|Larry Kert, Jane Russell and cast of the Broadway production|
1971 US Tour
1972 West End
1995 Broadway revival
1995 West End revival
2001 Rio de Janeiro
2002 John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts
2006 Broadway revival
|Awards||Tony Award for Best Musical|
Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical
Tony Award for Best Original Score
Tony Award for Best Lyrics
Drama Desk Outstanding Music
Tony Award for Best Revival
Drama Desk Outstanding Revival
Company is a musical with a book by George Furth and music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim. Stephen Joshua Sondheim (born March 22 1930 is an American musical and film composer and lyricist winner of an Academy Award, multiple Tony Awards (seven Stephen Joshua Sondheim (born March 22 1930 is an American musical and film composer and lyricist winner of an Academy Award, multiple Tony Awards (seven George Furth ( December 14, 1932 - August 11, 2008) was a Tony Award -winning American Librettist, Playwright Year 1970 ( MCMLXX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Broadway theater, commonly called simply Broadway, refers to theatrical performances presented in one of the 39 large professional theaters with 500 seats or more located Year 1971 ( MCMLXXI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. Year 1972 ( MCMLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre staged in the large theatres of London 's "Theatreland" Year 1995 ( MCMXCV) was a Common year starting on Sunday. Events of 1995 Broadway theater, commonly called simply Broadway, refers to theatrical performances presented in one of the 39 large professional theaters with 500 seats or more located A revival is a restaging of a former hit play at a later date Year 1995 ( MCMXCV) was a Common year starting on Sunday. Events of 1995 West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre staged in the large theatres of London 's "Theatreland" A revival is a restaging of a former hit play at a later date 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. Rio de Janeiro ("River of January" ˈhiw dʒi ʒʌˈnejɾu in Brazilian Portuguese, /ˈriːoʊ di ʒəˈnɛroʊ/ in English is the second largest city of Brazil See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. The John F Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (on the building itself called the John F Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Broadway theater, commonly called simply Broadway, refers to theatrical performances presented in one of the 39 large professional theaters with 500 seats or more located A revival is a restaging of a former hit play at a later date Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Norway ( Norwegian: Norge ( Bokmål) or Noreg ( Nynorsk) officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Constitutional This is a list of winners and nominations for the Tony Award for Best Musical first awarded in 1949 The Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical is awarded to librettists of the spoken non-sung dialogue and storyline of a musical play The Tony Award for Best Original Score is the Tony Award given to the Composers and Lyricists of the best original score written for a musical The Tony Award for Best Original Score is the Tony Award given to the Composers and Lyricists of the best original score written for a musical The Drama Desk Award, created in 1955, is an award which recognizes shows produced on Broadway, Off-Broadway, Off-off-Broadway, and The Tony Award for Best Revival of a Musical has been awarded since 1994 The Drama Desk Award, created in 1955, is an award which recognizes shows produced on Broadway, Off-Broadway, Off-off-Broadway, and Musical theatre is a form of Theatre combining Music, Songs spoken Dialogue and Dance. George Furth ( December 14, 1932 - August 11, 2008) was a Tony Award -winning American Librettist, Playwright Stephen Joshua Sondheim (born March 22 1930 is an American musical and film composer and lyricist winner of an Academy Award, multiple Tony Awards (seven
Originally entitled Threes, its plot revolves around Bobby (a single man unable to commit fully to a steady relationship, let alone marriage), the five married couples who are his best friends, and his three girlfriends. Unlike most book musicals, which follow a clearly delineated plot, Company is a concept musical composed of short vignettes, presented in no particular chronological order, linked by a celebration for Bobby's 35th birthday. The book musical is a form of musical theater that became the dominant production form during the mid-20th century period that is now considered the "golden age" of the Broadway Sketch comedy consists of a series of short Comedy scenes or vignettes called "sketches" commonly between one and ten minutes long
Company was among the first musicals to deal with adult problems through its music. As Sondheim put it, "they are middle-class people with middle class-problems. " It is also one of the first musicals where the songs commented on the characters in the play instead of furthering the plot, a device which became a Sondheim standard.
