A cricket field consists of a large circular or oval-shaped grassy ground on which the game of cricket is played. Circles are simple Shapes of Euclidean geometry consisting of those points in a plane which are at a constant Distance, called the In geometry an oval or ovoid (from Latin ovum, 'egg' is any Curve resembling an egg or an Ellipse. A lawn is an area of recreational or amenity land planted with grass, and sometimes Clover and other plants which are maintained at a low even height Cricket is a bat-and-ball team Sport that originated in England and is now played in more than 100 countries There are no fixed dimensions for the field but its diameter usually varies between 450 feet (137 m) to 500 feet (150 m). Geometry, a diameter of a Circle is any straight Line segment that passes through the center of the circle and whose Endpoints are on the On most grounds, a rope demarcates the perimeter of the field and is known as the boundary. A rope is a length of Fibers twisted or Braided together to improve strength for pulling and Connecting. Boundary has two distinct meanings in the Sport of Cricket; (i the edge or boundary of the playing field and (ii a manner of scoring
These are the standard requirements as per the ICC standard test match, ODI and 20-20 playing conditions:
Playing area: minimum 140 yards (130 m) from boundary to boundary square of the pitch. Pitch should be minimum 60 yards (55 m) from one boundary square of the pitch. When this minimum distance is used the pitch has to be minimum 80 yards (73 m) from the opposite square boundary. The straight boundary at both ends of the pitch shall be minimum 60 yards (55 m) from the centre of the pitch.
These dimensions are for those grounds which are used for ODI or Test or 20-20 match after 1st July 1995. Grounds used before that date are exempt from maintaining these dimensions
Most of the action takes place in the centre of this ground, on a rectangular clay strip usually with short grass called the pitch. The pitch measures 22 yards (20 m) long.
At each end of the pitch three upright wooden stakes, called the stumps, are hammered into the ground. For other uses see Stump (disambiguation Stump is a term used in the Sport of Cricket where has three different meanings Two wooden crosspieces, known as the bails, sit in grooves atop the stumps, linking each to its neighbour. In the Sport of Cricket, a bail is one of the two smaller sticks placed on top of the three stumps to form a Wicket. Each set of three stumps and two bails is collectively known as a wicket. In the sport of Cricket the word wicket has several distinct meanings Meanings of wicket Set of stumps Primarily the wicket One end of the pitch is designated the batting end where the batsman stands and the other is designated the bowling end where the bowler runs in to bowl. Mike Powell cricketerjpg|thumb|200px| Warwickshire batsman Mike Powell]] A batsman in the sport of Cricket is depending on context Any Muralijpg|thumb|250px|right|The world's leading off-spin bowler Muttiah Muralitharan sends down a delivery]] A bowler in the Sport of Cricket is usually The area of the field on the side of the line joining the wickets where the batsman holds his bat (the right-hand side for a right-handed batsman, the left for a left-hander) is known as the off side, the other as the leg side or on side.
Lines drawn or painted on the pitch are known as creases. For the goalie's crease in hockey see Goal area. In the Sport of Cricket, the crease is the area demarcated by white Creases are used to adjudicate the dismissals of batsmen and to determine whether a delivery is fair. In the sport of Cricket, a dismissal occurs when the Batsman is out (also known as the fielding side taking a wicket and/or the batting side
For a one-innings match played over a set number of fair deliveries, there are two additional field markings. A painted oval is made by drawing a semicircle of 30 yards (27. 4 m) radius from the centre of each wicket with respect to the breadth of the pitch and joining them with lines parallel, 30 yards (27. 4 m) to the length of the pitch. This line, commonly known as the circle, divides the field into an infield and outfield. Two circles of radius 15 yards (13. 7 m), centred on each wicket and often marked by dots, define the close-infield. The infield, outfield, and the close-infield are used to enforce fielding restrictions. In the sport of Cricket, different fielding restrictions are imposed depending on the type of match