|Army Distinguished Service Medal|
|Awarded by United States Army|
|Next (higher)||Army - Distinguished Service Cross|
Navy - Navy Cross
Air Force - Air Force Cross
|Same||Distinguished Service Medal: Defense, Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard|
|Next (lower)||Silver Star|
The Distinguished Service Medal (DSM) is a military award of the United States Army that is presented to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the United States military, has distinguished himself or herself by exceptionally meritorious service to the Government in a duty of great responsibility. Awards and decorations of the United States military are Military decorations which recognize service and personal accomplishments while a member of the United States armed The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. The United States Armed Forces are the overall unified military forces of the United States The performance must be such as to merit recognition for service that is clearly exceptional. Exceptional performance of normal duty will not alone justify an award of this decoration.
Separate Distinguished Service Medals exist for the different branches of the military as well as a fifth version of the medal which is a senior award of the United States Department of Defense. The Army version of the Distinguished Service Medal is typically referred to simply as the "Distinguished Service Medal" while the other branches of service use the service name as a prefix.
For service not related to actual war, the term "duty of a great responsibility" applies to a narrower range of positions than in time of war, and requires evidence of conspicuously significant achievement. However, justification of the award may accrue by virtue of exceptionally meritorious service in a succession of high positions of great importance.
Awards may be made to persons other than members of the Armed Forces of the United States for wartime services only, and then only under exceptional circumstances, with the express approval of the President in each case. The United States Armed Forces are the overall unified military forces of the United States
The medal consists of the Coat of Arms of the United States in Gold surrounded by a circle of Dark Blue enamel, 1. 5 inches (38 mm) in diameter, bearing the inscription "FOR DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MCMXVIII. " On the reverse is a scroll for the name of the recipient (which is to be engraved) upon a trophy of flags and weapons. The medal is suspended by a bar attached to the ribbon. The ribbon is 1 3/8 inches (35 mm) wide and consists of the following stripes: 5/16 inch (8 mm) scarlet 67111; 1/16 inch (2 mm) ultramarine blue 67118; 5/8 inch (16 mm) white 67101; 1/16 inch (2 mm) ultramarine blue; and 5/16 inch (8 mm) scarlet.
Additional awards of the Distinguished Service Medal are denoted by oak leaf clusters. An oak leaf cluster or oakleaves is a common device which is placed on U
The Distinguished Service Medal was authorized by Presidential Order dated January 2, 1918, and confirmed by Congress on July 9, 1918. Events 366 - The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers invading the Roman Empire. Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 455 - Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common It was announced by War Department General Order No. 6, January 12, 1918, with the following information concerning the medal: "A bronze medal of appropriate design and a ribbon to be worn in lieu thereof, to be awarded by the President to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the Army shall hereafter distinguish himself or herself, or who, since April 6, 1917, has distinguished himself or herself by exceptionally meritorious service to the Government in a duty of great responsibility in time of war or in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United States. Events 475 - Basiliscus becomes Byzantine Emperor, with a coronation ceremony in the Hebdomon palace in Constantinople Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar defeats Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Marcus Porcius Cato in the Battle of Thapsus Year 1917 ( MCMXVII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year " The Act of Congress on July 9, 1918, recognized the need for different types and degrees of heroism and meritorious service and included such provisions for award criteria. Events 455 - Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The current statutory authorization for the Distinguished Service Medal is Title 10, United States Code, Section 3743. The United States Code ( USC) is a compilation and Codification of the general and permanent federal Law of the United States.
Among the first awards of the Distinguished Service Medal for service in World War I were those presented to the Commanding Officers of the Allied Armies: General Pershing of the United States, Marshals Foch and Joffre and General Pétain of France, Field Marshal Haig of the United Kingdom, General Currie of Canada, General Monash of Australia, General Diaz of Italy and General Gillain of Belgium. John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing, GCB ( September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was an officer in the United States Army Ferdinand Foch OM GCB (2 October 1851 – 20 March 1929 was a French soldier military theorist and writer credited with possessing "the most original Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (12 January 1852 - 3 January 1931 was a French General who was Commander-in-Chief of the French Army between Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain (24 April 1856 – 23 July 1951 generally known as Philippe Pétain or Marshal Pétain ( Maréchal Pétain) Sir Arthur William Currie GCMG, KCB ( December 5, 1875 &ndash November 30, 1933) was a Canadian General More than 2,000 awards were made during World War I, and by the time the United States entered World War II, approximately 2,800 awards had been made. From July 1, 1941 to June 6, 1969, when the Army stopped publishing awards of the DSM in Department of the Army General Orders, over 2,800 further awards were made (George H. "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. Year 1941 ( MCMXLI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (the link will display 1941 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1508 - Maximilian I Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Apgar, Awards of the US Army Distinguished Service Medal 1942-1969, 1995 Planchet Press).
It should be noted that until the first award of the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal in 1965, United States Air Force personnel received this award as well, as was the case with several other Army decorations until the Air Force fully established its own system of decorations. The Air Force Distinguished Service Medal was created by an act of the United States Congress on July 6, 1960.
Because the Army Distinguished Service Medal is principally awarded to general officers, a list of notable recipients would include nearly every general and admiral since 1918, many of whom received multiple awards, as well as a few civilians prominent for their contributions to national defense. Among notable recipients below flag rank are: X-1 test pilot Chuck Yeager and X-15 test pilot Robert M. White, who both received the DSM as U. Charles Elwood "Chuck" Yeager (born February 13 1923 is a retired Brigadier-General in the United States Air Force and a noted Test pilot. This article is not about Robert M White, American theoretical physicist Major-General Robert Michael White (born 6 July 1924 S. Air Force majors; Air Force Major Rudolph Anderson, the U-2 pilot shot down during the Cuban Missile Crisis; director Frank Capra, decorated in 1945 as an Army colonel; Col. Major Rudolf Anderson Jr ( September 15, 1927 &ndash October 27, 1962) was a pilot and officer in the United States Air Force, and WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation between the United States, the Soviet Union, and Cuba during the Cold War. Frank Russell Capra ( May 18, 1897 &ndash September 3, 1991) was an Academy Award winning Italian-American Film Wendell Fertig, who led Filipino guerrillas behind Japanese lines; and Col. Wendell Fertig (December 161900 – March 24 1975 was an American Civil engineer in the Philippines, who became a leader of a guerrilla force in the (later Major General) John K. Singlaub, who led partisan forces in the Korean War. John Kirk Singlaub is a highly-decorated former OSS officer and a retired Major General in the United States Army, and a founding member of the Among notable civilian recipients are Harry L. Hopkins, Robert S. McNamara and Henry L. Stimson. This article is about the politician for the British tank named for him see Light Tank Mk VIII Harry Lloyd Hopkins ( August 17 1890 Robert Strange McNamara (born June 9 1916 in Oakland, California) is an American business executive and former United States Secretary of Defense Henry Lewis Stimson ( September 21, 1867 – October 20, 1950) was an American Statesman, who served as Secretary of
Notable foreign recipients include: