The Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI), formerly known as the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP) is a U.S. nonprofit organization whose stated purpose is to "encourage the critical investigation of paranormal and fringe-science claims from a responsible, scientific point of view and disseminate factual information about the results of such inquiries to the scientific community and the public. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A non-profit organization ( abbreviated "NPO" also "not-for-profit" is a legally constituted Organization whose objective is to support or engage Paranormal is an Umbrella term used to describe unusual Phenomena or experiences that lack an obvious Scientific explanation Fringe science is scientific Inquiry in an established Field of study which departs significantly from Mainstream or Orthodox " CSI was founded in 1976 by Paul Kurtz to counter what he regarded as an uncritical acceptance of, and support for, paranormal claims by both the media and society in general. Paul Kurtz (born December 21, 1925 in Newark New Jersey) is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Buffalo Its philosophical position is one of scientific skepticism. Scientific skepticism or rational skepticism ( also spelled scepticism) sometimes referred to as skeptical inquiry, is a scientific or practical CSI's fellows have included many notable scientists, philosophers, educators, authors, and celebrities.
When the organization was formed in 1976, the original name proposed was "Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal and Other Phenomena" which was shortened to "Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal. " The initial acronym, "CSICP" was difficult to pronounce and so was changed to "CSICOP. Acronyms, initialisms, and alphabetisms are Abbreviations that are formed using the initial components in a phrase or name " According to James Alcock it was never intended to be "Psi Cop" (Kurtz 2001:42), a nickname that has been taken up and used frequently by the group's detractors.
On November 30, 2006 the organization further shortened its name to "Committee for Skeptical Inquiry" ("CSI", pronounced C-S-I. Events 1700 - Battle of Narva — A Swedish army of 8500 men under Charles XII defeats Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ) Reasons for the change were to create a shorter, more media friendly name, to remove "paranormal" from the name and to reflect more accurately the actual scope of the organization with its broader focus on critical thinking, science and rationality in general. 
In the early 1970s, there was a significant upsurge of interest in the paranormal in the United States. This generated concern in some quarters, where it was seen as part of a growing tide of irrationalism.  It was against this backdrop that CSICOP, as it was to become known, was officially launched by philosophy professor Paul Kurtz at a specially convened conference of the American Humanist Association (AHA) at the Amherst campus of the State University of New York at Buffalo on April 30 and May 1, 1976. The American Humanist Association (AHA is an educational organization in the United States that advances Humanism. State University of New York at Buffalo, commonly known as University at Buffalo (UB is a Coeducational public research University, which Events 313 - Roman emperor Licinius unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule Events 305 - Diocletian and Maximian retire from the office of Roman Emperor. Year 1976 ( MCMLXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.  In 1975 Kurtz had previously initiated a statement, "Objections to Astrology," which was endorsed by 186 scientists and published in the AHA's newsletter The Humanist, of which Kurtz was then editor. Astrology (from Greek grc ἄστρον astron, "constellation star" and grc -λογία -logia) is a group of Systems In addition, according to Kurtz, the statement was sent to every newspaper in the United States and Canada. The positive reaction to this statement encouraged Kurtz to invite "as many sceptical researchers as [he] could locate" to the 1976 conference with the aim of establishing a new organisation dedicated to critically examining a wide range of paranormal claims.  