The County of Artois (French: comté d'Artois, Dutch: graafschap Artesië) was a Carolingian county (comitatus), established in Western Francia. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people Dutch ( is a West Germanic language spoken by around 24 million people 22 million of which are from the Netherlands, Belgium and Suriname The Holy Roman Empire ( HRE; German Heiliges Römisches Reich (HRR, Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium (SRI was a union of territories in Under the system of Feudalism, a fiefdom, fief, feud, feoff, or fee, often consisted of inheritable lands or revenue-producing Early Modern France is the Early modern period of French history from the end of the 15th century to the end of the 18th century (or from the French Renaissance Francia or Frankia, later also called the Frankish Empire (imperium Francorum Frankish Kingdom (Latin regnum Francorum, "Kingdom of the The First Republic in France, officially the French Republic (République française was proclaimed on 21 September 1792 during the French Revolution. The County of Flanders was a historical region in the Low Countries. Throughout the world there are many cities that were once national Capitals but no longer have that status because the country ceased to exist the capital was moved or the capital Arras (Atrecht is the capital of the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France. For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government. A principality (or princedom) is a monarchical feudatory or Sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a monarch with the title of Prince Events By place Europe A Magyar army headed by Álmos besieges Kiev. Early Modern France is the Early modern period of French history from the end of the 15th century to the end of the 18th century (or from the French Renaissance A dowry (also known as trousseau or tocher) is the money goods or estate that a woman brings to her soon to be husband in marriage Events 1192 - Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title The Treaty of Senlis was signed at Senlis in May of 1493 between representatives of the Holy Roman Empire ( Maximilian I) and France The Treaty of the Pyrenees was signed in 1659 to end the war between France and Spain that had begun in 1635 during the Thirty Years' War. The French Revolution (1789–1799 was a period of political and social upheaval in the History of France, during which the French governmental structure previously an Events 1217 - The Estonian tribal leader Lembitu of Lehola was killed in a battle against Teutonic Knights. Year 1792 ( MDCCXCII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people Dutch ( is a West Germanic language spoken by around 24 million people 22 million of which are from the Netherlands, Belgium and Suriname The Carolingian dynasty (known variously as the Carlovingians, Carolings, or Karlings) was a Frankish noble family with its origins in the West Francia or the West Frankish Kingdom was a short-lived kingdom encompassing the lands of the western part of the Carolingian Empire that came under the undisputed In Roman times, Artois was situated in the Roman provinces of Belgica and Germania Inferior and inhabited by Celtic tribes, until Germanic peoples replaced them and made an end to roman imperial rule. Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC Artois (Artesië (adjective Artesian) is a former province of northern France. Gallia Belgica was a Roman province located in what is now the southern part of the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, northeastern Germania Inferior was a Roman province located on the left bank of the Rhine, in today's southern and western Netherlands, parts of Celts (ˈkɛlts or /ˈsɛlts/, see Names of the Celts The Germanic peoples are a historical group of Indo-European -speaking peoples originating in Northern Europe and identified by their use of the Germanic The Roman Empire was the post-Republican phase of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial
It lies in present Northern France, on the border with Belgium. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Its territory has an area of around 4000 km² and a population of about one million. Its principal cities are Arras (Atrecht), Calais (Kales), Boulogne-sur-Mer (Bonen), Saint-Omer (Sint-Omaars), Lens and Béthune. Arras (Atrecht is the capital of the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France. Calais (kaˈlɛ in English often kæˈleɪ traditional English pronunciation /ˈkælɨs/ Kales is a town in northern France. Boulogne-sur-Mer ( Bonen in Dutch is a City in Northern France. Saint-Omer ( Sint-Omaars in Dutch) a town and commune of Artois in northern France, Sous-préfecture of the Lens is a commune in northern France, in the Pas-de-Calais département. Béthune (Betun is a city and commune of northern France, sous-préfecture of the Pas-de-Calais département Present Artois forms the interior of the French département Pas-de-Calais. In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France. Its name is the French language equivalent of the Strait of Dover, which it borders
It was established by the counts Odalric and Ecfrid of Artois, then integrated into the County of Flanders, first by Baldwin II of Flanders around 898, then by Arnulf I of Flanders. The County of Flanders was a historical region in the Low Countries. Baldwin II (c 865 &ndash September 10 918) nicknamed Calvus ( the Bald) was the second Count of Flanders. Events By place Europe A Magyar army headed by Álmos besieges Kiev. Arnulf I of Flanders (c 890 &ndash March 28, 965) called the Great, was the third Count of Flanders. A new territorial principality was established by the division of the county of Flanders as a dowry given by Philip I of Flanders to his niece Isabelle of Hainaut at the time of her marriage to Philip II of France. Philip of Alsace (1143 – August 1, 1191) was Count of Flanders from 1168 to 1191 Isabelle of Hainaut ( 5 April 1170, Valenciennes - 15 March 1190, Paris was Queen consort of France. Philip II Augustus (Philippe Auguste ( 21 August[[ 165]] &ndash 14 July 1223) was the King of France from 1180 until his death
