The Curie point (Tc), or Curie temperature, is a term in physics and materials science, named after Pierre Curie (1859-1906), and refers to a characteristic property of a ferromagnetic or piezoelectric material. Physics (Greek Physis - φύσις in everyday terms is the Science of Matter and its motion. Materials Science or Materials Engineering is an interdisciplinary field involving the properties of matter and its applications to various areas of Science and Pierre Curie (15 May 1859 &ndash 19 April 1906 was a French physicist, a pioneer in Crystallography, Magnetism, Piezoelectricity Ferromagnetism is the basic mechanism by which certain materials (such as Iron) form Permanent magnets and/or exhibit strong interactions with Magnets it Piezoelectricity is the ability of some materials (notably Crystals and certain Ceramics including bone to generate an Electric potential in response to
The Curie point of a ferromagnetic material is the temperature above which it loses its characteristic ferromagnetic ability. Temperature is a physical property of a system that underlies the common notions of hot and cold something that is hotter generally has the greater temperature Ferromagnetism is the basic mechanism by which certain materials (such as Iron) form Permanent magnets and/or exhibit strong interactions with Magnets it At temperatures below the Curie point the magnetic moments are partially aligned within magnetic domains in ferromagnetic materials. In Physics, Astronomy, Chemistry, and Electrical engineering, the term magnetic moment of a system (such as a loop of Electric current A magnetic domain describes a region within a material which has uniform Magnetization. As the temperature is increased towards the Curie point, the alignment (magnetization) within each domain decreases. Above the Curie point, the material is purely paramagnetic and there are no magnetized domains of aligned moments. Paramagnetism is a form of magnetism which occurs only in the presence of an externally applied magnetic field
At temperatures above the Curie point, an applied magnetic field has a paramagnetic effect on the magnetization, but the combination of paramagnetism with ferromagnetism leads to the magnetization following a hysteresis curve with the applied field strength. A system with hysteresis can be summarised as a system that may be in any number of states independent of the inputs to the system The destruction of magnetization at the Curie temperature is a second-order phase transition and a critical point where the magnetic susceptibility is theoretically infinite. In Thermodynamics, phase transition or phase change is the transformation of a thermodynamic system from one phase to another In Physical chemistry, Thermodynamics, Chemistry and Condensed matter physics, a critical point, also called a critical state In Electromagnetism the magnetic susceptibility ( Latin: susceptibilis “receptiveness” is the degree of Magnetization of a material in response
One application of this effect is in magneto-optical storage media, where it is used for erasing and writing of new data. A magneto-optical drive is a kind of Optical disc drive capable of writing and rewriting data upon a magneto-optical disc. Famous examples include the Sony Minidisc format, as well as the defunct CD-MO format. is a multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Minato Tokyo, Japan, and one of the world's largest Media conglomerates with A MiniDisc ( MD) is a Magneto-optical disc-based Data storage device initially intended for storage of up to 80 minutes of digitized audio Compact Disc ReWritable (CD-RW is a rewritable Optical disc format
Other uses include temperature control in soldering irons such as the Weller WTCPT and, in general, where a temperature-controlled magnetization is desirable. A soldering iron is a device for applying heat to melt Solder for attaching two metal parts
In analogy to ferromagnetic materials, the Curie temperature is also used in piezoelectric materials to describe the temperature above which the material loses its spontaneous polarization and piezoelectric characteristics. Piezoelectricity is the ability of some materials (notably Crystals and certain Ceramics including bone to generate an Electric potential in response to In Classical electromagnetism, the polarization density (or electric polarization, or simply polarization) is the Vector field that expresses In lead zirconate titanate (PZT), the material is tetragonal below Tc and the unit cell contains a displaced central cation and hence a net dipole moment. Lead zirconate titanate ( 0 x Ceramic Perovskite material that shows a marked piezoelectric effect. An ion is an Atom or Molecule which has lost or gained one or more Valence electrons giving it a positive or negative electrical charge Above Tc, the material is cubic and the central cation is no longer displaced from the centre of the unit cell. Hence, there is no net dipole moment and no spontaneous polarization.
Curie-Weiss law k = C / (T − Weiss constant)