Cold Lazarus (1996). Pride and Prejudice is a six-episode 1995 British television drama adapted by Andrew Davies from Jane Austen 's 1813 novel Pride Our Friends in the North is a British Television drama serial, produced by the BBC and originally broadcast in nine episodes Karaoke was a British television drama written by Dennis Potter with the knowledge that he was dying from Cancer of the Pancreas. Cold Lazarus is a British television four-part drama written by Dennis Potter with the knowledge that he was dying from cancer of the pancreas 
Walt Patterson, who acted as series adviser, was a leading commentator on nuclear affairs, best known for his book Nuclear Power (Penguin, 1976 - 1986). Walter C (Walt Patterson (born November 4, 1936 in Winnipeg, Canada arrived in the United Kingdom in 1960. Following Edge of Darkness, he acted as specialist adviser to the British House of Commons Select Committee on Environment for their 1986 study, Radioactive Waste. See also Committee A Select Committee is a committee made up of a small number of parliamentary members appointed to deal with particular areas or issues He continues to contribute to the policy debate about energy and environmental issues.  Advice on the policing aspects of the serial was provided by the West Yorkshire Police and former Scotland Yard detective Jack Slipper, famous for his pursuit of the train robber Ronnie Biggs. West Yorkshire Police is the Home Office Police force responsible for policing West Yorkshire in England. New Scotland Yard or Scotland Yard, informally known as The Yard and NSY, is the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, responsible Jack Slipper ( April 20 1924 &ndash August 24 2005) was a Detective Chief Superintendent in the Metropolitan Police in The Great Train Robbery is the name given to a £26 million Train robbery committed on 8 August 1963 at Bridego Railway Bridge Ledburn near Ronald Arthur Biggs better known as Ronnie Biggs (born August 8, 1929) is an English Prisoner who is known for escaping from prison 
The musical score was provided by Eric Clapton and Michael Kamen. Eric Patrick Clapton, CBE (born 30 March 1945 is an English Blues-rock Guitarist, singer Songwriter and Composer Michael Kamen ( April 15, 1948 – November 18, 2003) was an American Composer (especially of Film scores Guitarist Clapton had come to fame as a member of rock supergroup Cream. SuperGroup is a Reality show on the channel VH1. The show puts together five Heavy metal musicians packed into a large mansion that must play a show after Cream were a 1960s British rock band He was approached to provide the score by producer Michael Wearing.  Shortly afterwards, when Michael Kamen brought Clapton to a screening of Brazil (1985), which he, Kamen, had scored, Clapton suggested a collaboration between the two on Edge of Darkness. Brazil is a 1985 Dystopian Black comedy film directed by Terry Gilliam.  Kamen became one of Hollywood's most successful film composers, writing the scores for many blockbuster films including the Lethal Weapon series (1987-1998) (with Eric Clapton), the first three Die Hard films (1988, 1990, 1995), Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991) and X-Men (2000). Lethal Weapon is a 1987 Action film, the first in a series of American Films that were released in 1987 1989 Die Hard is an Academy Award nominated 1988 American Action film. Robin Hood Prince of Thieves is a 1991 Adventure film directed by Kevin Reynolds. X-Men is a 2000 Superhero film based on the fictional Marvel Comics characters of the same name. He died in 2003. 
Aside from the Clapton/Kamen soundtrack, Willie Nelson's "The Time of the Preacher", New Model Army's "Christian Militia", and Tom Waits' "16 Shells From A 30. Willie Nelson (born April 30, 1933) is an American country Singer-songwriter and Actor. The New Model Army was formed in 1645 by the Parliamentarians in the English Civil War. Thomas Alan Waits (born 7 December 1949) is an American Singer-songwriter, Composer, and Actor. 6", feature in the series. "Christian Militia" is on the record player when Terry's body is found. Craven listens to "The Time of the Preacher" when he is in Emma's room in the first episode. It later emerges Jedburgh is familiar with the song and both he and Craven sing it on two occasions, the lyrics being significant.
