Douglas J. Feith (born July 16, 1953) is a neoconservative who served as the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy for United States President George W. Bush from July 2001 until he resigned from his position effective August 8, 2005. Events 622 - The beginning of the Islamic calendar. 1054 - Three Roman legates fractured relations between the Western and Year 1953 ( MCMLIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Neoconservatism (or Neocon is a Right-wing political philosophy that emerged in the United States from the rejection of the Social liberalism, Moral relativism The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy is the title of a high-level civilian official in the United States Department of Defense. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States. July 2001: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September Events 1220 - Sweden is defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. His official responsibilities included the formulation of defense planning guidance and forces policy, United States Department of Defense (DoD) relations with foreign countries, and DoD's role in U.S. Government interagency policymaking. The United States Department of Defense ( DOD or DoD) is the federal department charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government The United States of America —commonly referred to as the His tenure in that position was marked by controversy.
Upon his resignation, Feith joined the faculty of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University, as a Professor and Distinguished Practitioner in National Security Policy. The Edmund A Walsh School of Foreign Service (commonly abbreviated SFS) is a school within Georgetown University in Washington D Georgetown University is a Jesuit Private university located in Georgetown Washington D
Feith was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia (ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə He was one of three siblings born to Rose and Dalck Feith. Dalck Feith, father of Douglas Feith, was a Holocaust survivor who came to America as a refugee and ultimately gained success as a businessman and philanthropist His father, Dalck, was a member of the Betar, a Revisionist Zionist youth organization, in Poland, and a Holocaust survivor who lost his parents and seven siblings in the Nazi concentration camps. The Betar Movement (בית"ר also spelled Beitar) is a Revisionist Zionist youth movement founded in 1923 in Revisionist Zionism is a nationalist faction within the Zionist movement Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland The Holocaust (from the Greek el ''ὁλόκαυστον'' (el-Latn holókauston holos, "completely" and kaustos, "burnt" also known as See also List of Nazi-German concentration camps, Extermination camp Prior to and during World War II, Nazi Germany under Hitler maintained He came to the United States during World War II, and became a successful businessman, a philanthropist, and a donor to the Republican party, and imbued his son with strong and lifelong opinions about government and international relations. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Philanthropy is the act of donating money goods services time and/or effort to support a socially beneficial cause with a defined objective and with no financial or material For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government. Years later, Feith noted: "[Neville] Chamberlain wasn’t popular in my house". Arthur Neville Chamberlain (18 March 1869 &ndash 9 November 1940 was a British Conservative Politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 
Feith grew up in Elkins Park, part of Cheltenham, a Philadelphia suburb. Elkins Park is an Unincorporated community, portions of which are located in both Cheltenham Township and Abington Township in the Suburbs Education Philadelphia (ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə Feith came of age during the tumultuous Civil Rights and Vietnam War era. The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, or the Vietnam Conflict, occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia He attended Philadelphia's Central High School. Philadelphia (ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə Central High School is a public Secondary school in the Olney section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Of that, Feith wrote "It’s a good school. The class that I was in at Central was the most talented group of kids that I ever went to school with, including college and law school. "
Feith attended Harvard University for his undergraduate degree and graduated magna cum laude in 1975. In some Educational systems undergraduate education is Post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelor's degree. A degree is any of a wide range of status levels conferred by institutions of Higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing Latin honors are Latin phrases used to indicate the level of academic distinction with which an Academic degree was earned While at Harvard, Feith says he "benefited especially from the lectures and books of Professor Richard Pipes", the head of Harvard's Russian Research Center. The meaning of the word professor ( Latin: professor, person who professes to be an expert in some art or science teacher of highest rank) varies Richard Edgar Pipes (born July 11, 1923) is an American historian who specializes in Russian history, particularly with respect to the history of the Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Feith later said of his tutelage under Pipes: "We were part of a rather small minority in Cambridge who thought that working to bring about the collapse of the Soviet Union was not only a noble pursuit, but a realistic project. Cambridge Massachusetts is a City in the Greater Boston area of Massachusetts, United States. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 " Feith also cites the works of philosophers John Stuart Mill and Edmund Burke as two major intellectual influences. John Stuart Mill (20 May 1806 &ndash 8 May 1873 British Philosopher, political economist, civil servant and Member of Parliament, was an influential Edmund Burke ( 12 January, 1729 9 July, 1797) was an Irish statesman author orator Political theorist, and He continued on to the Georgetown University Law Center, receiving his J.D. magna cum laude in 1978. Georgetown University Law Center ( Georgetown Law) is Georgetown University 's Law school, located in Washington D Juris Doctor (abbreviated JD or JD, from the Latin, Teacher of Law) is a first professional graduate degree and Professional
Pipes ultimately provided Feith with his initial entry into government. Pipes had joined the Reagan administration's National Security Council in 1981 to help carry out the "project" Pipes and his students had conceived. The United States Presidency of Ronald Reagan, also known as the Reagan Administration, was a Republican administration headed by A National Security Council (NSC is usually an Executive branch governmental body responsible for coordinating policy on national security issues and advising chief  Feith joined the NSC that same year, working under Pipes. Before that, he worked for three years as an attorney with the law firm Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson LLP.