The Treaty of Guînes in 1212 gave Aire-sur-la-Lys, Saint-Omer and Guînes to Philip II. Aire-sur-la-Lys is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France. Saint-Omer ( Sint-Omaars in Dutch) a town and commune of Artois in northern France, Sous-préfecture of the This is for the commune in France For the city in Cuba see Güines. The rest of the county was acquired by the French Crown after the Flemish defeat at the Battle of Bouvines in 1214 and the Treaty of Melun in 1226. Flanders (Vlaanderen Flandre Flandern is a geographical region located in parts of present day Belgium, France, and the Netherlands. The Battle of Bouvines July 27, 1214, was a conclusive medieval battle ending the twelve year old War of Bouvines took ground exactly opposite in The Treaty of Melun was signed in April 1226 between Philip II of France and Jeanne of Constantinople. Artois then became an appanage of Robert I of Artois, the son of Louis VIII of France. Artois (Artesië (adjective Artesian) is a former province of northern France. An apanage or appanage is the grant of an estate titles offices or other things of value to the younger male children of a sovereign who under the system of Robert I "the Good" (1216 &ndash February 8 1250) was Count of Artois. Louis VIII the Lion ( 5 September 1187 – 8 November 1226) reigned as King of France from 1223 to 1226
After the death of count Robert II at the Battle of the Golden Spurs in 1302, a succession dispute arose between Robert's daughter, Countess Mahaut, and her nephew Robert III, who represented the claim of his father Philip, who had died at the Battle of Furnes in 1298. Robert II of Artois (September 1250 &ndash July 11, 1302) was the posthumous son and heir of Robert I of Artois and Matilda of Brabant The Battle of the Golden Spurs (Dutch nl Guldensporenslag, French fr Bataille des éperons d'or, or Battle of Courtrai) was fought on July 11 Mahaut of Artois (1268 – October 28, 1329, Paris) also known as Mathilda was the only daughter and eldest child of Robert II, Count Robert III of Artois (1287&ndash1342 Vannes) was the son of Philip of Artois and Blanche of Brittany Philip of Artois (1269 &ndash September 11, 1298) was the son of Robert II of Artois, Count of Artois and Amicie de Courtenay The Battle of Furnes was fought on August 20, 1297 between French and Flemish forces The dispute was settled in favour of Mahaut.
Upon the death of Mahaut in 1329, Artois passed to her daughter by Otto IV, Count of Burgundy, Jeanne of Burgundy. Otto IV Count of Burgundy (1248-1302 was the son of Hugh de Chalon and Adelaide Countess Palatine of Burgundy. See also Joan of Burgundy Jeanne Countess of Burgundy ( 15 January[[ 292]] - 21 January 1330) also known as Jeanne de Bourgogne Jeanne The widow of Philip V of France, Jeanne left Artois to their eldest daughter, Joan (the wife of Eudes IV, Duke of Burgundy) when she died in 1330. Philip V (1292/93 &ndash 3 January 1322) called the Tall (le Long was King of France and Navarre (as Philip II) and Joan of Burgundy ( 2 May[[ 308]] &ndash 1349 also known as Jeanne de Bourgogne or Jeanne de France was the eldest daughter of King Philip V of France and Eudes IV (1295 &ndash 3 April 1350) was Duke of Burgundy from 1315 until his death and Count of Burgundy and Artois between 1330
On the death of Joan and Eudes' grandson Philip I in 1361, Artois reverted to the second daughter of Jeanne, Margaret, and after her death, to her son, Louis II of Flanders. Philip I of Burgundy, also Philip II of Palatine Burgundy, Philip II of Boulogne, Philip III of Artois, Philip III of Boulogne, nicknamed Marguerite de France (1310 &ndash 9 May 1382) was a medieval noblewoman reigning Countess Palatine of Burgundy ( Franche-Comté) and Countess Louis II of Flanders ( October 25, 1330, Male &ndash January 30 1384, Lille) also Louis III of Artois and Louis' daughter Margaret III married Philip the Bold in 1369. Margaret of Dampierre ( 13 April 1350 &ndash 16/ 21 March 1405) was Countess of Flanders (as Margaret III) Countess Philip the Bold (Philippe le Hardi also Philip II Duke of Burgundy ( January 15, 1342, Pontoise &ndash April 27, 1404
On the death of Louis II in 1384, Artois became part of the vast, complex territory of Burgundy. Burgundy (Bourgogne Burgund is a region historically situated in modern-day France and Switzerland, inhabited in turn by Celts ( Gauls) Seized by Louis XI of France and established as a seneschalate, then officially ceded to the king by the Treaty of Arras in 1482, it passed to the Habsburgs in the 1493 Treaty of Senlis. Louis XI ( July 3, 1423 – August 30, 1483) called the Prudent (le Prudent and the Universal Spider ( Middle A seneschal was an officer in the houses of important nobles in the Middle Ages. The Treaty of Arras (1482 was a treaty between King Louis XI of France and the governments of the Low Countries. The Treaty of Senlis was signed at Senlis in May of 1493 between representatives of the Holy Roman Empire ( Maximilian I) and France It reverted to French rule in the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659 and became a titular county in the peerage of France; the most notable of these pairs was the future Charles X of France. The Treaty of the Pyrenees was signed in 1659 to end the war between France and Spain that had begun in 1635 during the Thirty Years' War. Peerage of France (Pairie de France was a distinction within the French nobility which appeared in the Middle Ages. Charles X (9 October 1757 – 6 November 1836 ruled as King of France and Navarre from 20 May 1824 until the French Revolution of 1830, when he abdicated