Amongst those invited were Martin Gardner, Ray Hyman, James Randi, and Marcello Truzzi, all members of the Resources for the Scientific Evaluation of the Paranormal (RSEP), a fledgling group with objectives similar to those CSI would subsequently adopt. Martin Gardner (b October 21, 1914, Tulsa Oklahoma) is a popular American mathematics and science writer specializing in Recreational mathematics Ray Hyman (born June 23, 1928, Chelsea Massachusetts) is a Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the University of Oregon in Eugene James Randi (born August 7 1928 (stage name The Amazing Randi) is a stage magician and scientific skeptic best known as a challenger of Paranormal Marcello Truzzi ( September 6, 1935 — February 2, 2003) was a Professor of Sociology at Eastern Michigan University  Kurtz was successful in his aims; RSEP disbanded and its members, along with others such as Carl Sagan, Isaac Asimov, and Philip J. Klass joined Kurtz to form CSICOP. Carl Edward Sagan ( November 9 1934 &ndash December 20 1996) was an American Astronomer, astrochemist, author Isaac Asimov (c January 2 1920 &ndash April 6 1992 ˈaɪzək ˈæzɪmʌv originally Исаак Озимов but now transcribed into Russian as, was a Russian Philip Julian Klass ( November 8 1919 &ndash August 9 2005) was an American journalist and UFO researcher with a background 
According to CSI's charter, in order to carry out its major objectives the Committee:
CSI conducts and publishes investigations into Bigfoot and UFO sightings, psychics, astrologers, alternative medicine, religious cults, and paranormal or pseudoscientific claims. Bigfoot or Sasquatch is alleged to be an Ape -like creature inhabiting remote forests mainly in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States and Canada Parapsychology is a discipline that seeks to demonstrate the existence and causes of Psychic abilities and life after death using the Scientific method Astrology (from Greek grc ἄστρον astron, "constellation star" and grc -λογία -logia) is a group of Systems The term alternative medicine, as used in the modern western world encompasses any healing practice "that does not fall within the realm of conventional Medicine. This article does not discuss "cult" in the original sense of "veneration" or "religious practice" for that usage see Cult (religious practice
Much of CSI's activities are oriented towards the media. As CSI's former executive director Lee Nisbet wrote in the 25th-anniversary issue of the group's journal, Skeptical Inquirer:
This involvement with mass media continues to the present day with, for example, CSI founding the Council for Media Integrity in 1996, as well as co-producing a TV documentary series Critical Eye hosted by William B. Davis (the actor who played the Smoking Man in The X-Files). William Bruce Davis (born January 13, 1938) is a Canadian Actor, known for his role as the Cigarette Smoking Man on The The X-Files is a Peabody, Golden Globe and Emmy Award -winning American Science fiction television series created by Chris Carter CSI members can also be seen regularly in the mainstream media offering their perspective on a variety of paranormal claims, and in 1999 Joe Nickell was appointed special consultant on a number of investigative documentaries for the BBC. In its capacity as a media-watchdog, CSI has “mobilized thousands of scientists, academics and responsible communicators” to criticize what it regards as “media's most blatant excesses. ” While much of this criticism has focused on factual TV programming or newspaper articles offering support for paranormal claims, CSI has also been critical of programs such as The X-Files and Buffy the Vampire Slayer, which its members believe portray skeptics and science in a bad light and help to promote belief in the paranormal. Fictional narratives (and works of art exist beyond their completion e CSI’s website currently lists the email addresses of over ninety U. S. media organizations and encourages visitors to “directly influence” the media by contacting “the networks, the TV shows and the editors responsible for the way it portrays the world. ”
CSI changes its focus with the changing popularity and prominence of various aspects of what it considers to be pseudoscientific and paranormal belief. For example, as promoters of intelligent design have increased their efforts to have this teaching included in school curricula in recent years, CSI has stepped up its own attention to the subject, creating an "Intelligent Design Watch" website and publishing numerous articles on evolution and intelligent design in Skeptical Inquirer and on the web. Intelligent
An issue of particular concern to CSI are paranormal or pseudoscientific claims that may endanger people's health or safety, such as the use of alternative medicine in place of science-based healthcare. The term alternative medicine, as used in the modern western world encompasses any healing practice "that does not fall within the realm of conventional Medicine. Investigations by CSI and others, including consumer watchdog groups, law enforcement and government regulatory agencies, have shown that the sale of alternative medicines, paranormal paraphernalia, or pseudoscience-based products can be enormously profitable. CSI says this profitability has provided various pro-paranormal groups large resources for advertising, lobbying efforts, and other forms of advocacy, to the detriment of public health and safety.