Feith has expressed ambivalence about the overall intellectual pedigree Harvard gives its students. In an address on March 3, 2005 to Harvard's Kennedy School of Government he said, "I want to reassure the students in the audience: a Harvard degree does not have to be a liability. Events 1284 - Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England 1575 - Indian Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The John F Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University (also known as Harvard Kennedy School and HKS) is a Public policy and In conservative political circles, I've found, it may require some explaining. Conservatism in the United States includes a variety of political ideologies including Fiscal conservatism, Supply-side economics, Social conservatism "
Married with four children, Feith makes his home in the Washington suburb of Bethesda, Maryland. Bethesda is an Unincorporated area in southern Montgomery County Maryland, just Northwest of Washington D
Feith began his career as an attorney in private practice, and first entered government as a Middle East specialist on the National Security Council (NSC) under Ronald Reagan in 1981. An attorney at law (or attorney-at-law) in the United States is a practitioner in a court of law who is legally qualified to prosecute The White House National Security Council ( NSC) in the United States is the principal forum used by the President for considering National He transferred from the NSC Staff to Pentagon in 1982 to work as Special Counsel for Richard Perle, who was then serving as Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security. This is about the conservative official and lobbyist for the liberal author see Rick Perlstein. Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger promoted Feith in 1984 to Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Negotiations Policy and, when Feith left the Pentagon in 1986, Weinberger gave him the highest Defense Department civilian award, the Distinguished Public Service medal. Caspar Willard "Cap" Weinberger ( August 18, 1917 &ndash March 28, 2006) was an American politician and Secretary
During his time in the Pentagon in the Reagan administration, Feith was instrumental in getting the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Weinberger and Shultz all to recommend (successfully) to the President not to ratify changes to the Geneva Conventions. The Joint Chiefs of Staff ( JCS) is a group comprising the Chiefs of service of each major branch of the Armed services in the United States armed forces The Geneva Conventions consist of four Treaties formulated in Geneva, Switzerland, that set the standards for International law for humanitarian The changes, known as Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions, would have allowed non-state militants to be treated as combatants and prisoners of war even if they had engaged in practices that endangered non-combatants or otherwise violated the laws of war. Reagan informed the Senate in 1987 that he would not ratify Protocol I. At the time, both the Washington Post and the New York Times editorialized in favor of Reagan's decision to reject Protocol I as a revision of humanitarian law that protected terrorists.
Upon leaving the Pentagon, Feith established the Washington, DC law firm of Feith & Zell. His law firm colleague, Marc Zell, was resident in Israel. L Marc Zell (born February 24 1953) is a Washington DC born attorney currently based in Israel. Three years later, Feith was retained as a lobbyist by the Turkish government. Among other clients, his firm represented defense corporations Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman. Lockheed Martin ( is a large multinational Aerospace manufacturer and advanced technology Company formed in 1995 by the merger of Northrop Grumman Corporation ( is an Aerospace and defense technology company formed by the 1994 purchase of Grumman by Northrop. Feith left the firm in 2001, precipitated by his nomination as Undersecretary of Defense for Policy.
As Under Secretary, Feith continued to champion US respect for the Geneva Conventions, e. g. his Op-Ed article "Conventional Warfare" in the Wall Street Journal on May 24, 2004. Events 1218 - The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt. 1276 - Magnus Ladulås is crowned "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " When the logic of Reagan's decision on Protocol I was applied by Bush in 2001 in designating Al Qaeda fighters as "enemy combatants" or "unlawful combatants" rather than as "prisoners of war" a passionate debate ensued (and continues) as to whether one is undermining or supporting the Geneva Conventions by designating combatants as "terrorists" and denying detainees POW status. Al-Qaeda, alternatively spelled al-Qaida, al-Qa`ida or al-Qa`idah, ( Arabic:; ar-Latn ''al-qāʿidah'' Translation: The The term enemy combatant has historically referred to members of the armed forces of the state with which another state is at war Terrorism is the systematic use of terror especially as a means of coercion
Feith is now on the faculty of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University, where he teaches a course on the Bush administration's anti-terrorism policy. The Edmund A Walsh School of Foreign Service (commonly abbreviated SFS) is a school within Georgetown University in Washington D Georgetown University is a Jesuit Private university located in Georgetown Washington D Counter-terrorism or counterterrorism refers to the practices tactics, techniques and strategies that Governments militaries, Police departments He came to Georgetown's School of Foreign Service after leaving Stanford's Hoover Institution and was appointed by School of Foreign Service Dean, Ambassador Robert Gallucci. Georgetown University is a Jesuit Private university located in Georgetown Washington D The Edmund A Walsh School of Foreign Service (commonly abbreviated SFS) is a school within Georgetown University in Washington D Leland Stanford Junior University, commonly known as Stanford University or simply Stanford, is a private Research university located in The Hoover Institution on War Revolution and Peace is a libertarian Public policy Think tank and Library founded in 1919 by U Robert L Gallucci (born February 11, 1946) is Dean of the Edmund A 
Feith has also set up a personal website (www.dougfeith.com) to counter what he sees as spurious and unfounded claims about his tenure in government. It primarily deals with Inspector-General's Thomas Gimble's 2005 report that called Feith's actions in critiquing CIA intelligence "inappropriate," although not illegal. In a civilian or military administration an Inspector General is a high ranking official charged with the mission to inspect and report on some bodies in their field of competency
