|Operas by Richard Strauss|
Der Rosenkavalier (The Cavalier of the Rose) is a comic opera in three acts by Richard Strauss to an original German libretto by Hugo von Hofmannsthal. Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 &ndash 8 September 1949 was a German Composer of the late Romantic era and early modern era particularly noted Guntram (Op 25 is an Opera in three acts by Richard Strauss with a German libretto written by the composer Feuersnot ( The Need for Fire or Fire Famine) is a Singgedicht (sung poem or Opera in one act by Richard Strauss, his Salome is an Opera in one act by Richard Strauss to a German Libretto by the composer based on Hedwig Lachmann ’s German See Mourning Becomes Electra for a reference to the 1967 opera based on the 1931 Eugene O'Neill play Ariadne auf Naxos ( Ariadne on Naxos) is an Opera by Richard Strauss with a German libretto by Hugo von Hofmannsthal. Die Frau ohne Schatten ( The Woman without a Shadow) is an Opera in three acts by Richard Strauss with a Libretto by his Intermezzo is an Opera in two acts by Richard Strauss to his own German libretto described as a Bürgerliche Komödie mit sinfonischen Die ägyptische Helena ( The Egyptian Helen) is an Opera in two acts by Richard Strauss to a German libretto by Hugo von Hofmannsthal Arabella is a lyric comedy or Opera in 3 acts by Richard Strauss to a German libretto by Hugo von Hofmannsthal, their sixth and last Die schweigsame Frau ( The Silent Woman) is an Opera in three acts by Richard Strauss with Libretto by Stefan Zweig after Friedenstag ( Peace Day) is an Opera in one act by Richard Strauss, his Opus 81 to a German libretto by Joseph Gregor. Daphne is an Opera in one act by Richard Strauss, his 13th opera subtitled "A Bucolic Tragedy in One Act" Die Liebe der Danae ( The Love of Danae) is an Opera in three acts by Richard Strauss to a German libretto by Joseph Gregor Capriccio is the final Opera by German composer Richard Strauss, subtitled "A Conversation Piece for Music" Opera is an art form in which Singers and Musicians perform a Dramatic work (called an opera which combines a text (called a Libretto Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 &ndash 8 September 1949 was a German Composer of the late Romantic era and early modern era particularly noted The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. A libretto is the text used in an extended Musical work such as an Opera, Operetta, Masque, sacred or secular Oratorio and Hugo von Hofmannsthal ( February 1, 1874 – July 15, 1929) was an Austrian Novelist, librettist, Poet It is loosely adapted from the novel Les amours du chevalier de Faublas by Louvet de Couvrai and Molière’s comedy Monsieur de Pourceaugnac. Jean-Baptiste Louvet de Couvrai ( June 12, 1760 - August 25, 1797) was a French novelist playwright journalist politician and Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, also known by his Stage name, Molière, ( January 15, 1622 – February 17 1673) was a French It was first performed at the Königliches Opernhaus in Dresden on 26 January 1911 under the direction of Max Reinhardt. The Semperoper is the Opera house of the Saxon State Opera Dresden (German Sächsische Staatsoper Dresden) and the Concert hall of the Sächsische Dresden (etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest, Drježdźany is the Capital city of the German Events 1340 - King Edward III of England is declared King of France. Year 1911 ( MCMXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Max Reinhardt ( September 9, 1873 - October 30, 1943) was an Austrian (later naturalised American) theatre and film
There are many recordings of the opera, and it is regularly performed.
|Premiere, January 26, 1911|
(Ernst von Schuch)
|The Marschallin, Princess Marie Thérèse von Werdenberg||soprano||Margarethe Siems|
|Octavian, Count Rofrano, her young lover||soprano or|
|Eva von der Osten|
|Mohammed, her black page||silent|
|Baron Ochs auf Lerchenau, her cousin||bass||Karl Perron|
|Sophie von Faninal||soprano||Minnie Nast|
|Herr von Faninal, Sophie's rich parvenu father||baritone||Karl Scheidemantel|
|Marianne, her duenna||soprano|
|Valzacchi, an intriguer||tenor|
|Annina, his niece and partner||contralto|
|An Italian singer||tenor||Fritz Soot|
|Three noble orphans||soprano, mezzo-|
|A vendor of pets||tenor|
|A police inspector||bass|
|The Marschallin's Major-Domo||tenor|
|Four lackeys||tenors, basses|
|Four waiters||tenor, basses|
|A flautist, a cook, a hairdresser and his assistant,|
a scholar, a noble widow
|Servants, hired deceivers, children, constables|
Der Rosenkavalier centres on the shifting romantic attachments of four principal characters, the Marschallin (a noblewoman who at age 32 is concerned that her visual charms will quickly succumb to middle age), Octavian (a 17-year-old youth), Baron Ochs von Lerchenau (the Marschallin's bumbling and foolish cousin) and the 15-year-old Sophie (to whom Baron Ochs is engaged). Ernst Edler von Schuch, born Ernst Gottfried Schuch ( 23 November 1846, Graz &ndash 10 May 1914, Niederlößnitz/ Radebeul This article is related to a series of articles under the main article Voice type. This article is related to a series of articles under the main article Voice type. This article is related to a series of articles under the main article Voice type. The tenor is the highest male voice within the Modal register, just above the Baritone voice This article is related to a series of articles under the main article Voice type. The tenor is the highest male voice within the Modal register, just above the Baritone voice The opera opens with the Marschallin and Octavian, having spent the night together, being disturbed by the arrival of Baron Ochs who has come to seek the Marschallin's assistance in courting Sophie. When the Marschallin's back is turned, Ochs makes a pass for what he believes to be her chambermaid but is actually Octavian in disguise. Octavian escapes and in his absence he is appointed a "Rosenkavalier", whose duty it is to carry the Baron's love-token —a silver rose— to Sophie. As soon as he sets eyes on Sophie, however, Octavian falls in love with her, and Sophie begs him to help her avoid marrying Ochs. After some rather convoluted plot twists, Sophie and Octavian are united, Ochs is abandoned and the Marschallin, who knew Octavian would eventually leave her for a younger woman, is left alone.
