Darlington shown within County Durham
|Population||97,838 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|- London||251. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology A nationwide Census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001 The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using Latitude and Longitude London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. 6mi|
|Ceremonial county||County Durham|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||DL1, DL2, DL3|
|Fire||County Durham and Darlington|
|European Parliament||North East England|
|List of places: UK • England • County Durham|
Darlington is a town in County Durham, England and the main population centre in the Borough of Darlington. The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government Darlington is a local government district and Borough in North East England. The ceremonial counties are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government as the Counties for the purposes of the Lieutenancies The region, also known as the government office region, is currently the highest tier of local government sub-national entity of England, with only one North-East England is one of the nine official Regions of England and comprises the combined area of Northumberland, County Durham, Tyne and Wear Constituent country is a phrase used often by official institutions in contexts in which a country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged gives an overview of States around the world with information on the extent of their Sovereignty. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A post town is a required part of all postal addresses in the United Kingdom, and a basic unit of the postal delivery system UK Postal codes are known as postcodes. UK postcodes are Alphanumeric. The, also known as the Darlington postcode area, is a group of postal districts around Barnard Castle, Bedale, Bishop Auckland, Catterick The UK Telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Telephone Numbering Plan, is the system used for assigning Telephone numbers in the United There are a number of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom. Durham Constabulary is a Home Office Police force with the responsibility of policing the non-metropolitan county of County Durham and the Unitary The fire service in the United Kingdom operates under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and County Durham Fire and Rescue Service is the Statutory fire and rescue service covering an area of, for the Shire county of County Durham plus The North East Ambulance Service NHS Trust (NEAS is the authority responsible for providing NHS Ambulance services in North East England, covering North East England is a Constituency of the European Parliament. This is a list of the 646 constituencies currently represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, as at the 2005 general election Darlington is a Borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. A Gazetteer of place names in the United Kingdom showing each place's County, Unitary authority or council area and its geographical coordinates List of places --> List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places This is a list of places in County Durham, in England. The area covered is the entire ceremonial county, hence the inclusion of places in unitary A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Darlington is a local government district and Borough in North East England. Darlington has a resident population of 97,838. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology On 1 April 1997, the Borough of Darlington became a unitary authority area, which separated it from the non-metropolitan county of Durham, for administrative purposes. Events 527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne Year 1997 ( MCMXCVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar See also Independent city A unitary authority is a type of Local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all Local government functions A non-metropolitan county or shire county in England, is a county-level entity which is not a Metropolitan county.
Darlington railway station (Bank Top) lies on the East Coast Main Line. Darlington railway station, formerly known as Darlington Bank Top, is the main Railway station for the town of Darlington, in the Ceremonial county The East Coast Main Line ( ECML) is the electrified high-speed railway link between London and Edinburgh connecting Yorkshire, North East There are also services from the historic North Road railway station and associated Darlington Railway Centre and Museum. North Road railway station serves the northern areas of Darlington and County Durham, England. Darlington Railway Centre and Museum, also known as Head of Steam, is located on the 1825 route of the Stockton and Darlington Railway which was the world's first The town is also home to the football team Darlington F.C., known as "The Quakers" because of the contributions made to the town by men such as Edward and Joseph Pease, members of the Religious Society of Friends. Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered Darlington Football Club (also known as Darlo or The Quakers) are an English football team based in the English town of Edward Pease ( 31 May 1767 - 31 July 1858) was an English railway owner Joseph Pease ( 22 June 1799 &ndash 8 February 1872) was involved in the early Railway system in England and was the first
Darlington started life as a Saxon settlement on the river Skerne. It has an attractive historic market area in the town centre. St Cuthbert's church is one of the most important and impressive Early English churches in the north of England.
Darlington is known for its associations with the birth of railways. "Railroad" and "Railway" both redirect here For other uses see Railroad (disambiguation. This is celebrated in the town at Darlington Railway Centre and Museum. Darlington Railway Centre and Museum, also known as Head of Steam, is located on the 1825 route of the Stockton and Darlington Railway which was the world's first The world's first passenger rail journey was between Shildon (via Darlington) and nearby Stockton-on-Tees on the Stockton and Darlington Railway in 1825. Shildon is a town in County Durham, in England. It is situated to the 2 miles south east of Bishop Auckland and 11 miles north of Darlington Stockton-on-Tees is a market town in North East England. It is the major settlement in the unitary authority area and Borough of Stockton-on-Tees. The Stockton and Darlington Railway (S&DR which opened in 1825 was the world's first permanent Steam locomotive hauled public Railway.
The town later became an important centre for railway manufacturing, with three significant works. The largest of these was the main line locomotive works, known as North Road Shops, opened in 1863 and closed in 1966. Darlington railway works, known in the town as North Road Shops, was built in 1863 by the Stockton and Darlington Railway in the town of Darlington in the Another was Robert Stephenson & Co. (colloquially: "Stivvies"), who moved to Darlington from Newcastle upon Tyne in 1902, became Robert Stephensons & Hawthorns in 1937, were absorbed by English Electric around 1960, and closed by 1964. Newcastle upon Tyne ( (often shortened to Newcastle) is a city and Metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, England The third was Faverdale Wagon Works, established in 1923 and closed in 1962, which in the 1950s was a UK pioneer in the application of mass-production techniques to the manufacture of railway goods wagons.
