The culture of Bangladesh has a unique history, dating back more than 2500 years ago. ( Bengali: বাংলাদেশ inc-Latn Bangladesh) officially The land, the rivers and the lives of the common people formed a rich heritage with marked differences from neighboring regions. It has evolved over the centuries, and encompasses the cultural diversity of several social groups of Bangladesh.
The culture of Bangladesh is composite, and over centuries has assimilated influences of Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Islam. Hinduism is a religious tradition that originated in the Indian subcontinent. Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma / Shraman Dharma (जैन धर्म is an ancient religion of India. Buddhism is a family of beliefs and practices For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation. It is manifested in various forms, including music, dance and drama; art and craft; folklores and folktales; languages and literature, philosophy and religion, festivals and celebrations, as also in a distinct cuisine and culinary tradition. Music is an Art form in which the medium is Sound organized in Time. Dance (from French danser, perhaps from Frankish) is an Art form that generally refers to movement of the body usually rhythmic Drama is the specific mode of Fiction represented in Performance. Art refers to a diverse range of Human activities creations and expressions that are appealing to the Senses or Emotions of a human individual A craft is a Skill, especially involving practical arts. It may refer to a Trade or particular art History The concept of folklore developed as part of the 19th century ideology of Romantic nationalism, leading to the reshaping of oral traditions to serve modern ideological History The concept of folklore developed as part of the 19th century ideology of Romantic nationalism, leading to the reshaping of oral traditions to serve modern ideological A language is a dynamic set of visual auditory or tactile Symbols of Communication and the elements used to manipulate them Literature is the Art of written works Literally translated the word means "acquaintance with letters" (from Latin littera letter Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language A religion is a set of Tenets and practices often centered upon specific Supernatural and moral claims about Reality, the Cosmos A religious festival is a time of special importance marked by adherents to that Religion. Cuisine (from French cuisine, "cooking culinary art kitchen" ultimately from Latin coquere, "to cook" is a specific set
Music and dance style of Bangladesh may be divided into three categories, namely, the classical, folk and the modern. Bangladesh is traditionally very rich in its musical heritage The classical style has been influenced by other prevalent classical forms of music and dances of the Indian subcontinent, and accordingly show some influences dance forms like Bharata Natyam and Kuchipudi. This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia For geopolitical treatments see South Asia. Bharatanatyam (பரதநாட்டியம்is a classical Dance form originating in Tamil Nadu, Kuchipudi ( తెలుగు: కూచిపూడి (pronounced as 'Koochipoodi' is a Classical Indian dance form from Andhra Pradesh, a state of The folk and tribal music and dance forms of Bangladesh are of indigenous origin and rooted to the soil of Bangladesh. Several dancing styles in vogue in the north-eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, like Monipuri and Santal dances, are also practiced in Bangladesh, but Bangladesh has developed its own distinct dancing styles.
Bangladesh has a rich tradition of folk songs, with lyrics rooted into vibrant tradition and spirituality, mysticism and devotion. Folk music can have a number of different meanings including Traditional music: The original meaning of the term "folk music" was synonymous Spirituality, in a narrow sense concerns itself with matters of the Spirit, a concept closely tied to religious belief and Faith, a transcendent reality Mysticism (from the Greek grc μυστικός mystikos, an initiate of a Mystery religion) is the pursuit of communion with identity Such folk songs also revolve round several other themes, including love themes.
Most prevalent of folk songs and music traditions include Bhatiali, Baul, Marfati, Murshidi and Bhawaiya. Lyricists like Lalon Shah, Hason Raja, Kangal Harinath, Romesh Shill, Abbas Uddin and many unknown anonymous lyrists have enriched the tradition of folk songs of Bangladesh. A lyricist is a Writer who specializes in Song Lyrics, usually paid for by a band to write a custom song(s Fakir Lalon Shah ( Bangla: ফকির লালন সাঁই also known as Lalon Shah (c Hason Raja ( Bangla: হাসন রাজা literally Hason the king was a mystical Poet and Songwriter in Bengal, now Bangladesh Kangal Harinath (1833-1896 ( Bangla: কাঙ্গাল হরিনাথ which means "Penniless Harinath" refers to one of the most well-known Bauls Abbas Uddin Ahmed ( Bangla: আব্বাসউদ্দিন ( 27 October 1901 - 30 December 1959) popularly known by his first
In relatively modern context, Rabindra Sangeet and Nazrul geeti form precious cultural heritage of Bangladesh. Rabindra Sangeet ( Bengali: রবীন্দ্র সংগীত IPA: rabindra sŋgit also known as Tagore Songs in English In recent time, western influences have given rise to several quality rock bands, particularly in urban centers like Dhaka.