The Marschallin's bedroom
Princess Marie Therese von Werdenberg (the Marschallin, the title given to a Field Marshal's wife) and her much younger lover, Count Octavian Rofrano exchange vows of love. To avoid scandal, he hides when a small black boy, Mohammed, brings the Marschallin's breakfast, and then again when loud voices are heard in the antechamber. He returns disguised as a chambermaid, "Mariandel".
The Marschallin's country cousin Baron Ochs has unexpectedly arrived to discuss his engagement to Sophie, the daughter of a wealthy merchant. Baron is a specific Title of nobility. The word baron comes from Old French baron, itself from Old High German and Latin (liber After boorishly describing his personal pastime of chasing skirts, and demonstrating on the disguised Octavian, he asks the Marschallin which cavalier he should select to deliver the traditional silver engagement rose to Sophie. She recommends Octavian, and when Ochs sees the young count's picture, he notices the similarities in the count's face to the chambermaid "Mariandel's" and assumes that she is Octavian's illegitimate sister. The coarse Ochs propositions "the chambermaid," and, in response, Octavian pretends to be the country maid but leaves the first chance he gets.
The room then fills with supplicants to the Princess. An Italian tenor serenades the Marschallin, while Ochs works out the marriage contract with the Marschallin's notary. Two Italian intriguers, Valzacchi and Annina, try to sell the Princess the latest scandal sheets, and offer their surveillance services to Ochs. Rudely interrupting the tenor's song, Ochs tells the lawyer to demand a dowry from Sophie's family, and leaves, but not before employing the two Italians. Amidst all the activity, the Marschallin remarks to her hairdresser: "My dear Hippolyte, today you have made me look like an old woman. "
When all have left, the Marschallin, reminded of her own early marriage by Ochs's young bride, sadly ponders her fleeting youth and the fickleness of men. By the time Octavian returns (in men's clothes), she has realized that one day he will leave her. She tells him so, and despite his fervent vows of love, she knows his love will not last. He is stunned by her mood change and abruptly leaves. She suddenly realizes that she has forgotten to kiss him goodbye, and sends some footmen after him. But it is too late, and he is gone. The Marschallin summons her page to take the silver rose to Octavian to deliver to Sophie. After Mohammed departs, Marie Therese stares pensively into her hand mirror as the curtain falls.
The von Faninals' home
Herr von Faninal and Sophie await the arrival of the Rosenkavalier (Knight of the Rose), Octavian. Following tradition, Faninal departs before the Knight appears. Sophie frets over her approaching marriage with a man she has never met as her duenna, Marianne, reports on the approach of Octavian. A chaperone (or occasionally chaperon) is an adult who accompanies or supervises one or more young unmarried men or women during social occasions usually with the specific Octavian arrives with great pomp, dressed all in silver. He presents the silver rose to Sophie in an elaborate ceremony. Immediately, the two young people are attracted to each other and they sing a beautiful duet.
During a chaperoned conversation, Sophie and Octavian begin to fall in love, but Ochs enters with Sophie's father. The Baron speaks familiarly with Octavian (even though they have never met), examines Sophie like chattel and behaves generally like a cad. Ochs's servants begin to chase the maids, sending the household into an uproar. Sophie starts to weep, and Octavian promises to help her. He embraces her, but they are discovered by Ochs's Italian spies, who report to him. Ochs is only amused, considering the much-younger Octavian no threat, but Octavian's temper is raised enough to challenge the bull-headed Baron to a duel. The Baron receives a slight wound in the arm in the fracas and cries bloody murder. As a doctor is sent for, Sophie tells her father she never will marry the Baron, but her father insists she will and threatens to send her to a convent. Octavian is thrown out, and Sophie is sent to her room. As Ochs is left alone on the divan with his wounded arm in a sling, he begins to raise his spirits with a glass of port. Annina enters with a letter for Ochs from "Mariandel" (Octavian) asking to meet him for a tryst. The now recovered and drunk Ochs, in anticipation of his imminent meeting, dances around the stage to one of the opera's many waltzes. He makes a serious mistake: he forgets to tip Annina.
