Dianetics is a set of ideas and practices regarding the relationship between the spirit, mind and body that were developed by L. Ron Hubbard. Lafayette Ronald Hubbard (March 13 1911 &ndash January 24 1986 was a fiction writer who devised a self-help technique called Dianetics and philosophy known as Scientology According to Hubbard the word "Dianetics" is derived from the Greek διά (dia) meaning "through" and νους (nous), mind; so it literally means "through mind".  Hubbard wrote that mental and psychosomatic physical problems are caused by traumatic recordings called engrams that are stored in the reactive mind. In Dianetics and Scientology, an engram is defined as "a Mental image picture which is a recording of an experience containing pain unconsciousness The reactive mind is a concept in the Dianetics and Scientology systems of L The goal of Dianetics is to erase the engrams in the reactive mind to achieve the state of Clear. Once this state of "Clear" is achieved according to Hubbard, an individual is able to function at his or her full potential. In Dianetics and Scientology, Clear is stated to be a condition in which a person is free of the unwanted influence of engrams, unwanted emotions or painful The ultimate goal is for one to reach the level Cleared Theta Clear, described by Hubbard as:
"A thetan who is completely rehabilitated and can do everything a thetan should do, such as move MEST and control others from a distance, or create his own universe". MEST is an acronym used in Scientology and coined by author L 
The scientific community has never recognized Hubbard's "Modern Science of Mental Health" as a valid scientific theory, and it has repeatedly been dismissed in print as pseudoscience. The word theory has many distinct meanings in different fields of Knowledge, depending on their methodologies and the context of discussion. Pseudoscience is defined as a body of knowledge methodology belief or practice that is claimed to be Scientific or made to appear scientific but does not adhere to the Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science by Martin Gardner includes an entire chapter on the subject as pseudoscience. Martin Gardner (b October 21, 1914, Tulsa Oklahoma) is a popular American mathematics and science writer specializing in Recreational mathematics
Dianetics is still employed and disseminated by the Church of Scientology, as reaching the state of "Clear" is a requirement to access Scientology's upper levels. The Church of Scientology is the largest organization devoted to the practice and the promotion of the Scientology belief system. In Scientology, the state of Operating Thetan (OT is a spiritual state above Clear.
Hubbard first introduced Dianetics to the public in April 1950, in an article published in the May 1950 issue of the magazine Astounding Science Fiction. Analog Science Fiction and Fact is an American Science fiction Magazine.  In his subsequent book Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health (1950), Hubbard presented Dianetics as a revolutionary and scientifically developed alternative to conventional psychotherapy and psychiatry that can increase intelligence, eliminate unwanted emotions and alleviate a wide range of illnesses he believed to be psychosomatic. Dianetics The Modern Science of Mental Health (often abbreviated as DMSMH is a book by L Psychotherapy is an Interpersonal, relational intervention used by trained psychotherapists to aid clients in problems of living Psychiatry is a medical specialty which exists to study, prevent, and treat Mental disorders in Humans Psychiatric Psychosomatic medicine is an interdisciplinary medical field studying psychosomatic illness, now more commonly referred to as psychophysiologic illness or disorder The central practice of Dianetics is "auditing," in which a "pre-clear" attempts to confront the engrams in his reactive mind (with the assistance of a counselor called an "auditor"). Auditing was developed by L Ron Hubbard, and is described by the Church of Scientology as "spiritual counseling which is the central practice of Dianetics As a result, a wide variety of unwanted conditions are said to be treated.
Scientology churches and missions provide workshops and seminars in Dianetics auditing to help people learn the rudiments of Dianetics techniques by forming teams to co-audit which is to give and receive auditing using the techniques described in the Dianetics book. Other more advanced applications of Dianetics auditing employ a device called an E-meter. An E-meter is an electronic device used as an aid in some forms of Dianetics and Scientology auditing. 
Though Dianetics preceded Hubbard's classification of Scientology as "applied religious philosophy," he believed from the beginning that the person himself is a spiritual being, and as early as 1951 in the Dianetics text called Science of Survival he began to focus on the capabilities of "the theta body or, as it might otherwise be called, the individual soul. Scientology is a body of beliefs and related practices initially created by American Science fiction author L Science of Survival is a book published in 1951 by L Ron Hubbard, the founder of Dianetics and Scientology. Theta (uppercase Θ, lowercase θ or ϑ; Θήτα is the eighth letter of the Greek alphabet, derived from the Phoenician letter Teth The soul, according to many religious and philosophical beliefs is the self-awareness, or Consciousness, unique to a particular living " It is also practiced by independent groups, collectively called the Free Zone. The Free Zone (or independent Scientologists or Scientology Freezone) comprises a variety of groups and individuals who practice Scientology -like beliefs The Church disapproves of Free Zone activities and has prosecuted them in court for misappropriation of Scientology/Dianetics copyrights and trademarks. 