George Furth wrote 11 one-act plays in which he planned to have Kim Stanley enact each of the 11 leads. Kim Stanley ( February 11, 1925 &ndash August 20, 2001) was an Academy Award -nominated and Emmy Award -winning Anthony Perkins was interested in directing, and asked Sondheim to read the material. Anthony Perkins ( April 4, 1932 – September 12, 1992) was an Academy Award -nominated Golden Globe -winning American After Sondheim read the plays, he asked Harold Prince for his opinion; Prince thought the plays would make the basis for a musical. The theme would be New York marriages with a central character to examine those marriages. 
After seven previews, the Broadway production, directed by Hal Prince, opened on April 26, 1970 at the Alvin Theatre, where it ran for 705 performances. Broadway theater, commonly called simply Broadway, refers to theatrical performances presented in one of the 39 large professional theaters with 500 seats or more located Harold Smith Prince (born January 30 1928) is an American Theatrical producer and director associated with many of the best-known Broadway Events 1467 - The miraculous image in Our Lady of Good Counsel appear in Genazzano, Italy. Year 1970 ( MCMLXX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Neil Simon Theatre is a Broadway theatre located at 250 West 52nd Street in midtown- Manhattan. The opening night cast included Dean Jones (who had replaced Anthony Perkins early in the rehearsal period when Perkins departed to direct a play), Donna McKechnie, Susan Browning, Pamela Myers, Barbara Barrie, Charles Kimbrough, Merle Louise, Beth Howland, and Elaine Stritch. Dean Carroll Jones (born January 25, 1931) is an American Actor. Anthony Perkins ( April 4, 1932 – September 12, 1992) was an Academy Award -nominated Golden Globe -winning American Donna McKechnie (born November 16, 1940) is an American Musical theater Dancer, Singer, actress, and choreographer Susan Browning ( February 25, 1941 – April 23, 2006) was an American actress Pamela Myers (b July 15, 1947 in Hamilton Ohio) is an American actress who made her Broadway debut as Marta in Stephen Sondheim Barbara Barrie (born May 23 1931) is an American Academy Award-nominated Actress and author of Children's books. Charles Kimbrough (born May 23, 1936) is an American Character actor best known for playing the straight-faced anchor Jim Dial on Murphy Merle Louise (born Merle Louise Letowt, April 15, 1934) is an American Actress who is best known for appearing in four Elizabeth "Beth" Howland (born May 28, 1941 in Boston, Massachusetts) is an American actress who has worked extensively Elaine Stritch (born February 2 1926) Musical staging was by Michael Bennett, assisted by Bob Avian. Michael Bennett ( April 8, 1943 - July 2, 1987) was an American Musical theater director, Writer Bob Avian ( December 26, 1937, New York City New York) is an American Choreographer and a Theatre producer and director
Shortly after opening night, Jones withdrew from the show, allegedly due to illness, but actually due to stress he was suffering from ongoing divorce proceedings.  He was replaced by his understudy Larry Kert, who had created the role of Tony in West Side Story. Larry Kert ( December 5, 1930 - June 5, 1991) was an American actor singer and dancer West Side Story is a musical by Arthur Laurents (book Leonard Bernstein (music and Stephen Sondheim (lyrics Kert earned rave reviews for his performance when the critics were invited to return.  In an unusual move, the Tony Awards committee deemed Kert eligible for a nomination, an honor usually reserved for the actor who originates a role. The Antoinette Perry Awards for Excellence in Theatre, more commonly known as the Tony Awards, recognize achievement in live American Theatre and are presented 
A documentary of the recording of the original cast recording was created by D. A. Pennebaker shortly after the show opened on Broadway. A cast recording is a recording of a musical that is intended to document the songs as they were performed in the show and experienced by the audience Donn Alan "D A" Pennebaker (born July 15, 1925) is an American Documentary filmmaker and one of the pioneers of Direct Cinema  In the film, Stritch struggles to record the song "The Ladies Who Lunch. "
As it had already been recorded prior to his assuming the role of Bobby, the Broadway cast album did not include Kert. However, when the cast travelled to London to reprise their roles, Columbia Records took him into the studio to record new tracks to lay down over Jones' removed ones. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. Columbia Records is an American Record label founded in 1888 Columbia is the oldest surviving Brand name in pre-recorded sound being the first record company This "new" recording was released as the Original London Cast recording. In 1998, when Sony Music who had acquired the Columbia catalogues, released a newly-digitalized CD version of the original Broadway cast recording, Kert's rendition of "Being Alive," the show's final number, was included as a bonus track. is a multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Minato Tokyo, Japan, and one of the world's largest Media conglomerates with A Compact Disc (also known as a CD) is an Optical disc used to store digital data, originally developed for storing digital audio 
Note:In the early 1990s, Furth and Sondheim revised the libretto, cutting and altering dialogue that had become dated and rewriting the end to act one. This synopsis is based on the revised libretto.
