The Diet of Augsburg were the meetings of the Reichstag of the Holy Roman Empire in the German city of Augsburg. The Reichstag ( German for "Imperial Diet " was the Parliament of the Holy Roman Empire, the North German Confederation, The Holy Roman Empire ( HRE; German Heiliges Römisches Reich (HRR, Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium (SRI was a union of territories in Augsburg is an independent City in the south-west of Bavaria. There were many such sessions, but the three meetings during the Reformation and the ensuing religious wars between the Catholic emperor Charles V and the Protestant Schmalkaldic League in the early 16th century are especially noteworthy. The Protestant Reformation was a reform movement in Europe that began in 1517 though its roots lie further back in time Charles V (24 February 1500 &ndash 21 September 1558 was The Schmalkaldic League (Schmalkaldischer Bund was a defensive alliance of Lutheran princes within the Holy Roman Empire during the mid- 16th
The session of 1530 attempted to calm rising tensions over Protestantism. Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. After the Edict of Worms had condemned Lutheranism, problems of enforcement emerged during the 1520s, as Charles V's wars against France and committments in the rest of his empire prevented him from focusing on German religious problems. The Diet of Worms (Reichstag zu Worms was a general assembly of the estates of the Holy Roman Emperor that took place in Worms, a small town In 1529, however, he signed a successful peace treaty with France. In February 1530, Charles was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Clement VII in Bologna. For the Antipope (1378&ndash1394 see Antipope Clement VII. Pope Clement VII ( May 26, 1478 &ndash September After these successes, Charles aimed to assert his control over what he saw as German religious heresies.  It brought forth the Confessio Augustana, a central document of Lutheranism that was presented to emperor Charles V. The Augsburg Confession, also known as the "Augustana" from its Latin name Confessio Augustana is the primary confession of faith of the Lutheran Lutheranism is a major branch of Western Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther
After his victory over the Schmalkaldic League, Charles V convened the session of 1547/48 (geharnischter Reichstag), where the Augsburg Interim was proclaimed. The Augsburg Interim was an imperial decree ordered on May 15, 1548, at the Diet of Augsburg, after Charles V Holy Roman Emperor, defeated the This attempt to give Catholicism the priority was rejected by many princes, though, and a resolution of the confessional tensions was only achieved at the session on 1555, where the Peace of Augsburg was concluded. The Peace of Augsburg was a treaty between Ferdinand I, who replaced his brother Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor, and the forces of the Schmalkaldic The treaty acknowledged the Confessio Augustana and codified the cuius regio, eius religio principle, which gave each prince the power to decide the religion of his subjects. Cuius regio eius religio is a phrase in Latin that means "Whose region his Religion "
The decrees of the Council of Trent were acknowledged in Italy, Portugal, Poland, and by the Catholic princes of Germany at the Diet of Augsburg held in 1566. The Council of Trent was the 19th Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church.