Several musical instruments, some of them of indigenous origin, are used in Bangladesh, and major musical instruments used are bamboo flute (banshi), drums (dole), a single stringed instrument named ektara, a four stringed instrument called dotara, a pair of metal bawls used for rhythm effect called mandira. The flute is a Musical instrument of the Woodwind family Unlike other woodwind instruments a flute is a Reedless wind instrument that produces its Ektara (একতারা ਇਕ ਤਾਰ also called iktar, ektar or gopichand) is a one string instrument used in Pakistan, India The dotara (or dotar) is a two or four stringed Musical instrument resembling a small Guitar. Currently, several musical instruments of western origin like guitar, drums, and saxophone are also used, sometimes alongside the traditional instruments. The guitar is a Musical instrument with ancient roots that is used in a wide variety of musical styles The drum is a member of the percussion group technically classified as a Membranophone. The saxophone (commonly referred to simply as sax) is a conical- bored transposing Musical instrument considered a member of the Woodwind
Drama remains popular in Bangladesh, including performances of plays by local playwrights, as well as adaptations from writers of Western origin. Jatra, that is, folk drama, is also a part of culture of Bangladesh. In Jatras, legendary plays of heroism, mythological stories, folktales of love and tragedy, and similar countless themes are enacted in open air theatre, and continue to be a popular form of entertainment, in spite of modern influences.
Several artists originated from Bangladesh have gained world-wide familiarity for their artistic contributions. ( Bengali: বাংলাদেশ inc-Latn Bangladesh) officially The works of painters like Zainul Abedin, SM Sultan, Quamrul Hassan, Shahabuddin Ahmed, Ronobi and Hashem Khan symbolizes the culture of the country. Zainul Abedin ( Bangla: জয়নুল আবেদিন (1914-1976 was an artist from Bangladesh. Sheikh Mohammed Sultan ( এস এম সুলতান (1923–1994 more well known as SM Sultan was a painter from Bangladesh. Quamrul Hassan (1921-1988 was a Bangladeshi artist Hassan was born in Kolkata, India. Shahabuddin Ahmed is a world renowned painter born in Bangladesh in 1950 Ranabi (রনবী or Rafiqun Nabi (রফিকুন্নবী(born 1943 is a notable artist and cartoonist from Bangladesh.
Handicrafts and cottage industries play a vital role in sustaining the cultural heritage of Bangladesh. ( Bengali: বাংলাদেশ inc-Latn Bangladesh) officially The prominent handicrafts in the early and middle ages were textiles, metal works, jewelry, wood works, cane and bamboo works, and clay and pottery. Later, jute and leather became the major raw materials for handicrafts. The most predominant features of Bangladeshi handicrafts are the extensive use of individual skill and the interesting design motifs.
Nakshi Kantha (embroidered quilt), a very popular form of handicraft, is said to be indigenous to Bangladesh. Nakshi Kantha are embroidered Quilts bedspreads wall hangings and pillow shams made by artists in rural Bangladesh. The rural women of the country put together pieces of old cloth with crafty stiches to prepare these quilts to be used in the winter. Although kanthas (quilts) are utilitarian objects, the vivid patterns, borders and motifs often turn them into attractive works of art. In recent years the interest in ethnic arts and crafts has encouraged a kantha revival in the country. Many people now use these quilts for decorative purposes only.
Several, Bangladeshi organizations like Aarong and Probortona export handicrafts from Bangladesh to all over the world. Aarong (আড়ং is a chain of retail outlets located in the major cities of Bangladesh. These organizations have played an important role in preserving the handicrafts of Bangladesh and increasing their popularity at home and abroad.
