David Bordwell (born 23 July 1947) is a prominent American film theorist and author. Film theory debates the essence of the cinema and provides conceptual frameworks for understanding film's relationship to Reality, the other Arts individual He is the Jacques Ledoux Professor of Film Studies, Emeritus in the Department of Communication Arts at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Emeritus (ɨˈmɛrɨtəs is an Adjective that is used in the title of a retired Professor, Bishop or other professional He is married to Kristin Thompson, with whom he has written two textbooks: Film Art and Film History. Kristin Thompson (born 1950 is a film theorist and author whose research interests include the close formal analysis of films the history of film styles and " Quality Film Art is the most widely used introductory film textbook in the United States. 
Bordwell is a prolific scholar, interested in auteur studies (Ozu, Eisenstein, Dreyer), national cinemas (Hong Kong), history of film style, and narrative theory. was an influential Japanese Filmmaker. Marriage and family were among the most persistent themes in his body of work Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein (Сергей Михайлович Эйзенштейн January 23, 1898 &ndash February 11, 1948) was Carl Theodor Dreyer Jr ( February 3, 1889 - March 20, 1968) was a Danish Film director. The cinema of Hong Kong is one of the three major threads in the history of Chinese language cinema, alongside the Cinema of China Narratology is the theory and study of Narrative and Narrative structure and the ways they affect our perception Bordwell is considered the founder of cognitive film theory, an approach that relies on cognitive psychology as a basis for understanding film's effects. Cognitive psychology is a branch of Psychology that investigates internal mental processes such as problem solving memory and language It was established as an alternative to the psychoanalytic/interpretive approach that dominated film studies in the 1970s and '80s.
Bordwell has also been associated with a methodological approach known as neoformalism, although this approach has been more extensively written about by Kristin Thompson. Kristin Thompson (born 1950 is a film theorist and author whose research interests include the close formal analysis of films the history of film styles and " Quality  Neoformalism is an approach to film analysis based on an observation first made by the literary theorists known as the Russian Formalists: that there is a distinction between a story and the form that conveys the story. Russian formalism was an influential school of literary criticism in Russia from the 1910s to the 1930s For example, in a detective story, the murder comes at the beginning of the chain of events, but we find out the details about the murder at the end of the film, not the beginning. Much of neoformalism deals with the idea of 'defamiliarization' which is the general neoformalist term for the basic purpose of art in our lives. Defamiliarization or ostranenie (остранение is the Artistic technique of forcing the audience to see common things in an unfamiliar or strange way in order
Neoformalists reject many assumptions and methodologies made by other schools of film study, particularly hermeneutic (interpretive) approaches, among which he counts Lacanian psychoanalysis and certain variations of post-structuralism. Hermeneutics may be described as the development and study of Theories of the interpretation and understanding of texts Jacques-Marie-Émile Lacan (French ʒak lakɑ̃ ( April 13, 1901 &ndash September 9, 1981) was a French Psychoanalyst The concepts of Psychoanalysis have been applied to Films in various ways Post-structuralism encompasses the intellectual developments of continental philosophers and critical theorists who wrote with tendencies of twentieth-century In Post-Theory: Reconstructing Film Studies, Bordwell and co-editor Noël Carroll argue against these types of approaches, which they claim act as "Grand Theories" that use films to confirm pre-determined theoretical frameworks rather than attempting to do middle-level research that can actually illuminate how films work. Noël Carroll (1947-) is an American philosopher considered an authority for his aesthetic analysis of films Many film scholars have criticized neoformalism, notably Slavoj Žižek, of whom Bordwell has himself been a long-time critic. Slavoj Žižek (ˈslavoj ˈʒiʒɛk (born 21 March 1949) is a Post-Marxist Sociologist, Philosopher, and Cultural critic