Like his father, Feith is a Republican, and has contributed money to various party candidates over the years.  Sympathetic to the neoconservative wing of the party, he has over the last 30 years published many works on U. Neoconservatism (or Neocon is a Right-wing political philosophy that emerged in the United States from the rejection of the Social liberalism, Moral relativism S. national security policy. National security is the entire scope of measures undertaken by the Governments of Nation-states in providing assurance of national Sovereignty His work on US–Soviet detente, arms control and Arab–Israeli issues generated considerable debate. Détente is a French term meaning a relaxing or easing the term has been used in international politics since the early 1970s Arms control is an umbrella term for restrictions upon the development production stockpiling Proliferation, and usage of Weapons especially Weapons of mass
Feith's writings on international law and on foreign and defense policy have appeared in The Wall Street Journal, Commentary, The New Republic and elsewhere. International law is the term commonly used for referring to the system of implicit and explicit agreements that bind together nation-states in adherence to recognized values and standards Commentary is an American monthly Magazine covering Politics, International affairs, Judaism, and social cultural The New Republic ( TNR) is an American Magazine of politics and the arts He has contributed chapters to a number of books, including James W. Muller's Churchill as Peacemaker, Raphael Israeli's The Dangers of a Palestinian State and Uri Ra'anan's Hydra of Carnage: International Linkages of Terrorism, as well as serving as co-editor for Israel's Legitimacy in Law and History. Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, FRS, PC, PC (Can ( 30 November 1874
Feith has long advocated a policy of "peace through strength". He was an outspoken skeptic of U. S. -Soviet détente and of the Oslo, Hebron and Wye Processes on Palestinian-Israeli peace. Israeli-Palestinian conflict The Oslo Accords, officially called the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements or Declaration of Principles Hebron ( al-Ḫalīl or al-Khalīl, Standard Hebrew: Ḥevron Tiberian Hebrew: Ḥeḇrôn is the largest city in the West Bank, located in the south The State of Israel (מדינת ישראל Medinat Yisrael) was established in 1948 after nearly two thousand In particular, he criticized the Oslo Accords and the Camp David peace agreement mediated by former President Carter between Egypt and Israel. The Naval Support Facility Thurmont, popularly known as Camp David, is the rustic 125-acre (0 This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics. In 1997, he published a lengthy article in Commentary, titled "A Strategy for Israel". Commentary is an American monthly Magazine covering Politics, International affairs, Judaism, and social cultural In it, Feith argued that the Oslo Accords were being undermined by Yasser Arafat's failure to fulfill peace pledges and Israel's failure to uphold the integrity of the accords it had concluded with Arafat. Mohammed Abdel Rahman Abdel Raouf Arafat al-Qudwa al-Husseini ( Arabic: محمد عبد الرؤوف عرفات القدوة الحسيني (August 24 1929 – November 11 Furthermore, he was an opponent of the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, the International Criminal Court and the Chemical Weapons Convention which he criticized as ineffective and dangerous to U. The Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty ( ABM Treaty or ABMT) was a treaty between the United States of America and the Soviet Union on the limitation The International Criminal Court ( ICC or ICCt) was established in 2002 as a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for Genocide, crimes against The Chemical Weapons Convention ( CWC) is an Arms control agreement which outlaws the production stockpiling and use of chemical weapons Its full name is S. interests.
In 1998, Feith was one of a number of U. S. officials who signed an open letter to President Bill Clinton calling for the United States to oust Saddam Hussein. William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III, August 19 1946 served as the forty-second President of the United States Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti ( Arabic: ar صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي --> April 28 1937 &ndash December 30 Feith was part of a group of former national security officials in the 1990s who supported Ahmad Chalabi and the Iraqi National Congress and encouraged the U. The Iraqi National Congress ( INC) is an umbrella Iraqi opposition group led by Ahmed Chalabi. S. Congress to pass the Iraq Liberation Act of 1998. The Iraq Liberation Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-338 (codified in a note to 22 USCS § 2151 is a United States Congressional statement of policy calling for Congress approved the Act, and Clinton signed it into law.
Feith generally favors US support for Israel and has promoted US-Israeli cooperation. He was a member of the study group which authored a controversial report entitled A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm, a set of policy recommendations for the newly elected Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. A Clean Break A New Strategy for Securing the Realm, commonly referred to as the " Clean Break " report was prepared in 1996 by a study group led by (בִּנְיָמִין "ביבי" נְתַנְיָהוּ Binyamin "Bibi" Netanyahu, born October 21 1949, Tel Aviv) was The report was published by the Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies without an individual author being named. According to the report, Feith was one of the people who participated in roundtable discussions that produced ideas that the report reflects. Feith pointed out in a September 16, 2004 letter to the editor of the Washington Post that he was not the co-author and did not clear the report's final text. Events 1400 - Owain Glyndŵr is declared Prince of Wales by his followers "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " He wrote, "There is no warrant for attributing any particular idea [in the report], let alone all of them, to any one participant. "
Feith also served on the board of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA), a think tank that promotes a military and strategic alliance between the United States and Israel. The Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA is a Washington D 
Feith was one of 18 founding members of the organization One Jerusalem to oppose the Oslo peace agreement. One Jerusalem is an organisation with the stated mission of "maintaining a united Jerusalem as the undivided capital of Israel " Its purpose is "saving a united Jerusalem as the undivided capital of Israel. Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם, he-Latn Yerushaláyim; Arabic: ar القُدس, ar-Latn al-Quds) is the " He is also Director of Foundation for Jewish Studies, which "offers in-depth study programs for the adult Washington Jewish community that cross denominational lines. "
Feith told The New Yorker in 2005, "When history looks back, I want to be in the class of people who did the right thing, the sensible thing, and not necessarily the fashionable thing, the thing that met the aesthetic of the moment". The New Yorker is an American Magazine that publishes reportage commentary criticism essays fiction satire cartoons and poetry 