Festivals and celebrations are integral part of the culture of Bangladesh. Prominent and widely celebrated festivals are Pohela Baishakh, Independence day, National Mourning Day, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Azha, Muharram, Durga puja, and Language Movement Day. Bengali New Year ( Bengali: নববর্ষ Nôbobôrsho) or Pohela Boishakh (পহেলা বৈশাখ Pôhela Boishakh or পয়লা Eid ul-Fitr or Id-ul-Fitr (عيد الفطر ‘Īdu l-Fiṭr) often abbreviated to Eid, is a Muslim Holiday that marks the end of Eid al-Adha ( Arabic: عيد الأضحى ‘Īd ul-’Aḍḥā, Urdu: بقرعید or the Festival of Sacrifice is a religious festival celebrated See also Day of Ashura The Mourning of Muharram is an important period of mourning in the Shi'a branch of Islam, taking place in Muharram Dasara, also called "Navaratri" is among the most important festivals celebrated in India. Language Movement Day or Language Revolution Day (ভাষা আন্দোলন দিবস Bhasha Andolon Dibosh) which is also referred to as Language
As the most important religious festival for the majority Muslims, the celebration of Eid ul-Fitr has become a part of the culture of Bangladesh. Eid ul-Fitr or Id-ul-Fitr (عيد الفطر ‘Īdu l-Fiṭr) often abbreviated to Eid, is a Muslim Holiday that marks the end of The Government of Bangladesh declares holiday for three days on Eid-ul Fitar. ( Bengali: বাংলাদেশ inc-Latn Bangladesh) officially People living in towns having their families or parents in villages go to their country homes to meet relatives and celebrate the festival together. All outgoing public transport from the major cities become highly crowded and in many cases the fares tend to rise in spite of government restrictions.
On Eid day, Eid prayers are held all over the country, in open areas like fields or else inside mosques. The Eid prayer ( salatu'l-`idayn) was prescribed in the first year after the hijra. In Dhaka, the largest Eid prayer is held at the national Eidgah. All major mosques including the Baitul Mukarram also holds prayers. Baitul Mukarram (বায়তুল মুকাররাম ( Arabic: بيت المكرّم; The holy house is the National mosque of Bangladesh The biggest congregation of Bangladesh is held at Sholakia in Kishoreganj, where about half a million people join the Eid prayer. Kishoreganj is a district in central Bangladesh. It is a part of the Dhaka Division.  After the Eid prayers people return home, visit each other's home and eat sweet dishes called shirni. Throughout the day gentlemen embrace each other. It is also customary for junior members of the society to touch the feet of the seniors, and seniors returning blessings (sometimes with a small sum of money as a gift).
In the rural areas Eid festival is observed with great fanfare. In some areas Eid fares are arranged. Different types of games including boat race, kabbadi, other traditional Bangladeshi games as well as modern games like football and cricket are played on this occasion. Kabaddi (sometimes written Kabbadi or Kabadi) (கபடி otherwise known as சடுகுடுకబడ్డీ ਕਬੱਡੀ कबड्डी कबड्डीکبڈی
In urban areas people play music, visit each other's houses and eat special food. Watching movies and television programs has also become an integral part of Eid celebration in urban areas. All local TV channels air special program for several days for this occasion.
The celebration of Eid ul-Adha is similar to Eid ul-Fitar in many ways. Eid al-Adha ( Arabic: عيد الأضحى ‘Īd ul-’Aḍḥā, Urdu: بقرعید or the Festival of Sacrifice is a religious festival celebrated The only big difference is the Qurbani or sacrifice of domestic animals on Eid ul-Adha. Numerous temporary marketplaces of different sizes called Haat operate in the big cities for sale of Qurbani animals (usually cows and goats).
In the morning on the Eid day, immediately after the prayer, capable people arrange to slaughter their animal of choice. Less affluent people also take part in the festivity by visiting houses of the affluent who are taking part in qurbani. After the qurbani a large portion of the meat is given to the poor people.
Although the religious doctrine allows the sacrifice anytime over a period of three days starting from the Eid day, most people prefer to perform the ritual on the very Eid day. However, the public holiday spans over three to four days. Many people from the big cities go to their ancestral houses in the villages to share the joy of the festival with friends and relatives.
