Dauphiné , (archaic English: Dauphiny), usually referred to as the Dauphiné, is a former province in southeastern France, roughly corresponding to the present departments of the Isère, Drôme, and Hautes-Alpes. In Language, an archaism is the use of a form of speech or writing that is no longer current English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States The Kingdom of France was organised into Provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division Isère ( Arpitan: Isera, Occitan: Isèra) is a department, in the Rhône-Alpes ( Rôno-Arpes in Arpitan Hautes-Alpes ( Occitan: Auts Aups) is a department in southeastern France named after the Alps mountain range The historical capital is Grenoble and the main towns Vienne, Valence, Die, Gap and Briançon. Grenoble is a city and commune in south-east France situated at the foot of the Alps where the Drac joins the Isère River. Vienne is a commune in east central France, located 20 miles south of Lyon, on the Rhône River. Valence ( Occitan Valença) is a commune in southeastern France, the capital of the department of Drôme, situated Die ( French: Die pronounced dee; Occitan: Diá) is a commune, former episcopal see and Sub-prefecture Gap (Gap is a commune in southeastern France, the capital of the Hautes-Alpes department. Briançon ( Latin: Brigantium) is a commune in the Hautes-Alpes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region
Le Dauphiné Libéré is a famous regional French newspaper, and organizes the Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré cycle stage race. The Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré is an annual Cycling road race, run over eight stages in the Dauphiné region in France during the first A newspaper is a written Publication containing News, information and Advertising, usually printed on low-cost paper called Newsprint. The Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré is an annual Cycling road race, run over eight stages in the Dauphiné region in France during the first
The area of the future Dauphiné was occupied by Allobroges and other Gaul tribes in ancient times. The Allobroges were a warlike Celtic tribe in Gaul located between the Rhône River and the Lake of Geneva in what later became Savoy Gaul (Gallia was the Roman name for the region of Western Europe comprising present day northern Italy, France, Belgium, western
After the end of the Western Roman Empire, it slowly acquired independence as a mountain principate within the Holy Roman Empire. The Western Roman Empire refers to the western half of the Roman Empire, from its division by Diocletian in 285 the other half of the Roman Empire was the Eastern The Holy Roman Empire ( HRE; German Heiliges Römisches Reich (HRR, Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium (SRI was a union of territories in
In the 12th century, the local ruler Count Guy IV of Albon (c. 1095-1142) had a dolphin on his coat of arms and was nicknamed le Dauphin (French for dolphin). Dolphins are Marine mammals that are closely related to Whales and Porpoises There are almost forty species of dolphin in seventeen genera. A coat of arms or armorial bearings (often just arms for short in European tradition is a design belonging to a particular person (or group of people His descendants changed their title from Count of Albon to Dauphin of Viennois, after their family seat in Vienne. The Counts of Albon ( Comtes d'Albon) were minor French nobles in south-eastern France in the Rhône Alps region Vienne is a commune in east central France, located 20 miles south of Lyon, on the Rhône River. The ruler was known by this title until 1349, when the heirless Humbert II of Viennois sold his lordship to King Philippe VI on the condition that the heir to the throne of France would be known as le Dauphin, which was the case from that time until the revolution. Humbert II de la Tour-du-Pin (1312 &ndash 22 May 1355) was the Dauphin of the Viennois from 1333 to 16 July 1349. Philip VI (1293 &ndash 22 August 1350) known as the Fortunate ( French: le Fortuné) and of Valois, was the The Dauphin of France (Dauphin de France—strictly Dauphin of Viennois ( Dauphin de Viennois)—was the title given to the Heir apparent of the The title also conferred an appanage on the region. An apanage or appanage is the grant of an estate titles offices or other things of value to the younger male children of a sovereign who under the system of Humbert further stipulated that the Dauphiné was exempted from many taxes and imposts; this statute was the subject of much subsequent parliamentary debate at the regional level, as local leaders sought to defend this regional autonomy and privilege from the state's assaults.
During World War II, it was the seat of strong partisan activity. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The Maquis (ma'ki were the predominantly rural guerrilla bands of the French Resistance.
Pfeiffer, Thomas, Le Brûleur de loups, Lyon, Bellier, 2004.