As referenced by CSI member Martin Gardner, a maxim regularly put into practice by the organization is H. L. Mencken's "one horse-laugh is worth a thousand syllogisms. Martin Gardner (b October 21, 1914, Tulsa Oklahoma) is a popular American mathematics and science writer specializing in Recreational mathematics A syllogism, or logical appeal, (συλλογισμός &mdash "conclusion" "inference" (usually the categorical syllogism) is a kind of " Skeptical Inquirer has carried such articles as reports on the success rate of past years' tabloid "psychic predictions" and coverage of the Australian Skeptics' "Bent Spoon Awards" (winners are notified by telepathy and must pick up their trophies by paranormal means). The Australian Skeptics is a non-profit organisation based in Australia which investigates Paranormal and Pseudoscientific claims using scientific The Bent Spoon Award is an award given by Australian Skeptics, "presented to the perpetrator of the most preposterous piece of Paranormal or Pseudoscientific
CSI is a member organization of the International Humanist and Ethical Union and endorses the Amsterdam Declaration on the principles of modern humanism. This article discusses the non-theistic Life stance of a major Humanist organisation The Amsterdam Declaration 2002 is a statement of the fundamental principles of modern Humanism passed unanimously by the General Assembly of the International Humanist and Humanism is a broad category of ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appealing to universal
CSI awards the Robert P. Balles Annual Prize in Critical Thinking. Critical thinking consists of mental processes of discernment, Analysis and Evaluation. The first award was shared by CSI fellows Ray Hyman and Joe Nickell and by Andrew Skolnick for their reports in 2005 on CSICOP's testing of Natasha Demkina, the girl who claimed to have X-ray eyes. Ray Hyman (born June 23, 1928, Chelsea Massachusetts) is a Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the University of Oregon in Eugene Joe Nickell was born December 1, 1944. He is a former stage magician and is a prominent skeptical investigator of the Paranormal Natalya Nikolayevna Demkina (Ната́лья Никола́евна Де́мкина born 1987) usually known under the Hypocoristic naming Natasha (Skeptical Inquirer 2006)
CSI publishes the magazine Skeptical Inquirer, containing articles on skepticism, pseudo-science and the paranormal, as well as reports on experiments conducted to test alleged paranormal phenomena. The Skeptical Inquirer is a bimonthly American Magazine published by the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI with the subtitle The Skeptical Inquirer is a bimonthly American Magazine published by the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI with the subtitle Skeptical Inquirer was founded by Marcello Truzzi, under the name The Zetetic and retitled after a few months under the editorship of Kendrick Frazier, former editor of Science News. Marcello Truzzi ( September 6, 1935 — February 2, 2003) was a Professor of Sociology at Eastern Michigan University Kendrick Frazier was born in Windsor Colorado is a science writer and editor Science News is an American bi-weekly Magazine devoted to short articles about new scientific and technical developments typically gleaned from recent scientific Cecil Adams of The Straight Dope calls Skeptical Inquirer "one of the nation's leading antifruitcake journals". Cecil Adams is a name possibly a Pseudonym, which designates the Author of The Straight Dope, a popular question and answer column published The Straight Dope is a popular question-and-answer Newspaper column published in the Chicago Reader, syndicated in thirty Newspapers 
An axiom often repeated among CSI members is the famous quote from Carl Sagan: "extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence. Carl Edward Sagan ( November 9 1934 &ndash December 20 1996) was an American Astronomer, astrochemist, author " (This was based on an earlier quote by Marcello Truzzi "Extraordinary claims require extraordinary proof", who traced the idea back through the Principle of Laplace to the philosopher David Hume. Marcello Truzzi ( September 6, 1935 — February 2, 2003) was a Professor of Sociology at Eastern Michigan University David Hume (26 April 1711 25 August 1776 Scottish Philosopher, Economist, and Historian is an important figure in Western philosophy ) CSI members argue that none of the paranormal claims have met the strictest standards of scientific scrutiny.
A transnational non-profit umbrella organization called the Center for Inquiry encompasses both CSI and the Council for Secular Humanism, as well as other organizations such as the Center for Inquiry - On Campus national youth group and the Commission for Scientific Medicine and Mental Health. For the fictional company set in the Resident Evil videogame series see Umbrella Corporation. The Center for Inquiry (CFI is a non-profit educational organization with headquarters in the United States whose primary mission is to encourage evidence-based inquiry The Council for Secular Humanism (originally the Council for Democratic and Secular Humanism, or CODESH) is a secular humanist organization headquartered The Center for Inquiry (CFI is a non-profit educational organization with headquarters in the United States whose primary mission is to encourage evidence-based inquiry While these organizations share headquarters and some staff, they each have their own list of fellows and their mandates are kept distinct: while CSICOP generally addresses questions of religion only in cases in which testable scientific assertions have been made (such as weeping statues or faith healing), the Council for Secular Humanism is an organization explicitly devoted to humanism and secularism. Faith healing is the attempt to use Religious or spiritual means such as Prayer, mental practices spiritual insights or other techniques to prevent Humanism is a broad category of ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appealing to universal Secularism is generally the assertion that governmental practices or institutions should exist separately from Religion or religious beliefs
The inside front cover of each issue of the Skeptical Inquirer lists the CSI fellows. 
CSI's activities have garnered criticism, in particular from individuals or groups that have been the focus of the organization's attention. George Ogden Abell ( March 1, 1927 &ndash October 7 1983) was an Astronomer at UCLA. Marcia Angell MD (born 1939 is an American physician author and the first woman to serve as editor-in-chief of the New England Journal of Medicine Isaac Asimov (c January 2 1920 &ndash April 6 1992 ˈaɪzək ˈæzɪmʌv originally Исаак Озимов but now transcribed into Russian as, was a Russian Stephen J Barrett (born 1933 is a retired American Psychiatrist, Author, co-founder of the National Council Against Health Fraud (NCAHF Susan Jane Blackmore (born 29 July, 1951) is an English Freelance writer, Lecturer, and broadcaster on Psychology Bart Jan Bok ( Hoorn, April 28 1906 &ndash Tucson, August 5 1983) was a Dutch - American Astronomer Jan Harold Brunvand (born 1933 is a Professor emeritus of English at the University of Utah in the United States, best known for spreading the concept Milbourne Christopher (1914 - 1984 was one of America's foremost illusionists, performing in sixty-eight countries Francis Harry Compton Crick OM FRS (8 June 1916 – 28 July 2004 Ph Clinton Richard Dawkins, FRS, FRSL (born 26 March 1941 is a British ethologist, evolutionary biologist, and Popular science Lyon Sprague de Camp, ( November 27 1907 – November 6 2000) was an American science fiction and fantasy author Daniel Clement Dennett (born March 28 1942 in Boston, Massachusetts) is a prominent American philosopher whose research Ann Druyan (born June 13, 1949) is an American Author and media producer known for her involvement in many projects aiming to popularize and Paul Edwards may refer to Paul Edwards (philosopher, Austrian-American philosopher Paul Edwards (cinematographer, American cinematographer Professor Antony Garrard Newton Flew (born 11 February 1923 is a British Philosopher. Kendrick Frazier was born in Windsor Colorado is a science writer and editor Martin Gardner (b October 21, 1914, Tulsa Oklahoma) is a popular American mathematics and science writer specializing in Recreational mathematics Murray Gell-Mann (born September 15, 1929) is an American Physicist who received the 1969 Nobel Prize in physics for his work Stephen Jay Gould (September 10 1941 &ndash May 20 2002 was a prominent American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, and historian of science Douglas Richard Hofstadter (born February 15 1945 in New York New York) is an American academic whose research focuses on consciousness thinking and creativity Gerald Holton is Mallinckrodt Research Professor of Physics and Research Professor of the History of Science at Harvard University. Ray Hyman (born June 23, 1928, Chelsea Massachusetts) is a Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the University of Oregon in Eugene Philip Julian Klass ( November 8 1919 &ndash August 9 2005) was an American journalist and UFO researcher with a background Paul Kurtz (born December 21, 1925 in Newark New Jersey) is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Buffalo Leon Max Lederman (born July 15, 1922) is an American Experimental physicist and Nobel Prize in Physics laureate for Elizabeth F Loftus (born 1944 is an American Psychologist and expert on human Memory. Sir John Royden Maddox (born 27 November, 1925 in Penllergaer, Swansea, Wales) a trained Chemist and Physicist David F Marks is a Psychologist and professor at City University in London, United Kingdom. Paul B MacCready Jr ( September 25, 1925 - August 28, 2007) was an American Aeronautical engineer. Marvin Lee Minsky (born August 9, 1927) is an American cognitive scientist in the field of Artificial intelligence (AI co-founder Richard A Muller of San Francisco California, US, is a Physicist who works at the