Feith was interviewed by the CBS news magazine 60 Minutes in a segment that was aired on April 6, 2008. Not to be confused with the BBC news magazine program Sixty Minutes (TV series. Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar defeats Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Marcus Porcius Cato in the Battle of Thapsus 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common  During this interview he promoted his newly released memoir, War and Decision and defended the decision making that led to the US invasion of Iraq in 2003. War and Decision Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism is a Memoir written by Douglas Feith, former Undersecretary of Defense
In a response to the question on why the United States invaded Iraq, Feith responded, "The President decided that the threats from the Saddam Hussein regime were so great that if we had left him in power, we would be fighting him down the road, at a time and place of his choosing. "
Feith explained that attacking Iraq was necessary even though the U. S. government realized that Hussein had nothing to do with the 9/11 attacks, because of the need for the U. S. to exercise its right to "anticipatory self-defense. "
"What we did after 9/11 was look broadly at the international terrorist network from which the next attack on the United States might come. And we did not focus narrowly only on the people who were specifically responsible for 9/11. Our main goal was preventing the next attack. "
Regarding the false claims of the Bush Adminsitration that Iraq was producing weapons of mass destruction, Feith concedes, "It is true that there was a serious error that the CIA made in saying that we would find WMD stockpiles. And it was a terrible mistake for the administration to have made those stockpiles in any way a part of the case for war. I don't think we needed to. "
Feith also concedes that he and his colleagues didn’t realize that sending a smaller, mobile force to topple Saddam would make it difficult to establish order after he fell. "The looting that arose in the immediate aftermath of the overthrow of Saddam … was a problem that the coalition forces had to deal with. I think we paid a very large price for the fact that, you know, our forces did not get that problem under control. "
Regarding whether he's happy about the current situation in Iraq, Feith states, "I don't think anybody can be happy. "We've, we've, we've had terrible losses. We have the Americans who have lost their lives, and Iraqis who have lost their lives. Our coalition partners. It’s been a costly war. "
But Feith still feels that invading Iraq was the right thing to do. "I think the president made the right decision given what he knew. And given what we all knew. And to tell you the truth, even given what we've learned since. "
On April 8, 2008, Feith's memoir, War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism, was published by HarperCollins. War and Decision Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism is a Memoir written by Douglas Feith, former Undersecretary of Defense Events 217 - Roman Emperor Caracalla is Assassinated (and succeeded by his Praetorian 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common War and Decision Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism is a Memoir written by Douglas Feith, former Undersecretary of Defense
"Doug Feith, of course, is without question, one of the most brilliant individuals in government. He is – he’s just a rare talent. And from my standpoint, working with him is always interesting. He’s been one of the really the intellectual leaders in the administration in defense policy aspects of our work here. "
In his speech, Rumsfeld said:
Richard Myers credited Feith with a "great perspective" and "great respect for the military. This article is about the US Air Force general For other people with the same name see Richard Myers (disambiguation. "
In planning the war with Iraq, Feith "looked at implications of various actions that others might not think about", Myers said. "Doug is very bright and brings a very good strategic view to the table. He has solved some real problems. "
United States Marine Corps General Peter Pace, now the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, worked closely with Feith, co-chairing with him the Defense Department's Campaign Planning Committee (CAPCOM). Peter Pace (born November 5, 1945 in Brooklyn, New York) was the 16th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the The Joint Chiefs of Staff ( JCS) is a group comprising the Chiefs of service of each major branch of the Armed services in the United States armed forces
The New Yorker May 9, 2005 (p. Events 1457 BC - Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC between Thutmose III and a large Canaanite coalition under the King of Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 36) interviewed Pace about Franks' criticism [see below] and reported: "Pace, who calls Feith a 'true American patriot,' said he did not understand Franks' attack. 'This is not directed at any individual,' Pace said, 'but the less secure an individual is in his thought processes and in his own capacities, the more prone they were to be intimidated by Doug, because he's so smart. '" Pace believes "Early on, [Feith] didn’t realize that the way he presented his positions, the way he was being perceived, put him in a bit of a hole. But he changed his ways. "
The same article reported on Rumsfeld's reaction to Franks:
Feith's most prominent defender is Rumsfeld, who told me that Feith is "one of the brightest people you or I will ever come across. He's diligent, very well read, and insightful. " Donald Rumsfeld, Feith's former boss, is also General Pace's superior, and appointed both Feith and Pace to their posts. Donald Rumsfeld explained Feith's trouble with Franks this way: "If you're a combatant commander and you're in the area of operations and you're hearing from people in Washington, what you're hearing is frequently not on point to what you're worrying about at the moment, just as the reverse is also true'"
The June 27, 2006 Wall Street Journal ran an article called "Hayden Corrects the Record. Events 1358 - Republic of Dubrovnik is founded 1709 - Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. " It pointed out that though Levin drew this comment from Hayden when the General was speaking extemporaneously, Hayden corrected the record afterward to clarify that his comments were not meant to say that Feith's work was wrong, misleading or inaccurate. According to the Wall Street Journal, "General Hayden has now publicly confirmed what he had previously said in private conversations with Mr. Feith and with Arizona Senator Jon Kyl: To wit, that he did not intend those remarks as Senator Levin has spun them. The State of Arizona ( is a state located in the southwestern region of the United States. This page is about the current Arizona Senator for his father a U In a letter to Mr. Kyl, General Hayden concedes that as former Director of the National Security Agency "I did not have any significant personal contact with Mr. Feith or his office and only occasionally saw the product of their work. "