Pôhela Boishakh is the first day of the Bangla Calendar. Bengali New Year ( Bengali: নববর্ষ Nôbobôrsho) or Pohela Boishakh (পহেলা বৈশাখ Pôhela Boishakh or পয়লা Bengali New Year ( Bengali: নববর্ষ Nôbobôrsho) or Pohela Boishakh (পহেলা বৈশাখ Pôhela Boishakh or পয়লা The Bengali calendar ( বঙ্গাব্দ Bônggabdo or বাংলা সন Bangla Shôn) or Bangla calendar is a traditional solar Calendar Pohela Boishakh marked the start day of the crop season. Usually on Pôhela Boishakh, the home is thoroughly scrubbed and cleaned; people bathe early in the morning and dress in fine clothes. They spend much of the day visiting relatives, friends, and neighbours and going to fair. Fairs are arranged in many parts of the country. Various agricultural products, traditional handicrafts, toys, cosmetics, as well as various kinds of food and sweets are sold at these fairs. The fairs also provide entertainment, with singers, dancers and traditional plays and songs. Horseraces, bullraces, bullfights, cockfights, flying pigeons, boat racing were once popular.
The most colourful new year's day festival takes place in Dhaka. Dhaka (also known as Dacca ( Bangla: ঢাকা ɖʱaka is the Capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. Large numbers of people gather early in the morning under the banyan tree at Ramna Park where Chhayanat artists open the day with Rabindranath Tagore's famous song, Esho, he Boishakh, Esho Esho (Come, Year, Come, Come). Chhayanat ( Bangla: ছায়ানট is a cultural organisation in Dhaka, Bangladesh. A similar ceremony welcoming the new year is also held at the Institute of Fine Arts, University of Dhaka. Students and teachers of the institute take out a colourful procession and parade round the campus. Social and cultural organisations celebrate the day with cultural programmes. Newspapers bring out special supplements. There are also special programmes on radio and television.
Language Movement Day is a unique part of the culture of Bangladesh. Every year on February 21 this day is observed to pay tribute to the martyrs who sacrificed their lives to establish Bengali as the official language of then East Pakistan in 1952. Events 362 - Athanasius returns to Alexandria. 1245 - Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland Year 1952 ( MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The mood of the day is sad and humble.
The celebration of Language movement day goes on the entire month of February. Ekushey Book Fair is a book fair arranged to mark this occasion every year. The Ekushey Book Fair or Omor Ekushey Grontho Mela ( Bengali: অমর একুশে গ্রন্থ মেলা Ômor Ekushe Grontho Mêla "Book The fair has also become an integral part of the culture of Bangladesh. Authors and readers in Bangladesh eagerly await the fair each year.
To commemorate this movement, Shaheed Minar, a solemn and symbolic sculpture, was erected in the place of the massacre. The Shaheed Minar (শহীদ মিনার Shohid Minar) is a national monument in Dhaka, Bangladesh, established to commemorate those killed Today the Shaheed Minar is the centre of cultural activities in Dhaka. On the morning of February 21 each year, people from all walks of life including the national leaders pay tribute to the martyrs by leaving flowers at Shaheed Minar. Events 362 - Athanasius returns to Alexandria. 1245 - Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland A very melodious and melancholy song, Amar Bhaier Rokte Rangano, written by Abdul Gaffar Choudhury and composed by Altaf Mahmud, is played repeatedly in electronic media and cultural gatherings throughout the month, and especially on February 21. Amar Bhaier Rokte Rangano Ekushey February (আমার ভাইয়ের রক্তে রাঙানো একুশে ফেব্রুয়ারি is a Bengali song which Altaf Mahmud ( Bangla আলতাফ মাহমুদ ( December 23, 1930 -September 1971 is a musician cultural activist and martyred freedom fighter Events 362 - Athanasius returns to Alexandria. 1245 - Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland This song, too, has become a symbolic mark of culture of Bangladesh.
A traditional wedding is arranged by Ghotok's (matchmakers), who are typically friends or relatives of the couple. Bengali wedding refers to both Muslim Wedding and Hindu wedding in Bangladesh and West Bengal. The word tradition comes from the Latin traditionem acc of traditio which means "a giving up delivering up surrendering" and is used in a number of A wedding is the Ceremony in which two people are united in Marriage. Arranged marriage (also called prearranged marriage) is a Marriage arranged by someone other than the persons getting married curtailing or avoiding the process The matchmakers facilitate the introduction, and also help agree the amount of any settlement.