University of California Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley Joe Nickell was born December 1, 1944. He is a former stage magician and is a prominent skeptical investigator of the Paranormal William Sanford Nye (born November 27 1955 in Washington DC) also known as " Bill Nye the Science Guy," is an American Comedian, James Edward Oberg (born 1944 (often known as Jim Oberg) is an American Space Journalist and Historian, regarded as an expert on Robert Lee Park (born January 16, 1931 in Kansas City Missouri) also known as Bob Park, is a Professor of Physics at Massimo Pigliucci (born January 16, 1964) is a professor of Ecology and Evolution at the State University of New York at Stony Brook Willard Van Orman Quine (June 25 1908 Akron, Ohio &ndash December 25 2000 (known to intimates as "Van" James Randi (born August 7 1928 (stage name The Amazing Randi) is a stage magician and scientific skeptic best known as a challenger of Paranormal Carl Edward Sagan ( November 9 1934 &ndash December 20 1996) was an American Astronomer, astrochemist, author Eugenie Carol Scott (born October 24 1945) is an American physical anthropologist who has been the executive director of the National Glenn Theodore Seaborg ( Glenn Teodor Sjöberg) ( April 19, 1912 &ndash February 25, 1999) won the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry Thomas Albert Sebeok (born in Budapest, Hungary, on November 9, 1920; died December 21, 2001 in Bloomington, Burrhus Frederic Skinner ( March 20, 1904 &ndash August 18 1990) was an influential American Psychologist, author Robert Sheaffer (born 1949 is a freelance writer and a prominent investigator of Unidentified flying objects, Christianity, Feminism, and many other subjects Jill Cornell Tarter (born 1944) is an American Astronomer and the current director of the Center for SETI Research holding the Bernard Carol Anne Tavris (born September 17, 1944) is an American Social psychologist and Author. Dave Thomas is a physicist and mathematician mostly known for his writings and research on the Paranormal (such as UFO sightings in Roswell, New Mexico Neil deGrasse Tyson (born October 5 1958 in New York City) is an Astrophysicist and since 1996 the Frederick P Marilyn vos Savant (born August 11 1946) is an American Magazine columnist Author, Lecturer and Playwright Steven Weinberg (born May 3, 1933) is an American Physicist, and Nobel laureate in Physics for his contributions with Abdus Salam Edward Osborne Wilson (born June 10, 1929) is an American biologist researcher ( Sociobiology, Biodiversity) theorist ( Richard Wiseman (born 1966 is Professor of the Public Understanding of Psychology at the University of Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom. Uri Geller (אורי גלר born György Gellér ( Hungarian name December 20, 1946) is an Israeli British performer  TV celebrity and claimed psychic Uri Geller, for example, was until recently in open dispute with the organization, filing a number of unsuccessful lawsuits against them. Uri Geller (אורי גלר born György Gellér ( Hungarian name December 20, 1946) is an Israeli British performer  Some criticism has also come from within the scientific community and at times from within CSI itself. Marcello Truzzi, one of CSICOP's co-founders, left the organization after only a short time, claiming that many of those involved “tend to block honest inquiry, in my opinion. Marcello Truzzi ( September 6, 1935 — February 2, 2003) was a Professor of Sociology at Eastern Michigan University Most of them are not agnostic toward claims of the paranormal; they are out to knock them. [. . . ] When an experiment of the paranormal meets their requirements, then they move the goal posts. ”  Truzzi coined the term pseudoskeptic to describe critics in whom he detected such an attitude. 