Hayden's letter adds that "the issues I attempted to address were focused on broad questions of analytic tradecraft, not characterizing the work of Mr. Feith’s office let alone attempting to address questions of lawfulness or even appropriateness. My comments about ‘wrong,’ ‘inaccurate,’ and ‘misleading’ were attached to a broader discussion of analytic challenges and not to any specific activities, including those under Mr. Feith. "
According to the long-running Washington newsletter, The Nelson Report, edited by Christopher Nelson, quoting an anonymous source, Feith was standing in for Rumsfeld at a 2003 interagency 'Principals' Meeting' debating the Middle East, and ended his remarks on behalf of the Pentagon. The Nelson Report is a daily communiqué of international events used by politicians in Washington D Then-National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice said, "Thanks Doug, but when we want the Israeli position we'll invite the ambassador. The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, commonly referred to as the National Security Adviser (abbreviated NSA, or sometimes ANSA Condoleezza Rice (born November 14 1954 is the 66th United States "
In Bob Woodward's book Plan of Attack, then-Secretary of State Colin Powell called Feith's operation at the Pentagon the "Gestapo" office, alleging that it amounted to a separate, unchecked governing authority within the Pentagon. Robert "Bob" Upshur Woodward (born March 26, 1943) is an assistant managing editor of The Washington Post. For the thriller novel written by Dale Brown see Plan of Attack (novel. Secretary of State is a commonly used title for a Government Official. Colin Luther Powell, KCB (Honorary MSC, (born April 5, 1937) is a retired General in the United States Army. The Pentagon is the Headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Arlington County, Virginia. The ( contraction of ge heime Sta ats' po' lizei: "Secret State Police" was the official Secret police of Nazi Germany 
Soon after publication of the book, Powell said:
I don't recall saying that, but it is a terrible term to use and it is out of place, completely out of place. I have known Doug Feith for many years. We have agreed on many issues and disagreed on some. And I just regret that that has gotten into the literature and become a fact. 
An unnamed Bush administration official said to reporters from Newsday that "Secretary of State Colin Powell complained directly to Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld several days ago about Feith's policy shop conducting missions that countered US policy. "
Kwiatkowski believes an article that appeared in The Weekly Standard included a classified memo written by Feith alleging ties between Saddam Hussein and al Qaeda. Al-Qaeda, alternatively spelled al-Qaida, al-Qa`ida or al-Qa`idah, ( Arabic:; ar-Latn ''al-qāʿidah'' Translation: The
The chapter "No Authority, Direction, or Control" of George Tenet's memoir deals with the prewar government debate about alleged connections between Iraq and al-Qaeda. George John Tenet (born January 5, 1953) was the Director of Central Intelligence for the United States Central Intelligence Agency According to the Washington Post, Tenet's memoir paints an "unflattering portrait of Feith as a man eager to manipulate intelligence to push the country to war. The Washington Post is the largest and most circulated Newspaper in Washington D " Tenet refers to Feith's office as "Team Feith," writing that he saw their criticisms about the CIA's Iraq-al Qaeda work as "complete crap. " He added that "when the Pentagon inspector general issued a report in February 2007 calling some of Feith's efforts 'inappropriate', Feith shot back. He said peddling his alternative intelligence was simply an exercise in 'good government. ' Nonsense (Tenet wrote). This was an example of bad government" (Tenet, page 348).
Feith reviewed Tenet's memoir and responded to the allegations about his work in the Wall Street Journal on May 4.  On Tenet's account of the bureaucratic differences over Iraq-al Qaeda issues, Feith writes: "Mr. Bureaucracy is the structure and set of regulations in place to control activity usually in large organizations and government Tenet devotes a chapter to the matter of Iraq and al Qaeda, giving it the title: 'No Authority, Direction or Control. ' The phrase implies that we argued that Saddam exercised such powers -- authority, direction and control -- over al Qaeda. Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti ( Arabic: ar صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي --> April 28 1937 &ndash December 30 We made no such argument. Rather we said that the CIA's analysts were not giving serious, professional attention to information about ties between Iraq and al Qaeda. The CIA's assessments were incomplete, nonrigorous and shaped around the dubious assumption that secular Iraqi Baathists would be unwilling to cooperate with al Qaeda religious fanatics, even when they shared strategic interests. This assumption was disproved when Baathists and jihadists became allies against us in the post-Saddam insurgency, but before the war it was the foundation of much CIA analysis. The Arab Socialist Ba'th Party (also spelled Baath or Ba'ath; Arabic: حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي was founded in Damascus Jihad (جهاد ʤɪhæːd an Islamic term, is a religious duty of Muslims. "
Before the war in Iraq, the Iraqi National Congress proposed recruiting a brigade of Free Iraqi Forces to enter Iraq with the Americans. The Iraqi National Congress ( INC) is an umbrella Iraqi opposition group led by Ahmed Chalabi. Feith supported the idea behind the project. United States Army General Tommy Franks did not, as reported in the book Cobra II: "Franks remained unenthusiastic, to say the least. The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. General Tommy Ray Franks, United States Army (Ret KBE (Honorary (born June 17, 1945 in Wynnewood Oklahoma) is a retired Cobra II The Inside Story of the Invasion and Occupation of Iraq is a 2006 book written by Michael R After a briefing from [Feith's aide Bill] Luti on his pet project, Franks turned to Feith in a Pentagon corridor, letting him know where he stood: 'I don't have time for this fucking bullshit,' Franks exclaimed. "
Franks, according to Plan of Attack, says of Feith: "I have to deal with the stupidest fucking guy on the planet almost every day. " (p. 281).  In his autobiography, American Soldier, Franks describes a conversation with his subordinates who were upset with Rumsfeld, Feith and Paul Wolfowitz; Franks tells them, "Here's the deal, guys. Paul Dundes Wolfowitz (born December 22, 1943) is a former United States Ambassador to Indonesia, U I know OSD - Rumsfeld, Wolfowitz, and Feith - are demanding a lot. The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD is part of the United States Department of Defense and includes the entire staff of the Secretary of Defense. But they are not the enemy. Don't start thinking good guys-bad guys. We're all on the same side. " They could see I was serious. "I'll worry about OSD, all of them - including Doug Feith, who's getting a reputation around here as the dumbest fucking guy on the planet," I continued. "Your job is to make me feel warm and fuzzy. Look, we're all professionals. Let's earn our pay. "