“I am writing this story about a detective who turns into a tree” was what writer Troy Kennedy Martin told his colleagues when asked what he was working on during the early nineteen-eighties.  Kennedy Martin had become frustrated that “at the BBC there was no political dimension to their drama whatsoever” but had chosen to write a political story anyway, not really believing it would ever get made.  The election of Margaret Thatcher as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Ronald Reagan as President of the United States had brought about a major shift in the global political landscape and Kennedy Martin was motivated to write out of concern arising from such issues as the Greenham Common protests, the Falklands conflict, unrest among the miners and, arising out of the escalation of the Cold War, the fear that “born-again Christians and Cold War warriors appeared to be running the United States”. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by Greenham Common Women's Peace Camp was a Peace camp established to protest at nuclear weapon being sited at RAF Greenham Common in Berkshire, England The Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas/Guerra del Atlántico Sur also called the Falklands Conflict/Crisis, was fought in 1982 between Argentina and the The miners' strike of 1984 – 1985 was a major Industrial action affecting the British coal industry. Cold War is the state of conflict tension and competition that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union (USSR and their respective allies from the 
By 1981, Kennedy Martin had written the first draft of what would eventually become Edge of Darkness – at this stage it was called Magnox (a reference to the Magnox type of nuclear reactor) and was about trade union problems in the nuclear industry. For other uses of the term see Magnox (disambiguation. Magnox is a now obsolete type of nuclear power reactor which was designed This article is a subarticle of Nuclear power. A nuclear reactor is a device in which Nuclear chain reactions are initiated controlled A trade union or labour union is an organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals in key areas such as wages hours and working conditions forming  The script was given to head of BBC Drama, Jonathan Powell, who encouraged Kennedy Martin to continue its development. Jonathan Powell may refer to Jonathan Powell (musician, British musician Jonathan Powell (producer (born 1947 British television producer  The script would go though many changes and revisions before reaching its final form.
A particular influence was the speech made by President Ronald Reagan on 23 March 1983 announcing the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) which, using ground-based and space-based systems, proposed protecting the United States from attack by nuclear missiles. Events 1174 - Jocelin, Abbot of Melrose, is elected Bishop of Glasgow. Year 1983 ( MCMLXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar) The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI was a proposal by US President Ronald Reagan on March 23, 1983 to use ground and space-based systems to protect A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from Nuclear reactions either fission or a combination of fission and fusion.  One of the supporters of SDI was one-time US presidential candidate Lyndon LaRouche, on whom Kennedy Martin based the character of Fusion Corporation of Kansas owner Jerry Grogan. Views of Lyndon LaRouche Lyndon Hermyle LaRouche Jr (born September 8 1922 in Rochester New Hampshire) is an American Political activist and founder of several  Kennedy Martin was also influenced by the culture of secrecy surrounding the UK's policy regarding nuclear power in light of the inquiry into the construction of the Sizewell B nuclear power station and the concerns about the safety record of the Sellafield nuclear power plant; this led him to conceive International Irradiated Fuels and its chief executive Robert Bennett. There are two Nuclear power stations located near the small fishing village of Sizewell in Suffolk, England. Sellafield is a nuclear processing and former electricity generating site close to the village of Seascale on the coast of the Irish Sea in Cumbria 
The other major influence was the Gaia hypothesis, that the Earth is a single living system that self-regulates itself to maintain the optimum conditions for life, formulated by climate scientist James Lovelock and popularised in his 1979 book Gaia: A new look at life on Earth. Kennedy Martin used the name GAIA for the environmental organisation Emma Craven was involved in and drew the notion for the black flowers seen at the serial's conclusion from a passage in Lovelock's book that describes a dark marsh grass that grew on the surface of the Earth trapping heat during a time when the planet was too cold to sustain life. 
