Ealing shown within Greater London
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||W5, W13, W7|
|UK Parliament||Ealing North|
|Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush|
|London Assembly||Ealing and Hillingdon|
|List of places: UK • England • London|
Ealing is a town in the London Borough of Ealing. Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using Latitude and Longitude The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government The London Borough of Ealing ( is an Outer London borough in West London. The ceremonial counties are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government as the Counties for the purposes of the Lieutenancies Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. The region, also known as the government office region, is currently the highest tier of local government sub-national entity of England, with only one Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. Constituent country is a phrase used often by official institutions in contexts in which a country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged gives an overview of States around the world with information on the extent of their Sovereignty. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A post town is a required part of all postal addresses in the United Kingdom, and a basic unit of the postal delivery system The London postal district is the area in England, currently of 241 square miles to which mail addressed to the LONDON Post town is delivered UK Postal codes are known as postcodes. UK postcodes are Alphanumeric. The W (Western and Paddington postcode area, also known as the London W postcode area is a group of postcode districts in central and west London, England The UK Telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Telephone Numbering Plan, is the system used for assigning Telephone numbers in the United There are a number of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom. "Metropolitan Police" redirects here See also Metropolitan police. The fire service in the United Kingdom operates under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and The London Fire Brigade ( LFB) is the statutory The London Ambulance Service NHS Trust (LAS is the largest "free at the point of contact" ambulance service in the world that does not directly charge its patients London is a Constituency of the European Parliament. It currently elects 9 MEPs using the D'Hondt method of Party-list proportional This is a list of the 646 constituencies currently represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, as at the 2005 general election Ealing North is a Constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Ealing Southall is a Borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Ealing Acton and Shepherd's Bush is a Constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Greater London is divided into fourteen territorial constituencies for London Assembly elections each returning one member Ealing and Hillingdon is a Constituency represented in the London Assembly. A Gazetteer of place names in the United Kingdom showing each place's County, Unitary authority or council area and its geographical coordinates List of places --> List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places This is a partial list of places in London, England See List of places in England for lists of settlements in other counties A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. The London Borough of Ealing ( is an Outer London borough in West London. It is a suburban development situated 7. 7 miles (12. 4 km) west of Charing Cross. Charing Cross is located at the junction of the Strand, Whitehall and Cockspur Street in Central London, England. It is one of the major metropolitan centres identified in the London Plan and is often referred to as the "Queen of the Suburbs". The London Plan is a planning document written by the Mayor of London in the United Kingdom and published by the Greater London Authority. 
Archaeological evidence shows that parts of Ealing have been occupied for at least 7,000 years. Iron Age pots have been discovered in the vicinity on Horsenden Hill. Horsenden Hill ( grid ref:) is a hill and open space in Perivale, Middlesex, England. The name Ealing comes from the Saxon place-name Gillingas. A settlement is recorded here in the twelfth century amid a great forest that carpeted the area to the west of London. The earliest surviving English census is that for Ealing in 1599. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population This list was a tally of all 85 households in Ealing village giving the names of the inhabitants, together with their ages, relationships and occupations. It survives in manuscript form in the Public Record Office (PRO E 163/24/35), and has been transcribed and printed by K J Allison. The Public Record Office (PRO of the United Kingdom is one of the three organisations that make up the National Archives (the others are the Historical Manuscripts
Settlements were scattered throughout the parish. Many of them were along what is now called St. Mary's Road, near to the church in the centre of the parish. There were also houses at Little Ealing, Ealing Dean, Haven Green, Drayton Green and Castlebar Hill.
The Church of St. Mary's, the parish church, dates back to the early twelfth century. The parish of Ealing was divided into manors, such as those of Gunnersbury and Pitshanger. Pitshanger Village is a small area of North Ealing in West London, centred around the shops in Pitshanger Lane. These were farmed; the crops being mostly rye, but also wheat and maslin. There were also animals such as cows, sheep and chickens.