Dianetics has been highly controversial since its introduction.  The scientific community has never recognized Hubbard's "Modern Science of Mental Health" as a valid scientific theory, and it has repeatedly been dismissed in print as pseudoscience. The word theory has many distinct meanings in different fields of Knowledge, depending on their methodologies and the context of discussion. Pseudoscience is defined as a body of knowledge methodology belief or practice that is claimed to be Scientific or made to appear scientific but does not adhere to the Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science by Martin Gardner includes an entire chapter on the subject as pseudoscience. Martin Gardner (b October 21, 1914, Tulsa Oklahoma) is a popular American mathematics and science writer specializing in Recreational mathematics
Hubbard coined Dianetics from the Greek stems dia, meaning through, and nous, meaning mind, resulting in a word similar to the already-existing Greek adjective dianoētik-os διανοητικ-ός, meaning "mental" (compare Aristotle's dianoetic virtues). Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly MIND ( Moving In New Directions) (est 1975 is an alternative education high school in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Aristotle (Greek Aristotélēs) (384 BC – 322 BC was a Greek philosopher a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. Intellectual virtues are character traits necessary for right action and correct thinking Hubbard stated that Dianetics "forms a bridge between" cybernetics and General Semantics, a set of ideas about education originated by Alfred Korzybski that was receiving much attention in the science fiction world in the 1940s. Cybernetics is the interdisciplinary study of the Structure of Complex systems especially Communication processes control mechanisms and Feedback The term General Semantics refers to a non- Aristotelian Educational Discipline created by Alfred Korzybski (1879–1950 during the years Alfred Habdank Skarbek Korzybski (kɔ'ʐɨpski ( July 3, 1879 &ndash March 1, 1950) was a Polish-American Philosopher 
Hubbard described Dianetics as "an organized science of thought built on definite axioms: statements of natural laws on the order of those of the physical sciences". Natural law or the law of nature ( Latin: lex naturalis) is a theory that posits the existence of a law whose content is set by Nature and that  These Dianetic axioms can be found in many Hubbard books such as Scientology 0-8: The Book of Basics and Advanced Procedures and Axioms. Unlike conventional therapies, Hubbard said, Dianetics would work every time if applied properly and "will invariably cure all psychosomatic ills and human aberrations. " In April 1950, before the public release of Dianetics, he wrote: "To date, over two hundred patients have been treated; of those two hundred, two hundred cures have been obtained. "
In Dianetics, the unconscious or reactive mind is described as a collection of "mental image pictures," which contain the recorded experience of past moments of unconsciousness, including all sensory perceptions and feelings involved, ranging from pre-natal experiences, infancy and childhood, even the traumatic feelings associated events from past lives and alien cultures. Obstetrics (from the Latin obstare, "to stand by" is the surgical speciality dealing with the care of a woman and her offspring during Pregnancy The type of mental image picture created during a period of unconsciousness involves the exact recording of a painful experience. See also Unconscious mind. Unconsciousness, more appropriately referred to as loss of Consciousness or lack of consciousness is Hubbard called this phenomenon an engram, and defined it as "a complete recording of a moment of unconsciousness containing physical pain or painful emotion and all perceptions. In Dianetics and Scientology, an engram is defined as "a Mental image picture which is a recording of an experience containing pain unconsciousness "
Hubbard proposed that, via pain, physical or mental traumas caused "aberrations" (deviations from rational thinking) in the mind, which produced adverse physical and emotional effects. The conscious or analytical mind, out of a desire for survival, would instinctively shut down during moments of stress. The memories recorded during this period would be stored as engrams in the unconscious or reactive mind. (In Hubbard's earliest publications on the subject, engrams were variously referred to as "Norns", "Impediments," and "comanomes" before "engram" was adapted from its existing usage at the suggestion of Joseph Winter. Joe Winter, an Educationist and Poet was born in London in 1943. ) Some commentators noted Dianetics' blend of science fiction and occult orientations at the time. The word occult comes from the Latin word occultus (clandestine hidden secret referring to "knowledge of the hidden" 