Although Kennedy Martin's notion for the serial was influenced by real political events, he had for a long time railed against naturalism in television drama – most notably in a 1964 article for the theatre magazine Encore, titled “Nats Go Home. Naturalism is a movement in Theatre, film, and Literature that seeks to replicate a believable everyday reality, as opposed to such First Statement of a New Drama for Television”, in which he sought “to free the camera from photographing dialogue, to free the structure from natural time and to exploit the total and absolute objectivity of the television camera”.  Edge of Darkness producer Michael Wearing has noted that “there is a mystical dimension to Troy's imagination. His instincts are visual and non-naturalistic”.  Kennedy Martin, therefore, crafted a serial that on the one hand placed its events squarely within the real, present day world but on the other also placed itself within the realm of the mystical and the mythic.  Realism and authenticity was provided by the appearances of real life television presenter Sue Cook and Labour MP Michael Meacher. There was also use of contemporary stock footage, such as Robin Day's interview with Margaret Thatcher and references to real persons like Michael Heseltine and places such as Sellafield, alongside the references to fictitious characters and places contained in the plot. The mystical dimension is provided by Emma's ghost while the mythic is provided by Craven himself and by Jedburgh and Grogan. Kennedy Martin, influenced by John Darragh's The Real Camelot (Thames and Hudson, 1981) which examined the pagan origins of the Arthurian legend, saw Craven as a modern day Green Man who would confront the threats to the Earth on behalf of Gaia. The Matter of Britain is a name given collectively to the Legends that concern the Celtic and legendary History of Great Britain, especially those A Green Man is a Sculpture, Drawing, or other representation of a face surrounded by or made from leaves.  Jedburgh was conceived by Kennedy Martin as a Knight of the Marches, one of the Teutonic Knights who defended the borders of Eastern Europe, opposed to Grogan, who Kennedy Martin saw as a descendant of the Knights Templar who, according to legend, had guarded a special wisdom in the Temple of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem. The Teutonic Order is a German Roman Catholic religious order. Eastern Europe is a general term that refers to the Geopolitical region encompassing the easternmost part of the European continent. The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Solomonici commonly known as the Knights Templar or the Order The Dome of the Rock ( Arabic: مسجد قبة الصخرة translit Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם, he-Latn Yerushaláyim; Arabic: ar القُدس, ar-Latn al-Quds) is the  These aspects would reach their apotheosis in the serial's conclusion in which Kennedy Martin envisaged that Craven, having found the plutonium stolen by Jedburgh, would be shot by a sniper and would be transformed into a tree. READ DISCUSSION PAGE BEFORE MAKING ANY EDITS TO CAPTION BELOW http//en 
By 1983, Jonathan Powell was keen to put the serial into production and offered the scripts to producer Michael Wearing who was immediately impressed by the scenes in the first episode, “Compassionate Leave”, depicting Craven's reaction to Emma's death, describing them as “the most sustained evocation of individual grief in bereavement that I can remember”.  The budget was set at £2 million, of which £400,000 came from an American co-producer, Lionheart Television International.  Director Martin Campbell came on board shortly afterwards and soon clashed with Troy Kennedy Martin, demanding rewrites, in particular to the notion that Craven had known about Emma's involvement with GAIA right from the start; this was removed at Campbell's behest.  Further clashes over the script occurred between Kennedy Martin and star Bob Peck over the conclusion in which his character would turn into a tree; Peck recalled that “it didn't seem to be working in script terms, it seemed as though we wouldn't be able to make it work for the audience”, a view echoed by Michael Wearing who felt that it was “likely not to come off as an effect”.  Kennedy Martin capitulated, introducing instead the concept of the black flowers seen in the finished production. However, some elements of Kennedy Martin's original vision persist in the final script: for example, in episode three, “Burden of Proof”, the ghost of Emma urges Craven, as he undergoes a breakdown, to be strong, like a tree. 