Great Ealing School was founded in 1698 by the Church of St Mary's. Great Ealing School was situated on St Mary's Road Ealing W5 London and was founded in 1698 This subsequently became the "finest private school in England" and had many famous pupils in the 19th century such as William S. Gilbert and Cardinal Newman. Sir William Schwenck Gilbert (18 November 1836 &ndash 29 May 1911 was an English Dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator best known for his fourteen Family John Henry Newman was born in London and was the eldest son of John Newman (d As the area became built-up, it declined and closed in 1908. 
The first known maps of Ealing were made in the 18th century. Mount Castle Tower, an Elizabethan structure which stood at the top of Hanger Hill, was used as a tea-stop in the nineteenth century. It was demolished to make way for Fox's Reservoir in 1881. This reservoir, with a capacity of 3 million gallons, was erected north of Hill Crest Road, Hanger Hill, in 1888 and a neighbouring reservoir for 50 million gallons was constructed c. 1889.
Ealing was mostly made up of open countryside and fields where, as in previous centuries, the main occupation was farming. However, there was an important road running from west to east through the centre of the parish. This road, later to be known as the Uxbridge Road, ran eastwards to London and westwards to Oxford. A large number of inns were situated along this route, where horses could be changed and travellers refresh themselves, prompting its favour by highwaymen. The word highwayman is first attested from the year 1617 The term "highwayman" is mainly applied to robbers who travelled on horseback as opposed to those who robbed on foot Stops in Ealing included The Feathers, The Bell, The Green Man and The Old Hats. At one point in history there were two pubs called the Half Way House either side of one of the many toll gates on the Uxbridge Road in West Ealing. Following the removal of the toll gate the easternly pub was renamed the Olde Hat.
As London developed, the area became predominantly market gardens. "Market garden" redirects here For the World War II operation see Operation Market Garden. In the 1850s, with improved travel (the Great Western Railway and two branches of the Grand Union Canal), villages began to grow into towns and merged into unbroken residential areas. The Great Western Railway ( GWR) was a British railway company and a notable example of Civil engineering, linking London with the West The Grand Union Canal in England is part of the British canal system. At this time Ealing began to be called the "Queen of the Suburbs".
The most important changes to Ealing occurred in the 19th century. The building of the Great Western Railway in the 1830s, part of which passed through the centre of Ealing, led to the opening of a railway station on the Broadway in 1879. In the next few decades, much of Ealing was rebuilt, predominantly semi-detached housing designed for the rising middle class. Better transport links, including horse buses as well as trains, enabled people to more easily travel to work in London whilst living in what was still considered to be the countryside. Much of the countryside was rapidly disappearing, however parts of it were preserved as public parks, such as Lammas Park and Ealing Common. Ealing Common is a large open space (approx 47 acres in Ealing, west London, bounded by Hanger Lane to the east and the Uxbridge Road to the Pitzhanger Manor and the extensive 28 acres grounds on which it stands, was sold to the council in 1901 by Sir Spencer Walpole, which had been bought by his father the Rt. Pitzhanger Manor House, in Ealing (west London) was owned from 1800 to 1810 by the architect John Soane, who radically rebuilt it Sir Spencer Walpole ( February 6, 1830 &ndash July 7, 1907) was an English Historian and civil servant Hon. Spencer Horatio Walpole and thus became Walpole Park. Spencer Horatio Walpole, PC, QC, LLD ( 11 September 1806 &ndash 22 May 1898) was a British Walpole Park is a municipal urban public open space run by Ealing Borough Council, and its main entrance is situated in Mattock Lane Ealing, West London 
It was during the Victorian period that Ealing became a town. This meant that roads had to be built, drainage provided, and schools & public buildings erected. The man responsible for much of all this was Charles Jones, Borough Surveyor from 1863–1913. Charles Jones (1830&ndash1913 was Ealing 's first architect engineer and surveyor He planted the horse chestnut trees on Ealing Common and designed the Town Hall, both the present one and the older structure which is now a bank (on the Mall). Ealing Broadway became a major shopping centre.
Standing near Charlbury Grove, Ealing Abbey was founded by a community of Benedictine monks in 1897. Ealing Abbey is a Roman Catholic Benedictine monastic foundation in West London England and part of the English Benedictine Congregation Twinned with the convent of St. Augustine's Priory, the giant abbey is a unique example of a traditional, working monastery.