Bengali weddings are traditionally in five parts: first it is the brides and groom's Mehendi Shondha,the bride's Gaye Holud, the groom's Gaye Holud, the Beeya and the Bou Bhaat. These often take place on separate days. The first event in a wedding is an informal one: the groom presents the bride with a ring marking the "engagement" which is getting popularity.
For the mehendi shondha the bride's side apply henna to each other as well as the bride For the bride's Gaye Holud, the groom's family - except the groom himself - go in procession to the bride's home. Gaye Holud ( Bengali: গায়ে হলুদ gaee holud "yellowing the body" is a Ceremony observed mostly in the region of Bengal The procession traditionally centers on the (younger) female relative and friends of bride, and they are traditionally all in matching clothes, mostly orange in colour. The colour orange occurs The bride is seated on a dais, and the henna is used to decorate the bride's hands and feet with elaborate abstract designs. Henna or Hina ( Lawsonia inermis, syn L alba) is a Flowering plant, the sole species in the genus Lawsonia The sweets are then fed to the bride by all involved, piece by piece. Sweet is one of the five Basic tastes and is almost universally regarded as a pleasurable experience
The actual wedding ceremony "Beeye" follows the Gaye Holud ceremonies. A wedding is the Ceremony in which two people are united in Marriage. A ceremony is an activity infused with Ritual significance performed on a special occasion Gaye Holud ( Bengali: গায়ে হলুদ gaee holud "yellowing the body" is a Ceremony observed mostly in the region of Bengal The wedding ceremony is arranged by the bride's family. On the day, the younger members of the bride's family barricade the entrance to the venue, and demands sort of admission charge from the groom in return for allowing him to enter. The bride and groom are seated separately, and a Kazi (authorized person by the govt. to perform the wedding), accompanied by the parents and a Wakil (witness) from each side formally asks the bride for her consent to the union, and then the groom for his. Bride side of the family tries to play some kind of practical joke on the groom such as stealing the groom's shoe.
The reception, also known as Bou-Bhaat (reception), is a party given by the groom's family in return for the wedding party. A party is a Social gathering for Celebration and Recreation. It is typically a much more relaxed affair, with only the second-best wedding outfit being worn.
Most popular sports in Bangladesh are football (soccer), cricket and kabaddi. Sport in Bangladesh is popular and widespread The most popular sport in Bangladesh is Cricket, Bangladesh being the top 9th team in the world followed by Football Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered Cricket is a bat-and-ball team Sport that originated in England and is now played in more than 100 countries Kabaddi (sometimes written Kabbadi or Kabadi) (கபடி otherwise known as சடுகுடுకబడ్డీ ਕਬੱਡੀ कबड्डी कबड्डीکبڈی Kabaddi is the national sport of Bangladesh. Kabaddi (sometimes written Kabbadi or Kabadi) (கபடி otherwise known as சடுகுடுకబడ్డీ ਕਬੱਡੀ कबड्डी कबड्डीکبڈی Cricket is a game which has a massive and passionate following in Bangladesh. Bangladesh has now joined the elite group of countries eligible to play Test cricket. Test cricket is the longest form of the Sport of Cricket. It has long been considered the ultimate test of playing ability between cricketing nations The Bangladesh national cricket team goes by the nick-name of the Tigers—after the Royal Bengal Tiger. The Bengal tiger, or Royal Bengal tiger ( Panthera tigris tigris or Panthera tigris bengalensis) is a Subspecies of Tiger primarily
The people of Bangladesh enjoy watching live sports. ( Bengali: বাংলাদেশ inc-Latn Bangladesh) officially Whenever there is a cricket or football match between popular local teams or international teams in any local stadium significant number of spectators gather to watch the match live. The people also celebrate major vistories of the national team with a great enthusiasm for the live game. Victory processions are the most common element in such celebrations.
Ex Prime Minister even made an appearance after an international test cricket match in which Bangladesh beat Australia, she came to congratulate the victory.
