The Dublin Core metadata element set is a standard for cross-domain information resource description. Metadata ( meta data, or sometimes metainformation) is "data about data" of any sort in any media The concept of Resource is primitive in the Web architecture and is used in the definition of its fundamental elements It provides a simple and standardised set of conventions for describing things online in ways that make them easier to find. Dublin Core is widely used to describe digital materials such as video, sound, image, text, and composite media like web pages. Implementations of Dublin Core typically make use of XML and are Resource Description Framework based. Don't change "Extensible" The Resource Description Framework (RDF is a family of World Wide Web Consortium (W3C Specifications originally designed as a Metadata Data Dublin Core is defined by ISO in 2003 ISO Standard 15836, and NISO Standard Z39.85-2007.
The "Dublin" in the name refers to Dublin, Ohio, U.S., where the work originated from an invitational workshop hosted in 1995 by OCLC, a library consortium that is based there. Dublin is a city in Franklin, Delaware, and Union counties in the U The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Year 1995 ( MCMXCV) was a Common year starting on Sunday. Events of 1995 The OCLC Online Computer Library Center is according to its website a "nonprofit membership computer library service and research organization dedicated to the public purpose The "Core" refers to the fact that the metadata element set is a basic but expandable "core" list.
The semantics of Dublin Core were established and are maintained by an international, cross-disciplinary group of professionals from librarianship, computer science, text encoding, the museum community, and other related fields of scholarship and practice. A librarian is an information Professional trained in Library and information science, which is the organization and management of information services or materials Computer science (or computing science) is the study and the Science of the theoretical foundations of Information and Computation and their A character encoding consists of a code that pairs a sequence of characters from a given character set (sometimes incorrectly referred to as Code page A museum is a "permanent institution in the service of society and of its development open to the public which acquires conserves researches communicates and exhibits the
The Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) is an organization providing an open forum for the development of interoperable online metadata standards that support a broad range of purposes and business models. DCMI's activities include consensus-driven working groups, global conferences and workshops, standards liaison, and educational efforts to promote widespread acceptance of metadata standards and practices.
The Dublin Core standard includes two levels: Simple and Qualified. Simple Dublin Core comprises fifteen elements; Qualified Dublin Core includes three additional elements (Audience, Provenance and RightsHolder), as well as a group of element refinements (also called qualifiers) that refine the semantics of the elements in ways that may be useful in resource discovery.
The Simple Dublin Core Metadata Element Set (DCMES) consists of 15 metadata elements:
Each Dublin Core element is optional and may be repeated. The DCMI has established standard ways to refine elements and encourage the use of encoding and vocabulary schemes. There is no prescribed order in Dublin Core for presenting or using the elements.
Full information on element definitions and term relationships can be found in the Dublin Core Metadata Registry .
Subsequent to the specification of the original 15 elements, an ongoing process to develop exemplary terms extending or refining the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set (DCMES) was begun. The additional terms were identified, generally in working groups of the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative, and judged by the DCMI Usage Board to be in conformance with principles of good practice for the qualification of Dublin Core metadata elements.
Element refinements make the meaning of an element narrower or more specific. A refined element shares the meaning of the unqualified element, but with a more restricted scope. The guiding principle for the qualification of Dublin Core elements, colloquially known as the Dumb-Down Principle , states that an application that does not understand a specific element refinement term should be able to ignore the qualifier and treat the metadata value as if it were an unqualified (broader) element. While this may result in some loss of specificity, the remaining element value (without the qualifier) should continue to be generally correct and useful for discovery.
In addition to element refinements, Qualified Dublin Core includes a set of recommended encoding schemes, designed to aid in the interpretation of an element value. These schemes include controlled vocabularies and formal notations or parsing rules. A value expressed using an encoding scheme may thus be a token selected from a controlled vocabulary (e. g. , a term from a classification system or set of subject headings) or a string formatted in accordance with a formal notation (e. g. , "2000-12-31" as the standard expression of a date). If an encoding scheme is not understood by an application, the value may still be useful to a human reader.
DCMI also maintains a small, general vocabulary recommended for use within the element Type. This vocabulary currently consists of 12 terms :
Syntax choices for DC metadata depend on a number of variables, and "one size fits all" prescriptions rarely apply. When considering an appropriate syntax, it is important to note that Dublin Core concepts and semantics are designed to be syntax independent, are equally applicable in a variety of contexts, as long as the metadata is in a form suitable for interpretation both by machines and by human beings.
The Dublin Core Abstract Model provides a reference model against which particular DC encoding guidelines can be compared, independent of any particular encoding syntax. Such a reference model allows implementors to gain a better understanding of the kinds of descriptions they are trying to encode and facilitates the development of better mappings and translations between different syntaxes.
One Document Type Definition based on Dublin Core is the Open Source Metadata Framework (OMF) specification. Document Type Definition ( DTD) is one of several SGML and XML schema languages and is also the term used to describe a document or portion thereof that OMF is in turn used by ScrollKeeper, which is used by the GNOME desktop and KDE help browsers and the ScrollServer documentation server. ScrollKeeper is a document cataloging system It manages documentation metadata as specified by the Open Source Metadata Framework (OMF A gnome is a Mythical creature characterized by its extremely small size and subterranean lifestyle KDE ( K Desktop Environment) (ˌkeɪdiːˈiː is a Free software project which aims to be a powerful system for an easy-to-use Desktop environment. PBCore is also based on Dublin Core. The PBCore (Public Broadcasting Metadata Dictionary was created by the public broadcasting community in the United States of America for use by public broadcasters and related The Zope CMF's Metadata products, used by the Plone, ERP5 and the Nuxeo CPS Content management systems, also implement Dublin Core. Zope is a free and open-source, Object-oriented web Application server written in the Python Programming language. The Zope Content Management Framework ( CMF) is a series of Free software tools for Zope that forms a framework providing many of the key services Plone is a free and open source Content management system built on top of the Zope Application server. ERP5 is a free Enterprise Resource Planning system based on the Zope application server Nuxeo Collaborative Portal Server ( CPS) is a free and open-source Content management system written in the Python Programming A content management system ( CMS) is a computer application used to create edit manage and publish content in a consistently organized fashion
DCMI also maintains a list of projects using Dublin Core on its website.