To commemorate the town's contribution to the railways, David Mach's 1997 work "Train" is located alongside the A66, close to the original Stockton-Darlington railway. David Mach (born 20 March 1956) is a Scottish sculptor and installation artist It is a life-size brick sculpture of a steaming locomotive emerging from a tunnel, made from 185,000 "Accrington Nori" bricks. The work had a budget of £760,000.
In 1870, The Northern Echo newspaper was launched. The Northern Echo is a daily regional morning Newspaper serving the north-east of England. It is based in Priestgate and is a long-standing part of life in the North East. Although a local paper, it is a full-bodied newspaper in its own right and includes national and international news in its scope. Independent local radio station Alpha 103.2 launched in 1995. Independent Local Radio Alpha 1032 (previously known as "A1FM" is an Independent Local Radio station based in Darlington, UK. William Thomas Stead was the first editor of the Northern Echo - Just opposite of the Northern Echo Building is the 'The William Stead' public house, restaurant and beer garden. William Thomas Stead ( 5 July 1849 - 15 April 1912) was an English Journalist.
The town centre has undergone a full refurbishment entitled "The Pedestrian Heart", which has seen the majority of the town centre pedestrianised.  Initially, the project received criticism surrounding changes to public transport, and removal of Victorian features along High Row.  There is now growing evidence, however, that the now-completed changes are meeting with local approval. 
It is twinned with Mülheim an der Ruhr in Germany and Amiens in France. Mülheim an der Ruhr, also called "City on the River", is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Amiens (amjɛ̃ is a city and commune in northern France, 120 km north of Paris. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. 
The Great North Road, now known as the A1, used to run directly through the centre of Darlington. The road has since been diverted to the west of the town; the original route is now the A167 via North Road in the town centre. The A167 is a Road in North East England. Most of its route was formerly the A1 as most of it is the original route of the Great North Road until The £5. 9 m five-mile A66 bypass opened in November 1985 and is currently undergoing major reconstruction in an effort to reduce congestion at rush hour. The A66 is a major road in northern England which in part follows the course of the Roman road from Scotch Corner to Penrith. Currently being built is the Darlington Eastern Transport Corridor at a cost of £12. 5 million, which will link Central Park (Haughton Road), north east of the town centre to a new roundabout on the A66. The project is due to be complete by summer of 2008.
Bus transport in the town is provided by Arriva North-East. Arriva North-East is a division of the transport group Arriva.
Darlington lost out on considerable public receipts when the municipal bus operator Darlingon Transport Company was placed into administration during an attempted privatisation, due to continuing financial difficulties and the Darlington Bus War. Privatization is the incidence or process of transferring ownership of business from the Public sector (government to the Private sector (business The Darlington Bus War refers to a series of events between 1986 and 1995 in the UK Bus industry in the town of Darlington, northern England, culminating
Darlington was chosen by the Department for Transport as one of three national Sustainable Travel Demonstration Towns (together with Peterborough and Worcester) in 2004, and has successfully delivered a three year research and marketing programme to promote sustainable travel choices under the brand name 'Local Motion'. It was also chosen as one of six cycling demonstration towns in October 2005, receiving £3 million worth of funding from the government and local authority money.  The money has been spent over the course of three years on improving cycling facilities, cycle routes and linking the town to the national cycle route network. Darlington is the only place to win both sustainable travel and cycling demonstration town status. 
This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Darlington at current basic prices published (pp. 240-253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
|Year||Regional Gross Value Added||Agriculture||Industry||Services|
The Civic Theatre is a popular arts venue in the town, hosting a mix of musicals, dramas, plays and pantomimes. The smaller but well-used Arts Centre, founded in 1982, features smaller events, film screenings and more experimental material.
The Rhythm'n'Brews festival is a music and real ale festival normally held in early autumn, with many rock, blues and jazz acts playing at various venues around Darlington, as well as a Campaign for Real Ale (CAMRA) run bar at the Arts Centre. Cask ale or cask-conditioned beer is the term for unfiltered and unpasteurised Beer which is conditioned (including Secondary fermentation The Campaign for Real Ale ( CAMRA) is an independent voluntary, Consumer organisation based in St Albans, England, whose main aim
The Forum Music Centre, opened in 2004, hosts regular live music events, from Ska and Punk to Indie and Classic Rock. Also runs a popular comedy club. As well as live music, the facility houses a state of the art recording studio and several rehearsal rooms. The Carmel Rhythm club is another place for music. Held at Carmel College in the Hummersknott end of town. A charitable organisation for the Carmel PTA (Parents and Teachers Association) attracts many large bands in the genre of Rhythm and Blues.