Shooting on Edge of Darkness began on 9 July 1984 and ran for five months until 5 December 1984. Events 455 - Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. Year 1984 ( MCMLXXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar) Events 63 BC - Cicero reads the last of his Catiline Orations. Year 1984 ( MCMLXXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar)  Location filming took place in London (including the Barbican Arts Centre, BBC Television Centre and the Hilton International Kensington), Yorkshire (including the headquarters of the West Yorkshire Police in Bradford and at Westwood Cottage, Ilkley for Craven's home), Scotland (including the Gleneagles Hotel, where Jedburgh addresses the NATO conference and also where President Reagan's Reykjavik policy was formulated) and Wales (including Clogau Gold Mine and Manod, Blaenau Ffestiniog doubling as Northmoor with the hot cell a set constructed at a factory in Penygroes). Barbican Centre is the largest Performing arts centre in Europe UH Hilton Hoteljpg|thumbnail|right|The Hilton University of Houston in Houston Texas, located on the campus of the University of Houston, contains the Hilton College of Kensington is a district of West London, England within the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, located west of Charing Cross. Bradford ( lies at the heart of the City of Bradford, a Metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire, England. Ilkley is a Spa town and Civil parish in West Yorkshire, in the north of England. The Reykjavik Summit was a summit meeting between US president Ronald Reagan and Soviet premier Mikhail Gorbachev, held in the famous house of Höfði The Clogau Gold Mine (sometimes known as the Clogau St David's Mine was once the largest and richest mine of all the gold mines in the Dolgellau gold mining area Blaenau Ffestiniog is a small Town in Gwynedd, north-west Wales. Pen-y-Groes (alternatively spelt as Penygroes is a large Village in north-west Wales.  Throughout the entire shoot, the production continued to be known as Magnox; the title Dark Forces was briefly considered before the serial was renamed Edge of Darkness in April 1985.  As the shoot progressed it became apparent to the cast and crew that they had a potential hit on their hands; Bob Peck recalled, “I think we knew when we were making it that it was a good piece of work” while Kennedy Martin told reporters “I haven't had this feeling about something for 20 years. It's wonderful, after all this time, to get something that actually works”. 
Edge of Darkness was promoted on the cover of the listings magazine Radio Times and was broadcast on Monday nights on BBC2 at 9:30pm, beginning 4 November 1985. A listings magazine is a magazine which contains information about the upcoming weeks events such as TV Listings, Music, Clubs, Theatre For the US radio series see WHYY-FM. Radio Times is the BBC 's weekly Television and Radio programme Events 1333 - Flood of the Arno River, causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani Year 1985 ( MCMLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar)  The serial averaged an audience of 4 million viewers over its run.  The critical response was generally positive with most commentators concentrating their praise on Peck's performance as Craven and the scale of the programme's political themes.  “A good television thriller is very hard to find but Edge of Darkness promises to be one of the best”, wrote Celia Brayfield in The Times, “The central character is played by Bob Peck, who has the gift of looking tragic and intelligent simultaneously. The Times is a daily national Newspaper published in the United Kingdom since 1785 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. [. . . ] There was humour to lift the gloom and superb characterisation to flesh out the stock situation”.  Ruth Baumgarten, in The Listener, praised the serial as “a grandiosely ambitious and compelling piece of fiction”. See also New Zealand Listener and Listener (musician and The Listener (TV series The Listener was a weekly  Speaking on the BBC's review programme Did You See. . ?, the writer Sarah Dunant said, “this is a very classy piece of television drama, on all levels, I think on the plot level, I think on the level of emotion and I think stylistically [. Sarah Dunant (born Linda Dunant 8 August, 1950, in London, England) is the author of many international bestsellers most recently . . ] it looks absolutely wonderful, it's shot like a feature film”.  Not so impressed was Byron Rogers, television critic of The Sunday Times, who initially hailed the series as one that “stayed in the mind and will stay there long [. The Sunday Times is a Sunday Broadsheet Newspaper distributed in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland. . . ] because of its portrayal of human grief” but later felt he was “beginning to find Edge of Darkness slightly irritating” and decried the final episode as “an insult to its considerable following”. 