Dianetics claims that these engrams are the cause of almost all psychological and physical problems. In addition to containing the experience of physical pain, engrams can also include words or phrases overheard by the patient while he was unconscious. For instance, Winter cites the example of a patient with a persistent headache supposedly tracing the problem to a doctor saying "Take him now" during the preclear's birth.  Hubbard similarly claims that the cause of leukemia is traceable to "an engram containing the phrase 'It turns my blood to water. Leukemia or leukaemia (Greek leukos λευκός, "white" aima αίμα, "blood" is a Cancer of the Blood '" While it is sometimes claimed that the Church of Scientology no longer stands by Hubbard's claims that Dianetics can treat physical conditions, it still publishes them: ". . . when the knee injuries of the past are located and discharged, the arthritis ceases, no other injury takes its place and the person is finished with arthritis of the knee. Arthritis (from Greek arthro-, joint + -itis, inflammation plural arthritides is a group of conditions involving damage to the Joints of the body " "[The reactive mind] can give a man arthritis, bursitis, asthma, allergies, sinusitis, coronary trouble, high blood pressure . Bursitis is the Inflammation of one or more bursae (small sacs of Synovial fluid in the body Asthma is a chronic Condition involving the Respiratory system in which the airways occasionally constrict become inflamed, and are Allergy is a disorder of the Immune system often also referred to as Atopy. Sinusitis is an Inflammation of the Paranasal sinuses which may or may not be as a result of infection from Bacterial fungal, viral Coronary circulation is the circulation of blood in the Blood vessels that supply Blood to and from the Heart muscle Blood pressure is also the title of a short story by Damon Runyan in Guys and Dolls and Other Stories . . And it is the only thing in the human being which can produce these effects . . . Discharge the content of [the reactive mind] and the arthritis vanishes, myopia gets better, heart illness decreases, asthma disappears, stomachs function properly and the whole catalog of ills goes away and stays away. Myopia (from Greek: μυωπία myopia "near-sightedness" also called near- or short-sightedness, is a refractive defect "
Some of the psychometric ideas in Dianetics can be traced to Sigmund Freud, whom Hubbard credited as an inspiration and was said to have used as a source. Psychometrics is the field of study concerned with the theory and technique of Educational and Psychological Measurement, which includes the measurement Sigmund Freud (ˈziːkmʊnt ˈfʁɔʏt born Sigismund Shlomo Freud (May 6 1856 &ndash September 23 1939 was an Austrian Psychiatrist who founded  Freud had speculated 40 years previously that traumas with similar content join together in "chains," embedded in the unconscious mind, to cause irrational responses in the individual. Such a chain would be relieved by inducing the patient to remember the earliest trauma, "with an accompanying expression of emotion. "
With the use of Dianetics techniques, Hubbard claimed, the reactive mind could be processed and all stored engrams could be refiled as experience. The central technique was "auditing," a two-person question-and-answer therapy designed to isolate and dissipate engrams (or "mental masses"). Psychotherapy is an Interpersonal, relational intervention used by trained psychotherapists to aid clients in problems of living An auditor addresses questions to a subject, observes and records the subject's responses, and returns repeatedly to experiences or areas under discussion that appear painful until the troubling experience has been identified and confronted. Through repeated applications of this method, the reactive mind could be "cleared" of its content having outlived its usefulness in the process of evolution; a person who has completed this process would be "Clear". eVolution is the third Album by eLDee, it was due to be released in 2008
The benefits of going Clear, according to Hubbard, were dramatic. A Clear would have no compulsions, repressions, psychoses or neuroses, and would enjoy a near-perfect memory as well as a rise in IQ of as much as 50 points. Psychosis (from the Greek ψυχή "psyche" for mind or soul and -οσις "-osis" for abnormal condition with adjective psychotic This article describes the term in psychology For the experimental metal band see Neurosis (band. An Intelligence Quotient or IQ is a score derived from one of several different Standardized tests attempting to measure Intelligence. He also claimed that "the atheist is activated by engrams as thoroughly as the zealot".  He further believed that widespread application of Dianetics would result in "A world without insanity, without criminals and without war,"
According to the Scientology journal The Auditor, the total number of "Clears" as of May 2006 stands at 50,311. Traditionally insanity or madness is the behaviour whereby a person flouts societal norms and may become a danger to himself and others  One critical organization's analysis, however, brings the accuracy of the official figures into question. 
