Demolition derby is a motor-sport usually presented at county fairs and festivals. A fair is a gathering of people to display or trade produce or other goods to parade or display animals and often to enjoy associated Carnival or Funfair entertainment They originated in the United States and quickly spread to other western nations. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
While rules vary from event to event, the typical demolition derby event consists of ten or more drivers competing by deliberately ramming their vehicles into one another. The last driver whose vehicle is still operational is awarded the victory.
Demolition derbies can be very dangerous. Although serious injuries are rare, occasionally they do happen. To make the event safer, all glass is removed from the vehicle, and deliberately ramming the driver's-side door area is usually forbidden. Glass in the common sense refers to a Hard, Brittle, transparent Solid, such as that used for Windows many The driver's door is often required to be painted white, with black numbers, or with contrasting colors, for visibility. Most demolition derbies are held on dirt tracks, or in open fields, that are usually soaked with water. This article concerns auto racing motorcycles, horses, and dogs also race on dirt tracks Water is a common Chemical substance that is essential for the survival of all known forms of Life. This causes the competition area to become muddy, which in turn helps to further slow the vehicles. In computer gaming, a MUD ( Multi-User Dungeon, Domain or Dimension) is a multi-player computer game that combines elements of Some drivers use both the front, and rear, of the vehicle to ram the other competitors. Others tend to use only the rear end of the vehicle, to help protect the engine compartment from damage.
Competitors have traditionally used full-size, American made sedans, and station wagons, especially those from the 1960s and 70s, which were larger, heavier, and had more robust frames than later full-size vehicles. A station wagon (or simply wagon) in American, Australian, Canadian and New Zealand usage and an estate car (or just estate The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969 This article is about the Decade 1970-1979 For the Year 1970 see 1970. (The 1964-1966 Chrysler Imperial achieved near-legendary status for its crashworthiness, and is still banned from most derby events. for Chrysler branded models before 1955 and after 1983 see Chrysler Imperial Imperial was the Chrysler Corporation 's prestige ) Vehicles are purchased from junkyards and private owners, usually for less than US$500, though some select (and rust-free) mid-1970s sedans, and station wagons, may go for more than $1,000. The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been A station wagon (or simply wagon) in American, Australian, Canadian and New Zealand usage and an estate car (or just estate A vehicle may be patched up and re-used for several events.
With the dwindling availability of these older vehicles, smaller full-sized vehicles of the 1980s and 1990s are more frequently encountered today. The 1980s was the decade spanning from January 1 1980 to December 31 1989. The 1990s collectively refers to the years between and including 1990 and 1999 A separate class of demolition derby for compact cars is increasing in popularity. A compact (North America small family (European or c-segment car is a classification of cars which are larger than a supermini Compact car events have the advantages of an abundant supply of usable vehicles, which also tend to be more mobile and thus, more entertaining to fans. Being largely front-wheel drive, their back ends can sustain considerable amounts of damage before the vehicle is immobilized. Front-wheel drive (or FF layout) is a form of engine / transmission layout used in Motor vehicles where the engine drives the front Wheels However, this increased speed, coupled with the fact that compact cars tend to be less crashworthy, makes injuries more frequent.
Bizarre versions of the sport using combine harvesters, and lawn mowers have been practiced in various parts of the world. The combine harvester, or simply combine, also known as a thresher is a machine that combines the A lawn mower or lawnmower is a machine that has one or more revolving blades to cut a Lawn at an even length Larger vehicles, such as pickup trucks and SUV's were rarely used in demolition derby (though school bus demolitions have long been a popular exception), but have recently become popular in demolition events. A pickup truck is a light Motor vehicle with an open-top rear cargo area which is almost always separated from the cab to allow for chassis flex when carrying or pulling A sport utility vehicle ( SUV) is a generic marketing description for a rugged automotive vehicle similar to a Station wagon but built on a light-truck chassis A school bus is a Bus used to transport Children and Adolescents to and from School and school events Recently a new class for minivans has been added to some derbies because of the abundance of older vehicles. A minivan, multi-purpose vehicle (abbreviated MPV) people-carrier, people-mover or multi-utility vehicle (shortened
