A deoxyribonucleotide is the monomer, or single unit, of DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid. A monomer (from Greek mono "one" and meros "part" is a small Molecule that may become chemically bonded to other Deoxyribonucleic acid ( DNA) is a Nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known Each deoxyribonucleotide is comprised of three parts: A nitrogenous base, a deoxyribose sugar, and one or more phosphate groups. Nitrogenous bases are Organic compounds that owe their basic properties to the Lone pair of Electrons of a Nitrogen Atom Deoxyribose, also known as D-Deoxyribose and 2-deoxyribose, is an Aldopentose &mdash a Monosaccharide containing five Carbon A phosphate, an Inorganic chemical, is a salt of Phosphoric acid. The nitrogenous base is always bonded to the 1' carbon of the deoxyribose, which is distinguished from ribose by the presence of a proton on the 2' carbon rather than an -OH group. The phosphate groups bind to the 5' carbon of the sugar.
When deoxyribonucleotides polymerize to form DNA, the phosphate group from one nucleotide will bond to the 3' carbon on another nucleotide, forming a phosphodiester bond via dehydration synthesis. A phosphodiester bond is a group of strong covalent bonds between the phosphorus atom in a Phosphate group and two other Molecules over two A condensation reaction is a Chemical reaction in which two Molecules or moieties ( Functional groups) combine to form one single molecule together with New nucleotides are always added to the 3' carbon of the last nucleotide, so synthesis always proceeds from 5' to 3'.