It's Robert's birthday. He's 35, he lives in New York City and he's single. The City of New York His friends, most of them married and all of them couples, have gathered at his apartment to give him a surprise party (a party Robert knows about thanks to a careless message left by one of his friends, the neurotic Amy) and to wish him the best. None of them know each other, they just all know Robert, or, as he's alternately known, Bob, Bobby, Robby, Robbo and a variety of other pet names bestowed on him by the ten married people he has attached himself to. Robert tries to blow out the candles, but they stay lit. It's alright, someone cries, he still gets his wish. What was his wish? Nothing. Not even to be married. Joanne and Larry, Peter and Susan, Harry and Sarah, David and Jenny and Paul and Amy, his married friends, these good and crazy people, are all he needs ("Company").
What follows is a series of disconnected scenes, each featuring one of the couples and Robert.
The first scene features Robert with Harry and Sarah. Robert has brought over some brownies and some brandy for a nightcap, but Sarah is dieting and Harry is on the wagon, or at least that's what they say. Between needling and taunting each other mercilessly about their respective vices, Harry sneaks glasses of brandy and Sarah hides bites of cake. Sarah has been studying karate, and Robert implores her to demonstrate a throw or two. She does so, on Harry. He tries to counter, and they are soon thrashing about in violence that may or may not be playful. The caustic Joanne, the oldest, most cynical and most-oft married of Robert's friends, watches and observes that it is "The Little Things You Do Together" that make a marriage work. After Sarah has gone to bed, Robert asks Harry if he ever regretted getting married. He answers, and the other married men concur, that you are always "Sorry-Grateful", and that marriage changes both everything and nothing about the way you live.
Robert is with Peter and Susan next, on their apartment terrace they can sort of almost see the East River from. They seem like a perfect couple, apart from her frequent fainting spells. He's Ivy League, she's a southern belle, and they love each other very much. A southern belle (derived from the French belle, 'beautiful' is an Archetype for a young woman of the American Old South 's Antebellum Robert innocently flirts with Susan, telling Peter that if they ever break up, he wants to be the first to know. Well, they reply, he's the first to know. They're getting divorced.
At the home of Jenny and David, Robert has brought some marijuana along with him. Jenny is rather uptight and David is very chic, and all three puff away feeling very hip and proud of themselves. David declares himself potted and the self-admitted square Jenny talks non-stop before realizing she is completely stoned. The couple, even in their enlightened state of consciousness, finds the strength to grill Robert on why he hasn't gotten married yet. It's not like he's opposed to it. He's looking. In fact, he's found three lovely young women he is currently fooling around with. The women, Kathy, Marta and April appear and proceed, Andrews Sisters-style, to berate Robert for his reluctance to commit ("You Could Drive a Person Crazy"). The Andrews Sisters were a Close harmony singing group consisting of sisters LaVerne Sophie Andrews ( Contralto; July 6, 1911 &ndash May As the evening at Jenny and David’s comes to a close, David tells Robert privately that Jenny really doesn't enjoy the pot, but she does it to please him.