Aware of the critical buzz surrounding the show, BBC1 Controller, Michael Grade, quickly announced that the series would be repeated on BBC1, stating, “I think it will reach a wider audience and it deserves it”, and so Edge of Darkness was duly shown, in double episodes, over three consecutive nights between 19 December and 21 December 1985, the fastest time between original broadcast and repeat in the BBC's history. Michael Ian Grade CBE (born March 8, 1943) is a British Businessman and a distinguished figure in the field of Broadcasting Events 324 - Licinius abdicates his position as Roman Emperor. Events 69 - The end of the Year of the four emperors: Following Galba, Otho and Vitellius, Vespasian Year 1985 ( MCMLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar)  These repeats were accompanied by a disclaimer that the GAIA organisation depicted in the programme was not connected with the Gaia publishing company supported by Prince Philip.  It was a move that paid off – Edge of Darkness doubled its audience on BBC1 to 8 million viewers. 
Edge of Darkness tapped into a cultural zeitgeist of concern about nuclear power and nuclear warfare in the early to mid nineteen-eighties. Zeitgeist ( pronounced) is a German language expression literally translated Zeit time; Geist spirit, meaning "the In 1980, current affairs programme Panorama broadcast “If The Bomb Drops”, a documentary that examined how well prepared Britain was for a nuclear attack; in 1983, The Day After an American TV movie about a nuclear war aired; in 1984, the BBC broadcast On the Eighth Day, a documentary about the effects of a nuclear winter and Threads, a drama about a nuclear attack on Sheffield while 1985 saw the first screening of Peter Watkins' nuclear war television film The War Game, banned on television since 1965. Panorama is the longest-running current affairs documentary series in the world The Day After is an American Television movie which aired on November 20 1983, on the ABC Television Network Nuclear winter is a term that describes the climatic effects of nuclear war. Threads is a 1984 BBC Television play depicting the effects of a nuclear war on the United Kingdom and its aftermath Sheffield ( is a city and Metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England Peter Watkins (born 29 October 1935) is an English Film and (once Television director. For the Doctor Who serial see The War Games. The War Game is a 1965 Television film on nuclear war  Edge of Darkness also rode on a wave of preoccupation with the secretive nature of the State in both fact (e. g. This Week’s “Death on the Rock” (1986) about the deaths of three Provisional IRA members in Gibraltar and Secret Society (1987) about undisclosed matters of public interest which led to the sacking of BBC Director General Alasdair Milne) and fiction (e. Death On The Rock was a controversial and British Academy Television Award -winning episode of Thames Television 's Current affairs strand The Provisional Irish Republican Army (Óglaigh na hÉireann ( IRA; also referred to as the PIRA, the Provos, or by some of its supporters as the Gibraltar (dʒɨˈbrɒltər is a British overseas territory located near the southernmost tip of the Iberian Peninsula overlooking the Strait of Gibraltar The Zircon affair was an incident in 1986 that raised many important issues in the British constitution. The Director-General is chief executive and (from 1944 Editor-in-chief of the BBC. Alasdair David Gordon Milne (born 8 October 1930 was a producer at the BBC who rose through management (Controller BBC Scotland and BBC Director of Programmes before becoming g. the films Defence of the Realm (1985) and The Whistle Blower (1987) and the television serials A Very British Coup (1988) and Traffik (1989)). Defence of the Realm is a 1985 political thriller directed by David Drury A Very British Coup is a 1982 Novel by Chris Mullin, and a 1988 British Television adaptation of the novel adapted by Alan Plater Traffik is a 1989 television serial about the illegal drug trade. 
Edge of Darkness continues to be well regarded to this day. When it was repeated on BBC2 in 1992, Sean Day-Lewis wrote in The Daily Telegraph, “Edge of Darkness is a masterpiece. For "The Daily Telegraph" in Australia see The Daily Telegraph (Australia. It is one of those very rare television creations so rich in form and content that the spectator wishes there was some way of prolonging it indefinitely”.  Andrew Lavender, writing in British Television Drama in the 1980s, has said that Edge of Darkness “captured the spirit of its age but went far beyond the drama of its time. [. . . ] It pushed against expectations attaching to the thriller form, often transcending the limits of the genre”.  Fred Inglis, in his analysis of the serial in Formations: 20th Century Media Studies, takes it “as one of the most remarkable works of art made for British television”.  According to Lez Cooke, in British Television Drama: A History, “In a reactionary climate, when the possibilities for the production of 'social issue' drama were limited, Edge of Darkness proved that, by adapting to changed circumstances and adopting a serialised thriller format, it was still possible to produce ambitious and progressive television drama in Britain in the mid-1980s”, a view echoed by Sean Cubit in EcoMedia who notes that “the series neatly echoed the chill that descended on radical politics in the Thatcher years in the United Kingdom”.  The television historian Andrew Pixley has described the series as “possibly the finest BBC drama ever made” and “one of the few television programmes where every element can be said to have worked to complete effect”. 