An early controversy concerned the so-called Mars effect: French statistician Michel Gauquelin’s claim that champion athletes are more likely to be born when the planet Mars is in certain positions in the sky. The Mars effect is the name given to a controversial claim made by the French Psychologist and Statistician Michel Gauquelin in his book Michel Gauquelin ( November 13, 1928 – May 20, 1991) was a French Psychologist and Statistician who attempted In late 1975, prior to the formal launch of CSICOP, astronomer Dennis Rawlins, along with Paul Kurtz, George Abel and Marvin Zelen (all subsequent members of CSICOP) began investigating the claim. Dennis Rawlins ( 1937 Baltimore Maryland, US &ndash is an American astronomer historian and publisher Rawlins, a founding member of CSICOP at its launch in May 1976, resigned in early 1980 claiming that other CSICOP researchers had used incorrect statistics, faulty science and outright falsification in an attempt to debunk Gauquelin’s claims. In an article for the pro-paranormal magazine Fate, he wrote: "I am still skeptical of the occult beliefs CSICOP was created to debunk. Fate is a magazine of Paranormal phenomena founded in 1948 by Raymond A But I have changed my mind about the integrity of some of those who make a career of opposing occultism. " CSICOP's Philip Klass responded by circulating an article to CSICOP members critical of Rawlins' arguments and motives; Klass's unpublished response itself becoming the target for further criticism. Philip Julian Klass ( November 8 1919 &ndash August 9 2005) was an American journalist and UFO researcher with a background
In 2004, CSICOP was accused of scientific misconduct over its involvement in Discovery Channel's test of the "girl with X-ray eyes," Natasha Demkina. Natalya Nikolayevna Demkina (Ната́лья Никола́евна Де́мкина born 1987) usually known under the Hypocoristic naming Natasha In a self-published commentary, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Brian Josephson criticized the test and evaluation methods and argued that the results should have been deemed "inconclusive. Brian David Josephson (born 4 January, 1940; Cardiff, Wales) is a Welsh physicist, professor and became a Nobel Prize " Josephson, the director of University of Cambridge's Mind-Matter Unification project, questioned the researchers' motives saying, "On the face of it, it looks as if there was some kind of plot to discredit the teenage claimed psychic by setting up the conditions to make it likely that they could pass her off as a failure. " Ray Hyman, one of the three researchers who designed and conducted the test, published a response to this and other criticisms, and the Commission for Scientific Medicine and Mental Health also published a detailed response to these and other objections, saying that biasing the odds against Natasha was appropriate because her claims were unlikely to be true. Ray Hyman (born June 23, 1928, Chelsea Massachusetts) is a Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the University of Oregon in Eugene Medicine is the art and science of healing It encompasses a range of Health care practices evolved to maintain and restore Human Health by the Mental health is a term used to describe either a level of cognitive or Emotional wellbeing or an absence of a Mental disorder. 
In The New Inquisition, Robert Anton Wilson lampoons the members of skeptical organizations like CSICOP as fundamentalist materialists, alleging that they dogmatically dismiss any evidence that conflicts with materialism as hallucination or fraud. The New Inquisition (ISBN 1-56184-002-5 is a book written by Robert Anton Wilson and first published in 1986. Robert Anton Wilson or RAW (born Robert Edward Wilson, January 18, 1932 &ndash January 11, 2007) was an American
CSICON is a parody of the CSICOP mocking them for saying supernatural occurrences are not normal and also, the CSICON argues that nothing is normal.
On a more general level, CSI has been accused of pseudoskepticism and an overly dogmatic and arrogant approach based on a priori convictions. "A priori" redirects here For other uses see A priori. It has been suggested that their aggressive style of skepticism could discourage scientific research into the paranormal.  Astronomer Carl Sagan wrote on this:
Have I ever heard a skeptic wax superior and contemptuous? Certainly. I've even sometimes heard, to my retrospective dismay, that unpleasant tone in my own voice. There are human imperfections on both sides of this issue. Even when it's applied sensitively, scientific skepticism may come across as arrogant, dogmatic, heartless, and dismissive of the feelings and deeply held beliefs of others. . . CSICOP is imperfect. [. . . ] But from my point of view CSICOP serves an important social function — as a well-known organization to which media can apply when they wish to hear the other side of the story, especially when some amazing claim of pseudoscience is judged newsworthy. 
On at least one occasion, CSI was the intended target of a plan to spread rumors about the organization in order to discredit it. In 1977, a government raid on the offices of the Church of Scientology uncovered considerable evidence of a plot against CSI by the church; this included plans by Scientology to discredit CSICOP by forging CIA documents. The Church of Scientology is the largest organization devoted to the practice and the promotion of the Scientology belief system. near as long as it used to be several months ago It has been actively summarized and split into sub-articles and there is a dynamic talk page discussion of all The documents seized by the FBI described a plan to spread rumors that CSICOP was actually a front group for the CIA.