The former Director of the Office for Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance for the Coalition Provisional Authority, General Jay Garner, reported to Feith for five months following the invasion of Iraq. The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA سلطة الائتلاف الموحدة was established as a Transitional government following the Lieutenant General Jay Montgomery Garner USA Ret (born April 15 1938 is a retired United States Army lieutenant general who was appointed in 2003 as Director of As quoted in Thomas E. Ricks's book Fiasco, Garner said of Feith: "I think he's incredibly dangerous. Fiasco The American Military Adventure in Iraq (2006 is a book by Washington Post Pentagon correspondent Thomas E He's a smart guy whose electrons aren't connected, so he arc lights all the time. He can't organize anything. " Italic text
Regarding Feith and his colleague, David Wurmser, Wilkerson has stated:
In 2005, Colonel Lawrence Wilkerson, Powell's chief of staff, publicly stated he could "testify to" Franks' 2004 comment, and added "Seldom in my life have I met a dumber man. Lawrence B Wilkerson ( 15 June 1945 in Gaffney South Carolina) is a retired United States Army Colonel and former chief of staff "
In an interview with PBS on February 14, 2006, General Michael DeLong was asked about the information coming from Feith's office in the lead-up to the Iraq war. Events 842 - Charles the Bald and Louis the German swear the Oaths of Strasbourg in the French and German Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. He replied:
It has been alleged by Former NSC Intelligence Director Vincent Cannistraro and author Stephen Green that Douglas Feith involuntarily left the NSC in March, 1982 and lost his security clearance after he fell under suspicion of the FBI for passing classified material to Israeli embassy officials who were not entitled to receive it. The White House National Security Council ( NSC) in the United States is the principal forum used by the President for considering National Vincent Cannistraro was Director of Intelligence Programs for the United States National Security Council (NSC from 1984 to 1987 Special assistant The White House National Security Council ( NSC) in the United States is the principal forum used by the President for considering National  This would have required the Bush administration to reissue Feith his clearance before bringing him into the Pentagon.  This version of events is disputed by the NSC head at the time, Judge William Clark. When a Montana newspaper reported this accusation, Clark, who was Reagan's National Security Adviser at the relevant time, wrote a September 22, 2005 letter to the editor to correct the record:
Feith oversaw the Counter Terrorism Evaluation Unit, established to find links between terrorist organizations and their state sponsors. The group issued a report about connections between Iraq and al-Qaida that Secretary of State Donald Rumsfeld requested Feith deliver to CIA Director George Tenet in August 2002. Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9 1932 is a United States Businessman, Politician, the 13th Secretary of Defense under President George John Tenet (born January 5, 1953) was the Director of Central Intelligence for the United States Central Intelligence Agency The report has been widely discredited. Tenet told a congressional committee in March 2004 that the report was not reliable. Daniel Benjamin, former director of counterterrorism at the National Security Council, wrote that, far from proving Saddam-Osama ties, "the document lends substance to the frequently voiced criticism that some in the Bush administration have misused intelligence to advance their policy goals. A National Security Council (NSC is usually an Executive branch governmental body responsible for coordinating policy on national security issues and advising chief " 
Feith led the controversial Office of Special Plans (OSP) at the Pentagon from September 2002 to June 2003.  This now defunct intelligence gathering unit has been accused of manipulating intelligence to bolster support for the 2003 US invasion of Iraq. The Iraq War, also known as the Second Gulf War, the Occupation of Iraq, or the War in Iraq, is an ongoing Military campaign  According to The Guardian, "This rightwing intelligence network [was] set up in Washington to second-guess the CIA and deliver a justification for toppling Saddam Hussein by force. The Guardian (until 1959 The Manchester Guardian) is a British Newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. " According to Kwiatkowski, the Office of Special Plans was "a propaganda shop" and she personally "witnessed neoconservative agenda bearers within OSP usurp measured and carefully considered assessments, and through suppression and distortion of intelligence analysis promulgate what were in fact falsehoods to both Congress and the executive office of the president. Propaganda is a concerted set of messages aimed at influencing the opinions or behaviors of large numbers of people " Senator Carl Levin, in an official report on the Office of Special Plans, singles Feith out as providing to the White House a large amount of Iraq-Al Qaeda allegations which, post-invasion, turned out to be false. A senate is a Deliberative body, often the Upper house or chamber of a Legislature or Parliament. Carl Milton Levin (born June 28, 1934) is a Democratic United States Senator from Michigan and is the Chairman of the Senate See also Executive Office of the President of the United States The White House, formerly known as the Executive Mansion, is the Official residence  Disarmament expert George Perkovich of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace told National Public Radio in 2004, "By all accounts, things in Iraq have gone very, very badly. The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace is a formally private nonprofit organization in practice closely associated with the United States Department of State, Doug Feith should have been fired a long time ago for incompetence. "
A source of Iraqi WMD intelligence was overseas "back-channel" meetings with foreign citizens, which Feith authorized. A weapon of mass destruction ( WMD) is a weapon which can kill large numbers of humans and/or cause great damage to man-made structures (e  According to Newsday and The Boston Globe, these foreigners included former Iran-Contra figures and agents of Iraqi politician Ahmad Chalabi who were shopping WMD intelligence to the Office of Special Plans. Newsday is a daily Tabloid -size Pulitzer Prize winning Newspaper that primarily serves Long Island and the New York City The Boston Globe (and Boston Sunday Globe) is the most widely circulated daily Newspaper in Boston and in New England, The Iran-Contra affair was a political scandal which was revealed in November 1986 as a result of earlier events during the Reagan administration. .