Dianetics sets forth the non-germ theory of disease, embracing, it has been estimated by competent physicians, the explanation of some seventy percent of man's pathology. The germ theory, also called the pathogenic theory of medicine, is a Theory that proposes that Microorganisms are the cause of many Diseases.
Hubbard's original book on Dianetics attracted highly critical reviews from science and medical writers and organizations. Lafayette Ronald Hubbard (March 13 1911 &ndash January 24 1986 was a fiction writer who devised a self-help technique called Dianetics and philosophy known as Scientology Dianetics The Evolution of a Science by L Ron Hubbard is the original article published in Astounding The American Psychological Association passed a resolution in 1950 calling "attention to the fact that these claims are not supported by empirical evidence of the sort required for the establishment of scientific generalizations. The American Psychological Association (APA is a professional organization representing psychologists in the U In Philosophy, empiricism is a theory of Knowledge which asserts that knowledge arises from Experience. "
Subsequently, Dianetics has achieved no general acceptance as a bona fide scientific theory. The word theory has many distinct meanings in different fields of Knowledge, depending on their methodologies and the context of discussion.  Many scientists have described Dianetics as a classic example of pseudoscience. Pseudoscience is defined as a body of knowledge methodology belief or practice that is claimed to be Scientific or made to appear scientific but does not adhere to the 
Few scientific investigations into the effectiveness of Dianetics have been published. Professor John A. Lee states in his 1970 evaluation of Dianetics:
The MEDLINE database records two independent scientific studies on Dianetics, both conducted in the 1950s under the auspices of New York University. MEDLINE ( Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online is a literature database of life sciences and biomedical information New York University ( NYU) is a private, Nonsectarian, Coeducational Research University in New York City. Harvey Jay Fischer tested Dianetics therapy against three claims made by proponents and found it does not affect any significant changes in intellectual functioning, mathematical ability, or the degree of personality conflicts; Jack Fox tested Hubbard's thesis regarding recall of engrams, with the assistance of the Dianetic Research Foundation, and could not substantiate it. 
Hubbard claimed, in an interview with the New York Times in November 1950, that "he had already submitted proof of claims made in the book to a number of scientists and associations. " He added that the public as well as proper organizations were entitled to such proof and that he was ready and willing to give such proof in detail.  In January 1951, the Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation of Elizabeth, NJ published Dianetic Processing: A Brief Survey of Research Projects and Preliminary Results, a booklet providing the results of psychometric tests conducted on 88 people undergoing Dianetics therapy. Elizabeth is a city in Union County, New Jersey, in the United States. It presents case histories and a number of X-ray plates to support claims that Dianetics had cured "aberrations" including manic depression, asthma, arthritis, colitis and "overt homosexuality," and that after Dianetic processing, test subjects experienced significantly increased scores on a standardized IQ test. X-radiation (composed of X-rays) is a form of Electromagnetic radiation. Arthritis (from Greek arthro-, joint + -itis, inflammation plural arthritides is a group of conditions involving damage to the Joints of the body Colitis is a chronic digestive disease characterized by Inflammation of the colon. The report's subjects are not identified by name, but one of them is clearly Hubbard himself ("Case 1080A, R. L. "). 
The authors provide no qualifications, although they are described in Hubbard's book Science of Survival (where some results of the same study were reprinted) as psychotherapists. Critics of Dianetics are skeptical of this study, both because of the bias of the source and because the researchers appear to ascribe all physical benefits to Dianetics without considering possible outside factors; in other words, the report lacks any scientific controls. Scientific controls allow Experiments to study one Variable at a time and are a vital part of the Scientific method. J. A. Winter, M. D. , originally an associate of Hubbard and an early adopter of Dianetics, by the end of 1950, he had cut his ties with Hubbard and wrote an account of his personal experiences with Dianetics. He described Hubbard as "absolutistic and authoritarian", and criticized the Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation for failing to undertake "precise scientific research into the functioning of the mind".  He also recommended that auditing be done by experts only and that it was dangerous for laymen to audit each other. 