Darlington town centre has built a strong focus on independent shopping, giving a breathing space from the usually high street national stores and introducing a varied and popular shopping experience. Grange Road has a number of expensive and attractive designer stores, Duke Street houses art galleries and restaurants and nestled between the two is Skinnergate, which holds the greatest variety of interesting and original stores. A focal point of the street is In Arcadia, which attracts a strong youth culture who are attracted to the colourful clothes, shoes and jewellery, as well as the Latino food served in the Voodoo Café.
Darlington Dog Show has been a Championship event since 1969. It was normally held in September on the showground in South Park, although in more recent years it has moved to Ripon. Ripon is a Cathedral city, Market town and Civil parish within the Borough of Harrogate, in North Yorkshire, England.
Football teams in the town are Darlington, a team in the Football League Two; and Darlington Railway Athletic, a team in the Northern League. Darlington Football Club (also known as Darlo or The Quakers) are an English football team based in the English town of Football League Two (often referred to as League Two for short or Coca-Cola Football League 2 for Sponsorship reasons is the third-highest division of Darlington Railway Athletic FC are a football club based in Darlington, England. Rugby teams are Darlington RFC and Darlington Mowden Park R.F.C.. Darlington RFC are a Rugby union team that are situated in the North East town of Darlington, County Durham. Darlington Mowden Park RFC is a Rugby union team in the town of Darlington, County Durham. Cricket clubs are Darlington Cricket Club and Darlington Railway Athletic Cricket Club. The Darlington 10K road run is held every August, and attracts several thousand competitors. The Dolphin Centre, which provides a wide range of sporting facilities, was opened by Roger Bannister in 1982, and received a £5 m refurbishment in 2006 and was later given a new official opening by Redcar athlete Tanni Grey-Thompson. Sir Roger Gilbert Bannister, CBE (born 23 March 1929 is an English former athlete best known as the first man to run the Mile in less than 4 Redcar is a Seaside resort and the principal town in the Unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire Dame Tanni Carys Davina Grey-Thompson DBE (born 26 July 1969 in Cardiff Wales) is a Welsh athlete and TV presenter
Darlington is home to the regional daily paper The Northern Echo and its sister weekly paper Darlington & Stockton Times. The Northern Echo is a daily regional morning Newspaper serving the north-east of England. The town also has its own radio station, Alpha Radio. 
There are several suburbs of Darlington. William Thomas Stead ( 5 July 1849 - 15 April 1912) was an English Journalist. The Northern Echo is a daily regional morning Newspaper serving the north-east of England. Construction The Titanic was a White Star Line ocean liner built at the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland Sir John Newenham Summerson CH CBE (1904-1992 was one of the leading English architectural historians of the 20th century Darrien Wright (born April 26, 1985) partnered Hollie Robertson in the second series of BBC One show Strictly Dance Fever. In the north is Harrowgate Hill, Harrowgate Village and Beaumont Hill and to the northeast is Whinfield, Haughton-le-Skerne and Red Hall. Harrowgate Hill is an electoral ward and Suburb in the borough of Darlington, England. Harrowgate Village is a place in the borough of Darlington and the Ceremonial county of County Durham, England. Beaumont Hill is a village in the borough of Darlington and the Ceremonial county of County Durham, England, situated directly to the north of Whinfield is a suburb of Darlington, in the Ceremonial county of County Durham, England. Haughton-le-Skerne is a village in the borough of Darlington and the Ceremonial county of County Durham, England. East is Eastbourne with Firth Moor and Skerne Park to the south and situated in the west end are Hummersknott, Mowden and Blackwell. Eastbourne is a former village in the borough of Darlington and the Ceremonial county of County Durham, England. Firth Moor is a place in the borough of Darlington and the Ceremonial county of County Durham, England. Skerne Park is a predominantly council owned Housing estate in the southern part of the borough of Darlington and the Ceremonial county of County Durham Hummersknott is an area in the western end of Darlington, County Durham which consists of Middle class Post-war houses Mowden is a large housing estate situated on the northern edge of the West End of Darlington Blackwell is a suburb in the borough of Darlington and the Ceremonial county of County Durham, England. Finally, to the northwest are Branksome, Cockerton, Faverdale, The Denes, West Park, High Grange and Pierremont. Branksome is a suburb of Darlington in County Durham, in England. Cockerton is a suburb of Darlington, a town in County Durham, England. Faverdale is a suburb of Darlington in County Durham, England. The Denes is a centrally located area of Darlington, County Durham, England which consists mainly of semi-detached and terraced housing surrounding
Running somewhat parallel to Woodlands Road from Cockerton village towards the centre of Darlington is the area called The Denes which is mainly semi-detached and terraced housing surrounding valley areas of public park and recreation land. Cockerton is a suburb of Darlington, a town in County Durham, England. The Denes is a centrally located area of Darlington, County Durham, England which consists mainly of semi-detached and terraced housing surrounding Darlington Memorial Hospital on Hollyhurst Road, lies in the corridor between Woodlands Road and The Denes. Darlington Memorial Hospital provides acute services for the area around Darlington, South Durham and parts of North Yorkshire.