As Kwiatkowski described, this unvetted WMD information was then "stove-piped" to the White House outside of established intelligence review safeguards for use in building support for the war.  Post invasion, the Iraq Survey Group found Iraq had no stocks of WMD, and had not produced WMD since 1991. The Iraq Survey Group (ISG was a fact-finding mission sent by the Multinational force in Iraq after the 2003 Invasion of Iraq to find the alleged Iraqi weapons 
These accounts conflict with the official findings of U. S. House and Senate inquiries into these matters. As noted a March 14, 2004 Washington Post article entitled "Feith's Analysts Given a Clean Bill": "Neither the House nor Senate intelligence committees. Events 1489 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " . . which have been investigating prewar intelligence for eight months, have found support for allegations that Pentagon analysts went out and collected their own intelligence. . . . Nor have investigators found that the Pentagon analysis about Iraq significantly shaped the case the administration made for going to war. " The subjects of these investigations would be investigated again in 2006 by the Pentagon Inspector General (see below).
The "back-channel" meetings Feith authorized dealt not only with Iraq, but also with Iran. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iran topics. When Powell learned that Feith was authorizing secret meetings with former Iran-Contra figures such as arms dealer Manucher Ghorbanifar to investigate options for regime change in Iran, he angrily complained on August 9, 2003 directly to Rumsfeld and then Rice about Feith conducting unauthorized missions that were contrary to official U. Manucher Ghorbanifar (nickname Gorba) is an Expatriate Iranian arms dealer. Events 48 BC - Caesar's civil war: Battle of Pharsalus - Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. S. policy. A senior administration official said the US Government had learned about the unauthorised talks "accidentally", and that it was unsettling "the government hadn't learnt the lessons of last time around", referring to the secret contacts and rogue operations that led to Iran-Contra. 
Feith's authorization of contact with Manuchar Ghorbanifar was also controversial. The CIA said that Ghorbanifar "should be regarded as an intelligence fabricator", and put him under a Burn Notice, warning other intelligence agencies not to use him. A burn notice is an official statement issued by one Intelligence agency to other agencies 
Officially, Feith is currently under investigation by the Pentagon's Inspector General and the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI).  Republican Intelligence Committee Chairman Pat Roberts began the investigation when he wrote to the Pentagon Inspector General asking him to start the review:
“The Committee is concerned about persistent and, to date, unsubstantiated allegations that there was something unlawful or improper about the activities of the Office of Special Plans within the office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy . Charles Patrick "Pat" Roberts (born April 20 1936 is the junior United States Senator from Kansas. . . I have not discovered any credible evidence of unlawful or improper activity, yet the allegations persist. ” In an attempt to lay these allegations to rest once and for all, he requested the Inspector General to “initiate an investigation into the activities of the Office of Special Plans during the period prior to the initiation of Operation Iraqi Freedom to determine whether any of [its] activities were unlawful or improper; . . . [that is,] whether the personnel assigned to the Office of Special Plans, at any time, conducted unauthorized, unlawful, or inappropriate intelligence activities. ” Senator Levin has asked the Inspector General to look at the activities of the OUSDP generally, and not just the OSP. The SSCI is awaiting the outcome of the DOD Inspector General’s review. " Sources within the SSCI report Feith and the Defense Department have been less than helpful to their investigation. 
As of March 2006 the news organisation Rawstory reports Pat Roberts, head of the Senate Intelligence Committee, was not allowing a complete investigation of Feith and his role at his Office of Special Plans. The Raw Story is a news and politics Weblog founded in 2004 Updated continuously it is known primarily for its investigative reporting though critics accuse it "One former intelligence official suggested that part of the reason for deferring the Feith inquiry was its sensitivity. A Feith investigation might unravel a bigger can of worms, the source said"
Tasked to examine a briefing that members of Feith's Policy office delivered in summer-fall 2002 to Secretary Rumsfeld, CIA Director Tenet and White House officials including Steve Hadley and Scooter Libby, the Defense Department Inspector General Thomas Gimble found on February 9, 2007 that Feith's office did nothing unlawful, unauthorized or that attempted to mislead Congress But, the Policy briefing's criticisms of the CIA's intelligence work were found by Gimble to be "inappropriate" because they were "inconsistent with the consensus of the intelligence community. Events 474 - Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. "
The Policy briefing in question "did not provide the most accurate analysis of intelligence to senior decision makers", Gimble argued, at a time when the White House was moving toward war with Iraq. 