Commentators from a variety of backgrounds have described Dianetics as an example of pseudoscience, that is, information which claims to be scientific but which fails to meet the basic criteria for science. For example, philosophy professor Robert Carroll points to Dianetics' lack of empirical evidence:
W. Sumner Davis similarly comments that
In the years since its introduction, Dianetics has become a sub-study of the spiritually focused "applied religious philosophy" of Scientology, and the Church of Scientology places little emphasis on Hubbard's original claims to have created a "modern science. " Current practitioners of Dianetics typically believe that charges of pseudoscience are irrelevant, emphasizing that their own experience of the therapy's "workability" is far more important to them than the imprimatur of official science.
According to Hubbard, the engram is a mental image picture of a moment of pain and unconsciousness. The catch here is how does something material like the physical universe become mental? Dianetics deals with the mind but fails to give an answer. Psychiatry deals with the brain and both the brain and the physical universe are material so the question becomes irrelevant. Nor does Psychoanalysis provide an answer. Psychoanalysis is a body of ideas developed by Austrian physician Sigmund Freud and his followers which is devoted to the study of human psychological functioning and behavior The question has plagued modern philosophy since the time of Descartes. 
The procedure of Dianetics therapy – known as auditing, from the Latin audire, "to listen" – is a two-person activity. Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. One person, the "auditor", guides the other person, the "preclear". The preclear's job is to look at the mind and talk to the auditor. The auditor acknowledges what the preclear says and controls the process so the preclear may put his full attention on his work.
The auditor and preclear sit down in chairs facing each other. The process then follows in eleven distinct steps:
Auditing sessions are kept confidential. However, a few transcripts of auditing sessions with confidential information removed have been published as demonstration examples. Sanitization (also ' Redaction ' is the process of removing sensitive information from a document or other medium so that it may be distributed to a broader audience Some extracts can be found in Dr. J. A. Winter's book Dianetics: A Doctor's Report. A Doctor's Report on Dianetics Theory and Therapy is a Non-fiction book analyzing Dianetics. Other, more comprehensive, transcripts of auditing sessions carried out by Hubbard himself can be found in volume 1 of the Research & Discovery Series (Bridge Publications, 1980). Examples of public group processing sessions can be found throughout the Congress Lecture series.
According to Hubbard, auditing enables the preclear to "contact" and "release" engrams stored in the reactive mind, relieving him of the physical and mental aberrations connected with them. The preclear is asked to inspect and familiarize himself with the exact details of his own experience; the auditor may not tell him anything about his case or evaluate any of the information the preclear finds.
The validity and practice of auditing have been questioned by a variety of non-Scientologist commentators. Commenting on the example cited by Winter, the science writer Martin Gardner asserts that "nothing could be clearer from the above dialogue than the fact that the dianetic explanation for the headache existed only in the mind of the therapist, and that it was with considerable difficulty that the patient was maneuvered into accepting it. Martin Gardner (b October 21, 1914, Tulsa Oklahoma) is a popular American mathematics and science writer specializing in Recreational mathematics "
Other critics and medical experts have suggested that Dianetic auditing is a form of hypnosis, although the Church of Scientology has strongly denied that hypnosis forms any part of Dianetics. Hypnosis is often thought to be a wakeful state of focused attention and heightened suggestibility with diminished peripheral awareness  To the contrary, L. Ron Hubbard expressedly warns not to use any hypnosis or hypnosis-like methods, because a person under hypnosis would be receptive to suggestions. This would decrease his self-determinism instead of increasing it, which is one of the prime goals of Dianetics.  Winter  comments that the leading nature of the questions asked of a preclear "encourage fantasy", a common issue also encountered with hypnosis, which can be used to form false memories. The auditor is instructed not to make any assessment of a recalled memory's reality or accuracy, but instead to treat it as if it were objectively real. Professor Richard J. Ofshe, a leading expert on false memories, suggests that the feeling of well-being reported by preclears at the end of an auditing session may be induced by post-hypnotic suggestion. Richard Ofshe (born in 1941 is a Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the University of California Berkeley. Suggestion is the name given to the psychological process by which one person may guide the thoughts feelings or behaviour of another 
According to Hubbard, since the beginning of Dianetics research back in 1930, the majority of the people interested in the subject believed they could accomplish therapy alone. "It cannot be done" and he adds: "If a patient places himself in autohypnosis and regresses himself in an effort to reach illness or birth or prenatals, the only thing he will get is ill". 