A private room in an inn
Valzacchi and Annina have switched alliances, and are now helping Octavian prepare a trap for the Baron. Ochs and "Mariandel" arrive for a private dinner. Ochs tries to seduce the seemingly willing chambermaid, though he is disturbed by her resemblance to Octavian. The guilt-ridden baron catches glimpses of the heads of Octavian's conspirators as they pop out of secret doors. A secret passage (or hidden passage or a secret tunnel) is a hidden route that is used to travel stealthily A woman (Annina in disguise) rushes in claiming that Ochs is her husband and the father of her children, all of whom rush in crying "Papa! Papa!" As the confusion grows, Ochs calls for the police.
The police arrive, and to avoid a scandal, Ochs claims that "Mariandel" is his fiancée Sophie. Octavian lets the Police Commissioner in on the trick, and the Officer plays along. Furious for being enmeshed in the scandal, Faninal arrives and sends for Sophie to clear his and his daughter's name. Sophie arrives and asks the Baron to leave her alone. Just as Ochs is completely befuddled and embarrassed, the Marschallin enters. The Princess sends the Police and all the others away, and orders the Baron to leave gracefully, salvaging what is left of his dignity. Ochs finally leaves, pursued by various bill collectors. The Marschallin, Sophie, and Octavian are left alone.
The Marschallin recognizes that the day she so feared has come, as Octavian hesitates between the two women. In the emotional climax of the opera, the Marschallin gracefully releases Octavian, encouraging him to follow his heart and love Sophie. She then withdraws elegantly to the next room to talk with Faninal. As soon as she is gone, Sophie and Octavian run to each other's arms. Faninal and the Marschallin return to find the lovers locked in an embrace. After a few bittersweet glances to her lost lover, the Princess departs with Faninal. Sophie and Octavian follow after another brief but ecstatic love duet, and the opera ends with the Marschallin's little black page, Mohammed, running in to retrieve Sophie's dropped handkerchief, and racing out again after the departing nobility.
On a side note one of the waltzes is very briefly quoted in the 3rd movement of Luciano Berio's Sinfonia, a landmark of late 20th century composition. Luciano Berio, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI ( October 24, 1925 &ndash May 27, 2003) was an Italian Composer. Sinfonia is a composition by the Italian composer Luciano Berio that was commissioned by the New York Philharmonic for its 125th anniversary
Strauss's opulent score calls for:
So popular was Der Rosenkavalier that Strauss made several concert versions of numbers from the work and, in 1944, produced, with the assistance of the Polish conductor Artur Rodziński, the Rosenkavalier Suite which begins with the opera's orchestral prelude, depicting the night of passion (vividly portrayed by whooping horns) between the Marschallin and Octavian. Instrumentation is the branch of science that deals with measurement and control in order to increase efficiency and safety in the workplace The flute is a Musical instrument of the Woodwind family Unlike other woodwind instruments a flute is a Reedless wind instrument that produces its The piccolo is a small Flute. Like the flute the piccolo is normally pitched in the key of C one octave above the concert flute (making it effectively a sopranino "Hautbois" redirects here for the strawberry variety see Hautbois strawberry. 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Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland Conducting is the act of directing a Musical performance by way of visible gestures Artur Rodziński ( January 1, 1892 &ndash November 27, 1958) was a Polish conductor. Next comes the appearance of Octavian as the Rosenkavalier, which is depicted in tender music; the sight of him looking so young makes the Marschallin realise that he will soon leave her for a younger woman. There follows the duet between Octavian and Sophie (oboe and horn) in which their love for each other becomes ever more obvious, but this is abruptly interrupted by the discordant music associated with the clumsy arrival of Ochs. "Hautbois" redirects here for the strawberry variety see Hautbois strawberry. Next the violins tentatively introduce the first waltz, which is followed by another given out by the solo violin, before the whole orchestra settles into waltz mode. The violin is a bowed String instrument with four strings usually tuned in Perfect fifths It is the smallest and highest-pitched member The waltz is a ballroom and folk Dance in time, performed primarily in Closed position. A general pause and a violin solo leads into the nostalgic music where the Marschallin sadly realises she has lost Octavian. Then comes its ecstatic climax. The work closes with a singularly robust Waltz, depicting Ochs at his most pompous, and a boisterous coda newly composed for the 1944 suite.