Everyone it seems is trying to pair Robert off with someone, and each of the deeply-envious men has found someone perfect for a night of pleasure or two. When you can have that, they chorus, why would you want to get married ("Have I Got a Girl For You")? But Robert is happy to put off anything like that for a while. He's waiting for someone, someone who is a composite of all his married female friends, someone who has Amy's sweetness and Sarah's warmth and Susan's blue eyes. She's out there, somewhere ("Someone is Waiting").
Robert meets his three girlfriends in Central Park on three separate occasions as Marta sings of the city: crowded, dirty, uncaring and wonderful ("Another Hundred People").
Robert meets with April first. She's an airline flight attendant, and not a very bright one. She knows she's boring and dumb, and she's okay with it. She's found a great set-up with an uninterested male friend, and seems happy.
Robert and Kathy meet in a secluded, quiet clearing in the park. She loves it here because it's out of place in the hectic City, just like she is. Robert admits that at the beginning of their past relationship, he would have married her. She admits the same thing, and they laugh at the realization that they both wanted to marry each other before she drops a bombshell: she's going back to Cape Cod to get married. She doesn't belong here; just like the clearing they're in. And then she's gone.
Marta, on the other hand, loves the city. It's the center of the universe. The out-there Marta babbles on about topics as diverse as true sophistication, the difference between uptown and downtown New York, and how you can always tell a New Yorker by their ass. Robert is, frankly, left stunned.
Amy and Paul have lived together for years, but are only now getting married. To say Amy has cold feet is the understatement of the millennium. She is in an unprecedented state of panic, and as a celestial soprano (played by Jenny) comments and Paul harmonizes rapturously, Amy patters an impressive list of reasons why she is "Not Getting Married Today. " Robert, the best man, and Paul watch as she self-destructs over warm orange juice and burnt toast and the rain and the fact that Paul is Jewish while she's Catholic and finally just refuses to go through with it. Paul dejectedly runs out into the rain without a coat. Robert tries to comfort Amy, but winds up proposing to her: "Marry me and they'll all leave us alone!" His words jolt Amy back into reality, and with the parting words "you need to marry somebody, not someBODY," she runs out after Paul.
Back at the birthday party, Robert is given his cake and tries to blow out the candles again. He wishes for something this time, someone to "Marry Me a Little", praying for an easy, no-strings marriage.
At the party, Robert blows out his candles again. This time, he gets them about half out, and the rest have to help him. The couples share their views on Robert with each other, comments that range from complementary to unflattering, as Robert reflects on living in threes ("Side By Side By Side"), a turn soon followed by the up-tempo paean to Robert's role as the perfect friend ("What would We Do Without You?"). In a dance break in the middle of the number (or, in the case of the 2006 revival, in a musical solo section), each man in turn does a dance step (or, in the case of the 2006 revival, plays a solo on his instrument), answered by his wife. Then Robert does a step (or, in the case of the 2006 revival, plays two bad notes on a kazoo). The kazoo is a simple Musical instrument ( Membranophone) that adds a "buzzing" timbral quality to a player's voice when one vocalizes into it No one answers it.
Robert brings April to his apartment for a nightcap after a date. She marvels ad nauseam at how homey his place is, and he casually positions her over the bed as they share stories about a crushed butterfly and a spoiled date, going through the usual movements associated with casual sex. Ad nauseam is a Latin term used to describe an Argument that has been continuing " the point of Nausea. Meanwhile, the married women worry about Robert. He's lonely, they say, he needs a woman. A real woman, someone like them, not the girl he's with now, who couldn't be more wrong for him. ("Poor Baby"). When the inevitable sex happens, Kathy appears and performs a dance that conveys the difference between having sex and making love ("Tick-Tock"). The next morning, April wakes up to report for duty. She's got to be on Flight 18 to "Barcelona" in a few hours. Robert makes the customary false pleas for her to stay, and for some inexplicable reasons, the pleading works and she does. Robert is less than pleased.