The vehicles are stripped of interior fixtures, trim, plastic, lights, and glass, and repainted, usually in loud, garish designs. Additional modifications include trimming sheet metal from around the wheel wells, removing parts of bumpers, welding the doors shut, and relocating the battery and gas tank. A car battery is a type of Rechargeable battery that supplies electric energy to an Automobile. To make the cars last longer, they are occasionally pre-bent, frames notched, rear bumper removed, trunk lid notched, and rear coil springs are (when rules allow) replaced with leaf springs. A chassis (plural "chassis" (ˈʃæːsiː ˈtʃæːsiː consists of a framework that supports an inanimate object analogous to an Animal 's An automobile's bumper is the front-most or rear-most part ostensibly designed to allow the car to sustain an impact without damage to the vehicle's frame or safety systems Originally called laminated or carriage spring, a leaf spring is a simple form of spring, commonly used for the suspension in In many instances, roll bars, fire extinguishers, and other safety equipment is installed. A fire extinguisher is an Active fire protection device used to extinguish or control small fires often in emergency situations
Demolition derbies were first held at various fairs and race tracks by independent promoters in the 1950s. The 1950s Decade refers to the years of 1950 to 1959 inclusive There are unconfirmed reports of events occurring as far back as the 1930s utilizing the abundant supply of worn out Ford Model T's. The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression. The Ford Model T (colloquially known as the Tin Lizzie and also the Flivver) was an Automobile produced by Henry Ford 's Ford
The sport's popularity grew throughout the 1960s, becoming a standard of county fairs in rural areas, and becoming a quirky subculture nationwide. For the term in biology see Subculture (biology. For the song by New Order see Sub-culture (song. ABC's Wide World of Sports, featured demolition derbies on several broadcasts in the 1970s. The American Broadcasting Company ( ABC) is an American Television network. ABC's Wide World of Sports was a long-running Sports Anthology show on American Television that ran as a series from 1961 to 1998 The popular ABC sitcom Happy Days included the character Pinky Tuscadero, a professional demolition derby driver and occasional love interest to the show's most popular character, Arthur Fonzarelli. Happy Days is an American Television sitcom that originally aired from 1974 to 1984 on ABC. Pinky Tuscadero was a character on the American Television Sitcom Happy Days played by Roz Kelly. For the similarly named Muppet, see Fozzie. Arthur Herbert Fonzarelli (also The Fonz or simply Fonzie) is a Fictional Demolition Derbies are found by many to be very amusing.
By the 1980s, the sport's popularity began to level off, and then possibly decline throughout the 1990s. With the demise of Wide World of Sports, television exposure became virtually non-existent. In addition to safety concerns and the shortage of full-size vehicles, some felt that the sport has shown little change or innovation beyond its original premise of giant lumbering cars sloshing through mud.
In 1997, The Nashville Network (later part of CBS) returned demolition derby to national television in its "TNN's Motor Madness" series of various motor-sport events. Spike (formerly called Spike TV) a division of MTV Networks, is an American cable network designed for an audience described Motor Madness was a motorsports based Television show on TNN in the late 1990s However, as part of MTV Networks' takeover of CBS Cable operations in 2000, demolition derbies, as well as the rest of the CBS motor-sports operations, were removed from programming as part of MTV's move to shut down the CBS Charlotte operation based at Lowe's Motor Speedway and generalize the network into a more broadly viewed channel. Lowe's Motor Speedway (formerly Charlotte Motor Speedway) is a speedway in Concord North Carolina, north of Charlotte. Pay per view was demolition derby's only national television outlet in the new millennium. Two $50,000-to-win derbies were held in Widewater, Canada from 2000-2001. Pay-per-view (often abbreviated PPV) is the system in which Television viewers can purchase events to be seen on TV and pay for the private telecast of that event
Later in the 2000s, a proliferation of cable television shows about vehicle customizing occasionally showcased junked vehicles in bizarre competitions. Spike TV's "Carpocalypse"  was a reality documentary series on variations of demolition derby filmed in Orlando, Florida. Spike (formerly called Spike TV) a division of MTV Networks, is an American cable network designed for an audience described Carpocalypse Season 1 Carpocalypse was a TV show on Spike TV that focused on the daily drama of how a motley crew of crash addicted racers join together Reality television is a genre of Television programming which presents purportedly unscripted dramatic or humorous situations documents actual events and usually features ordinary Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt in one fashion or another to " Document " reality A television program (US television programme (UK or television show (U Orlando is a major City in central Florida, USA and is the County seat of Orange County Florida. The Speed Channel also has aired Team demolition derbies in 2005. Speed, sometimes still referred to as the Speed Channel, is a cable and satellite Television channel broadcast to various parts of North Cable TV's exposure has led to renewed interest in the demolition derby.