Edge of Darkness was placed fifteenth (fourth position out of the dramas featured on the list) on the British Film Institute's list of the 100 Greatest British Television Programmes in 2000, the BFI describing it as “a gripping, innovative six-part drama which fully deserves its cult status and many awards. The British Film Institute ( BFI) is a charitable organisation established by Royal Charter to encourage the development of the arts of film television ”.  Radio Times television editor Alison Graham listed it as one of the forty greatest television programmes ever made in 2003.  It was one of only seven dramas listed in Broadcast magazine's list of the fifty most influential television programmes, published in July 2004. Broadcast is a weekly Magazine for the United Kingdom Television and Radio industry  In March 2007, Edge of Darkness was placed third in Channel 4's list of the Greatest TV Dramas. Channel 4 is a public-service Television and Radio broadcaster in the United Kingdom centred around a television channel of the same name which began  Also on Channel 4, Darius Jedburgh was listed eighty-fourth in their list of the One Hundred Greatest TV Characters in 2001. 
Edge of Darkness was released on VHS videotape by the BBC in 1987. Videotape is a means of recording images and sound onto Magnetic tape as opposed to movie film.  There was also a release from CBS/Fox Video in North America at the same time. The soundtrack was also released as an album entitled Edge of Darkness. Edge of Darkness is the 1985 soundtrack by Eric Clapton and Michael Kamen for the British television series Edge of Darkness.
Troy Kennedy Martin's original script for episode one and the final scripts for episodes two to six of the serial were published by Faber and Faber in 1990; the script book also included an introduction by Kennedy Martin and two appendices – the first giving background to the story and the main characters and the second giving comments on the script by experts on nuclear power and police procedures. Faber and Faber, often abbreviated to Faber, is an independent publishing house in the UK, notable in particular for publishing 
The serial was re-issued on VHS in 1998 by Revelation Films who also issued the serial on DVD in 1999. DVD (also known as " Digital Versatile Disc " or " Digital Video Disc " - see Etymology)is  In 2003, BBC Worldwide re-issued Edge of Darkness on DVD (encoded for both regions 2 and 4) with several extra features including Magnox: The Secrets of Edge of Darkness, a specially made “making-of” documentary; an isolated soundtrack of Eric Clapton and Michael Kamen's score; a Bob Peck interview from BBC Breakfast Time; a contemporary report on the programme's BAFTA wins and coverage of the programme's wins at the Broadcasting Press Guild awards. Breakfast Time was British television 's first national Breakfast show, beating ITV 's TV-am to the air by two weeks  A region-1 (US/Canada) DVD release has been announced for 26 February 2008. 
In 2002, Martin Campbell announced that he was planning to adapt Edge of Darkness for the cinema.  Active development began in early 2007 when Campbell met with producer Graham King, who enlisted William Monahan (who won an Academy Award for King's The Departed) to write the script. Graham King (born December 19, 1961) is a Film producer and President and CEO of Initial Entertainment Group who is best known for his William Monahan (ˈwɪljəm ˈmɒnəhæn (born November 3 1960 is an Academy Award -winning American Screenwriter, Literary novelist and former "The Oscar" redirects here for the film see The Oscar (film. The Departed is a 2006 crime thriller Film directed by Martin Scorsese and starring Leonardo DiCaprio, In April 2008, Mel Gibson signed on to star in Campbell's remake, which will begin filming in Boston in August. Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson, AO (born January 3 1956 Michael Wearing and the BBC will also co-produce the film. 
The Jewel in the Crown
|British Academy Television Awards|
Best Drama Series or Serial
The Life and Loves of a She-Devil