Robert takes another girlfriend, Marta this time, to visit Peter and Susan's terrace. They've gotten their divorce. Peter flew to Mexico to get it, and it was so nice there he phoned Susan and she joined him there for a vacation. They're still living together. They have too many responsibilities to actually split up, and their relationship has actually been strengthened by their divorce. Susan takes Marta inside to make lunch, and Peter asks Robert if he's ever had a homosexual experience. They both admit they have. Robert asks Peter if he's gay, which he denies, but Peter questions if mankind wouldn't prefer to just "ball it" if it weren't for social norms and wonders if he and Robert could ever have something. Robert, clearly uncomfortable, laughs the conversation off as a joke as the women return.
Joanne and Larry take Robert out to a nightclub, and as Larry dances, Joanne and Robert get thoroughly drunk. She regales him with tales of her ex-husbands and insults Larry before yelling at some women at the next table to stop looking at her. She raises her glass in a mocking toast to "The Ladies who Lunch", a damning list of foolish middle-aged women who pretend to be so smart, yet who waste their lives away in their living rooms. She blames Robert for always being an outsider, and then berates Larry again. By the end of the song, Joanne has realized that she herself is "the lady who lunches", of whom she has been scoffing at all evening. She hates herself not only because of how unsatisfactory her lifestyle has become, but because she is worse than the fellow women she scorns---Joanne is the one who wastes her life away, criticizing people who have the same faults as her.
Larry takes Joanne's drunken rant without complaint and explains to Robert that despite the fact she's so abusive, or maybe because of it, he loves her dearly. When Larry leaves to pay the check, Joanne propositions Robert. She'll take care of him, she says. But who will he take care of? Joanne and Larry leave Robert to finally come to terms with his breakthrough.
He finally confronts the five couples. Why get married, he cries. What do you get from it but someone to smother you and make you feel things you don't want to feel? But his arguments pale and he finally, finally wishes for someone to share his life with, someone to help and hurt and hinder and love, someone to face the challenge of "Being Alive" with.
Back at the opening party, his friends waited two hours, but Robert hasn't shown up. Finally, they all get the message and go home, wishing their absent friend a happy birthday. Robert appears alone, smiles, and blows out his candles.
(with the original cast noted)
The Married couples:
The Vocal Minority (pit singers):
* In the 1990s, "Marry Me a Little" was restored permanently to close Act I and added to the 1995 and 2006 revivals, it is also included in the official composer's edition of the vocal selections, published in 1996 (ISBN 0-7935-6763-7). "Company" is the title song from the Broadway musical, Company. "Being Alive" is a song from the Broadway musical, Company.
** The dance number "Tick-Tock" (arranged by David Shire) was abridged for the first Broadway revival, and afterwards deleted entirely from the score. David Lee Shire (born July 3, 1937) is an American Songwriter and the Composer of stage musicals and film and television It had become a liability in productions without dancers of the caliber of Donna McKechnie. However, it has since been restored in some productions (such as the 2004 Reprise! production in Los Angeles). 
*** The song "Multitude of Amys" was the original finale but was cut owing to major structural changes in the script. "Marry Me a Little" was started as a replacement but also cut. "Happily Ever After" was used as the finale for the first few performances, before being replaced by "Being Alive". 
For the first and only time, the Tony Awards for Music and Lyrics were split into two categories. The Antoinette Perry Awards for Excellence in Theatre, more commonly known as the Tony Awards, recognize achievement in live American Theatre and are presented Sondheim won both awards.
Original Broadway production
1995 Broadway revival
2006 Broadway revival
No Award Given
|Tony Award for Best Original Score|
by Stephen Sondheim
by Stephen Sondheim
|Tony Award for Best Lyrics|
by Stephen Sondheim
No Award Given
|Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical|
by George Furth
Two Gentlemen of Verona
by John Guare and Mel Shapiro
The Pajama Game
|Tony Award for Best Revival of a Musical|