In 2006 the partners of Mike Weatherford Promotions (Mike Weatherford and Dustin Swayne) brought DerbyMadness. com to life while promoting the NAPA Auto Parts Crash for Cash Series. The First Annual final show paid out $5,000. 00 to the winner of the series. To compete in the final show, derby drivers across several states had to first qualify at any one of the participating NAPA Crash for Cash qualifying derbys. There were over 100 cars in the final show. The Series was a huge success and continues to grow every year. The 2007 Series Money was doubled, so look forward to an exciting 2008 series.
The large amounts of motor oil, gasoline, and other chemicals spilled into the ground, and unfiltered vehicle exhaust released into the air at derbies prompted several European countries to enact environmental legislation that effectively banned these types of events. Motor oil, or engine oil, is an Oil used for lubrication of various Internal combustion engines While the main function is to lubricate Moving A chemical substance is a Material with a definite chemical composition.
England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Belgium & Holland all have well established "banger race" events. Banger racing or enduro racing is a tarmac or Dirt track racing type of Motorsport event popularised in Europe and especially Great These differ from American derbies in that drivers actually attempt to turn laps on a race track, while also trying to knock the other competitors off the track. The events often climax with an American style derby, with the last driver whose car is still functional awarded the victory. A similar style of racing has developed a minority following in the USA, particularly at tracks in the Pacific Northwest. The Pacific Northwest is a region in the northwest of North America (the term refers to the land not the ocean
The culture and attitudes surrounding banger racing in Europe differ considerably from the US demolition derby scene. Contrary to popular belief in the USA, Banger Racing evolved largely separately from US derby. In the early 1950s "stock car racing" came to Europe, with a subtle difference - the tracks were generally a maximum of 1/4 mile, and critically, deliberate contact was permitted between the cars, which were customised to cope with this new dimension (this style of stock car racing still exists today, most notably under the auspices of BriSCA in the UK). In the late 1950s and early 60s these "stock cars" became increasingly expensive and specialised, and naturally, a cheap form of this style of racing using end of life vehicles with minimal preparation evolved, initially organised by clubs racing in fields, and then gradually migrating into the stadiums as it gained popularity.
By the late 1960s, this was known as banger racing. By 1970, "destruction derbies" were taking place at the end of meetings to finish the cars off.
Gradually the amount of contact in the actual races increased, and by the middle of the 1970s, deliberate heavy contact including head-on crashes was starting to feature, along with the emergence of team racing events - typically in those days with large teams facing off "head to head", rather than the format more popular today with several smaller teams on track together.
Banger Racing continues to thrive with around 10,000 cars destroyed in this way per year in England alone.
Also included at many demolition derbies in the US and UK are rollover competitions, where the object is to drive a car so that only the wheels on one side hit a ramp, causing the vehicle to roll over repeatedly. Drivers take multiple runs at the ramp until their vehicle dies. The driver who completes the most rollovers before their vehicle ceases to function is declared the winner. Compact cars, especially hatchbacks, are used in rollover competitions. Hatchback is a term designating an Automobile design containing a passenger cabin with an integrated Cargo space accessed from behind the vehicle by a single Their lighter weight enables them to roll more easily than larger vehicles. However, with modern high-horsepower unibody sedans and coupes now appearing on salvage lots, some of this conventional wisdom is being questioned and some major competitions have been won by drivers of mid-size and full-size sedans.
Various classes of vehicles have competitions staged on figure 8 shaped tracks. Figure 8 racing is a form of racing that combines elements of Oval racing, Demolition derby, and Road racing. Figure 8 racing is a form of racing that combines elements of Oval racing, Demolition derby, and Road racing. While many figure 8 racers are serious competitors who try to avoid crashing. Bump To Pass Figure eights are also quite popular as they involve less prep work from the usual figure eight racer which usually can also race as an oval track street stock. Demolition derby vehicles - especially school buses - often compete on figure 8 tracks. The best known figure 8 track in the US is Riverhead Raceway in Riverhead, New York. Riverhead Raceway is a Race track built in 1949, opened on May 30, 1952, and located in Riverhead New York. Riverhead New York may refer to Riverhead (town New York Riverhead (CDP New York, within the town of Riverhead
Junked vehicles are also destroyed for entertainment at monster truck competitions, so demolition derbies are often staged there as a preliminary event. A monster truck is an Automobile, typically styled after Pickup trucks modified or purposely built with extremely large Wheels and suspension. A monster truck is an Automobile, typically styled after Pickup trucks modified or purposely built with extremely large Wheels and suspension. The rise in popularity of monster truck competitions, beginning in the 1980s is sometimes cited as coming at the expense of demolition derby popularity. While derbies featured mostly local amateur talent, monster trucks popularized a new set of competitors and vehicles recognized nationwide by fans.