Hubbard's ideas of Dianetics originated in the 1920s and 1930s. Origins The ideas of Dianetics originated in unpublished research L By his own account, he spent a great deal of time in the Oak Knoll Naval Hospital's library, where he would have encountered the work of Freud and other psychoanalysts. Naval Hospital Oakland also known as Oak Knoll Naval Hospital was a U Psychoanalysis is a body of ideas developed by Austrian physician Sigmund Freud and his followers which is devoted to the study of human psychological functioning and behavior In April 1950, Hubbard and several others established the Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation in Elizabeth, New Jersey to coordinate work related for the forthcoming publication. Elizabeth is a city in Union County, New Jersey, in the United States. Hubbard wrote Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health at that time, allegedly completing the 180,000-word book in six weeks. 
The success of selling Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health brought in a flood of money, which Hubbard used to establish Dianetics foundations in six major American cities. Dianetics The Modern Science of Mental Health (often abbreviated as DMSMH is a book by L The scientific and medical communities were far less enthusiastic about Dianetics, viewing it with bemusement, concern, or outright derision. Complaints were made against local Dianetics practitioners for allegedly practicing medicine without a license. This eventually prompted Dianetics advocates to disclaim any medicinal benefits in order to avoid regulation.
Hubbard explained the backlash as a response from various entities trying to co-opt Dianetics for their own use. Hubbard blamed the hostile press coverage in particular on a plot by the American Communist Party. The Communist Party of the United States of America ( CPUSA) is a Marxist-Leninist Political party in the United States. In later years, Hubbard decided that the psychiatric profession was the origin of all of the criticism of Dianetics, as he believed it secretly controlled most of the world's governments. 
By the autumn of 1950, financial problems had developed, and by November 1950, the six Foundations had spent around one million dollars and were more than $200,000 in debt.  Disagreements emerged over the direction of the Dianetic Foundation's work, and relations between the board members became strained, with several leaving, even to support causes critical of Dianetics. One example was Harvey Jackins, founder of Re-evaluation Counselling, originally a sort of discrete reworking of Dianetics, which L Ron Hubbard later declared suppressive to Scientology. Carl Harvey Jackins ( June 28 1916 – 12 July 1999) was the founder and principal theorist of Re-evaluation Counseling (or RC the Re-evaluation Counseling, or RC is the best-known and largest organization for Co-Counseling. Suppressive Person, often abbreviated SP, is a term used in Scientology to describe the "antisocial personalities" who according to Scientology's founder
In January 1951, the New Jersey Board of Medical Examiners instituted proceedings against the Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation in Elizabeth for teaching medicine without a licence.  The Foundation closed its doors, causing the proceedings to be vacated, but its creditors began to demand settlement of its outstanding debts. Don Purcell, a millionaire Dianeticist from Wichita, Kansas, offered a brief respite from bankruptcy, but the Foundation's finances failed again in 1952. Wichita (ˈwɪtʃɪtaː is the most populous City in the US state of Kansas, and the county seat of Sedgwick County. 
Because of a sale of assets resulting from the bankruptcy, Hubbard no longer owned the rights to the name "Dianetics", but its philosophical framework still provided the seed for Scientology to grow. Scientology is a body of beliefs and related practices initially created by American Science fiction author L Scientologists refer to the book Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health as "Book One. " In 1952, Hubbard published a new set of teachings as "Scientology, a religious philosophy. Philosophy of religion is a branch of Philosophy that is concerned with the philosophical study of religion including arguments over the nature and existence of God religious " Scientology did not replace Dianetics but extended it to cover new areas. Where the goal of Dianetics is to rid the individual of his reactive mind engrams, the stated goal of Scientology is to rehabilitate the individual's spiritual nature so that he may reach his full potential.
In 1978, Hubbard released New Era Dianetics, a revised version supposed to produce better results in a shorter period of time. The course consists of 11 rundowns and requires a specifically trained auditor. In Scientology, a "Rundown" is the term created by L Ron Hubbard to apply to a series of Scientology and/or Dianetics procedures designed to 
New Era Dianetics is really nothing compared with what is available at the high levels of the Bridge: New Era Dianetics for OTs also known as NOTS. It is available after Xenu and the now well known First Wall of Fire. Xenu, also Xemu ( or) was according to Scientology founder (and Science fiction writer L NOTS is also known as the Second Wall of Fire. Free Zone (Scientology) offers a version of it in the Internet. The Free Zone (or independent Scientologists or Scientology Freezone) comprises a variety of groups and individuals who practice Scientology -like beliefs