It was in 1901 that Ealing Urban District was incorporated as a municipal borough, Walpole Park was opened and the first electric trams ran along the Uxbridge Road — a mode of transport that Transport for London (tfl) tried to reintroduce some 110 years later in the form of the West London Tram scheme. Ealing was a local government district from 1863 to 1965 around the town of Ealing. Municipal boroughs were a type of Local government which existed in England and Wales between 1835 and 1974 in Northern Ireland from 1840 to A tram, tramcar, trolley, trolley car, or streetcar is a railborne vehicle, of lighter weight and construction than a Train The West London Tram was a proposed on-street light rail line running along the Uxbridge Road corridor in West London, England. This was abandoned in August 2007 in the face of fierce local opposition and a switch in priorities and funding to Crossrail. Crossrail is a project to build major new Railway connections under central London.
The building of a new shopping centre, which opened in 1984, drastically altered the centre of Ealing.
At midnight, Thursday, August 2, 2001 a 40 kg bomb hidden in a vehicle exploded in The Broadway near Ealing Broadway railway station, damaging numerous shops in the immediate vicinity. Events 338 BC - A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. Ealing Broadway is a National Rail and London Underground station in Ealing in west London. Seven people suffered mild injuries. The bomb was placed by "Irish dissidents" thought to be members of the Real IRA. The Real Irish Republican Army, otherwise known as the Real IRA (RIRA or True IRA and styling itself as Óglaigh na hÉireann (Volunteers
The name Ealing was recorded c. 700 as 'Gillingas', meaning 'place of the people associated with Gilla', from the personal name Gilla and the Old English suffix '-ingas', meaning 'people of'.  Over the centuries, the name has changed, and has been known as Yealing, Zelling and Eling, until Ealing became the standard spelling in the nineteenth century.
Ealing has a large Polish community. This developed during World War II when Polish pilots fighting in the Battle of Britain flew from the nearby aerodrome, RAF Northolt, where there is a landmark Polish War Memorial. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The Battle of Britain (German ''Luftschlacht um England'' is the name given to the sustained strategic effort by the German Luftwaffe during the summer and RAF Northolt is a Royal Air Force station in the London Borough of Hillingdon, in north west Greater London, England. The Polish War Memorial is a Memorial erected to remember the contribution of airmen from Poland who helped the Allied cause during World War II The Polish community has grown considerably since Poland joined the EU and its migrant workers have been able to come to the UK freely.
Ealing is best known for its film studios which are the oldest in the world and known especially for the Ealing comedies including Kind Hearts and Coronets, Passport to Pimlico, The Ladykillers and The Lavender Hill Mob. For the film see Ealing Comedy (film. For the film comedies see Ealing Comedies. For the film see Ealing Comedy (film. For the film comedies see Ealing Comedies. Kind Hearts and Coronets is a 1949 British Black comedy film produced by Ealing Studios. Passport to Pimlico is a 1949 British Comedy film made by Ealing Studios. This article is about the 1955 film For the remake see The Ladykillers (2004 film. The Lavender Hill Mob is a 1951 Comedy film from Ealing Studios, written by T The studios were taken over by the BBC in 1955 so Ealing locations appeared in television programmes ranging from Doctor Who to Monty Python's Flying Circus. Doctor Who is a British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC. Monty Python’s Flying Circus (also known as Flying Circus or during the final series just Monty Python) is a BBC Sketch comedy Most recently, these studios have been used for movies again, including Notting Hill, The Importance of Being Earnest and Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones. Notting Hill is a 1999 Romantic comedy film set in Notting Hill, London, released on 21 May 1999 The Importance of Being Earnest is a 2002 film directed by Oliver Parker, based on Oscar Wilde 's classic Comedy of manners play Star Wars Episode II Attack of the Clones is a 2002 Film directed by George Lucas and written by Lucas and Jonathan Hales Most recently, St Trinian's, a remake of the classic film, was produced by Ealing Studios; in which some locations in Ealing can be observed. St Trinian's is the sixth in a long-running series of films based on the works of cartoonist Ronald Searle.