According to the Washington Post, Feith's "office had asserted in a briefing given to Cheney's chief of staff in September 2002 that the relationship between Iraq and al-Qaeda was 'mature' and 'symbiotic,' marked by shared interests and evidenced by cooperation across 10 categories, including training, financing and logistics. Richard Bruce "Dick" Cheney (born January 30 1941 is the forty-sixth and current Vice President of the United States. Instead, the CIA had concluded in June 2002 that there were few substantiated contacts between al-Qaeda operatives. The contrary conclusions reached by Feith's office -- and leaked to the conservative Weekly Standard magazine before the war were publicly praised by Dick Cheney as the best source of information on the topic, a circumstance the Pentagon report cites in documenting the impact of what it described as 'inappropriate' work. Richard Bruce "Dick" Cheney (born January 30 1941 is the forty-sixth and current Vice President of the United States. "
In February 2007, Feith launched an Internet website, dougfeith.com, following the Defense Department's Inspector General report on pre-war activities of the Pentagon's policy organization. The report, “spawned a lot of inaccurate commentary by politicians and misreporting by journalists,” and Feith said he launched the website, “to provide accurate information and sound commentary on the IG report controversy. I will use it also to provide reliable news items and other material about the work of the policy organization during my tenure as Under Secretary. ”
Feith's undergraduate work at Harvard and National Security Council position under Professor Richard Pipes in the 1970s and 80's presages present-day controversy over intelligence critiques. At University, Feith was involved with "Team B" analysis: or critiques of existing intelligence. Team B was a competitive analysis exercise commissioned by the Central Intelligence Agency in the 1970s to analyze threats the Soviet Union posed to the  In the late 1970s, many American conservatives believed the Soviet Union was a qualitatively graver threat than US intelligence agencies believed. These fears later proved unfounded. Feith applied a similar ideological lens to existing intelligence regarding Iraq. 
A subordinate of Feith's, Larry Franklin, was convicted, and sentenced to 12 years in Federal prison in 2005 for charges in an espionage scandal. Lawrence Anthony Franklin is a former US Air Force Reserve colonel who has pleaded guilty to passing information about U The federal government of the United States is the central United States Governmental body established by the United States Constitution. A prison, penitentiary, or correctional facility is a place in which individuals are physically confined or interned and usually deprived of a range of The Lawrence Franklin espionage scandal (also known as the AIPAC espionage scandal) refers to allegations that information regarding United States policy towards Iran Franklin was accused and convicted of passing classified information to an Israeli diplomat and Steven Rosen, an employee of the Israeli AIPAC lobby. Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting Negotiations between representatives of groups or states Stephen Rosen, Steven Rosen or Steve Rosen may refer to Stephen Peter Rosen, Harvard University Professor of National Security and Military The American Israel Public Affairs Committee ( AIPAC) is an American Lobbying group that advocates for pro- Israel policies to the Congress and A reporter for the Asia Times wrote in September 2004 that the ongoing FBI counter-espionage probe into improper transmission of classified information to AIPAC from 1999 to shortly before the 2003 Iraq Invasion could involve Feith. This article is a subset article of Intelligence cycle security. The American Israel Public Affairs Committee ( AIPAC) is an American Lobbying group that advocates for pro- Israel policies to the Congress and The 2003 invasion of Iraq, from March 20 to May 1 2003 was spearheaded by the United States, backed by British forces and smaller contingents from Australia  Feith has not publicly commented on the investigation.  Franklin was one of 1,500 employees at Feith's Pentagon office, and officially worked six layers of bureaucracy beneath Feith. However, while leading the Office of Special Plans (OSP), Feith used Larry Franklin repeatedly for sensitive meetings involving foreign citizens, overseas. 
According to The Guardian, Feith's office had an unconventional relationship with Israel's intelligence services:
Also in September 2004, writing in an op-ed for the Gulf News, Adel Safty, the UNESCO Chair of Leadership and President of the School of Government and Leadership, Bahcesehir University in Istanbul, writes, "the FBI may be pursuing the wrong guy. Franklin is working for a more fanatical supporter of Israel with a higher security clearance: Under Secretary of Defence for Policy Douglas Feith, in his support for the extremist elements of the Israel's Likud party, played a crucial role in getting the USA to wage war against Iraq, and is trying to get it to intervene against Iran. Feith's services and loyalty to the Israeli extremists make the FBI investigation of Franklin's spy activities pale in insignificance. "
Feith has been defended by Frank Gaffney, the head of the Center for Security Policy and a Feith friend since they served together in the Reagan administration. Frank J Gaffney Jr (born 1953 is the founder and president of the Think tank Center for Security Policy, as well as a contributor contributing editor and columnist The Center for Security Policy (CSP is a Washington DC Think tank that focuses on National security issues " Gaffney told the Philadelphia Inquirer, "To construe Doug as this sort of running dog of the Jewish state, a Zionist proxy in the Pentagon, is totally false and deeply offensive. "
Editorials and opinion columnists, in reverse chronological order:
Walter B. Slocombe
|United States Department of Defense|
Under Secretary of Defense for Policy
Eric S. Edelman