Also in late 2006/early 2007, football legend Zinedine Zidane paid a visit to local teams and various events thanks to the invite of Nobel Peace Prize winner Dr. Muhammad Yunus.
Bangladesh is ethnically homogeneous, with Bengalis comprising 98% of the population. The majority of Bangladeshis (about 88%) are Muslims, and a small number of Hindus, Buddhists and Christians are also in the country. For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation.
People of different religions perform there religious rituals with festivity in Bangladesh. The Government has declared National Holidays on all important religious festivals of the four major religion. Durga Puja, Buddha Purnima and Christmas are celebrated with enthusiasm in Bangladesh. Durga Puja (দুর্গা পূজা ‘Worship of Durga’ also referred as Durgotsab (bn দুর্গোৎসব ‘Festival of Durga’ is an annual Vesak is an annual holiday observed by practicing Buddhists in many Asian countries like Thailand, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, All of these form an integral part of the cultural heritage of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh is famous for its distinctive culinary tradition, and delicious food, snacks and savories. Boiled rice constitutes the staple food, and is served with a variety of vegetables, fried as well as curries, thick lentil soups, and fish and meat preparations of beef, mutton and chicken.
Sweetmeats of Bangladesh are mostly milk based, and consist of several delights including Roshgulla, Sandesh, Rasamalai, Gulap Jamun, Kalo Jamun, Chom Chom. Several other sweet preparations are also available.
Bengali cuisine is rich and varied with the use of many specialized spices and flavours.
Fish is the dominant source of protein, cultivated in ponds and fished with nets in the fresh-water rivers of the Ganges delta. The Ganges Delta (also Sunderban Delta or the Bengal Delta) is a River delta in the South Asia region of Bengal, consisting of Bangladesh More than forty types of mostly freshwater fish are common, including carp varieties like rui (rohu), katla, magur (catfish), chingŗi (prawn or shrimp), as well as shuţki (dried sea fish). Freshwater is a word that refers to bodies of water such as Ponds lakes rivers and streams containing low concentrations of dissolved Salts and other Total dissolved Fish are aquatic Vertebrate animals that are typically ectothermic (previously Cold-blooded) covered with scales, and equipped with two Carp is a common name for various Freshwater Fish of the family Cyprinidae, a very large Rohu ( Labeo rohita) is a fish of the carp family Cyprinidae, found commonly in rivers and freshwater lakes in and around the South Asia and South-East Gibelion catla, the only member of the genus Gibelion, of the carp family Cyprinidae is a fish with a large protruding lower jaw Catfish ( order Siluriformes) are a very diverse group of bony Fish. Prawns are Crustaceans belonging to the sub-order Dendrobranchiata   True shrimp are swimming decapod Crustaceans classified in the Infraorder Caridea, found widely around the world in both fresh Salt water fish (not sea fish though) Ilish (hilsa ilisha) is very popular among Bengalis, can be called an icon of Bengali cuisine. Hilsa (ইিলশ Ilish) is the national fish of Bangladesh, also popular in India 's Assamese - Bengali - and Oriya
Bangladeshi people have unique dress preferences. Sonargaon ( Bangla: সোনারগাঁও is the ancient capital of Isa Khan 's kingdom in Bengal. Bangladeshi men wear panjabi on religious and cultural occasions, lungi as casual wear and shirt-pant on formal occasions. A kurta ( Persian / Urdu: کرتا, Hindi: कुरता কুর্তা also called a panjabi in Bengali (or kurti The lungi ( Bengali: লুঙ্গি) is a Garment worn around the waist in India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Myanmar A shirt is a cloth garment for the upper body Originally an item of underwear worn exclusively by men it has become in American English a catch-all term for Trousers are an item of Clothing worn on the lower part of the body from the waist to the ankles covering both legs separately (rather than with cloth stretching across Sari is the main dress of Bangladeshi women. for the town in Nepal see Sari Nepal A sari or saree or shari is a female garment in the Indian subcontinent Sari weaving is a traditional art in Bangladesh. Salwar kameez is also very popular especially among the younger ladies. Salwar kameez ( also spelled shalwar kameez or shalwar qameez) is a traditional dress worn by both women and men in Southern Asia. Western dresses of women are becoming increasingly popular in the cities.